So I just finished my CALC 2 class with the highest marks in the class and I wanted to put together a “guide” on how to study for calculus. It doesn’t matter if you are taking AP Calculus or Calculus in college, this guide should be a general overview but I will mention some specifics to AP Calc. *Picture from my Calculus lecture. 

General Tips

  • Buy the AP CALC review books. Regardless of whether you are in college calculus or actually in AP Calculus, the review books are great in condensing materials and having good examples. 
  • Create your own cheat sheet. Every time you learn a new formula or theorem, write it down in a cheat sheet. This forces you to recall the information constantly.
    • Know your common derivatives and common integrals like the back of your hand.
    • Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part I & II? Yeah, it’s fundamental. Need to know that. 
    • Common limits? Yep, that too. 
  • Know your pre-calc and algebra by heart. The hardest thing about calculus is not the formulas and theorems, but recalling past materials to solve a problem. If you could easily recognize trigonometric identities, you would be well set for the class.
    • Know what trig graphs look like and what they approach, etc. 
  • Learn how to do the math without a calculator. Some professors don’t let you use calculators on the tests and when you are become too dependent on the calculator, you tend to forget how to do simple addition/subtraction and multiplication/division. Also, there is a non-calculator portion to the AP Calculus Exam, so don’t make your calculator your crutch.
  • Practice every day + do your homework. A little practice everyday goes a long way and doing your homework (even if it doesn’t count as a grade) can be a drastic way of improving your grades because chances are, your teacher knows you probably aren’t going to do the homework and will have test questions very similar to the homework questions. 
    • Show all your work. Write all the steps out. If you make a mistake mentally, your whole answer will be wrong. To decrease the chances of loosing points for careless errors, label everything, even if it tedious. Also, work shown can count towards partial credit on tests. 
    • Practice the problems from your textbook + problems outside your textbook.
  • Understand and review old tests. When you get your tests back, redo the whole test on another sheet of paper. Try to understand where you went wrong. Was it a simple math calculation error? Did you do the derivative wrong? Was the theorem wrong? Did you forget a step like checking for conditions to apply L’hopitals Rule or Alternating Series Test for Convergence? Whatever it is, go through the entire test (yes, even the ones you got right) and re-do it. 
  • Ask for help when you don’t understand something. Solving tough calculus problems are easier when working with a group on a white board because you get a fresh set of eyes and a new mindset/approach to a problem. If you cannot tackle a problem, regardless of how many ways you have tried, it’s best to ask someone who already knows how to do it. 

Resources for AP CALC

Cheat Sheets + Other Resources

I advise you to print out the cheat sheets and place it in the front of your calculus binder/notebook or where it can be easily accessed. 

Cheat Sheets

Online Tutorials + Videos

Online Calculators


Scribd Super Review Packet
Melamud’s Cram Packet Part 1
Melamud’s Cram Packet Part 2

Mr. Reed’s Unit Study Guides
Review Flashcards
John Green’s Crash Course
Overview of Presidents
AP Study Notes
Mr. Klaff’s Review

Textbooks and Notes
American Pageant, 13th Edition
American Pageant: A History of the Republic
AP Notes’s American Pageant

Today, I fucked up... my shoulder

In my chemistry class, one of my feet got caught between my other foot and my backpack (it rolls), and I tripped and hit the chemistry door dead on with my shoulder. All of a sudden, I can’t move my shoulder, and it clicks and grinds every time I try to. But it didn’t hurt that badly, so I went to my last hour class. We were reviewing for AP testing, and my friends thought my shoulder being unable to move was more important, and they wanted me to go call my mom. I didn’t, because I’m stubborn. 

So, when I get picked up, my mom tells me she’s going to take me to the chiropractor (stuff like this happens a lot), and lo and behold: the chiropractor tells me I dislocated my shoulder on the door. So I have to walk into AP testing the next day and tell my friends and 144 other students the story and publicly admit my friends were correct and I’m an idiot. 

Check out more TIFUs: Internet`s best fuck ups are here.

Most Important AP Chem Topics (In decreasing order of appearance):

Multiple Choice

  1. Acids and Bases
  2. Bonding
  3. Solutions
  4. Atomic Structure
  5. Stoichiometry
  6. Laboratory
  7. Gases
  8. Thermodynamics
  9. Oxidation-Reduction
  10. Phase Changes
  11. Equilibrium
  12. Kinetics
  13. Nuclear Decay
  14. Organic Chemistry

For Free Response

  1. Acids and Bases
  2. Electrochemistry
  3. Thermodynamics
  4. Laboratory
  5. Bonding
  6. Kinetics
  7. Gas Laws
  8. Atomic Structure
  9. Stoichiometry
  10. Solutions
  11. Oxidatio-Reduction
  12. Phase Changes
  13. Nuclear Decay
  14. Organic Chemistry
Mr. Townson's Top Thirty

Mr. Townson, the wonderful APUSH god who has a history of 100% pass rates, has given the gospel of APUSH to his people. Here are Townson’s top 30 things that will certainly be on the test (some of these are more than one thing, but they’re related topics), followed by his top picks for what the essays will be.

