study less study smart

I decided to share my notes taken from this amazing 1 hour Youtube lecture by Marty Lobdell. i really liked him and his tips, i think they are super effective and cover a lot of situations! i highly recommend it!!!!! wow

but here are the tips and examples Marty mentions, so if you don’t have the time to go through the full hour, you can just scroll down. hope this helps somebody!

  • Break your study time in chunks with breaks
    • most students lose focus at 25 minutes
    • it’s a mistake to keep going once you do, since you won’t actually learn anything and you’ll hate every minute of it
    • so when you start losing focus take a 5 minute break
    • do something nice like talking to someone or listening to music
    • it’s something you practice so with time you’ll be able to work for more time without losing focus
    • in the end of the study session have a big reward you look forward to
  • Create a study area
    • environment highly affects the way you act. Bedrooms are for sleeping, kitchens for eating: you’ll feel sleepy in your bedroom and hungry in the kitchen. So if you have a study area, it’ll be easier to start studying and staying focused.
    • study in a specific room like an office or school library if you can
    • if you have to study in your bedroom use a specific object you only use for studying: a lamp/desk. Make it a no-distraction, away from your bed, blank walls area.
  •  The more active the learning, the better
    • 80% active learning 20% passive
    • ask yourself: is it a concept or a fact?
    • learning a concept: understand/grasp/know it
      • put it into your own words
      • really think about the meaning of it
      • relate it with something you already know
      • teach somebody else. Recapitulate what you’ve learned. Talk out loud even if you don’t have anyone to teach - talk alone. Or at anyone that listens.
    • learning a fact: memorize it
      • use mnemonics
        • Acronyms (e.g. colours of the rainbow RoyGBiv – red orange yellow green blue indigo violet)
        •  Coined sayings - anything popular or sayings you’ve heard since you were a child.
        • Interacting images – work even better if they’re weird. Creative associations make you never forget specific details. (e.g. 1 gram of fat has 9 calories: picture a fat cat – each cat has 9 lives)
      • any time 2 things are highly similar but not the same you will get maximal interference!! USE mnemonics!! (e.g. afferent vs efferent neurons: SAME - Sensory Afferent Motor Efferent)
  • Be a part of  study groups
    • others can help you in ways you never thought before
  • Recognizing VS remembering
    • never confuse the two
    • while reviewing a chapter you may recognize concepts but not actually know them
    • and when you get to the test you won’t be able to remember any of it
    • so quiz yourself without looking at it
    • or stop in a page of your notes/textbook and ask yourself what is the concept immediately after and before it
  • Get your REM Sleep 
    • get ~8 hours so you don’t undo your studying
    • this is how your brain stores permanent memories
    • without it you’re ability to remember seriously decreases
    • most people don’t even begin to take the advice but it’s simple: sleep better. Do better.
  • There’s 162 hours in a week. There is time.
    • reflect on what you are doing with your time and what activities you have to prioritize to succed as a student
  • Taking notes is vital.
    • right after the class take 5 minutes to expand everything you’ve jotted down, give it depth.
    • NOT hours later. You won’t remember half the things you wrote down.
  • Ask your questions to class mates and teachers.
    • teachers want you to succeed and it’s more than ok to ask your question in the teacher’s office or in the next class
  • How to use a textbook: SQ3R technique
    • Survey Question Read Recite Review
      • Survey: skim through the entire chapter in a couple of minutes.
      • Raise questions: e.g. what is osmosis? What is this graphic about? What is a prototype?
      • it causes you to look for answers and you’ll find the information better once you actually study it after. If you intend to find something you learn it better.
  • Start studying for tests early.
    • don’t undo yourself. You should only be reviewing the days before the test. don’t leave it till the last minute!

