Royal palace discovered in area believed to be birthplace of King Arthur
A royal palace has been discovered in the area believed to be the birthplace of Britain’s most famous Knight.
Archaeologists believe they have found a Dark Age palace at Tintagel in Cornwall which scholars have long argued is the birthplace of King Arthur.
The palace is believed to date from the 6th century around the same period as the legend of King Arthur.
They believe the one-metre thick walls being unearthed are from a 6th century palace belonging to the rulers of an ancient south-west British kingdom, known as Dumnonia.
Excavations have been taking place at the site as part of a five year research project being run by English Heritage at the 13th century Tintagel Castle in Cornwall to find out more about the historic site from the 5th to the 7th centuries AD. Read more.
Pre-Viking Scandinavian Gilt Pelta Pendant with Bird, 7th Century AD
The profile bird with hooked claw and divided tail is a motif used in England and Scandinavia in the 6th-7th century AD. It appears on the shield of the king in Mound 1 at Sutton Hoo (photo) and on the equipment of the contemporary burials at Vendel, Valsgärde and elsewhere in central Sweden.
The spectacular history of Gwalior Fort is one that can mesmerise almost anyone. While treading through the breathtaking pathways and historic temples that make up for its awe inspiring architecture, I heard the stones speak to me of the stories that survived through testing times.
At various places along the way to the Gwalior Fort’s hill are rock-cut statues of the Jain pantheon with Tirthankara saints dating back to 15th or 16th century. The best known among these are two major statue groups along the western approach route up the hill through Urwahi valley. Most of these Jain statues on the hill had been chiseled during the 15th century when the fort was under the control of Tomar kings, though a few are thought to date back as far as the 7th Century AD.
The rich culture from the past seeped through these magnificent rocks. But there was something amiss! These temples had also witnessed desecration by the Mughal dynasty. And looking at the damages made my heart sink for a minute. While, numerous idols from many of the niches were missing, one can’t help but notice the massive figure of Adinatha - the first Jain Tirthankara that stands 17 m tall and is undoubtedly one of the the tallest Jain statues n North India.
The small figure of a reclined lady is seen on one of the rock seemingly of Lord Mahavir’s mother, Trishala. Scriptures say that when she was bearing Lord Mahavir, she had a number of auspicious dreams. Scholars went on to interpret these and tell the virtues of the child which are now inscribed on the rocks.
There are many such huge stunning sculptures all around the pathway which strike you with their serene sense of divinity.
Later, I walked to the Saas-Bahu Mandir (the mother-in law and daughter-in-law temples). The pair of temples are made entirely by the interlocking of sandstones that dated back to the 11th century.
The Kachchapaghata King Mahipala built the first temple for his mother who worshipped Lord Vishnu. Originally it was known as Sahastrabahu - meaning one with thousand arms, another name for Lord Vishnu. Later he built another temple beside it for his daughter-in law, who worshipped Lord Shiva.
I circled around the two temples adorned with beautiful carvings of gods and goddesses. Some of them are - Ganga and Yamuna on each side of the door, Brahma with Saraswati, Vishnu and Lakshmi, Garuda, Shiva and Parvati and Navgraha above the door. These temples too were defaced and buried by the Mughals in the 17th C. It was only when the Britishers found them, that they excavated and restored the temples.
Another marvel I walked past was a stunning rock carved temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The 100 feet tall Teli ka Mandir, was built in the 9th century and it is believed to have been made by the Teli community (oil traders). The temple stands out because of its Dravidian and Buddhist architectural influence, especially the vaulted roof. It is adorned with sculptures from Hinduism.
Walking past these immutable sculptures, there was only one thought running in my mind. Hundreds of centuries may pass by, but these stories will remain forever.
