The Evenks (also spelled Ewenki or Evenki) (autonym: ЭвэнкилEvenkil; Russian: Эвенки Evenki; Chinese: 鄂温克族 Èwēnkè Zú; formerly known as Tungus or Tunguz; Mongolian: Хамниган Khamnigan) are a Tungusic people of Northern Asia. In Russia, the Evenks are recognized as one of the Indigenous peoples of the Russian North. In China, the Evenki form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People’s Republic of China. There are also 535 Mongolized Evenki in Mongolia, referred to as Khamnigan.
The Evenks (Russian:
Хамниган) are an indigenous people inhabiting Russia, China and Mongolia. In each of these countries, they are officially recognized as a distinct ethnic group.
Traditionally a mixture of pastorals and hunter gatherers, the Evenks domesticated reindeer for milk and transportation. Not much is known about the Shamanic rituals or practises of the Evenks. Since colonisation by Russia, many have maintained their animistic beliefs, whilst adopting Orthodox Christianity or Tibetan Buddhism.
The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides), also known as the mangut (after its Evenk name) or tanuki (after its Japanese name), is a canid indigenous to East Asia. It is the only extant species in the genus Nyctereutes. It is considered a basal canid species, resembling ancestral forms of the family. The raccoon dog shares the habit of regularly climbing trees only with the North American gray fox, another basal species. Raccoon dogs are the only canids known to hibernate.
Adult clothing from the Evenks, an indigenous people in northeastern Siberia. Hood, coat, apron, trousers,
boots and mittens in brown-dyed depilated reindeer skin. Decorated with
beads and yellow, blue, grey and black cloth.Coat in symmetrical cut with tie-strings of depilated skin. The coat is trimmed below with dog skin. Late 19th century.
Burbot from Natürliche Abbildungen der merkwürdigsten Säugenden oder Vierfüssigen Thiere nach ihren Geschlechtern by D. Georg Heinrich Borowski (1780-1789)
The burbot has and important symbolic meaning in folklore. In Siberia people of Tuvan tribe were forbidden from eating the burbot because it was an incarnation of their ancestors, Nganasani tribe believed the burbot was the king of waters and several other tribes related burbot to the mythical creature of Evenk, which had body of a burbot, a head of a mammoth and horns of an elk (lower image).