(don’t just scroll through this!!!! really think about these methods and how you can actually implement them so you can benefit from them!!! these actually work but only if you put them into practice boo good luck!)

youtube

Ever wanted to feel more confident? Or perhaps you’re brimming with confidence, but hey, you can never be TOO confident. Or can you? Meh, I like a cocky attitude, it turns me on. Cus if you’ve got it, flaunt it!

So sorry it’s been a while since my last upload, but Rose and I were chilling out maxing, relaxing all cool in Kefalonia! We had an amazing holiday and got some GREAT tan lines but man, it’s good to be back! Stay tuned for our holiday vlog which I am SO excited to show you because we brought our GoPro and everything! As usual there will be more comedy games on the gaming channel (anyone fancy a rematch of Fifa?) and Rose and I have got some treats for you lined up over on the main channel!

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Fun fact: Cammie’s left her stuff here. Should we go through her personal belongings and make a haul video about it?

1. Get a goddamn education. For whatever reason that suits you. I’m not going to continually convince you that the only reason you should get an education is because you should love it. Maybe it’s all about qualifications, maybe it’s about supporting yourself financially or if you’re lucky, it’s about following and finding your passion.
2. I know money isn’t everything, but in a capitalistic society such as ours, you gotta get some decent dough from somewhere.
3. Learn to think for yourself. Formulate your own opinions, and voice them. Society needs people like you, even if it doesn’t know it just yet.
4. Live. But remember that you define that word. For some people on here living means travelling or going to concerts or whatever. But if living for you is laying on the grass with closed eyes and emptying your mind then do that, even if it’s considered different.
5. Bitches will be bitches, assholes will be assholes, but don’t let anyone fool you twice.
6. Failure is inevitable. It will hurt and you’ll feel like you’re drowning in your own life. But know that you have to swim eventually, you have to. And there is no right time to swim. Just go.
7. On that note, there is never the ‘right time’. Just because it’s 2am and you’re drunk off your ass doesn’t mean you can’t fucking write a book. Similarly, just because you think you can’t and you’ll accomplish later, is the exact mentality that should act as a trigger.
8. Don’t be afraid to love and be loved. Usually people are afraid to love because they’re afraid of getting hurt. But screw that. Give your love without fear but remember, give it to the right people. But remember that the people who seem right today might not feel right in the future. And that is life. But don’t let that stop you.
—  Important things I’ve learned.

anonymous asked:

Hello Julia. I was the person that sent you an ask that siad how grateful I was for you advice a year ago. I also wanted to ask for advice on a research proposal. Any tips for writing a research proposal? We have to write one for class credit in one of my classes. Also any tips on applying for my PhD? What do you suggest I be doing now (In my Master's program, which I will be doing a Practicum and Internship) in order to improve my chances of getting into a PhD program? Sorry for the questions.

Ok! Here we go!

So research proposals vary in terms of their requirements and formats, especially if it’s for a class, so I’m going to try to make my advice as generally applicable as possible. 

