60 gallons


Storm prep. Tonight we are expecting severe thunderstorms and a high likelyhood of tornadoes associated with these storms. While I don’t think the storm shutters were vital, I have never used them before. I wanted to see how long it took to put them up (about 45 minutes for the whole house) and to make sure that all the components were present.

But before any storm which has the potential to knock out utilities for any length of time, ensure you have lighting. Candles are great. Tea candles are about $10 for a 100 on Amazon. Ensure you have flashlights. Drinking water can potentially become an issue. Before a bad storm or hurricane, clean out any bathtubs with a disinfectant spray and rinse thoroughly. Then fill with water. An average bathtub can hold 60 to 80 gallons of potable water which can be used for drinking, cooking, or sanitation. Charge all battery powered items…. cell phones, cameras, etc.

Hope the best but prepare for the worst.

the signs as shit my DnD group has said

Aries: "all aboard the i fucking suck at this train!“
Taurus: "am i proficient in whisky bottles?”
Gemini: "back in my day, crying was a free action.“
Cancer: "i’m gonna start making people do Nature checks for finding drugs in the woods.”
Leo: "can i roll a Strength check to punch you in the stomach and make you get sick?“
Virgo: "i got kicked out by proxy.”
Libra: "you’re not fucked, but you’re fucked adjacent.“
Scorpio: "if tieflings were able to make the sound that a kettle makes when it boils, that’s the sound i’d be making right now.”
Sagittarius: "can you knock ghosts prone?“
Capricorn: "meanwhile, back in the dungeon, Terri still doesn’t believe in feminism.”
Aquarius: "welcome to the sixth circle of tree hell.“
Pisces: "we now have a baker’s dozen of weed brownies and 60 gallons of ice cream in the Bag of Holding.”


1950 The A. C. Petite Car - Single Cylinder - 12 Volt Lucas System - 60 -70 Miles per Gallon - A.C. Cars Limited, Thames Ditton, SURREY by carlylehold

Project Studios is launching a new ceramics workspace at Neumann Leathers in Hoboken at 66 Willow Ave., right next to PROTO Gallery.

The new studio features a 1000 sq. ft. floor plan with areas for table-working and storage, as well as a small showroom space. Primarily, the studio is intended for artists of all experience levels to use on a monthly-membership basis. Classes in wheel throwing and hand-building will be added to the program soon. Fee-based firing for non-members is also available.


Skutt KM1227PK Kiln

Shelving and Storage

Large Work Tables

Slab Table

Custom-welded Amaco-Brent Extruder

60 Gallon Air Compressor

2 Brent B Potter’s Wheels

2 Brent CXC Potter’s Wheels

Slab Roller (Arriving June)

Bluebird Pug Mill

Walker Pug Mixer (Arriving May)

Banding Wheels (Arriving May)

Slop Sink

Various Plaster Bats

Large Assortment of Amaco Plastic Bats

Question for reptiblr/people with cresties:

I found a 25″ high hexagonal tank, it’s a 60 gallon tank, do you think that’s too large or impractical vs an exo terra tall because the only way to access it is from the top as opposed to front doors? It’s only $80 so I’m tempted to get it regardless because lmao I always need more empty tanks.

The End (kind of)

With my decision to euthanize my last fancy tomorrow, the fancy goldfish hobby has come to an end for me after five and a half years. I still adore these fish but like some fellow fishblr folks (notably @goldfishdoctor), I’ve decided that enough is enough. One can only deal with so much disease and so many dead pets before wanting to transition to something else.

I’m not sure what will be happening with the 60 gallon after this; probably a slow transition to a tropical single species setup for some type of oddball fish. My goldfish-related Tumblr account, @fuckyeah-goldfish, will continue to exist for now.

Goodbye Leon (with me from 2012-2015), Antoine (2012-2016) and Sauron (2013-2016). :(

L.A. council OKs law limiting homeless people's belongings to what can fit in a trash bin
The Los Angeles City Council approved a law Wednesday to rein in the tent-and-tarpaulin encampments whose dramatic spread has raised the political stakes of handling one of the nation's worst homeless crises.
By Los Angeles Times

The ordinance – a revised version of the law known as 56.11 that was adopted in June – limits storage on sidewalks, parkways and alleys citywide to what homeless people can fit in a 60-gallon container, about the size of a city recycling or trash bin.

The measure passed on a 13-1 vote, with Councilman Gil Cedillo opposing.

The council backed off even stricter rules that would have limited homeless people to what they could carry in a backpack, if the city provided storage for other belongings. But the law allows the city to clamp down in this way in the future.

