50 proof

Day 215: Tincturing Workshop

I’m leading a tincturing workshop this Sunday, so I thought it might be nice to share the packet I’m going to be handing out. It includes some tips on alcohol and vinegar tincturing, as well as recipes and some local Ozark yarbs to work into your herbal preparations. Enjoy!

Recipe Sheet – Tincturing Workshop

Brandon Weston

Alcohol Tinctures

Fresh Herb:

  • Finely chop or grind clean herb to release juice and expose surface area.
  • Fill jar 2/3 to ¾ with herb. ~ OR ~ Fill jar ¼ to ½ with roots.
  • Pour alcohol over the herbs.
  • Jar should appear full of herb, but herb should move freely when shaken.

Dried Herb:

  • Use finely cut herbal material.
  • Fill jar ½ to ¾ with herb ~ OR ~ Fill jar ¼ to 1/3 with roots.
  • Pour alcohol over the herbs.
  • Roots will expand by ½ their size when reconstituted!

Alcohol Percentages*

40% – 50% (80-90 proof vodka)

  • “Standard” percentage range for tinctures.
  • Good for most dried herbs and fresh herbs that are not juicy.
  • Good for extraction of water soluble properties.

67.5% – 70% (½ 80 proof vodka + ½ 190 proof grain alcohol)

  • Extracts most volatile aromatic properties.
  • Good for fresh high-moisture herbs like lemon balm, berries, and aromatic roots.
  • The higher alcohol percentage will draw out more of the plant juices.

85% – 95% (190 proof grain alcohol)

  • Good for gums and resins.
  • Extracts aromatics and essential oils that are bound in the plant and do not dissipate easily.
  • The alcohol strength can produce a tincture that is not quite pleasant to take.
  • Often used for drop dosage medicines.
  • Will totally dehydrate herbs.

*information comes from the Mountain Rose Herbs blog


  • Maceration is the process by which the active chemical compounds are leached into the solvent solution. This is usually done by shaking the jar that contains the alcohol or vinegar and the herbal plant matter. 
  • Alcohol tinctures need to be left to macerate for at least 2-3 weeks depending upon the ABV. The higher the ABV the less maceration time is needed.
  • Vinegar tinctures need to be left to macerate for at least a month before straining and bottling.

Easy Alcohol Tincture Recipes

Sarsaparilla Tincture: Anti-Inflammatory, Tonic (do not take if you have kidney problems)

  • Sarsaparilla root
  • Vodka

Wild Cherry Tincture: Antispasmodic, expectorant, sedative

  • Wild cherry bark
  • Vodka

Herbal Bitters (simplified): Tonic, diaphoretic, colds, flu, febrifuge, chills (contains thujone, may cause drowsiness)

  • 1 quart jar
  • ¼ c. thyme
  • ¼ c. oregano (or dittany)
  • ¼ c. chopped fresh ginger
  • ¼ c. hyssop
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • 1 tbsp. cloves
  • Vodka

Stomach Bitters (simplified): Stomach issues, cramps, urinary issues, digestive issues

  • 1 quart jar
  • 4 tbsp dried dandelion root
  • 2 tbsp fennel seed
  • 2 tbsp fresh ginger
  • 2 tbsp dried peppermint leaves (or mountain mint)
  • Vodka

Vinegar Tinctures

  • Measurements and instructions are the same as with the alcohol tinctures at the beginning of the packet. Remember: vinegar tinctures need to be left longer to macerate, at least a month.

Easy Vinegar Tincture Recipes

Fire Tonic: Colds, flu, chills, general tonic

  • 1 32 oz. bottle apple cider vinegar. I like to use unfiltered, it seems to taste better and it’s easier on the stomach.
  • 5-10 cloves of garlic, crushed
  • 3-5 hot peppers, as hot as you can stand
  • 1 3 inch knob of ginger, crushed
  • 1 medium onion, peeled and diced
  • ¼ c. chopped mullein
  • ¼ c. chopped rosemary
  • ¼ c. chopped thyme
  • ¼ c. crushed star anise or green sweetgum balls (sources for shikimic acid which helps fight the flu virus)
  • Take all of this and combine it in large mason jar, all the herbs and vegetables are going to take up a lot of room. Let this stand in a dark place for about two months. Shake everyday. After it’s finished macerating strain off the liquid, add about a half cup honey, bottle.
  • Alternate Ozark yarbs to use: Dittany, Self-heal, Plantain, Horsemint

Vinegar Oxymels

  • Also called “sipping vinegars” these mixtures are basic vinegar tinctures sweetened and thickened with honey to make them more palatable.