  • Identify the knowledge gap. A great and easy way to identify this is to read current review papers on your subject of interest. Not only will you be caught up to speed on what’s known, but the authors will literally state “___ is still under investigation” or “the mechanisms for ___ are still unknown”. Those are excellent places to start thinking of a project. 
  • Have a testable hypothesis, meaning it’s an opened ended question (no “yes’ or “no” only answers, ex. “What color is the sky?” vs “Is the sky blue?”), and can be experimented upon with available tools (and time). And then, most research proposals will then break down that hypothesis into a further 2 or 3 more testable hypotheses that are related but not dependent upon each other, meaning if sub-hypothesis 1 fails, you can still test sub-hypothesis 2 and 3. 
  • Make sure whatever potential results you’ll get will be significant in the field. In science we’re always told “move the field forwards, not sideways”. Say I want to study Gene A. Looking into why and how mutations in that gene can create drug resistance in a pathogen is pretty significant. But studying what the gene product, oh i dunno… smells like in a 50% humid environment? Could be interesting but not really significant… (unless that’s a diagnostic tool for drug resistance!) I know your proposal is just for a class, but this is still a good rule to keep in mind. 
  • Read read read read read! Read other papers in that field to gain knowledge for your background, and to develop testable experiments. Always see what others have done to figure out whatever you’re trying to figure out, and then just copy their method. (But in your paper say “Procedure X will be carried out as previously published by other groups [cite]. Briefly, (then describe the method briefly)”). Also, read other papers to learn how to word things (like that sentence I just used). How do they describe results? How do they introduce their methods?
  • And jumping from that, look at other successful research proposals to gain inspiration and ideas, maybe even from previous students in that class. What do you like? What do you not like? How did they organize everything? 
  • Having trouble getting started? We all do, don’t worry. But break out of it by grabbing a blank piece of paper (or opening a blank word doc), and just word vomit. Write down everything you know about that subject. Draw flowcharts. Bulletpoints. Pretend you’re making a rambling tumblr post. Whatever works for you. And then write/draw the knowledge gaps. And save the word vomit! You’ll be surprised at what phrases/ideas you’ll integrate into your actual proposal from those blurbs.
  • Continuously get feedback. Writing a successful research proposal is pretty much 50% feedback from other people. But do it in chunks to make it more “user friendly”–don’t just hand your best friend or professor your entire research proposal with 3 days to edit. Get feedback on your hypothesis first, then your outline, then your introduction, etc etc. 
  • Use clear concise writing. If you abbreviate or use jargon, make sure to introduce it. Don’t go on serpentine paths; get straight to the point. Use active voice whenever possible. Don’t raise unanswered questions. When we write grants for funding applications, we’re always told “do not let the reviewers think for themselves”. This is where feedback comes in handy–if you can give your proposal to someone not in your specific field, and they understand exactly what and why you’re going to do, then you’ve written it well. 
  • Use a citation manager. By god do not do your citations manually. I use Mendeley, which is free. You can upload your current PDFs to it, or save papers you find using the browser add on. And then you can use the Microsoft Word toolbar to add your citations/work cited. The program has a tutorial to show you how to do these things if you need it. 
  • Start early! It takes at least 6 months to write a good research proposal for a grant application. If this is for a class you don’t need to be that intense, but it’s still good to plan ahead and give yourself ample time. 
  • And in general for writing, set a schedule for both what to write and when to write. For example, the first week in November will be “Outline introduction” and you schedule Wednesday and Friday morning from 9 - 11 am to work on it. And then treat that schedule like a class, and your goals as assignments due. Don’t wait for inspiration; rely on discipline

For general tips on getting into a PhD program, you can check out my answers here in the FAQ (3rd question), as well as the link I provided when I answered on my personal blog. Since you’re getting a lot of education and practical experience through your Masters, you may be ahead of the curve, which is great! Other tips:

  • Scout out potential thesis labs/professors, either by internet searches, or if you plan on staying in the same institution as your Masters, request a meeting. It’s never too early to get a feel for things! 
  • Retake any required tests, if applicable. Some PhD programs require higher GRE scores than Masters programs, so something to keep in mind if this applies. 
  • Apply for any fellowships for incoming PhD students. I have some friends who came into our programs with big ol chunks of money thanks to their fellowships, and that was very attractive to the program and definitely helped their chances of being accepted. 
  • Talk to your current advisor. They may offer some good tips too since they’ve probably been there done that with previous students. 
  • Try to do something during your Masters to add to your CV–be it publishing a paper or presenting a poster at a conference or getting a fellowship or award, or TAing, etc. It’s not required, but definitely makes you a more attractive candidate. (If you need some tips for CV’s, I have a post here)

Mmm that’s all I can think of… PhD programs basically look for experience and signs of dedication, so your Masters degree counts as both! I think you’re going to be very well prepared :)

I hope this helped, and I wish you the best of luck! I’m always here if you have any more questions!!

And if anyone has anything else to add, please do!

