Ronaldo’s brace against Getafe: watch (alt.) | May 23, 2015 - 300 official appearances and 314 goals with Real Madrid; 200 apps and 226 goals in La Liga. He is the 2nd highest Real Madrid scorer of all time with 314 goals in 300 apps, only ahead of him Raul with 323 goals. - Ronaldo in La Liga 2014/15: 48 goals (top scorer) and 16 assists in 35 appearances. - He is the 2nd Real Madrid with most goals (226) in the history of La Liga, only Raul (228) ahead of him. - Ronaldo (48) broken his previous record (46) with most goals in a single La Liga season. - Ronaldo is the Pichichi winner for the 3rd time, and Golden boot winner for the 4th time. - He is the first player in history to have won 4 golden boots (3 with RM, 1 with Man United). - Ronaldo is the first Real Madrid player to have finished as La Liga top-scorer in two consecutive seasons since Hugo Sánchez. - He has surpassed his own record and becomes the first Real Madrid player to score 61 goals in all competitions this season. - Ronaldo equals Gorostiza and becomes the first player to score 36 goals in the history of La Liga regional derbies. - 31 official hattricks for Cristiano. 8 hattricks in one season (broken his previous record with most hattricks in a single season: 7). - 12 headers in La Liga (last time a player scored 12 headers was in 1997) - Ronaldo (17) surpassed Carlos (16) and becomes the player with the most free-kick goals. - Ronaldo scored La Liga’s 1000th goal of this season (2014/15).
Scott Jurek just broke the Appalachian Trail speed record in 46 days, 8 hrs and 8 mins. He reached the summit of Mt. Katahdin today at 2:03 pm local time, beating the previous record set by Jennifer Pharr Davis by just 3 hrs and 12 mins.
Naumachia (detail), an imaginative recreation by Ulpiano Checa
A naumachia was
a mimic sea battle that oftentook place in a constructed basin. These entertainments also took place in
flooded amphitheatres. The opposing sides were prisoners of war or
convicts, who fought until one side was destroyed.
The earliest naumachia recorded (46 bc) represented an engagement between the Egyptian and Tyrian fleets and was given by Julius Caesar on an artificial lake that was constructed by him in the Campus Martius. In 2 bc Augustus
staged a naumachia between Athenians and Persians in a basin newly
constructed on the right bank of the Tiber at Rome. In the naumachia
arranged by Claudius on Lake Fucino in ad 52, 100 ships and 19,000 men participated.
The introduction of new technologies initially led to an increased number of naumachia. The first three naumachia
were spaced about 50 years apart; the following six, most of which took
place in amphitheatres, occurred in a space of 30 years. Less costly in
material and human terms, they could afford to be staged more
frequently. Less grandiose, they became a feature of the games, but
could not be considered exceptional. The iconography bears witness to this. Of some twenty representations of a naumachia in Roman art, nearly all are of the Fourth Style, of the time of Nero and the Flavian dynasty.
After the Flavian period, naumachiae disappear from the texts almost completely. Apart from a mention in the Augustan History, a late source of limited reliability, only the town records (fastia) of Ostia tells us that in 109 Trajan inaugurated a naumachia basin.
later version of the naumachia was practiced in indoor theatres, such
as London’s Sadler’s Wells, during the 19th century. A tank was
constructed in the pit and stalls areas, and real boats were used for
A new world record for the direct conversion of sunlight into electricity has been established. The multi-junction solar cell converts 46% of the solar light into electrical energy and was developed by Soitec and CEA-Leti, France, together with the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Germany. Multi-junction cells are used in concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) systems to produce low-cost electricity in photovoltaic power plants, in regions with a large amount of direct solar radiation. It is the cooperation’s second world record within one year, after the one previously announced in September 2013, and clearly demonstrates the strong competitiveness of the European photovoltaic research and industry.
Multi-junction solar cells are based on a selection of III-V compound semiconductor materials. The world record cell is a four-junction cell, and each of its sub-cells converts precisely one quarter of the incoming photons in the wavelength range between 300 and 1750 nm into electricity. When applied in concentrator PV, a very small cell is used with a Fresnel lens, which concentrates the sunlight onto the cell. The new record efficiency was measured at a concentration of 508 suns and has been confirmed by the Japanese AIST (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), one of the leading centers for independent verification of solar cell performance results under standard testing conditions.
In this cartoon which appeared in the Washington Evening Star 100 years ago on December 25, 1915, cartoonist Clifford Berryman reminds his readers of the vast difference between the prosperity in America and the devastation in Europe as a result of the on-going war.
Japan’s Naoko Takahashi won gold in the women’s marathon at the 2000 Summer Olympics. Takahashi had many marathon victories throughout her career, most notably in 2001 when she won the Berlin Marathon win a time of 2:19:46, a world record at the time.