Basic Oxymel:

  • 1 part herb : 3 parts honey and apple cider vinegar  
  • Quart mason jars: fill up ¼ jar with herb, ¼ with honey, then the rest with vinegar. Macerate for a few weeks.

Easy Oxymel Recipes

Colds and Immune System Oxymel:

  • 1 part elderberries
  • 1 part ginger root (dried)

Another for Colds with Cough Oxymel:

  • 1 part Mullein
  • 1 part Horehound

Stomach Complaints Oxymel:

  • 2 parts ginger
  • 1 part peppermint
  • 1 part fennel seed

Sinus Congestion Oxymel:

  • 2 parts garlic
  • 1 part cayenne pepper
  • 1 part thyme
  • 1 part rosemary

Beginners Ozark Medicinal Plants

Caution should always be taken when looking for medicinal plants out in the wild. Do not consume or use any plant that you are unsure about. The internet is a wonderful resource for plant identification. Look up photos and identification information for plants from reputable sources before collecting any plant out in the wild. NOTE also that many Ozark medicinal plants are endangered and should not be harvested out in the wild.

When wild-harvesting take only what you need at that time. DO NOT STOCKPILE! Chances are the plants will go bad before you can use them. A good rule of thumb for any plant is to count three plants then take one, that way there are plants left behind to go to seed. Leave the roots intact unless the root is being harvested, then try and leave a piece of the root or any seeds/berries behind in the soil.

Responsible harvesting means these medicinal plants will be around for many more generations.  

I’m not including photos of plants on purpose! I want folks to go look up the plants and find as many identifying photos and identifying information as they can. Do the work! Google is an amazing resource for plant identification.

+ means the plant is not native but is common in the Ozarks

Black-Eyed Susan, Rudbeckia hirta: Flowers, roots:

Root infusion used for dermatological needs. Used to wash snakebites. Decoction of whole plant taken to aid with heart disease. Decoction of root taken for colds and chills. Cold infusion of flowers taken for headache and as a febrifuge. Similar properties to other coneflowers (Purple coneflower, Missouri coneflower, etc.) Some say the active compounds are not water soluble. Better used as a tincture or extract.

*** Cautions: Asteraceae family ***

Cinquefoil, Five Finger Grass, Potentilla simplex: Leaves, root:

Leaves taken for colds and as a febrifuge. Root astringent, infusion taken for dysentery, diarrhea, and as a mouthwash for sores and thrush.

+Cleavers, Galium aparine: Leaves:

Strong infusion as laxative. Externally as a dermatological aid. Has been linked to aiding with lowering blood pressure.

*** Cautions: Laxative ***

Common Dittany, Cunila origanoides: Leaves, stems, flowers:

Related to Oregano and Marjoram and can be used in similar ways. As an infusion it’s good for colds and to help open up the sinuses. Boiled strong it helps the body sweat and can aid in lowering fevers. Infusion used to help aid a painful birth. Used as a stimulant and tonic. Contains trace amounts of thujone, an active chemical also found in wormwood, mugwort, and yarrow, and may cause drowsiness or headaches. Use only in small amounts and with caution.

*** Cautions: Contains trace amounts of thujone ***

Elderberry, Sambucus nigra or Sambucus canadensis: Berries, flowers, leaves, bark:

Berries used in formulas against chills and cold. Helps support the immune system. Infusion of berry used internally for rheumatism. Flower infusion used as a febrifuge and to sweat out a cold. Leaf infusion used to wash sores and prevent infection. Bark poultice used on sores, wounds, rashes, and other dermatological needs.

*** Cautions: Berries mildly toxic when unripe, foliage toxic in large quantities ***

Goldenrod, Solidago: Leaves, Flowers:

There are many different varieties of goldenrods, all of which have very similar medicinal uses. Topically the plant has traditionally been used in salves to help with sore muscles and arthritis. Internally it has traditionally been used as a diuretic to help bladder and kidney issues and to help break up “stones”. It is also a good diaphoretic that can help reduce a fever, and an astringent that can aid in remedying diarrhea. The flowers also make a wonderful yellow dye.