About the artist
Neethi Goldhawk is an independent illustrator and textile print designer who loves drawing all things dreamy, inspired by nature and life. She has illustrated for platforms like Redbull Amaphiko and Launchora. Her pen name (Goldhawk) was concocted in the crowded space of her mind full of absurd characters, who are but little children at heart. She is an avid Tumblr blogger and can be found here
Merlin’s Cave & Tintagel Castle. Tintagel is the legendary birthplace of King Arthur of Camalot. It is said that King Uther Pendragon met with the beautiful Igraine and conceived Arthur.
The site of Tintagel Castle has been inhabited at least since the late Roman period, and probably earlier. Between the 5th and 7th centuries AD a prosperous community was based there. After a period of obscurity, in the 12th century Tintagel gained international literary fame when it was named by Geoffrey of Monmouth as the place where the legendary King Arthur was conceived. This may have been what inspired Richard, Earl of Cornwall, younger brother of Henry III, to site his castle at Tintagel in the 1230s.
It is a gorgeous place with the most stunning scenery. Whether the legends are true or not its certainly has a certain magic about it.
Temari (手まり?) balls are a folk art form that originated in China and was introduced to Japan around the 7th century AD. Historically, temari were hand ball toys constructed from the remnants of old kimonos. Temari were given to children from their parents on
New Year’s Day. Inside the tightly wrapped layers of each ball, the
mother would have placed a small piece of paper with a goodwill wish for
her child. The child would never be told what wish their mother had
made while making the ball.
Although mothers still made temari for their children, as time passed, traditional temari became an art, with the functional
stitching becoming more decorative and detailed, until the balls
displayed intricate embroidery. Temari became an art and craft of the Japanese upper class and
aristocracy, and noble women competed in creating increasingly beautiful
and intricate objects.
Temari are still highly valued and cherished gifts, symbolizing deep
friendship and loyalty. The brilliant colors and threads used are
symbolic of wishing the recipient a brilliant and happy life.
The 7th Century dramatically changed the Middle East
No matter what your beliefs are, studying history reveals that, had the Persian Zoroastrian Sassanian Empire or the Christian Byzantine Empire defeated the Arab Muslim armies back in the 7th century, the Middle East would have looked a whole lot more different right now.
Persian Zoroastrians vs. Arab Muslims (633-654), also known as the Arab or Muslim conquest of Iran, led to the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. Conversion to Islam was gradual. In the process, many acts of violence took place, Zoroastrian scriptures were burnt and many priests executed. Once conquered politically, the Persians began to reassert themselves by maintaining Persian language and culture. Regardless, Islam was adopted by many, for political, socio-cultural or spiritual reasons, or simply by persuasion, and became the dominant religion.
Byzantine Christians vs. Arab Muslims (629-11th century), also known as the Arab-Byzantine wars took a much longer period of time. These were a series of wars between the 7th and 11th centuries AD. The Christians initially lost the southern provinces (Syria and Egypt) to the Muslims. Muslim raids reached a peak in the 9th and early 10th centuries, after their conquest of Malta and parts of modern-day Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, with their fleets reaching the coasts of France.
To think, just a single change in these battles could have drastically changed so much about the Middle East today. The “what ifs?” are endless, and the impact of these conquests and wars has shaped many people’s religious beliefs in the 21st century. As I said, no matter what your beliefs are, these are interesting historical facts to ponder upon
Cult statues of Hera and Zeus (Roman Imperial times). The statue of Hera was found built in the Early Christian walls*. From the sanctuary of Zeus Hypsistos.
*Statues, reliefs, funerary monuments have been found multiple times in the walls of cities. Most of them were placed there from the 3rd to the 5th century AD, after a series of invasions in Greek space, an event that caused a profound need for new fortifications and readily available building materials. In some cases, like in that of the painted funerary stelai of Demetrias, this helped preserve the antiquities. From the 4th to the 7th century AD Christianity, now endorsed by the newly formed Byzantine Empire began to really take hold in Greece, hostilities against the old religion and its believers have been documented, but the use of these statues as building materials was not exactly an act of vandalism. A lot of artifacts had already been damaged, and old sanctuaries had already fallen to disrepair due to earthquakes, floods, invasions, or plagues.