95th rifles

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A Battle of Waterloo period Model 1805 Baker Rifle being fired in slow motion
Slow motion film of a reproduction Model 1805 Baker Rifle of the Battle of Waterloo period being fired at the Royal Armouries Museum. The effects of the proj...

This is such a well-produced video demonstrating the extraordinary effects that come from firing a flintlock firearm. Good work Royal Armouries and boy I do like firing these weapons.

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Australian re-enactors test the accuracy of the Baker Rifle.

The creation of rifle units in the British army during the late 18th-early 19th century had to do with the poor performance of British Light Infantry during the American War of Independence. Light Infantry differed from Line Infantry in several ways. First off, they fought in much looser formations, spread out and used cover. They generally fought in twos, each man covering the other.

They were generally sent on smaller scale operations, raiding enemy camps in the countryside and generally causing trouble. In a full scale battle, Light Infantry would advance ahead of the regular infantry to harass enemy units and weaken them before the main fighting began. They would also protect their army from the same thing. Light Infantry were taught to think for themselves rather then robotically obey superiors like Line Units.

The British, however, were behind in Light Infantry (if they could even be called that) Most British Light Units fought as companies attached to Line Infantry battalions (as opposed to independent companies or regiments) and generally carried just as much as much equipment as the Line Soldiers. They were mocked for this, with enemy (and even allied) soldiers joking that they weren’t worthy of being called Light Infantry when they fought so much like Line Units. This led to the creation of Rifle regiments (also known as Green Jackets)

The first of these regiments was the 95th Infantry Regiment. They wore green uniforms to blend into the surrounding countryside and carried Baker Rifles instead of Muskets. These were awkward to reload and could only be fired about two times a minute (compared to the 3-5 times of a musket) To make up for this, they had MUCH greater range and accuracy then Muskets of the time. Because of this, they were taught to aim for enemy officers, then work their way down to NCOs and drummers before moving on to private soldiers.

I am an amateur historian, so if I made any mistakes, please feel free to point them out. I also wrote this completely on a whim, so I likely made spelling and grammar mistakes. Feel free to correct those as well.

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Cool painting I came across of the 95th Rifles. One of the most distinguished Regiments in the British Army it fought in the Napoleonic Wars from Copenhagen to Waterloo and earned many battle honors. They wore green coats in an army of red and this lead to their nickname of “Green jackets”. The famous Baker rifle and the sword bayonet were there weapon and they were the elite soldiers of their day and were some of the best British soldiers during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Yes, it’s pure ‘80s cheese. But I love it. And this gave me my first introduction to the Napoleonic Wars, so I owe it a debt of gratitude, of sorts.

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I’ll make a man out of you from Mulan to Richard Sharpe and the 95th rifles

Pretty History | Five historical favourites.
(Well, favourite faces more like - Bosie was a bit of a tosser)

General Sir Andrew Barnard - Duke of Wellington - Beau Brummell - Major-General Sir Alexander Cameron - Lord Alfred ‘Bosie’ Douglas.

95th Rifles represent!

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Richard Sharpe and the 95th Rifles to Hide by Red