I’m so excited! I can’t stop smiling, and it’s probably creepy, but I don’t care because I’m just so happy!
I had a meeting with one of my professors (from last quarter) just now, and he told me that there’s a position for me in his lab if I want it. if I want it. Of COURSE I want it!
He’s one of the best professors I’ve ever had, so smart and patient, and tolerant of all the times I popped into office hours and talked about linguistic theory and went way beyond what we were supposed to be doing in class, and I respect him so much. And now I get to work in his lab!!!
Okay and omg, so he told me that my project last quarter on zero-morphemes/null affixes was so good that he thinks I could try piloting it as an experiment next quarter. I’m just so!!!!!! over the moon!!!!! This is honestly such an amazing thing, and I’m going to work as hard as I can to make sure it works out. I’m so blessed and grateful, I could cry. But they’d be tears of joy 💗

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When someone lists the reasons they don’t want a Black Widow movie, they’re actually outputting a personality error report.

Luke McKinney, 5 Superheroes Who Should’ve Gotten Movies Before Ant-Man

I want to break this one down because I’ve seen a lot of “reasons I don’t want a Black Widow movie” posts, and they all curdle the same way. It is okay if you don’t like Natasha Romanov, and wouldn’t go see a movie about her, I will not be coming to your door to sell you tickets like Girl Scout cookies. It’s alright, really, that you don’t like spy films, that you find them uninteresting. In a shocking twist, Hollywood produces dozens of movies I find boring every year. Sometimes they’re even about superheroes. I will survive this.

But the thing about repeating these “Black Widow isn’t interesting, she’s a supporting character, she doesn’t have powers” syllables like a mantra is that you’re not trying to convince yourself, are you: you’re trying to convince the people who do want this film. Or if not convince them, dismiss them. It gets more obvious when the train derails into “Marvel has so many other women characters that are way cooler” like, obviously, people who like Natasha are just ignorant, of those actual good superheroines, of comics in general. As though wanting a BW film creates a crusade against the better female characters, and not comments like these. “The only reason she’s popular is because of the movies,” like fans of those movies don’t know what they want to see in them. They’ve been brainwashed, somehow, into caring about a character the films want you to care about: a ruse true fans, objective fans, can see through and avoid.

The problem is that so many of these arguments against a Black Widow movie become arguments against Black Widow fans. I have no idea why and how people find some characters so fascinating, but I take them at their word when they say that they do. Because when you question fans’ ability to want things because they don’t want the same things, that is when you begin outputting a personality error report.

40 Useful Esperanto Prefixes and Suffixes


Bo-  Related by marriage: Patro - Father. Bopatro - Father-in-law.

Dis- Separation from one place: Sendi - To send. Dissendi - Broadcast.

Ek- Commencing an action: Dormi- To sleep. Ekdormi - To fall asleep.

Eks- Former/Ex-: Reĝo - King. Eksreĝo - Ex-King/Former King.

Fi- Dirty/Pornographic: Menso - Mind. Fimenso - Dirty mind

Ge- Male and female together: Patroj - Fathers. Gepatroj - Parents (of which one is male and the other female.)

Mal- The direct opposite: Bona - Good. Malbona - Bad.

Mis- Wrong/Mis-: Kompreni - To understand. Miskompreni - To misunderstand.

Pra- Primitive/Distant relation: 1. Arbaro - Forest. Praarbaro - Primitive forest. 2. Onklino - Aunt. Praonklino - Great Aunt.

Re- Repition/Re-: Kanti - To sing. Rekanti - To re-sing/To sing again.


-Aĉ- Bad/Dislike: Infano - Child. Infano - Brat.

-Ad- Action, particularly prolonged or habitual: Naĝo - Swim. Naĝado - Swimming.

-Aĵ- A physical object, opposed to an abstract idea or a product made of the root word: 1. Konstruo - Construction. Konsruo - A Building. 2. Glacio - Ice. Glacio - Ice cream.

-An- Member: Klubo - Club. Klubano - Club Member.

-Ar- Group: Arbo - Tree. Arbaro - Forest/Wood.

-Ebl- Possibility/-Able/-Ible: Vidi - To see. Videbla - Visible.

-Ec- Abstract quality/-Ship/-Ness: Amiko - Friend. Amikeco - Friendship.

-Eg- Big: Domo - House. Domego - Mansion.

-Ej- Where something happens: Koncerto - Concert. Koncertejo - Concert Hall.

-Em- Possessing a ceratain quality/-Ful: Ludo - Play. Ludema - Playful.

-End- Must be: Leva - Washed. Levenda - Must be washed.

-Er- Part of a greater whole: Akvo - Water. Akvero - Drop of water.

-Estr- Head/Boss: Hotelo - Hotel. Hotelestro - Hotel manager/Hotel boss.

-Et- Small: Domo - House. Dometo - Cottage.