*** Cautions: Asteraceae family, may cause skin irritation ***

Horsemint, Monarda bradburiana: Leaves, flowers:

Infusion used for colds, chills, as a febrifuge, and for bowel complaints. Can be used externally in oils and salves for dermatological needs. Used in many of the same ways as Monarda fistulosa.

Jewelweed, Impatiens capensis: Leaves, stems, flowers:

Sap produced by the leaves and stems used for poison ivy, rashes, burns, and other dermatological needs. Cold infusion of leaves as a febrifuge. Infusion whole plant taken internally for stomach cramps.

*** Cautions: Seeds toxic ***

+Mullein, Verbascum thapsus: Leaves, flowers, root:

Leaves and flowers can be used to clear chest congestion (smoked or as an infusion), as an analgesic for rashes, aches and pains. Leaves can be wilted and used in poultices for swollen glands. Roots can be used in decoctions for gynecological issues.

+Plantain, Plantago major “Broadleaf Plantain” or Plantago lanceolata “Ribwort Plantain”: Leaves, roots, flowers:

Leaves used in poultices for bug bites, inflammations, rashes, cuts, bruises, stings, and other skin complaints. Whole plant infusions for colds, fever, upper respiratory complaints, rheumatism, hypertension, regulating blood sugar, bladder problems, kidney problems. Root used as a gentle expectorant and in helping sinus issues. “Snake Weed” because of the belief that the plant can help draw venom out of a snakebite. It was also thought that a person could carry the plant to help ward off snakes.

Self-Heal, All Heal, Prunella vulgaris: Leaves, flowers:

Infusion is an analgesic used to wash sores, wounds, and used in salves for many dermatological needs. Used to flavor other medicines. Infusion used as a febrifuge and against colds. Used for sore throats. Mild sedative. Helps with stomach and bowel complaints. Antidiarrheal. Respiratory aid.

Spicebush, Lindera benzoin: Leaves, Bark:

The red berries of the spicebush have long been used as a substitute for cinnamon or allspice in mountain recipes. The leaves can be made into a pleasant infusion for colds and headaches while the bark can be brewed strong for fevers and chills. The leaves can also be used topically for skin irritations, rashes, and bites. 

Sumac, Rhus glabra “Smooth Sumac” or Rhus typhina “Staghorn Sumac”: Berries, Leaves, Bark:

The berries are used in a tasty beverage I’ve heard called “sumacade”. It’s lemony taste is quite pleasant, and the drink is high in vitamin C. The berries and bark are astringent and can be used as an effective gargle for a cough or mouth sores. A decoction of the bark can also be taken internally for diarrhea. In the Fall the red leaves can be dried and smoked to induce dreaming.

Sweet Everlasting, Rabbit Tobacco, Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium/Gnaphalium obtusifolium: Leaves, flowers:

Decoction whole plant used as a sedative and to aid sleeping. Analgesic for sores, pains, aches, wounds, and many other dermatological needs. Antirheumatic (internal). Decoction for colds and chills. Smoked and used in infusions to clear chest congestion. Chewed for sore mouth and throat. Used in sweat baths against many illnesses. NOTE harvest leaves in the Fall when they start to turn brown.

*** Cautions: Asteraceae family ***

Sweetgum tree, Liquidambar styraciflua: Leaves, bark, gum, balls:

Leaves can be used in poultices for several dermatological issues, cuts, and bruises. Gum and inner bark used for diarrhea and flux. Infusion of bark taken for “flooding” (gynecological). Infusion of bark given as a sedative. Sweetgum balls, when green in the Spring before seeds have formed can be soaked in alcohol then given for colds and the flu (antiviral, antibacterial due to contained shikimic acid).

White-Leafed Mountain Mint, Pycnanthemum albescens: Leaves, Flowers, Stems:

As an infusion, can be used to help treat headaches, stomach complaints, and colds. Brewed strong it can help to reduce fevers.

Wild Bergamot, Beebalm, Monarda fistulosa: Leaves, flowers:

Infusion used for coughs, colds, and sore throats. Carminative for stomach complaints. Diaphoretic, febrifuge, and diuretic. Mild sedative. Abortifacient, so caution should be taken. Externally an analgesic used in poultices for pains, aches, cuts, and rashes.

Witch Hazel, Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark Witch Hazel) and American Witch Hazel, Hamamelis virginiana: Leaves, bark:

Leaves and bark astringent used externally as a skin toner and for many dermatological issues. Infusion taken for colds and as a febrifuge. Antirheumatic. Decoction of bark taken as an emetic.