Under the law, homeless people can be cited or arrested on a misdemeanor charge for failing to clear the sidewalks or failing to take down their tents between the hours of 6 a.m. and 9 p.m.

Under the new measure, the city can impound homeless people’s “excess personal property” after providing 24 hours’ notice. The measure defines that as “personal property that cumulatively exceeds the amount of property that could fit in a 60-gallon container with the lid closed.”

The city will store these items for 90 days, during which time the owners can claim them. But they cannot evade further confiscation by moving the items to another public area, the ordinance says.

With no advance warning, the city can seize and impound a tent that has not been taken down during the day.


Firestone “Double Barrel Ale (DBA)”

90 A-

This English pale ale blends one batch that was brewed in traditional stainless steel, then adds 20% of a different batch that was aged in 60-gallon oak barrels (I would love to try this 100% oak brew).

Aromas are like toasted bread, caramel drizzled biscuits, with distinctly English herbal hop notes. On the palate, bubbly carbonation plays off the tongue while caramel washes over roasted, bready malts. Herbal hops quickly rise, transitioning into flavors of red apple, oranges, and other fine earthy notes added from the oak. Malts soon taste like whole grains with a raw, husky quality. The finish is somewhat dry, leaving with a light touch of bitterness. There’s a proportionate bitter-sweetness which I find very agreeable. Mouthfeel is crisp yet smooth, soft on the edges with a lighthearted body.

Double Barrel is an everyday ale that drinks great, and is perfectly suitable for any occasion. I say this is a malt-forward ale, because it’s not that bitter, but it’s not that sweet either. So it ends up being a little sweet up front, fruity in the middle, then leaves with earth tones toward the finish. English pale ales have greater malt complexity than Americans, and I personally find the English hops to be a welcome shift from the typical citrus-focused varieties we’ve all grown accustomed to in the states. When you consider this in the context of the pale ale, this is a solid brew. Although this is unlikely to turn heads, I recommend it.


30 IBU

Paso Robles, California

What causes pH swings? How do I change my pH? What the heck is “hard” water?

                                       pH, GH, & KH

These three things are often overlooked by the Aquarist. Knowing your levels and knowing the basic chemistry can prevent future aquatic life losses in regards to pH. 

pH measures how acidic or basic something is. pH 7 is neutral, pH 1 - pH 6.9 is acidic, while pH 7.1 through pH 14 is Alkaline/basic. 

A pH drop indicates an increase of Hydrogen cations [H+] - making the water more acidic. 

Reversely, a pH increase would mean an increase of hydroxide anions [OH -] or Hydroxil ions - making the water more alkaline/basic. 

The presence of these + -  ions is how we measure the pH of our water.

GH aka General Hardness or Total Hardness, measures the total other minerals in the water such as Magnesium, Sodium ,Sulfur , Chlorine, Potassium, etc….

High GH corresponds to what’s called “Hard” water. Hard water fishes need more minerals like Magnesium which helps with their breathing, immunity, and bone growth. Hard water also absorbs heavy metals thus reducing toxicity of them in water.

Low GH has low mineral content and is “Soft” water. Care must be taken when dosing with medications such as copper as they are more easily absorbed by the fish. Soft water fish don’t need as many minerals and thus it’s harder for them to adjust to hard water. It’s easier for hard water fish to adjust to soft, however.  

KH is the measure of bicarbonate and carbonate ions in water-Carbonate Hardness. These prevent the pH from budging at all. 

It’s a pH stabilizer

So when someone says “whats your water hardness” likely they mean KH because a stable KH is important to a stable aquarium pH. 

A drop in KH, or KH+GH together means a swing in pH. But for kicks and giggles give them all three values. 

Things that can cause + or - pH swings…

  • Excessive Fertilizer. Broken Down Urea molecules = slightly acidic , Broken Down Ammonia molecules = slightly alkaline compounds : nitrifying bacteria lower the kH slightly 
  • Excessive CO2 - Carbon Dioxide being absorbed into the water or injected in the water…lowers kH and therefore pH
  • Plant processes (They give out Hydrogen ions or Hydroxil ions depending on what they absorb) most of the time they lower the kH potentially causing swings if water top offs aren’t preformed
  • any excessive acidic intake or any excessive alkaline intake…adding buffers or different substrates, marine salt , etc
  • R/O reverse osmosis water which has a neutral pH and no minerals whatsoever
  • Lack of water top offs and water changes to replace any loss of kH…
  • Chemicals. Chemicals leaking from decorations or dropped accidentally in the water…some medications

How do I change my pH and keep it there?

