50 years of time and space

Solar System: Things to Know This Week

Get the latest on women making history at NASA, our Juno mission, the Curiosity rover and move!

1. Women at NASA Making History, Creating the Future

Throughout Women’s History Month, we’ve been presenting profiles of the women who are leading the way in deep space exploration.

+ Meet some of them

2. Juno and the Giant

Our Juno spacecraft made its fifth close flyby over giant Jupiter’s mysterious cloud tops.

+ See the latest from the King of Planets

3. When the Road Gets Rough, the Tough Keep Rolling

A routine check of the aluminum wheels on our Curiosity Mars rover has found two small breaks on the rover’s left middle wheel tread–the latest sign of wear and tear as the rover continues its journey, now approaching the 10-mile (16 kilometer) mark. But there’s no sign the robotic geologist won’t keep roving right through its ongoing mission.

+ Get the full report

4. What Do Mars and Dinosaurs Have in Common?

Our research reveals that volcanic activity at the giant Martian volcano Arsia Mons ceased about 50 million years ago, around the time of Earth’s Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction, when large numbers of plant and animal species (including dinosaurs) went extinct. However, there’s no reason to think the two events were more than a cosmic coincidence.

+ Learn how scientists pieced together the past

5. A Comet in Commotion

Images returned from the European Space Agency’s Rosetta mission indicate that during its most recent trip through the inner solar system, the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko was a very active place – full of growing fractures, collapsing cliffs and massive rolling boulders.

+ See the many faces of Comet #67P

6. Next Generation Space Robot is Ingenious, Versatile–and Cute

The next rovers to explore another planet might bring along a scout. The Pop-Up Flat Folding Explorer Robot (PUFFER) in development at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory was inspired by origami. Its lightweight design is capable of flattening itself, tucking in its wheels and crawling into places rovers can’t fit.


7. Shadowy Dawn

According to data from our Dawn mission to Ceres, shadowed craters on the dwarf planet may be linked to the history of how the small world has been tilted over time by the gravity of planets like Jupiter.

+ Find out how understanding “cycles of obliquity” might solve solar system mysteries

8. On Orbit and Online

We’re developing a  long-term technology demonstration project of what could become the high-speed internet of the sky. The Laser Communications Relay Demonstration (LCRD) will help engineers understand the best ways to operate laser communications systems, which could enable much higher data rates for connections between spacecraft and Earth, such as scientific data downlink and astronaut communications.

+ See how it will work

9. A Big Role for Small Sats in Deep Space Exploration

We selected 10 studies to develop mission concepts using CubeSats and other kinds of very small satellites to investigate Venus, Earth’s moon, asteroids, Mars and the outer planets. “These small but mighty satellites have the potential to enable transformational science,” said Jim Green, director of NASA’s Planetary Science Division.

+ Get the small details

10. Rings Around the Red Planet?

It’s possible that one of our closest neighbors had rings at one point – and may have them again someday. At least, that’s the theory put forth by NASA-funded scientists at Purdue University.

+ See more details about the once and future rings of Mars

Discover more lists of 10 things to know about our solar system HERE.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com


i’m the secret santa for @twentyeightisalie who wanted bones doctoring so, how about bones delivering them gorn octuplets who came out biting and their proud n happy parents

ok so gorns usually have fellow gorn be their doctors, especially for something as personal as this, but there was an emergency and bones was the only option. it took him an hour or two to get the couple to trust him and no small amount of effort to get those babies safe and sound. they’re very durable and energetic so its pretty normal to have them naked n crawling everywhere after birth. he’s also their favorite doctor (and the family occasionally comms him from time to time).


Videographer tries to rethink astrovideography and timelapse with some amazing work. I’ll let them explain in their caption below:

You are lying on a blanket on a clear summer night and gazing at the dark starry sky. You are trying to spot the big dipper, Andromeda, or maybe Orion. However you are noticing strange bright patches aligned in a band across the night sky and realize they are not stars: it is our home town, our own galaxy, the milky way. That’s how all star-gazing experiences, hobbies, but also the history of astronomy began: from naked eye observations thousands of years ago, to the finest and biggest telescopes today, capable of unravelling the most intriguing secrets of the universe. As the hobby or science grows and evolves, we always want to go deeper and zoom in. You are now seeing not only our galaxy, but billions of them!
> With the first opus of the short film series ‘Galaxies’, I wanted to experiment and take the astro-timelapse technique to the next level. There are a lot of sumptuous short films and very technical time-lapses featuring the milky way, but I found very little variation in this field. Most of the time they show a wide-angle view of the milky way, albeit majestic, rising or setting against various foregrounds. This is the reason why I wanted to rethink the whole process, find different angles, get more detail. Why not zoom in? Why not consider other deep-sky objects like other galaxies? Why not show our very space home address and neighborhood in a very different way?