During your journey to success, you’re going to have to go through tough times. It’ll take persistence, determination, and pure hard work. Nothing worth having ever comes easy, so keep on keeping on!

anonymous asked:

So I'm nb but a lot of the time I feel like my identity isn't real, I'm making it up etc. I'm just a whiny cis girl or don't want to admit I'm a trans boy? I know those things aren't true but are there any ways I can assure myself when having doubts?

yeah. try to acknowledge those thoughts but not let them steer the conversation. 

ex: when you have a thought like “i’m just a whiny cis girl,” reply to that with “okay, i’m having the thought that i’m a whiny cis girl. that dialogue isn’t helpful, though. so i’m gonna redirect my thoughts to ____.” 

this is useful because you use language like “i am having the thought that…” and not “i AM a…” 

also, so what if you end up deciding later on that you’re cis, or that you’re a binary trans boy? right now your feelings are still happening, and they’re still real inside of you, and it’s your right to address them the best way you see fit. and if right now that means you want the nb label, then use the nb label. you are a person who is capable of growth and change, so give yourself the space to explore yourself and be okay with what you find moment by moment. i hope that helped.

-cruz

anonymous asked:

Aunt Tanya I need help! I've been in a relationship for about 6 months now and he wants me to meet his parents. What do I do?!

MAKE. HIS. PARENTS. A. SALAD. Unless he’s rich and they have people to do that for you. Is he rich? It’s okay if he’s not but is he? You can totally make your own money but is he rich????

Xoxo Aunt Tanya
Fifteen Things I’ve Learned About Friendship (The Hard Way)

(This is similar to a post that I made on my old blog, but I’ve made some good updates/improvements).

  1. Listen to your gut instinct. If you meet someone (or multiple someones) and there’s something “off” or “not right” about them to you, DO NOT make friends with them. Even if you only start seeing red flags about a person/people after you get to know them better, you need to bail out. It doesn’t matter how much they “like” you, your physical and emotional safety is more important.
  2. Don’t make friends with people you feel sorry for. As mean as this sounds, there are people in this world who are alone and friendless for a good reason. Don’t make friends with a friendless person as an act of altruism. More often than not, you’re going to get hurt.
  3. Quality is more important than quantity. Perhaps saying this is cliche, but it’s absolutely true. Focus on having a handful of loyal, supportive friends who love you for the person you really are instead of having dozens of friends that only like you for superficial reasons. Having three real friends is always better than having twenty fake ones.
  4. Don’t try to have a “squad”. I know the idea of having a tight-knit group of mutual friends is appealing, but more often than not it creates needless drama. Have friends who are involved in greatly different social scenes from one another, friends with differing tastes in fashion, music, and personal values. Variety is a great thing.
  5. If two friends are fighting and they want you to “choose a side”, don’t. Unless abuse or another gravely serious matter was involved in the feud, your allegiance to one friend in particular is not obligated. If both friends are “forcing” you to pick between them, dump them. Their pettiness is not worth your time.
  6. Do NOT play matchmaker! EVER! No matter how similar their personalities might be or how much of a “good fit” you think they might be for one another, pairing two friends up for a relationship nearly always ends in catastrophic failure. The worst part? They’ll both blame you for making things happen in the first place.
  7. You don’t have to be friends with a friend’s significant other. On the flip-side, if a friend of yours is in a relationship with someone you don’t know that well, you don’t have to be friends with that person. As a matter of fact, it’s probably for the best that you aren’t their friend.
  8. “More than friends” is a slippery slope. If you realize you have romantic and/or sexual feelings for a friend, be cautious. If that friend feels the same way for you, things just might work out. If they don’t feel the same way you do, your friendship is likely to head south.
  9. Be a shoulder to cry on, but don’t be someone’s servant. Part of being a good friend is being there for people when they’re in need, but don’t ever let a friend manipulate you into sacrificing parts of yourself just to make them happy. Guilt-tripping and clinginess are never desirable traits.
  10. Give people space. Seriously. Speaking of being clingy, you absolutely have to let people live their own lives apart from you. If you didn’t get invited to some party or if two friends are getting coffee without you, don’t take it so personal. Just let people do their own thing and then hang out with them when the time is right.
  11. Watch what you say. You might think that a close friend is “tough” and can handle whatever teasing, opinions, or harsh criticisms you give, but this isn’t true. Whether you mean to or not your words, even if said in jest, can seriously hurt another person, especially if what you said wasn’t said in their presence.
  12. There are people you just can’t be friends with. No matter how hard you might try to like a person or make a friendship work, some friendships aren’t going to make the cut. It’s not even that this someone is a bad person, they’re just bad for you or you’re bad for them. End things amicably before the friendship sours further.
  13. Eliminate any and EVERY toxic friend you have. If you have a “friend” (or a group of friends) who belittles you, talks about you behind your back, lies to you, tries to “change you”, insults your dignity or intelligence, or isn’t honest with their feelings or motives, get rid of them immediately. You are worth more than their negative words.
  14. If someone is drifting away from you, let them go. As much as it hurts, sometimes close friends, even friends you’ve had since childhood, are going to go down a path in life that leads them away from you. Maybe one day you’ll be close to one another again, but you can’t keep grasping straws. Just let them leave and be grateful for the good times you had together.
  15. Above all else, put yourself first. This doesn’t meant to be selfish or mean to other people, but in the end you’re all you’ve really got. If you don’t love yourself or take care of yourself properly, you’re going to live a life full of seeking out affection and attention from the wrong kinds of people. Spend as much time alone figuring yourself out as you need to, because once you emerge from that little cocoon, you will have a sense of clarity that never existed before. Consequently, you will make more sound judgments when it comes to friendships. Just keep the other fourteen points above in mind along the way.