Increasing or lowering the pH and keeping it stable can be tricky. The easiest and most preferred way to change your pH is to change your water source to one with preferable levels. 

It’s not wise to only add pH changing chemicals (ie pH Up or pH Down) to a water source that already has a low kH value. The water will shift dramatically and potentially kill the fish.

To Raise pH: Increase KH or GH+KH by using Aquarium buffers and if needed coral substrate or marine salt or even egg shells. The buffers will keep the water from shifting.There are many kinds of buffers to suit your desired pH level. 

To Lower pH: A lot more complicated. To lower pH you must lower the mineral content in the water. 
You could try using chemical buffers+CO2 dosing, peat moss, etc …. Though that is very dangerous and must be done with extreme caution Every Time you add new water to the tank. It’s very difficult to control!!!

Frankly the safest and easiest way to do it is through the use of R/O - reverse osmosis water.

R/O water + slight buffer would need to be introduced to the tank water very slowly to gradually reduce the pH.  After some time you would be completely converted to R/O water + kH buffers as your only water source. You have to add the buffering minerals back into the water!  If you don’t have an R/O unit of your own this can be costly, about 60 cents per gallon of water! 


All wildlife can only tolerate small swings of pH. There are some animals that cannot handle any change at all. 

Most fish and aquatic plants however are able to adapt to a wide range of pH levels and most are already happily acclimated to water in your local area at the fish store. Most of the time no pH change is necessary. 

ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS ALWAYS drip acclimate your new fish. The bagging method is not enough if your parameters are vastly different from the fish’s natural habitat and/or from the fish store water. Drip acclimation DIY instructions are everywhere and a simple one can be made by tying a knot on a spare airline. 

Well Water that is run through a water softener may have the magnesium+calcium ions that are converted into SODIUM ions. This will kill plants & some fish that are salt sensitive.  Change your water source in this case if needed.

Cloudy with a chance of Dead Meats

Yesterday I shot some more green screen elements for Dead Meat, but the star of the day was the Lo-Fi Trumbull Cloud Tank.  Back before CG, but after Real Clouds, there was the Trumbull Cloud Tank.  Named after the guy who pioneered fish tank atmospheres for Close Encounters and Raiders of the Lost Ark, the tank is set up by layering fresh water on top of salt water, and then squirting different liquids into the water.  Ideally, the liquids form roiling layers of realistic (or surrealistic) clouds.

This is what the O.G. Cloud Tank looked like for Close Encounters:

Theirs was a 2,000 gallon tank with a mechanical arm.  Overkill, am I right?  I mean, anything more than 1,500 gallons and you’re just showboating.

I would be using a 60 gallon tank lent to me by C.H. Greenblatt and his dead fish.

It all starts with rock salt.  You need a cup and a half of rock salt for every two gallons of water that you want to magically turn into salt water.  And since we’ll be filling the tank up almost halfway with saltwater, it’s gonna take a lot of salt and a lot of time.

Or maybe I should buy more pots.  I dunno.  Anyway, once we had enough salt water, it was time to fill the rest of the tank with fresh water.

The plastic bag keeps the fresh water and salt water from touching each other.  I feel that plastic bags could, perhaps in the future, be used to keep people from touching.  But that’s an experiment for another day.

Lighting the tank was a little trickier than I anticipated, but I was lucky to have some help.  You can see the two layers of water in the photo above.  Once we saw the line, we were pretty excited.  We had bent nature to our will and nothing could stop us!

The only thing left to do was add some evaporated milk, ink, and of course, the secret ingredient…  Love.

Only Ralphs was out of Love, so we just used acrylic paint.

The whole thing turned out great and I got some cool, creepy skies for Dead Meat.  I’ll definitely do it again a few more times to get more footage.  There’s nothing quite like those first few plumes.

I was going to do another run today, but my refrigerator died this weekend and the repair guy showed up right before I started posting this.  Turns out he needs boiling water, a bucket, and towels.  So he’s got all of my tools tied up.  I think maybe he’s secretly delivering a baby in the crisper drawer.  If he asks for the evaporated milk, I’ll know for sure.

Thanks again to Skyler Kragt (Twitter: @kragtodile), Taylor Reneau (Twitter: @yesreneau  YouTube: yesreneau), and Scott Bartuska (Twitter: @scottbartuska) for all of their help.  Tweet them and let them know they’ve mastered cloud based technology.

Oh, and thanks also to C.H. Greenblatt, who has no internet presence at all.  So don’t bother tweeting him.