Keep reading

Roman Naumachiae

Naumachia (detail), an imaginative recreation by Ulpiano Checa

A naumachia was a mimic sea battle that oftentook place in a constructed basin. These entertainments also took place in flooded amphitheatres. The opposing sides were prisoners of war or convicts, who fought until one side was destroyed.

The earliest naumachia recorded (46 bc) represented an engagement between the Egyptian and Tyrian fleets and was given by Julius Caesar on an artificial lake that was constructed by him in the Campus Martius. In 2 bc Augustus staged a naumachia between Athenians and Persians in a basin newly constructed on the right bank of the Tiber at Rome. In the naumachia arranged by Claudius on Lake Fucino in ad 52, 100 ships and 19,000 men participated.

The introduction of new technologies initially led to an increased number of naumachia. The first three naumachia were spaced about 50 years apart; the following six, most of which took place in amphitheatres, occurred in a space of 30 years. Less costly in material and human terms, they could afford to be staged more frequently. Less grandiose, they became a feature of the games, but could not be considered exceptional. The iconography bears witness to this. Of some twenty representations of a naumachia in Roman art, nearly all are of the Fourth Style, of the time of Nero and the Flavian dynasty.

After the Flavian period, naumachiae disappear from the texts almost completely. Apart from a mention in the Augustan History, a late source of limited reliability, only the town records (fastia) of Ostia tells us that in 109 Trajan inaugurated a naumachia basin.

A later version of the naumachia was practiced in indoor theatres, such as London’s Sadler’s Wells, during the 19th century. A tank was constructed in the pit and stalls areas, and real boats were used for the purpose.

Mt. Etna has been erupting for hundreds of thousands of years. Located in Sicily, Italy, the volcano produces lava fountains over one kilometer high. Mt. Etna is not only one of the most active volcanoes on Earth, it is one of the largest, measuring over 50 kilometers at its base and rising nearly 3 kilometers high!!

Pictured in mid-March, a spectacular lava plume erupts upwards, dangerous molten volcanic bombs fly off to the sides, while hot lava flows down the volcano’s exterior. The Earth’s rotation is discernable on this carefully time, moon-lit, long duration image as star trails.

Image Credit & Copyright: Dario Giannobile

NGC 6670 is a gorgeous pair of overlapping edge-on galaxies resembling a leaping dolphin. Scientists believe that NGC 6670 has already experienced at least one close encounter and is now in the early stages of a second. The nuclei of the two galaxies are approximately 50,000 light-years apart. NGC 6670 glows in the infrared with more than a hundred billion times the luminosity of our Sun and is thought to be entering a starburst phase. The pair is located some 400 million light-years away from Earth.

This image is part of a large collection of 59 images of merging galaxies taken by the Hubble Space Telescope and released on the occasion of its 18th anniversary on 24th April 2008.

Object Names: NGC 6670, NGC 6670A/B, VII Zw 812

Image Type: Astronomical

Credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration, and A. Evans (University of Virginia, Charlottesville/NRAO/Stony Brook University)

Time And Space

The retail apocalypse has officially descended on America
More than 3,500 stores are expected to close in the next couple of months.
By Hayley Peterson

“According to many analysts, the retail apocalypse has been a long time coming in the US, where stores per capita far outnumber that of any other country.

The US has 23.5 square feet of retail space per person, compared with 16.4 square feet in Canada and 11.1 square feet in Australia, the next two countries with the most retail space per capita, according to a Morningstar Credit Ratings report from October.

Visits to shopping malls have been declining for years with the rise of e-commerce and titanic shifts in how shoppers spend their money. Visits declined by 50% between 2010 and 2013, according to the real-estate research firm Cushman & Wakefield.”

anonymous asked:

do you have headcanons for immortal jason? :)

There’s some stuff in the tag I have for it. 