  1. Spanish, French, English Exploration and Settlement
  2. Bacon’s Rebellion
  3. Half-Way Covenant & First Great Awakening
  4. Proclamation of 1763
  5. Articles of Confederation & Shay’s Rebellion
  6. Compromises in the Constitution
  7. Washington’s Farewell Address
  8. Alexander Hamilton’s Financial Plan
  9. Marbury vs. Madison
  10. Missouri Compromise
  11. Nullification Crisis
  12. William Lloyd Garrison
  13. Manifest Destiny
  14. Compromise of 1850
  15. Kansas-Nebraska Act
  16. Radical Reconstruction
  17. The Gilded Age
  18. Populism
  19. Imperialism
  20. Progressivism
  21. The Lost Generation
  22. The New Deal & Court Packing
  23. The Cold War
  24. McCarthyism
  25. Conformity in the 1950s and Levittown, NJ
  26. Civil Rights Leaders
  27. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  28. Nixon Doctrine/Vietnamization
  29. Camp David Accords
  30. Reganomics

Townson’s Top Essay Picks

  • Early America (pre-American Revolution)
  • Progressivism
  • Imperialism
  • Jacksonian Democracy
  • Reconstruction

Exam tip: every year there is a question about African Americans or women.

There is 1 DBQ. Everyone does the same one of that. 

There are 4 choices for the FRQs. You write 2. You must write an essay from the first category, which is pre-1900, and you must write an essay from the second category, which will be from the 1900s or later.

It is YOUR job to research and know these topics, their related facts, and their implications. I’m not going to do that for you. It won’t help you in the long run. Study well, study strong. I’m probably going to keep posting a bunch of review questions on here. Look them over, but in general, STAY OFF OF TUMBLR! You should be studying.

It’s never too early to start studying for AP’s! Here’s a list of all the classes we have taken or will be taking this year. These are credible resources and we hope they help you as much as they helped us. Good luck! (an asterisk* is used to indicate purchase is necessary)

AP Biology 

Barron’s Flashcards (either get these or the review book; both aren’t needed)*

Barron’s Review Book ($13 but worth it)*

Bozeman Science Videos (AP Bio Essentials Playlist, Labs, and Final Review)

Learnerator Guide

AP Calculus (AB and BC)

Calculus Cheat Sheet

Elaine Cheong’s Study Guide

Final Review Sheet

Guide to Self-Studying BC

Quizlet of Calc Vocab

Stuff You Must Know Cold (AB and BC)

AP Comparative Government

One Month Study Guide

Practice Exams 


Guide to Russian Gov

Study Guide by Ethel Woods

AP Economics (Micro and Macro)

No Bull Economics Lessons Video

Released Practice Tests (practice tests are KEY to doing well on this exam)

The Princeton Review *

15 Minute Final Review (Macro)

19 Minute Final Review (Micro)

AP English Language

Course Notes 

How to Study

Study Notes (sample essays and rhetorical terms)

The Princeton Review (2016 edition)*

What You Must Know

AP English Literature

AP Practice Exams (practice tests, vocabulary, example essays, flashcards)

College Board Released FRQ’s and Scoring Guide 

Youtube Playlist for Lit

AP European History

Comprehensive Study Guide by Steven Mercado

Crash Course Book (the only review book you need!)*


History Exam Review Page


Study Notes

AP French Language and Culture

College Board (pratice exams, frq’s, scoring information)

Practice Exam


AP Physics (Algebra-based)

Practice Exam (practice test, flashcards, review)

Bozeman Science Videos Physics Playlist

Learnerator Flashcards

AP Statistics (requested)

Cumulative AP Stats Study Guide

AP Statistics Review

Course Notes

AP United States Government

Government Review (142 pages… but it has a lot of valuable information)

One Month Study Guide


Study Notes

AP United States History

Barron’s Flashcards*

Barron’s Review Book*

Crash Course Videos (John Green!) 

Study Notes (topic outlines, practice tests, timelines, sample essays, vocab) 

AP World History

Cram Packets and Review Sheets

Course Notes

One Month Study Guide


Study Notes

World History 101

Hope this helps! Feel free to send us your favorite links here and we will check them out and add them!