The post after this one is full of images taken from yesterday’s Cloud Tank shoot.  Enjoy them.  They’re all the exact size of a Facebook background image.  Weird, right?

justin--believes  asked:

Seaworld had the chance to defend themselves multiple times when it comes to this movie. Why haven't they done so? Because they want you to believe every little thing they say about they're care for these animals. Why is Tilikum in a little bitty tiny tank?? When he runs free 100 even thousands of miles a day! People have seen tilly in a little tank going in circles. Why do you think people are talking about blackfish? Because it's REAL

Just take a moment and read this, its from someone who used to work at sea world

 I’ve been asked often and recently about my opinions towards this “amazing documentary” that “just came out” on Netflix called “Blackfish”. Having worked for SeaWorld for a few years, people are always curious as to what my opinion is. 

“Julie, have you seen it? What do you think?" 

Yes. I have seen it, multiple times. My opinion of it is this: I completely respect and agree with the underlining message- whales do not belong in captivity… but neither does any other animal (more on that later). I do, however, find the movie’s portrayal of SeaWorld to be horribly offensive and misleading. SeaWorld is not a monster.

"But Julie, SeaWorld uses animals for entertainment purposes, isnt this wrong?”

Thank you, PETA. Yes, SeaWorld is an entertainent based industry. People all over the world come to see these marvelous animals up close, eat a churro, and then ride the latest roller coaster. 

But before you go all animal activist on me, think about what your saying. Have you ever been to a zoo? Aquarium? Pet store? All of these animals were placed there to entertain, excuse me, educate you. And they dont quite do it to SeaWorld’s standards (Ill get to this later).

“But Julie, SeaWorld took these whales out of their natural environment”. 

False. The majority of the whales at SeaWorld were born in the park. Yes, a few were captured more than 35 years ago, but that is how animals were acquired those days.

And frankly, where do you think the animals at your favorite zoo came from? Contrary to popular belief, these animals are not usually “rescues”. 

And to be even more frank, how many of you have a home aquarium??? Where do you think these fish came from? That’s right. They’re captured from their native environment, oftentimes shocked, meanstwhile depleting coral reefs in hopes that these stressed fish might make it to your aquarium, where, lets face it, they usually die.

“But Julie, the tanks the whales are in are like bathtubs" 

Ugh. This one gets to me the most. At least use your own wording! Yes, the exhibits the whales are in are no where close to being the size of the ocean. But they are VASTLY larger than the size of most animal enclosures. True, these animals can swim hundreds of miles a day…. but think about other enclosures. Elephants can walk up to 40 miles a day and yet I rarely see an enclosure larger than 2000 ft. 

And bird cages? Fish tanks? Why is it that no one is offended by any of this?! It’s okay to put a goldfish in a bowl but not okay to have whales in a 60 million gallon environment? An enclosure that SeaWorld has spent over 70 million dollars to improve? 

"But Julie, these animals are forced to perform shows. They’re slaves.”

Inaccurate. The whales at SeaWorld are never forced to do shows. They get an alloted amount of restaurant quality food based off of their fitness level, size, and metabolism. And they are fed regardless of if they do a show. 

“But Julie, it’s cruel to force these animals to do "tricks”. 

These “tricks” are actually positively reinforced behaviors that the whales have learned through positive interactions and operant conditioning. Studies have shown that learned behaviors like this actually increase an animals mental health prolonging their fitness and increasing quality of life.

“But whales dont do flips in the wild" 

….and your dog doesnt naturally give you his paw when he wants a treat, but he is capable. Training behaviors like this, once again, encourages mental and physical growth. If the whales were incapable, they wouldnt do it. 

"Cant they just stop making the whales do shows?" 

Sure, but there is no positive reprocussion to that. Without enrichment, whales would resort to common boredom behaviors seen in zoos and institutions around the world. Plus, the interations the whales have with the trainers is a form of bonding for the whales. If they suddenly discontinued, the whales would display depression behaviors. I dont know about you, but I am highly against intentional depression.

"Cant you release them? They’ll be happier”

Look up the story of Keiko, the whale from “Free Willy.” That’s what happens when you release a captive killer whale. They are not equipped to live in the open ocean environment anymore. 

“Okay, what about a seapen then? Its bigger and the whales would be interact with their natural environment”

These whales currently thrive in multi-sourced continually filtered water environment. These means they are never exposed to pathogens, parasites, or heavily contaminated water. Putting them in a sea pen would expose them to a variety of potentially killer organisms. Not only that but they would be exposed to countless amounts of new sights, sounds, and vibrantions, causing an immense amount of stress. 