-Id- Children of living creatures: Hundo - Dog. Hundido - Puppy.

-Ig- To render/-Ify: Blanka - White. Blankigi - To whiten/To bleach.

-Iĝ- To become: Amiko - Friend. Amiki - To become friends

-Il- Tool: Kudri - To sew. Kudrilo - Sewing needle.

-In- Feminine: Porko - Pig. Porkino - Female Pig.

-Ind- Worthy of: Legi - To read. Leginda - Worth reading.

-Ing- Holder: Kandelo - Candle. Kandelingo - Candle Stick.

-Ism- Doctrine/-Ism: Budho - Buddha. Budhismo - Buddhism. 

-Ist- Prefession/-Er: Dento - Tooth. Dentisto - Dentist.

-Obl- Multiplication/-Ple: Tri - Three. Triobli - Triple.

-On- Fraction/-Th: Du - Two. Duono - Half.

-Op- In groups of: Kvar - Four. Kvarope - In groups of four.

-Uj- Container: Mono - Money. Monujo - Wallet/Purse.

-Ul- Person: Juno - Youth. Junulo - Young person.

-Ĉj- Affectionate (Maculine): Patro - Father. Paĉjo - Daddy.

-Nj- Affectionate (Feminine): Patrino - Mother. Panjo - Mummy/Mommy.

Hi so that was a list of 40 affixes from Esperanto, which I’m learning at the moment. I hope this helps some people. I think I got all or at least most of them. But I did leave out -Um- because it’s irregular and weird and… stuff. This is my first post so please be merciful, and if you’ve actually read this boring explanation, well then thanks.
Ish: How A Suffix Became A Word

I’m on Lexicon Valley talking about the degrammaticalization of ish:

As a word by itself—which is to say, not as a suffix—ish means more or less the same thing: kind of, thereabouts, in a way. And imagining how it broke free to become syntactically stand-alone isn’t hard. The word “hungry-ish,” say—as in, I guess I could eat. I’m hungry-ish.—often comes out more like “hungry [brief pause] ish.” From there it’s a short leap to:

Are you hungry?
Yeah, ish.

But while it’s quite common for new words to be formed by adding prefixes or suffixes (editorialize from editor, anti-nuclear from nuclear), or even by re-casting a portion of a word that hadn’t before been thought of as an affix (snowmageddon based on armageddon, chocoholic based on alcoholic), it’s exceedingly uncommon to form a new word by keeping the suffix and discarding the rest.

For more discussion of ish, see this post by Lynneguist on British vs American uses (the comment thread is very much worth it), as well as this book excerpt on degrammaticalization. 

Journal Prompts: 15 Things to Collect in Your Journal.

1) tea tags- line them up and describe what you thought of each flavour.

2) tea and coffee stains- Write over each one a bit about what it was and where you were when you drank it.  

3) Pressed flowers- Write where you picked them, try to identify what kind of flowers they are.

4) Postage stamps- Line them up and describe what each was affixed to. 

5) Buisiness cards from restaurants you’ve visited- describe who you were with and what you ate. 

6) Post cards (even local ones)- describe where you were and what you thought of it. 

7) Sand and Dirt smudges from parks and beaches (affix with glue)- describe who you were with and give a point form about the adventure. 

8) Daily horoscopes from the newspaper- write about how right or wrong the prediction was. 

9) Fruit stickers- line them up and label which fruit each came from. 

10) Samples from your favourite art supplies- give a short description of the style and model. 

11) Paragraphs you’ve written for school- highlight parts you are proud of and add thoughts where you left some out. 

12) Labels from your favourite foods- describe why you like it, how you eat it, and how often. 

13) Tags from new clothes- describe why you like it, try to draw what it looks like on you or an outfit you will pair it with. 

14) Nail Polish- make a few splotches of your most used colours and label them accordingly. 

15) Receipts- Cut off just the top part with the name of the business printed on it, write a little about what you bought and when, and who you were with at the time. 


The bagh naka is a claw-like weapon from India designed to fit over the knuckles or be concealed under and against the palm. It consists of four or five curved blades affixed to a crossbar or glove, and is designed to slash through skin and muscle. It is believed to have been inspired by the armament of big cats, and the term bagh naka itself means tiger’s claw in Hindi.

The Custom Thumbnail Reframing Tool

My custom thumbnail reframing tool was totally obsolete long before I invented it, and couldn’t possibly be of use to anyone besides myself. Everything I use it for can be done a thousand times more easily and effectively via even the most rudimentary digital means. But it pleases me to behold because it was begat by utilitarian necessity, and thus is humble and pure.

To use it, start with a storyboard thumbnail panel (drawn on a post-it), the framing of which is not quite right (1).