Study tips:

General Resources:

Online Notes etc.:

Some Online Book PDFs:

Keith Ape - It G Ma (Remix ft. Waka Flocka Flame, Father, Dumbfoundead)

The hit that came as a flattering copy of Maco’s “U Guessed It” has now been graced with new verses. The remix includes Atlanta’s Waka and Father as well as A$AP Ferg and Korean-American comedian Dumbfoundead to make it more approachable for the American audience, which it did not necessarily need as the message translated pretty well: it’s a turn up anthem.

Made with SoundCloud

1453  Constantinople is sacked by Muslim forces

1488  Bartolomeu Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope

1492  Columbus encounters the Americas (God, Glory and Gold.)

1517  Martin Luther’s posting of the 95 Theses

1520  Diet of Worms declares Martin Luther an outlaw

1524-1525  The Peasants’ Revolt takes place in Germany

1534  Act of Supremacy passed in England → Henry VIII becomes head of the Anglican Church

1545  Council of Trent begins The Counter Reformation

1555  Peace of Augsburg (cuius regio, eius religio →whose region, his religion)

1585-1589  War of the Three Henries in France

1588  Spanish Armada destroyed by the English and “The Protestant Wind”

1603  Elizabeth I Dies → Tudor Dynasty Ends and the Stuart Dynasty Begins

1618-1648  The Thirty Years War (Treaty of Westphalia ends the war in 1648)

1642-1646  English Civil War (Roundheads vs. the Cavaliers)

1649  Charles I is executed → Oliver Cromwell begins his rule

1660  Stuart Restoration in England through Charles II

1688-1689  Glorious Revolution in England→ William and Mary of Orange replace James II and sign the English Bill of Rights

1643-1715  Era of Louis XIV  The Sun King (l’etat c’est moi)

1689-1725  Reign of Peter the Great in Russia

1756-1763  The Seven Years War

1789-1799  Era of the French Revolution (Radical Stage → late 1792-1795)

1799  Napoleon comes to power

1805-1815  Napoleonic Wars are waged

1814-1815  The Congress of Vienna meets (Main principles: Legitimacy, Conservatism, Compensation & Balance of Power)

1819  Peterloo Massacre in England

1830  Belgian Independence

1832  Reform Bill in England Passed

1848  Revolutions break out across Western Europe (France, Austria, Italy and Germany)

1861  Serfs emancipated in Russia under Alexander II

1870-1871  Germany and Italy Unification

1884-1885  Berlin Conference is held (“Scramble for Africa”)

1894  Tsar Nicholas II comes to power in Russia (the last of the Romanovs)

1905  Sunday Bloody Revolution in Russia → “The Dress Rehearsal”

1914  Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated → WWI starts

1917  March and November (Bolshevik) Revolutions in Russia

1918  Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is signed →Russia withdraws from war

1918  WWI ends

1919  Treaty of Versailles is signed

1918-1921  Russian Civil War (Reds vs. Whites)

1922  Mussolini comes to power in Italy and establishes the 1st Fascist government

1922  Russia officially becomes known as the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) → The Soviet Union

1923  Adolf Hitler leads the Beer Hall Putsch in Germany

1924  Lenin dies

1928  Stalin is firmly entrenched as the leader of the Soviet Union → begins the first of several 5 year plans

1929  Stock Market Crash in the US → The Great Depression begins

1933  Hitler comes to power in Germany

1938  Munich Conference (Peace in our time→Neville Chamberlain)

1939  World War II starts with Germany’s invasion of Poland

1945  World War II ends (V-E Day → May 8, 1945 and V-J Day → August 15, 1945)

1945  First session of the United Nations is held

1945-1989  Cold War (U.S. vs. S.U. begins and begins to end in Poland)

POST WW II  Decolonization → European colonies become independent

1946  Winston Churchill gives the “Iron Curtain” speech

1948-1949 Operation Vittles→the Berlin Airlift

1949  USSR successfully tests first atomic bomb

1951  European Coal and Steel Community formed (sounds like the Zollverein)

1953  Stalin dies and is succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev → destalinization begins

1954  French forces defeated in French-Indochina at Dien Bien Phu

1956  Hungarian revolt against the Soviet Union → it is crushed by the Soviets

1957  Rome Treaty is signed → The European Economic Community (EEC) is created = Common Market

1957  Sputnik is launched by the Soviet Union → the first space satellite

1958  The fifth Republic is born in France and Charles de Gaulle becomes President

1961  Berlin Wall built → dividing East and West Berlin

1961  Soviet Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space

1962  Cuban Missile Crisis → 90 miles off the coast of Florida

1963  Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique is published

1964  Leonid Brezhnev becomes leader of the Soviet Union

1966  Under President Charles de Gaulle, France withdraws from the common NATO military command

1968  “Prague Spring” occurs in Czechoslovakia → it is crushed by the Soviets

1968  Student revolt in France (Paris)

1978  Pole Karol Wojtyla elected Pope → Pope John Paul II → 1st non-Italian in 455 years

1979  Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female Prime Minister of England (“The Iron Lady”) (Mags loathes no one more than this heinous twat)