*** Cautions: Bark emetic***

+Yarrow, Achillea millefolium: Flowers, leaves:

Leaves astringent, used in bowel complaints and with dermatological needs. Foliage infusion used for colds, as a febrifuge, upset stomach, and as a mild sedative. Leaves can be smoked to loosen phlegm and clear chest congestion.

*** Cautions: Asteraceae family ***

anonymous asked:

Hi there!! What are your tips for writing? I've only ever written one fic and I'm not super confident about it. It was sort of a way that I coped with what happened in a fandom and I just posted it so others in the same fandom could feel better about what happened. I've always wanted to write and be really good but idk how. I feel so much for ziam and I want to write about them but I just feel like I can't do them any justice :(

Hi, nonnie! :)

Well, you want to write something. That’s the first and most important step IMO. As long as you want to write, you can never really do wrong. That’s what drives me and how I started writing. I can write shit, but it’s my shit. Aha!

I can understand why you’d feel intimidated about “not doing them justice”. It’s actually pretty common! You’d be surprised to find out how many writers—myself included—feel the same at first. The thing is: you won’t have anything if you don’t start anything. Even if you later wants to scrap 90% and rewrite it, you have to start somewhere.

My advice would be to not focus too much on getting it “perfect” (you can twinkle it later) and just write or maybe try an AU. Contrary to popular belief, there isn’t really such thing as “out of character” for AUs because personalities and interactions are influenced by experiences and context. I personally prefer AUs because the idea of “every me loves every you” is beautiful.

‘Tips’ you say? Hmm, I doubt I’m the best suited for it, but I can think of a few things right away.

Read other people’s stuff - it’s a way of improving. Go read stuff from your favourite writers, be it fics or books.

Just write - even if you don’t think it’s good, you can rewrite and twinkle things later. What you can’t do is better a story that hasn’t been written.

Research - you don’t HAVE to pursue a decree on whatever you’re writing, but at least try to keep it reasonable. (e.g. you can’t have them shagging twice in a row and chuck refractory time out of the window)

Read about writing - punctuation, character development, plot outlining, genres, etc. There’s a lot of things you can learn from those, and you never really stop learning. You’ll find blogs about it on tumblr (writers4ziam, referenceforwriters, writeworldtheyuniversity etc.)

Be ready for criticism (or the lack thereof) - sadly, the fic experience for fandoms as whole has gone south since I started writing. Some people might tear you down, and many won’t give two shits. It’s just how things are.

Keep in mind it’s not a competition - you don’t have to be as good as [writer X]. You can (and should) be as good as yourself. Also, keep in mind that popular doesn’t mean good by any means. The 50 shades franchise is proof of that.

Write what you like (and don’t be afraid of experimenting) - you wanna write a coffee shop AU, but it’s been done one million times? It can be done one million and one times. You like it, you write it.

Accept con-crit - if somebody points out something problematic in your work (and those tend to be rare because feedback in general is), be sure to look into it. You can’t simply brush it off things like slavery with POC characters.

Find a beta reader (if possible) - this one is more of a ideal scenario. A beta can help you with suggestion and corrections. Not everyone has a beta (I don’t) and that’s okay, too.

Read your stuff after you’re done - especially if you don’t have a beta. I usually read, edit, and read again. And even so a lot of shit escapes me completely. haha!

I can’t really think of anything else? TL;DR: you just have to keep on writing and seeking improvement. It might be intimidating, but only you can write your story.

I see a lot of posts confused by the ages now that we know Dipper and Mabel are the grandkids of the Stan Twins younger sibling “Shermie” (most likely brother since only an unwed female who was hiding her child from the father would pass on the Pines name which is highly unlikely in a children’s cartoon). I thought I would explain since I am a child born to older parents with older siblings how this is possible.

My Dad was 50 and my mom was 40 when she had me. At that time my older brother was 17 and my older sister was 16.

When I was 20 they were in their late 30s.

If I had a kid then by the time I was in my 20s they would’ve been in their 40s.

If my kid was now 20 and had a kid my brother and sister would be in their late 60s.

If my brother and sister could conceivable have great nieces and nephews by now its perfectly possible in Gravity Falls. I figure they’re ages are similar to my family actually.