Now remove the post-it, and place it in the center of the reframing tool (2). Place the tool on a light box, under your blank thumbnail page. Now you can slide the tool and/or page around, looking for a more satisfactory framing (3). The 4 post-its permanently affixed to the tool let the image “float” in a uniform sea of yellow, thus tricking one’s eye into forgetting the original framing choice, clearing the way for a fresh “objective” decision, untainted by attachment to, or distaste for, the original framing. In practice, this sometimes effectively results in a reaffirmation of the original framing, which is totally fine.

Once you’re happy with your new framing, locate the red registration dots on the framing tool (4), and mark their location on your thumbnail page (5). Usually one mark will suffice (never more than two) since you’re generally not tilting the image, and keeping the edges of the post-it parallel to the panel borders during replacement is easy enough to eyeball. The tool has registration dots on all four corners, so you don’t need to worry about how it’s oriented. Now remove the drawing from the tool and replace it on the thumbnail page according to the registration mark(s) (6), and redraw your panel borders as necessary (7) (or, for a cleaner look, retrace the panel on a new, properly centered post-it). Reframing is complete.

The big limitation of the tool, especially compared to its digital analogues, is its obvious incapacity to resize an image. I usually end up, when my thumbnail draft is complete, with a handful of unsatisfactorily sized panels that I’ve marked “wider” or “tighter”, which I’m left addressing with a photocopier during the final drafting process. Oh well! Actually, as I’m writing this, I’m envisioning a “custom thumbnail resizing tool”, which would be a thumbnail panel border on a blank page, with the center of the panel cut out*, that you could hold closer to or further from the unsatisfactory panel to gauge a new sizing… but you’d still have to redraw a new panel anyway, so probably it’s not worth the trouble compared to just using a photocopier.

*Speaking of which, this is exactly what the first iteration of the reframing tool was. The “big breakthrough” was the context-neutralization afforded by the post-it ring.

last thing we added to the bag, postcards with stamps affixed, each sealed in a bag with a pen– I can’t imagine not being able to send word to home. some small hope for those out on the street. we have so much good fortune, time to share it with others. our thanks to @kebechet.

Made with Instagram

today I’m experimenting with these little guys. I’ve never actually sold any prints because I’m always so concerned with “the purpose” of every object. postcards can be mailed, pins are affixed, but some art is just nice to look at? I’ve realized that looking at a slightly fucked up sunshine and realizing things will be okay *is* a purpose

🌞 signed and shipped in an archival sleeve 🌞

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Magna Carta

Eight hundred years ago on June 15, 1215, in a field at Runnymede, King John of England affixed his seal to Magna Carta. Confronted by 40 rebellious barons, he consented to their demands in order to avert civil war. 

Magna Carta was written by a group of 13th-century barons to protect their rights and property against a tyrannical king. It is concerned with many practical matters and specific grievances relevant to the feudal system under which they lived. The interests of the common man were hardly apparent in the minds of the men who brokered the agreement.  It also failed to resolve the conflict between King John and his barons, and was reissued several times after his death.  But principles expressed in Magna Carta resonate to this day.

During the American Revolution, Magna Carta served to inspire and justify action in liberty’s defense. The colonists believed they were entitled to the same rights as Englishmen, rights guaranteed in Magna Carta. They embedded those rights into the laws of their states and later into the Constitution and Bill of Rights.

The document, written on parchment in 1297 with iron gall ink, is one of four surviving 1297 versions of Magna Carta in the world today and is on display at the National Archives, courtesy of philanthropist David M. Rubenstein.  

Browse the Backstage Hamilton Cutout That Celebrities Sign When They See the Show (Vulture):

Sure, Instagramming a Hamilton Playbill is cool, but you’re not a real mover and shaker unless you’ve gotten the chance to go backstage and leave your John Hancock (a guy who’s not in Hamilton). Back behind stage left of the Richard Rodgers Theater, just down a few stairs, is a nearly-life-size image of Alexander Hamilton affixed to the wall; basically, it’s a Federalist Fathead. Any fancy people who attend the show are invited to come back and write a brief pleasantry. Below, you can see a selection of those who have — with, as far as we can decipher, what it is they wrote.

check out the article for some sweet close-ups!


Entrust the skies and lands to me! It’s the creation of various convenient vehicles!

近代化した木ノ葉隠れの里に、新しい乗り物が登場!里の人たちの手段もすごく便利になったよう だ!!

In the modernized Konohagakure Village, new vehicles have appeared! It seems to have become a very convinient means of transportation for the people of the village!


It’s the station at the countryside. It uses lightning energy for the operation of the electric train. If you had to describe it, it looks like a steam-powered train…?

木ノ葉マークをあしらった飛行船は、なんと火影専用!ナルトはこの飛行船に乗って他の里に行っているのか! ?

It’s a private blimp for the Hokage that’s affixed with the symbol of Konoha! When Naruto is riding on this blimp, he goes to other villages!?


Konohagakure Village has really changed, eh…

- credits to OrganicDinosaur