1979  The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan (eventually becomes their own “little Vietnam”)

1980  1st independent labor union in the Soviet Bloc formed  “Solidarity” led by Lech Walesa of Poland

1980  Ronald Reagan elected President of the US (calls the Soviet Union an “evil empire”)

1985  Gorbachev becomes Soviet leader (implements policies of perestroika and glasnost)

1986  Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in the Soviet Union (specifically the Ukraine)

1989  Berlin Wall comes down

1989  The “Velvet Revolution” occurs in Czechoslovakia → Vaclav Havel becomes President

1989  The Soviet Union withdraws its forces from Afghanistan

1989  Romanian leader Nicolai Ceausescu is overthrown and killed

1990  Lech Walesa becomes President of Poland

1990  East Germany and West Germany reunify into one Germany

1990  The first McDonalds opens in Russia

1991  Attempted coup attempt in the Soviet Union → The Soviet Union begins to disintegrate

1991  Boris Yeltsin becomes President of Russia → former 15 republics of the Soviet Union form the Commonwealth of Independent States (C.I.S.)

1991  Yugoslavia begins to break apart

1992  Maastricht Treaty signed

1997  Tony Blair becomes Prime Minister of England → 1st Labor Party leader in 18 years

1999  Eurodollar becomes the single currency of the European Union (EU)


20160430 1:08am • 29/100
I DID IT GUYS I FULLY ANNOTATED AND REVISED MY APWH REVIEW BOOK IN LESS THAN ONE WEEK ㅠㅇㅠ ((granted, I had already studied/highlighted most of it throughout the term as a supplement)) Nonetheless, feeling pretty confident about our practice exam tomorrow morning!

All The Topics to Know for the APUSH Exam (as told by my APUSH teacher)
  • Revolutionary War/Constitution/Articles of Confederation
  • The First Party System: Federalists and Republicans
  • Revolution of 1800
  • Jacksonian Democracy (1824-1840)
    • the Bank War
    • the spoils system
    • Indian Removal Act
  • Antebellum reform movements and the Second Great Awakening
  • Causes of the Civil War and sectional differences
    • political parties (Democrats vs. New Republicans)
    • economics
    • social differences
  • Reconstruction (1863-1877)
    • successes/failures
    • 13th - 15th amendments
      • connections to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s
  • Industrialization and Big Business/The Gilded Age (1860-1910)
    • vertical and horizontal integration
    • trusts
    • steel, oil, and railroads
    • Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan
    • growth of cities
    • immigration
    • changes in politics and political machines
  • The Populist Movement and agrarian discontent
  • The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
    • an effort to deal with the adverse effects of industrial capitalism
    • the Progressive Presidents
  • The Indian Plains Wars (through 1890)
  • Spanish-American War (1898)
  • IMPERIALISM: Philippines, Hawaii, Panama, Cuba, etc.
  • World War I
    • causes/effects
    • the home front
  • The Red Scare
  • The 1920s
    • sources of conflict (economic, political, and social)
    • effects on women, African Americans, and immigrants
  • The 1930s, the Great Depression, and the New Deal
    • Hoover vs. FDR
    • economic, social, and political reforms
  • World War II
    • results, the home front
    • effects on women, African Americans, Native Americans (Navajo codetalkers, etc), Japanese Americans, and Mexican Americans
  • The Cold War
    • foreign policy
      • where and when
    • 1950s
      • conformity, suburbs, Baby Boom, domestication of women, challenges to conformity, expanding economy, consumer culture
      • similarities to the 1920s
    • 1960s
      • civil rights movement (who, what, when, where, why, successes and failures)
      • Lyndon B. Johnson and the Great Society (1963-1968)
        • domestic and foreign issues
    • 1970s
      • Richard Nixon (1968-1973)
        • foreign and domestic policies
        • detente and Vietnam
        • the Southern Strategy and Watergate
    • 1980s
      • Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)
        • foreign and domestic policies
        • tax cuts
        • military spending
        • shrinking of the government
        • the new right
      • George H.W. Bush and the end of the Cold War
  • Bill Clinton and Barack Obama