40 towns

Civil War Turns Syria’s Doctors Into Masters of Improvisation
Deprived of drugs and supplies, Syrian medics have had to innovate their way out disaster

Necessity as the Mother of Invention

It’s doctors in Syria’s 40 or so besieged towns and urban areas who’ve displayed the greatest flair for innovation. With up to a million people penned into these ghettoized slaughterhouses—largely by the forces of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad—they’ve repurposed everything at their disposal, from sewing thread for medical stitches to brooms as makeshift crutches.

“I was the only heart doctor [in the area] so if I someone came to the hospital, I had to be there, and had to find a treatment,” said Dr. Khaleel, a cardiologist who worked through the worst of East Ghouta’s siege and who for safety reasons goes only by his first name. His home district, once part of a lush oasis outside Damascus, was ringed by government troops two years into the war, and subjected to a suffocating siege that endures to this day. “I can say really that for three years, apart from an hour here or there, I didn’t sleep.”

Under total blockade for 13 months from late 2013—until rebel fighters finally dug a number of relief tunnels—doctors in East Ghouta sourced their own raw materials. When the supply of conventional drugs began to run low several weeks into the siege, they sought out ingredients from one of the three nearby abandoned pharmaceutical factories, and churned out their own ibuprofen and cough syrups. “If the medicines don’t exist [in your area], you make them. If you can’t make them, you try and use something else,” says Dr. Khaleel. Ghoutans also turned to the very weapons designed to kill them, setting shattered bones with splints crafted from abandoned munitions.

Then, in early 2014, as fuel reserves fell to critically low levels, Ghoutans called on their ingenuity again. With no diesel to fire the generators—or even to power the hospital lights—administrators packed organic waste into sealed spaces, and MacGyvered a sustainable biogas source. Other besieged sectors have followed their example: On a 2014 visit to Kurdish-controlled northeast Syria, I watched as a teenage boy in a blacked-out hospital in Qamashli rigged himself up to a bicycle-propelled generator. He pedaled furiously to keep the on-call specialists’ cell phones alive until the electricity kicked back on.

Kunugigaoka’s Real-life Counterpart: Hachiōji City

When I was looking at the map of Kunugigaoka City, I was wondering if that map was based on a real life city. It looked too detailed and realistic to come out of nowhere, so I checked Yahoo Japan, and it seems that there, at least, the most popular theory is that Kunugigaoka is based on Hachioji City (八王子市, literally Eight Princes City), a commuter town 40 km west of downtown Tokyo.  The main points of the argument posted there is that:

·        The anime based the train station in episode 3 (where Karma makes known his desire to kill a teacher) on Hachioji station.

·        Majin Tantei Nougami Neuro (Matsui’s first major work) takes place in 東西京市 (literally East-West Capital City), which corresponds to the real life 西東京市 (literally West-East Capital City, but is actually read as Nishi-Tokyo City). Both of these series are set in the western part of Tokyo. In fact, Hachioji City and Nishi-Tokyo city are the only two major cities west of the Tokyo metropolitan area.

I searched Hachioji on the Japanese side of Wikipedia and based on what I read, I’m inclined to believe it:

·        Hachioji is surrounded by mountains except for on the East side (i.e. where people would need to go when travelling to Tokyo). This point is rather minor, since Japan seems to have a lot of mountains in general, but this is still a similarity it shares with Kunugigaoka. At least that makes it a popular destination for mountain hiking.

·        Like Kunugigaoka, it is known as a commuter town. In 2010, 14.9% of adults commuted to Tokyo City alone.

·        This city is famous for having a lot of schools, so much so that it is known as Japan’s “Gakuen City” (Academy City). Apparently, there are 23 colleges inside this city’s borders. There’s also 70 elementary schools and 37 public secondary schools. This fact right here shattered any doubts I might have had about this theory. If an anime about education were to take place anywhere in Japan, it would be here. 

Other random facts I thought were interesting include:

·        Hachioji is the most populous city in Tokyo, with a high proportion of students and young people.

·        There are two voice actors from here: Morikubo Showtaro (Shikamaru Nara from Naruto) and Tetsu Inada (Sajin Komamura from Bleach and also a minor character from Neuro)

·        Hachioji City’s latitudinal coordinates is between 35° and 36°, putting it about the same distance as the northern border of Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia, or the northern tip of Africa.  That means it probably gets pretty hot. Based on the fact that its record low only goes down to -8.6 degrees Celsius (16.5 degrees Fahrenheit), I think I’m right.

