40 hadith nawawi

Hadith Nawawi 1 // الحديث النووي 1

It is narrated on the authority of Amirul Mu'minin, Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin al-Khattab, radiyallahu 'anhu, who said:

I heard the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, say: “Actions are (judged) by motives (niyyah), so each man will have what he intended. Thus, he whose migration (hijrah) was to Allah and His Messenger, his migration is to Allah and His Messenger; but he whose migration was for some worldly thing he might gain, or for a wife he might marry, his migration is to that for which he migrated.”
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[Al-Bukhari & Muslim]

عَنْ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَبِي حَفْصٍ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ: “ إنَّمَا الْأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ، وَإِنَّمَا لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى، فَمَنْ كَانَتْ هِجْرَتُهُ إلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَهِجْرَتُهُ إلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ، وَمَنْ كَانَتْ هِجْرَتُهُ لِدُنْيَا يُصِيبُهَا أَوْ امْرَأَةٍ يَنْكِحُهَا فَهِجْرَتُهُ إلَى مَا هَاجَرَ إلَيْهِ”.

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رَوَاهُ إِمَامَا الْمُحَدِّثِينَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ مُحَمَّدُ بنُ إِسْمَاعِيل بن إِبْرَاهِيم بن الْمُغِيرَة بن بَرْدِزبَه الْبُخَارِيُّ الْجُعْفِيُّ [رقم:1]، وَأَبُو الْحُسَيْنِ مُسْلِمٌ بنُ الْحَجَّاج بن مُسْلِم الْقُشَيْرِيُّ النَّيْسَابُورِيُّ [رقم:1907] رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا فِي “صَحِيحَيْهِمَا” اللذِينِ هُمَا أَصَحُّ الْكُتُبِ الْمُصَنَّفَةِ.

40 Hadith Nawawi 21

On the authority of Abu `Amr — and he is also called Abu `Amrah — Sufyan bin Abdullah ath- Thaqafee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

I said, “O Messenger of Allah, tell me something about al-Islam which I can ask of no one but you.” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Say I believe in Allah — and then be steadfast.”

 It was related by Muslim.

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عَنْ أَبِي عَمْرٍو وَقِيلَ: أَبِي عَمْرَةَ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: “قُلْت: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! قُلْ لِي فِي الْإِسْلَامِ قَوْلًا لَا أَسْأَلُ عَنْهُ أَحَدًا غَيْرَك؛ قَالَ: قُلْ: آمَنْت بِاَللَّهِ ثُمَّ اسْتَقِمْ” . 

رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ [رقم:38].

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“None of you (truly) believes until his desire or inclination is in accordance with what I have brought or subservient to what I came with.” 
[Imam an-Nawawi says:] We have related it in Kitab al-Hujjah with a saheeh chain of narrators. 

[40 Hadith Nawawi #41]

Every Muslim must examine his acts in light of the Quran and Sunnah, suspend his own inclinations and follow what the Prophet (ﷺ) brought. Allah Most High says in the Quran: “When Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, no believer, male or female, has a choice in their affair.” [Quran Surat Al-‘Aĥzāb 33:36]

However, the matter of leaving aside one’s own preferences in favour of the commands of Allah and His Messenger (ﷺ) is simpler than what this hadith is describing a believer as doing: A believer’s very preferences are in line with Islam. Thus, we have not tasted true belief till obeying Allah and His Messenger (ﷺ) are what satisfy us, as our own hearts are inclined to follow these commands. 

Our feelings and our beliefs are a product of our socialization. Since birth we have been surrounded by people whose reactions, tastes, emotions, and inclinations have conditioned our own. Through human contact, through the media, through movies, books and the education system we have learnt what to react to and how to react to it. If our feelings are now not in line with what Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) brought then we need to do some unlearning and reconditioning with the right influences. 

40 Hadith Nawawi 7

On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (may Allah be pleased with him):

 The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “The deen (religion) is naseehah (advice, sincerity).” We said “To whom?” He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.”
 Related by Muslim.

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عَنْ أَبِي رُقَيَّةَ تَمِيمِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ الدَّارِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “الدِّينُ النَّصِيحَةُ. قُلْنَا: لِمَنْ؟ قَالَ لِلَّهِ، وَلِكِتَابِهِ، وَلِرَسُولِهِ، وَلِأَئِمَّةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَعَامَّتِهِمْ” .
رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ [رقم: 55].