“But Julie, there is absolutely no benefit to having these poor creatures at SeaWorld." 

SeaWorld has impacted the lives of over 400 million visitors over the timespan they’ve been in business. That is 400 million people that have been affected by the beauty of not only the killer whales, but of over 6000 species of animals they would not come in contact with on a normal basis. 

"SeaWorld is not educational”. 

Excuse me? The top leading research done on both killer whales and other cetaceans comes from SeaWorld sponsored research. Most of what we know today about these animals has been learned from animals in captivity.

“Cant we learn simply by observing them in the wild?" 

Theoretically, sure. But any scientist (or grad student) will tell you how difficult it is to study animals in the wild. You can sit and observe 24 hours a day and only witness about 15 minutes of usable data. 

And good luck funding that research. It’s an unfortunate fact that people do not support things that do not benefit them directly. SeaWorld contributes millions upon millions of dollars to variety of conservation programs in the wild, including the Marine Mammal protecion act and Sea Turtle conservation. Finding funding from a private, independent source is unlikely and unreliable. 

"Okay… well… umm… what about the dorsal fin thing?" 

Dorsal fins are made out of cartilage, a flexible structure that makes up your nose and ears. The size of the dorsal fin is cause by a multitude of things, including genetics. Many of our whales come from a similar bloodline (not crossbred) and therefore have larger dorsal fins. 

Although not common in the wild, a whale’s dorsal fin, especially larger ones, may bend. This may be an effect from more surface exposure combined by genetics. There have been no indications that this affects the animals well-being in any way. It’s a fact of life. Sometimes we get droopy body parts too….

"Why can’t SeaWorld just go to be all educational? Obviously people would respect it more.”

Nature Centers and educational facilities are amazing ideas and do many great things. Unfortunately, not many people go out of their way to visit them and they can go out of business (Chula Vista Nature Center…anyone?). People, unfortunately, are selfish beings. They want to be entertained, not lectured. So although the conservation message is taught at many of these amazing facilities, they are not affecting as many people as you would think.

SeaWorld’s message is this: to celebrate, connect, and care for the natural world we share through the power of entertainment. People come into the parks with an expectation and leave with an appreciation of marine life they’ve never had before. I cannot begin to tell you how many kids Ive heard say that Shamu changed their life. That they want to stop polluting the ocean. That they want to save the sea turtles. SeaWorld is a memory that they will have forever and oftentimes changes their entire outlook on life.

So, before you boycott SeaWorld, realize that you’re not boycotting the evil corporation “Blackfish” makes it out to be. You’re boycotting Bruce, the 80 year old sea turtle who was rescued not only once, but twice after being shot in the head and left for dead by people who didn’t care. You’re boycotting Iris, the rescued seal who was found stranded and blind and then rereleased, able to see again. You’re boycotting the 650 juvenille sea lions rehabilitated and taught to eat after they were stranded on the Pacific Coast. You’re boycotting the baby emperor pengiuns, just hatched, ensuring the future families of penguins to come. You’re boycotting the hundreds of dogs adopted from shelters thanks to Pets Rule. You’re boycotting the group of high schoolers collecting trash off the shoreline after talking to the veterinary department behind the scenes and seeing the effects of trash in our ocean. 

If you need a summary of what SeaWorld is today, I ask you to look at me as a reflection. To look at the 1500 zoological team members that provide the upmost care to these animals. SeaWorld is one of the worlds most respected zoological facilities, setting the bar for husbandry standards today. We are SeaWorld. We are the people who cant drive by a lost dog on the street. We’re the people who stay awake overnight, waist deep in frigid water carrying a stranded dolphin that wasn’t strong enough to swim. We’re the ones that cry the moment a sea turtle swims off into the ocean water after being hit by a boat. We are the ones whose heart rate accelerates the moment a mother gives birth to a beautiful calf. We’re the ones whose muscles ache after scrubbing oil off of birds trapped after a spill. We’re the ones hand feeding that abandonded baby otter in the wee hours of the night. 

So once again, don’t believe everything you see and don’t assume you know everything because a “documentary” tells you so. Educate yourself. SeaWorld is not the enemy, there are bigger evils in the world. We do not go out of our way to torture and “enslave” animals. We love and know more about those animals than “Blackfish” would ever care to let you know. It is because of SeaWorld, and places like them, thst you even care about these animals in the first place. I am very proud to be a part of the SeaWorld family and always will be.