  • He’d make so many jokes. just so many.
  • He would mock his brothers as they aged so damn much
  • Their mortality would freak him out a lot but he’d try not to let on 
  • He would stay around for a certain about of time to look after the next generation but he’d eventually leave, but he’d occasionally show up to help out when they need
  • Artemis is like ‘I can’t believe I’ve known you for 50 years now, it feels like it’s been at least 600′. 
  • Immortal Jason is basically Artemis’ annoying little brother forever and she doesn’t know how to feel about this
  • Bizarro is also functionally immortal 
  • Eventually they become Space Pirates. 

I just saw Hidden Figures and let me just say if you are free at any point in time in the near future please go see this movie. The representation for black women in this movie is absolutely astounding and uplifting, especially if you are a young black woman like I am. I’m disappointed I and many other people are only just now hearing that black women helped put men in space and on the moon through a movie over 50 years after the fact but I’m very grateful that we are at least hearing it-and seeing it- be portrayed in such an artistic, meaningful, and powerful way.

Warning: Samurai Jack Season 5 Spoilers ahead, don’t read if you haven’t watched

To explain this vaguepost I made about Samurai Jack, I am going to go in depth about the latest episode of Season 5, aka episode 8. THERE WILL BE SPOILERS, so if you haven’t seen the episode scroll down and don’t read. It wont make much sense anyway if you haven’t seen it anyway and I wont be putting this under a cut for preservation purposes.

Also, I’m going to sound very pissed off in this post, and I want you to know that it does not come from a place of hate for the show itself. I love Samurai Jack and it’s that love that makes me as passionate as I am and urges me to be so violently critical. Please be aware of this as you’re reading and don’t take what I say to heart. All critique is opinion and this is just mine.

Alright, here we go!

For those of you who haven’t seen the soon to be infamous, or most likely already infamous by the time of me posting this, scene, let me provide a visual for my absolute distaste for this goddamn episode.

THIS SCENE GENUINELY DISGUSTED ME. And not because of the vile grub filled fight that preceded it, or the icky grey goo the two are covered in. No, this disgusts me because it’s a cop out. It cements the entire awkwardly cringy, hamfisted relationship that this episode bashed against our skulls and FORCED us to accept.

Let me explain by providing a point of comparison, and because this is relevant to life recently, and because of the new game that was released. We’re going to be comparing Jack’s and Ashi’s relationship with that of Ms. Commander Shepard and Garrus Vakarian.

First, why this episode DISGUSTED me on so many levels.

I’ll admit, this episode started innocently enough, they wrote Jack a little more naive and wide eyed than usual as he tasted weird alien foods, but I can accept that he really has seen stuff this odd before and that it just doesn’t phase him at this point. Especially since 50 years have passed since then, although most of that time was spent with him in a depression but whatever, suspension of disbelief and all that jazz. It made for some funny scenes, despite the generic “woman are so different hurr durr” joke shoved in. It’s as soon as they get on their ride that it gets wince worthy.

They’re forced into eachother’s space and IMMEDIATELY we see Jack regarding Ashi differently. He’s no longer treating her as the person he’s been traveling with over the span of what we can assume to be a couple of months, or even the student he had seemed to regard her as at the beginning. Suddenly, he’s stammering on his words, and acting like an awkward 8 year old with a school yard crush. I had paused MULTIPLE TIMES in this scene because it made me so sick and uncomfortable. It was so cringy that it took me an extra 10 minutes just to get through that scene alone. And it gets WORSE!

They have an admittedly cool fight scene with some tiger furries, although more of that cringy stereotypical “boy meets girl” crap gets sprinkled in. Whatever, it ends and the two are acting the same, regarding each other as people and thankfully it continues through most of the episode.

Until the last fight scene, that last goddamn scene. 

This is where Ashi’s clothes just HAPPEN to be chewed off by those weird grub things, (even though they didn’t do that before and had aimed for open skin the first time but whatever, nitpicks) and Jack is stammering AGAIN because “OH BOI naked w-w-woman how do i f-f-f-f-function!!?!?!?!!?!” Whatever, it passed and again there’s another amazing fight scene with the two screaming in agony as they think this is the end, and when it  isn’t they end up macking each other’s faces! What the hell?! That was out of goddamn nowhere!

AND IT JUST ENDS LIKE THAT! No further development, no real explanation, just over and done!

Now I want you to compare this to Garrus and Shepard. (honestly I could’ve picked any relationship option from the game as they’re all amazing, but these two prove my point the strongest)

They also are soldiers in arms, fighters set against incredible odds within a small group. But why is it when I think of these two and their relationship with each other I don’t want to vomit?

