3rd republic


I’m a bit late to the party because social life (aka my mum) decided to happen tonight.


- We avoided Voldemarine Le Pen as our next president. Good. I don’t know if the country would have survived 5 years with her as head of state. Yet, 34-35% (around 10 millions of people!) of the voters voted for her and that’s clearly not reassuring. Let’s not fool ourselves, the FN has not yet the capacity to grasp the power but it’s spreading. Hard. The electoral fight’s clearly not over.

- Macron’s result isn’t spectacular: only 65-66% of the voters chose him over the far-right.  Besides the abstention was high (around 25%) and the level of blank votes reached a record (around 12% of the votes). So it’s clearly not a plebiscite for him.

- The next fight will be the legislative and the summer - if Macron follows his ideas of governing by ordonnance.

I regret not being able to see Macron’s first speech, I always find them very instructive. For example, Sarkozy pretended to be the candidate of change and his speech had a very 3rd Republic vibe, how peculiar…

Anyway, did I miss something important? What’s your opinion on the results?

Things I learned from AP Euro this year:
  • people don’t like people who are different (Wars of Religion, Reconquista, Inquisition)
  • women can do everything men can do - and better (Elizabeth I, Catherine the Great, women in the workforce during WWI and WWII, women in the Soviet Union)
  • you can be successful and people still won’t like you (Otto von Bismarck, Wilhelm II, and the “dropping of the pilot”)
  • when you forgive someone, forgive them completely (Treaty of Versailles, The War Guilt Clause, German-French conflict)
  • stand your ground (appeasement, Munich conference, Hitler’s eventual empire)
  • teamwork is safer (North Atlantic Pact, Treaty of Rome, Common Market, Maastricht Treaty, European Union)
  • …but you should never completely trust the other person (Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact)
  • good ideals become twisted over time (Karl Marx, Marxian communism, Lenin, Stalin, socialism)
  • when things go wrong, you can always start over (French Revolution, National Assembly, Legislative Assembly, National Convention, Directory, Consulate, Empire, 2nd French Republic, 3rd French Republic, 4th French Republic, 5th French Republic)

So regardless of what score I get on the exam today, I want to acknowledge that, on the whole, I think I really loved this class.

I realized that a lot of my FRUS headcanons revolve around their relationship becoming more established in the late 19th/early 20th century so I decided to summarize some of their history in that time frame as I interpret it relating to the characters. I wrote most of this from memory so I apologize if I miss anything major/over-simplify anything here.