So here is what is most likely going by my family ages as a guide:

  • Shermie was born when Stan and Stanley were 15-16 years old and their parents were in the 40-50 range. (I am proof humans are capable of procreating at those ages)
  • Stanford and Stanley were about 17-18 when Stan was kicked out and Shermie was 1-2 (judging by the picture).
  • Shermie had a son at 20 making the Stan Twins uncles in their late 30s to early 40s   (I was an Aunt at age 13 because of my siblings and Is age gap)
  • Shermie’s son had Dipper and Mabel around age 20 making him a Grandfather at around 40 and the Stans Great Uncles around late 40s or so. (I could be a Great Aunt and my Brother a Grandfather if my 25 year old nephew and his wife had kids right now)

Now that Dipper and Mabel are 12 that would make the Stans about in their late 60s.

I hope that helps dispel the confusion.

anonymous asked:

Can I just say edge omg you're fucking perfect 😍😍😍 I'm absolutely in love with your hair, it's like fiery roses of perfection. How on earth did you get such a nice shade of red??? My reds never came out so vibrant 😫 Jealous af. You keep on slaying 👌

Loriel highcolor highlights in Red for Dark brown hair mixed with 40-50 proof volumizer. (You’re gonna need like two tubes cuz that bitch says highlights but you covering your whole head) I don’t bleach my hair either. Just drop it on top of your natural color. Also, you can buy it at Sally’s. ❤️

Thighs and Sighs

Request: Okay I have this idea for an imagine where the team had a day off and the reader gets drunk and starts telling her bf Bucky how great his thighs are and how much she loves them and the team start teasing him about it and flUFF SORRY IF ITS TOO LONG ILY

there was a loss in the family. I was uploading this story and somehow it got lost/deleted from my drafts. this was all i could salvage. im sooo sorry @whoever requested this. :( hope you like it!!

Pairing: Bucky Barnes x reader

Word Count: ~500

Warnings: sebbys thighs are not for the weak hearted.


The moon shone upon your skin in the darkness, illuminating your grace…and drunkenness. The whole team was outside the patio, enjoying a nice glass of anything alcoholic. Each had their own preference, but you didn’t care. Anything that was more than 50 proof was good enough. Sipping peacefully from your cup, you sigh with content. There aren’t many nights when you can chill with everyone like this. It was refreshing to be able to lay back and appreciate your friends.
But most of them were pretty weak compared to you. They had only drank a few glasses and were already passed out, some even snoring. You, on the other hand, were wide awake. Or at least you thought.
Bucky didn’t drink that night, sacrificing his night off to watch over you, know that you got pretty uncontrollable when you were intoxicated. He saw your flushed face and drooping eyes and thought that you were extra cute drunk, especially when you hiccuped sharply. He smiled at the sight of you, struggling to sit up properly. He stood up and wrapped his arms around your shoulder, guiding you out of your chair.
“C’mon, let’s go inside, babe,” he whispered gently, standing on your right. He smoothed your unruly hair.
“No, I’m not even tired,” you slurred. Your eyelids felt heavy and your cheeks hot. “I’m fine, Bucky.”
“I don’t think so, you’re pretty wasted,” he laughed.
But you weren’t ready to leave. So you turn your head to the right, and see Bucky’s thighs in his tight jeans.
Damn, he looked fine as hell. He meaning his jeans. Maybe it was because you were drunk, but Bucky’s normally amazing thighs looked extra sexy. The way it bulged and stretched in his pants, umpf. You bite your lips at the thought of his thighs. Yum.
Bucky sees you eyeing his thighs and shakes his head with amused disbelief.
“Oh my god, Buck. You’re thighs are so…” you trail off, losing your train of thought.
He looked at you with an amused smile, intrigued by your comment. “My thighs are what?”
You stare at his godly thighs and grab them with both of your hands whispering with a fascinated tone, “They’re so good.”
“Thanks?” he laughs. He’d seen you wasted on many occasions, but you had never commented on his thighs. “You’re thighs are good too.”
“No, but yours are just…wow,” you say in a low voice, taking in the glorious thighs. “I’m so lucky.” You tear your eyes from his thighs and look up at him with a serious face. “I love your thighs.”
He scoffs at your silliness and kisses the top of your head, “I love you too.”
“Not you, I said I love your thighs!” you cry angrily. “You’re not even listening to me.”
Watching you mumble on about his thighs, Bucky sat back down and let you savor his magnificent quads.

Originally posted by itsawkwardfangirl