BECAUSE IT COMES FROM A PLACE OF MUTUAL RESPECT. These two don’t just meet each other and act like stammering kids, and it definitely doesn’t just pop out of nowhere either. THEIR RELATIONSHIP STARTS OUT ON A STRONG FOUNDATION OF MUTUAL RESPECT AND AN ADMIRATION FOR EACH OTHER’S ABILITIES AND SKILLS AS BOTH PEOPLE AND SOLDIERS. They like each other regardless of species or gender, it all stemmed from that place of RESPECT, and as they got to know each other they grew and developed as people influenced by one another. Shepard’s decisions have a heavy impact on Garrus and his points of view in Mass Effect 1, and stretch on to the rest of the trilogy. You see the two of them regard each other fondly, see the camaraderie between them and the acknowledgement of not just their strengths, but their faults as well. They see each other as PEOPLE first and foremost.

And you want to know when the two ACTUALLY got into their relationship? When they took that leap from friends to lovers?

That’s right, it wasn’t until MASS EFFECT 3 when they officially declared themselves as boyfriend and girlfriend. Yeah, they dance around that line in Mass Effect 2 but EVEN THEN they were still testing things out. EVEN THEN they were figuring out where they stood, testing the waters and exploring not just each other’s bodies (yeah yeah laugh it up) but their feelings for one another. And even then it all centered around their respect and admiration as PEOPLE, and not as a man and a woman.

And that’s what I HATE about the Samurai Jack episode. When Jack was looking at Ashi and blushing, when he was stammering on his words like a bumbling idiot, it wasn’t because of any deep seated respect for Ashi. It wasn’t any admiration that made him so clumsy and awkward. It was the typical Valentines Day, lovey dovey, shoehorned in bullcrap you see in every romance oriented episode in nearly every cartoon on TV. There’s no development, no slow steps, no figuring things out together, and definitely no development at all. It makes me uncomfortable, disgusted, and most of all disappointed.

And I know some people will say “but Garrus was stammering too when he was in Shepard’s room in Mass Effect 2″ and listen, that’s DIFFERENT. It’s DIFFERENT because WE KNOW IT STILL COMES FROM THAT PLACE OF ADMIRATION AND RESPECT. He’s not stammering because “oh it is gurl how do i talk to gurl, beep boop error!”, he’s stammering because this is his Commander! This is his superior! And above all, this is someone who he’s looked up to for years! He wants the moment to be perfect not just for him, but for her as well, because he CARES that much about her that much! And Shepard sees this and it leads to a scene that will have INFINITELY MORE emotional impact than that goddamn scene in Samurai Jack ever will.

This scene alone conveys more than any kiss in any shoehorned romance episode in any cartoon. And that’s what I hate the most. This is such a common trope in cartoons that people barely notice, we’re so normalized to it that we just let it pass by without so much as a sidelong glance. 

BUT WE SHOULDN’T SETTLE FOR THIS. We should DEMAND more in depth romantic development, more fleshed out characters that impact one another as they get to know each other. Samurai Jack Season 5, Episode 8 should NOT BE THE NORM. SHAKARIAN SHOULD BE THE NORM. And that’s what disappoints me.

Samurai Jack should be above this, it should be doing better than this. All of animation should be doing better than this goddamn episode.

star trek: voyager (1995-2001)

Transported 75,000 light years from Earth by a mysterious accident while chasing Maquis rebels in dangerous space, the crew of the newest Federation starship Voyager must form an uneasy truce with the Maquis in order to find what - or who - it was that rocketed them to the farthest corner of the galaxy. With the differences between them rendered meaningless by time and distance, the Federation and Maquis crews unite aboard Voyager. Together, they embark on their new mission: to boldly go - home.

Space is Scary as Fuck - A Movie List

One of my favorite subgenres of film is Space Horror, where protagonists are typically up against some frightening foe ALONG WITH ALL THE TERRIFYING STUFF NORMAL SPACE HAS, like extreme conditions, no oxygen, big rocks, etc. Since many people may not be familiar with some of the better movies in this genre and might have some free time on their hands, here’s a list of my Top Five favorites.