  • France’s 3rd Republic was established in 1870, after decades of on-and-off political turmoil & numerous changes in governments. Relations between the US and France had been tense on several occasions since the American Revolution, but they still would refer to their alliance as unbroken in later years & have touted the fact that they’ve never been at war with each other since America became independent (because they both collectively act like the quasi-war didn’t happen; Francis was in a pretty bad mental place at the time so they likely wrote it off due to that; same with Alfred and the tension that arose during the American Civil War)
  • France & America became increasingly close once the 3rd Republic was established. America tended to view France as a ~bastion of democracy in Europe~, and therefore started favoring France over other European allies in a lot of ways.
  • The Statue of Liberty was presented to America to commemorate the US centennial.
  • They were definitely huge drama queens about being ~beacons of liberty and democracy~.
  • America was experiencing rapid industrialization & economic growth at a rate that was probably shocking to the European nations, making America an increasingly attractive trade/political partner.
  • The Spanish-American War occurred in 1898, in which America picked a fight with Spain and then took a bunch of his colonies, effectively ending the Spanish Empire. (America then turned around and granted Cuba independence, even though Cuba actually wanted to become a US state. They remained close allies until the Cuban Revolution.) This is the point when the Europeans collectively said “holy crap when did that American kid become so strong”.
  • Going into the 20th century, America & France were also engaging in a lot of collaboration/exchange of ideas in the development of film, aviation, etc. I really feel like they would have bonded a lot over film, and I tend to view film history as a very big part of Alfred bc of the way that American cinema has affected cultural consciousness)
  • By the turn of the century, America would have been interacting with European nations way more than ever before. Not just because they would have been more invested in developing their relationships with him do to the way he was growing into a world power, and because of the large influxes of immigrants that America was experiencing, but also because travel and communication between Europe & North America advanced considerably. During the American Revolution, it took an average of 3 months to sail from France to the US. By 1912, it took an average of 7 days. The first transatlantic telephone call was from the US to France in 1915.
  • America was understandably reluctant to get involved in WWI because it was a hot mess & even England would have stayed out of it if France and Russia hadn’t threatened to kick his ass if he rescinded on his alliance with them.
  • However, there was a not insignificant public sentiment that America should be helping France, and America would try to provide aid to them in whatever ways he could get away with while maintaining his neutrality. When America did get involved in the war, it was very much framed as “going to help France specifically” because America was wary of monarchists. There was a lot of rhetoric about “repaying the debt to Lafayette” & standing by France due to the history of their alliance. 
  • America showed up to WWI not knowing his way around Europe for shit and getting lost a lot, but he was also overzealous and full of energy. America’s arrival caused the trench warfare to finally shift into a mobile war, pushing the Germans out of France & being a bit more rough with the Germans than was strictly necessary in the process. England was super bitter about America taking so much control over the Allied war efforts.
  • American soldiers were very popular with French women so I am 100% about Francis fawning over Alfred for being so tall and buff and rich
  • Based on the literature from this period, I tend to imagine that America stuck around in Paris for a while after the end of WWI, with he and France trying to cope with their mutual PTSD from WWI by spending a lot of time drinking and smoking and seeing films together, with Alfred writing angsty novels while Francis draws/paints.
  • I headcanon that Alfred went full Jay Gatsby mode in the 1920s, throwing a lot of big parties to show off his money & generally being wildly overindulgent. I also imagine that Francis very much enjoyed those parties & having someone to drink excessive amounts of champagne with.
  • As WWII started, America was once again reluctant to get involved in a war, but also very much wanted to be able to help France, and would emphasize that to rationalize having to ally himself with dirty monarchists & commies. Even though America declared war on Japan before anyone else, he made “liberating France” his #1 priority. America was eager to rush into France but England basically had to hold him back, and throughout their time in North Africa & Italy there was a lot of tension between England and America over who got to call the shots, with England insisting that they take a more cautious approach in fighting the Germans.
  • Not gonna get into Cold War-era stuff yet because this post is long, ask me in a couple weeks

Happy 3rd anniversary to Boys Republic, thank you for everything from Party Rock to Get Down, thank you for all the hard work, thank you for not giving up, thank you for all the joy, smile and laughter that you bring to Royal Family. Maybe the road is longer for us, we’re almost there, we will be there :)

Kpop releases in late March

March 24

  • Eric Nam- Interview (2nd mini album)
  • A.cian- Addicting (7th mini album)

March 25

  • Amber- Borders (sm station single)
  • DEAN- 130 Mood (first album)

March 28

  • Oh My Girl- Pink Ocean (3rd mini album)
  • BTOB- Remeber That (8th mini album)
  • Block B- Digital Single

March 30

  • Day6- TBA (2nd mini album) *Comeback with 5 members
  • Boys Republic- Revolution (3rd mini album)

Boys Republic (소년공화국) 3rd EP [BR:evolution] “Get Down” MUSIC VIDEO

Useless fact #7

Paul Deschanel, 11th President of France, is famous for the “train story”.

May 23rd 1920, he was aboard a train for Montbrison. However, at 11:15pm, he felt light headed and started suffocating. He walked up to the wagon’s window, leaned and fell off the train.

Lucky for him, the train’s speed was about 50km/h and only cause light injuries.

While only wearing his pajama and bleeding because of his wounds, he walked on the rails until he found a railwayman to help him. Of course that person (André Radeau) did not recognize him and did not really believe him when he said he was the President of the 3rd Republic. Keep in mind it was 1920! However, he did help him.

Meanwhile, in the train, nobody noticed the President was missing. They only realized he wasn’t in the train anymore at 7am the next day.