I hope this was interesting! Definitely a place I’d want to stop by if I ever got to visit Japan :D

anonymous asked:

Chaffetz is a real dick huh?

hillary endures an entire 13 hour benghazi investigation meanwhile this dickwad feels like leaving *A TOWN HALL* 40 mins early???

phantom troupe getz high headcannons

  • chrollo is the guy that seems sober no matter how much he smokes. hes high as fuck but doesnt show it at all. always calm. mom of the group of course. asks everyone if they need water or food. 
  • phinks gets very handsy and lovey and lays all over his friends. thinks 2 am taco bell runs to the town 40 minutes away are a good idea. ends up blaring his shitty music and his neighbors call the cops 
  • is hisoka ever not high
  • feitan doesnt smoke weed baichi who do you think he is, some stoner?
  • shizuku loses all control of her body. knocks all your drinks over, stumbles down the stairs. poor girl cant handle any substances in the least
  • uvogin has lungs of steel
  • paku is a master chef. fuck your munchies this woman has a 5 course meal planned and all of it is made w/ cannabutter. smoking is gross and smells god awful, eat this weed banana bread instead
  • shalnark exclusively does ecstasy  
  • machi only gets high with paku and immediately goes to sleep afterwards, what a bore
  • kortopi is a poor sap that pays too much for we*d because his dealer told him it was a 100% pure strain. paid $60 for what should’ve been a 40. sucker. none of his friends tell him and just let him get fucked because its funny to listen to him talk about how good his shit is supposed to be and yet it essentially gives the same effect as ditch weed
  • nobu is that cringy stoner in your junior year chemistry class that draws little weed leaves on every assignment and only dresses in rasta colors please god help him
  • bonolenov is on meth obviously why do you think he looks like that
  • kalluto is 10

So this article is written by a random guy who had no idea who Sophia, Jesse or Aaron were and gives his first hand account of hiking with them and it’s amazing. Jesse, Aaron, Lauren, Jenny, Britt and Sophia are in the pic above (x)

Today was quite an adventurous day. I’m staying with a wonderful host family in Montrose, Colorado, and I took a quick trip down to Telluride to see the town and explore a bit. Driving through the mountain passes, the temperature dropped quickly. When I left Montrose, it was a balmy 72. When I got into the mountains only 40 mins from town, it dropped into the upper 30s! And there were snow flurries, too! Mountain weather is insanity! So, when I got into town, I was hungry, so I stopped at a food cart and got a chicken falafel. I asked the guy running the cart if he had any suggestions. He was super nice, and told me to check out the Cornet Creek Waterfall just a quick hike out of town. So, I took his advice and trekked down North Aspen Street. I saw a big group of younger adults laughing and chit-chatting away, so I followed them. They looked like they knew where they were going. So the short trail to the waterfall appears, and we’re all walking together. There was a woman in front of me dressed really really well and holding a Starbucks cup (which seemed weird considering we were doing a slightly strenuous hike). She was slipping a little bit and was slightly out of breath, but she laughed it off and remarked that she had asthma and how she forgot the hike was a little more difficult than she remembered. I told her that I left my inhaler in the car, and she offered her inhaler to me, but I politely declined. She was talking with a bunch of people coming back down from the trail, so I asked her if she knew everyone on the hike. She told me a group of 30-40 of them come to Telluride from all over (mainly California) as a reunion of sorts to check out the Telluride Mountain Film Festival. So they all hang out and get to know each other. Some of them have been going for 7 years in a row!

As we continued the hike, I thought I recognized one of the guys. He looked like the dude from Breaking Bad. I don’t watch the show, but I know enough about the characters. After some confirmation, I found out it was indeed Aaron Paul who plays Jesse in Breaking Bad. He was on top of a ledge and waved down towards me. I looked behind me like an idiot thinking he was waving at someone behind me, but he was waving at me being friendly. I hiked up to him, and he introduced himself. We chitchatted a little bit and enjoyed the waterfall. I talked with a girl named Lauren, who was super sweet. Turns out she’s Aaron’s wife, and it was their anniversary today. I also met some other cool people too.. a guy named Jordan, another girl named Lauren. And Jesse. Who is dating Sophia Bush… who was the girl that offered me her inhaler. My mind is kind of blown thinking I was hiking with celebrities. But after all, they’re just normal people. When we’re out on nature, it doesn’t matter that they play huge roles on TV. They just want to have fun like everyone else.

So anyway, Aaron asked me to take a picture for him and his crew. He offered to take a pic for me, but I said it was weird posing alone.. so he took my phone and got other people to stand on the bridge with me… haha. Cool guy indeed. Everyone was really nice. It was a great experience. I didn’t get any selfies or real photos with any of them. I figured I didn’t want to bother then. And plus, I didn’t watch any of the shows they’re in.. by maybe I need to watch Breaking Bad now.. haha. Oh.. and the snow came down so hard. I was wearing shorts, and I was soaking wet in 30 degree weather. I made it out of Telluride. I wish I could have stayed longer, but I’ll cherish the fun memories!