  1. Event Horizon (1997) - A rescue crew investigates a spaceship that disappeared into a black hole and has now returned… with someone or something new on board. Laurence Fishburne, Sam Neill.
  2. Sunshine (2007) - A team of astronauts are sent to re-ignite the dying sun 50 years into the future. Cillian Murphy, Chris Evans.
  3. Europa Report (2013) - An international crew of astronauts undertakes a privately funded mission to search for life on Jupiter’s fourth largest moon. Christian Camargo, Embeth Davidtz.
  4. Sphere* (1998) - A spaceship is discovered under three hundred years’ worth of coral growth at the bottom of the ocean. [*Not technically in space, but trust me.] Dustin Hoffman, Samuel L. Jackson.
  5. Pitch Black (2000) - A prisoner transport ship and its crew are marooned on a planet full of bloodthirsty creatures that only come out to feast at night. Vin Diesel, Radha Mitchell.

Above: Cillian Murphy in “Sunshine.”

Popular Yogships in a Nutshell:

Xephmadia: 99% Fluff and Teencast. Not much NSFW here. Also one of the few canon ships.

Honeyphos: A little more NSFW, but nothing to be ashamed about. The original Yogship, the one that has stuck through the years.

Sjips: sexsexsex sex in the sipsco compound sex in the pool sex in space sexsexsex (also a lot of teencast and cute fluff, but that’s not important)

InTheLittleDream: The sweetest ship you will ever find. I’m still trying to get all my cavities filled. Officially canon.

Rythna: The Rythna sub-fandom has been gaining strength since the Yoglabs conspiracies began circulating. Fics are often fluffy and yet dark stories of two broken people trying to help each other. Sometimes it also turns into some hardcore kinky shit.

Xephna: Another ancient ship that dates back to the Tekkit times. Shippers find immense joy in the fact that they are both avid scientists.

Zoethian: By far the largest and most dedicated collection of fan content of all the Yogships. Even those who have not watched Blackrock can’t deny the fact that the mage and his apprentice were made for each other.

SoTotallyLittlewood: A lesser-known ship that started as a brOTP but quickly turned (dare I say blossomed?) into something more.

Hatsome: Most popular OT3, even bigger than the Xephos+Honeydew+Lalna OT3. Hatfilms is inseparable to the Hatters.

Troffy: Though I’m no expert, I can confirm that Troffy is generally accepted by Hatters everywhere.

Lalnasounds: A new ship that became popular from the Apprentice series.

Ridgephos: Strange fics and art about two vaguely bossy boys, one of which can fly.

in the episode of doctor who with the space titanic the married couple talk about how the trip cost them 5000 credits and the guy, morvin, says he’ll have to work for 20 years to pay that off. if he meant literally exactly 20 years, that would be 175200 hours.

but then the episode ends with the tour guide dude saying “oh yeah i’ve got £1,000,000″ and the doctor’s like “that’s 50,000,000 credits!!!”

so like? if im understanding how maths works then credits are worth 50 times more than GBP. so 5000 credits would be worth £100.

so, whatever morvin’s job is, it pays something like 0.0006p an hour

John Coltrane’s Interstellar Space at 50

The scholarly Hank Shteamer who wrote the excellent essay for our Henry Threadgill set on Mosaic delves deeply into John Coltrane’s Interstellar Space, with drummer Rashied Ali, recorded in 1967 and released in 1974, and the amazing effect that it has had on artists since that time. I often saw the classic Coltrane quartet in the early ‘60s and during a set, he and Elvin Jones would launch into a ferocious duet in the latter half of a quartet piece. That was something to behold. But the duets with Ali were a beast of a very different nature, where the tenor sax and drums developed each piece compositionally from scratch. The effects of this music over the last 50 years have been beautifully annotated here.

-Michael Cuscuna

Read the article…

Follow: Mosaic Records Facebook Tumblr Twitter

50 YEARS OF THE WHO - June 14th, 1967
“Day one of The Who’s first ever US tour and we kick off in Ann Arbor, Michigan where the group play the Fifth Dimension Club. Commenting on the gig, one fan said, “The finale was ‘My Generation’ which devolved into that incredible climax of feedback and equipment destruction. This particular crowd had no way to know what was happening - this was The Who’s first tour in the US. I recall the owner of the club picking up this spewing smoke bomb - it was the size of a juice can - and running outside with it. Townshend’s guitar was smashed and rammed through an amplifier, Entwistle threw down his bass on the floor (that explains the chunk missing, I thought at the time) and the entire band disappeared from the back of the stage. There was so much smoke in this low-ceilinged space that the crowd surged outside immediately.“