Figure in Abrahamical lore who became the first human male created by God, in the Garden of Eden. According to ‘Genesis’ God created Adam by gathering dust or clay, moulding it into a human shape, and then breathing life into the new figure’s nostrils. This may have taken up to forty days or happened instantly.
When Adam came to life, he placed the first man into the Garden of Eden, instructing him not to eat from the tree of knowledge. When God realised Adam was alone, He gathered all the animals and had Adam name them. When that was done, He put Adam into a deep sleep and took out one of the man’s ribs. With that rib, God formed the first woman, Eve, who became Adam’s wife.
Adam was cast out from the Garden of Eden, after he ate a piece of the forbidden fruit that had been offered to him by his wife, who had been tempted by the Serpent. Upon swallowing the fruit, he became aware of his naked state and made a loincloth of fig leaves. As punishment for eating the fruit, Adam and Eve were taken away from the Garden of Eden and stripped of their immortality.
Adam and Eve survived and went on to have many sons and daughters, including Cain, Abel and Seth until Adam died at the age of nine hundred and thirty. In the ‘Book of Jubilees,’ he was said to have a daughter named Awan, who married her brother, Cain and a daughter named Azura, who married Seth. In Islamic tradition, he had two other daughters, Aclima and Lusia, who Cain and Abel fought over.
In some variations of Judaic lore, it is said that Adam was born a hermaphrodite, before the creation of Eve. Other texts state that Eve may have been his second wife, the first being a woman named Lilith. The pair are believed to have been buried in the Cave of Machpelah, located in the city of Hebron.
The angel, Raziel, would reveal a series of texts, known as ‘Sefer Raziel HaMalakh’ to Adam, which taught him about the world and how to speak.
Islamic tradition states that the Garden of Eden may have existed within Jannah and Adam and Hawa were sent to the physical world after eating the fruit. Adam himself sat upon the peak of Al-Safa and wept for forty days until he repented. Afterwards, Allah sent down a black stone that showed the pair were to build an altar to worship Him and taught the pair about the Hajj pilgrimage. When Adam and Hawa reunited near Mecca, they had two twin sons, Qabil and Habil and a third son named Rocail.
Those of the Ahmadiyyaian faith, consider that Adam was not the first human in the world, but the first human God spoke to, making him the first prophet.
Some Gnostics theorise that Adam and Eve may have been created to help fight against Satan and were freed from the Demiurge’s grasp by the heroic Serpent.
Adam was also seen as a manifestation of God Himself in the Bahá'í Faith and those of the Druze faith, see him as the universal mind, similar to how Eve was the universal soul.