anonymous asked:

Hey Alyx! My doctor just put me on a low FODMAP diet for my suspected IBS. I was wondering if you have done / currently do this diet and how it's been for you.

I tried it a while back with mixed results.

Honestly I think it’s more worthwhile to keep track of what triggers your symptoms in particular and what’s safe. Then go from there. Keeping a food/bowel symptom journal helped me.

Everyone with IBS has an individual special snowflake of a tummy, at least from what I’ve seen.

But low fodmap is a good place to start and I hope it helps you! Best of luck.

anonymous asked:

science is my best subject but when i see someone even display the slightest hint at being better than me i feel so crappy. how can i stop caring about competition and work on my own improvement?

stop asking others about how they did and focus on your own progress. ignore that little voice in your head. other people are not going to affect your own grade and they won’t do anything to sabotage you or smth like that.

i know, i know, it’s easier than said, but that kind of thing is so so self-debilitating + harmful + toxic to yourself ;; wishing you the best!

anonymous asked:

You give fantastic advice, but you have this whole academic career and life outside the internet. Are there any other rad-leaning lesbians on tumblr you recommend us to bring any questions to?

This is so sweet of you to ask! Firstly, I’d like to say, hopefully without sounding self-serving, is that asking advice or questions is really helpful to me! After all, I’m studying to be a licensed counselor :)

That being said, I’m one person with one set of experiences and this community is really full of smart and compassionate women. I can’t speak to how open they all are to questions, or what specific topics they feel comfortable with, but here are a few examples of some I admire:
@lesbian-lizards
@afromatriarch
@girlsmoonsandstars
@kittyit
@redressalert

I think there are some more I could think of with specific experiences or subsets of knowledge, but hose are some of the first that came to mind. There are so many more women here I admire, and I hope they all realize that just because I didn’t name them doesn’t mean I don’t think very highly of them.

If you’re open to answering advice, feel free to add yourself in the notes or reblogs. I really love when I see other women supporting each other or when we use community to provide forums for discussion and help.

Have a great day, anon! ❤️