36 mm


8/4/16                         Glenurus gratus

A first for me!

Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Neuroptera (Antlions, Owlflies, Lacewings, Mantidflies and Allies)
Suborder Myrmeleontiformia (Antlions and Owlflies)
Family Myrmeleontidae (Antlions)
Tribe Nemoleontini
Genus Glenurus
Species gratus (Glenurus gratus)

Synonyms and other taxonomic changes

Glenurus gratus (Say 1839)

Explanation of Names

Latin gratus ‘pleasing, agreeable/grateful’(1)


body ca. 36 mm; length to wingtips 52 mm, wingspan 94 mm (Hagen 1861)


Very large, wings mottled in brown-and-pink towards the distal ends (pattern distinctive)



se. US (NJ-IN to MO-FL)(2)


Larvae found in tree holes among sawdust and in burrows of Gopher Tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus(3)(4)(5) (a threatened species)

Forensic Anatomy

The normal ratio of an human hand to the forearm is 1 to 1.618

The forearms are being measured from the Olecranon process to the Styloid process, or from the end of one bone (elbow) to the other (bony protuberance at wrist). Hands are being measured along the middle Metacarpal, from the end of the forearm to the knuckle, and along the Phalanges.

Left arm 98 mm Metacarpals 33mm Phalanges 27mm

Arm length  98 mm

Hand length 60 mm

Total length     158 mm

Ratio   1 to 1.63

This is pretty close to our expected ratio. This arm has not been stretched out of it’s natural anatomy. There are some signs the hand was manipulated at the wrist, but the essential length is correct.

Right arm  102 mm   Metacarpals 40 mm   Phalanges 36 mm

Arm length    102 mm

Hand length    76 mm

Total length  178 mm

Ratio    1 to 1.34

This ratio is very far off of what we would expect. Since Benedict doesn’t normally experience extreme asymmetry, this mutated arm has been photoshopped.

There is a difference in the length of the arms as measured in the picture of at least 20 mm (out of 158mm or 178mm) between the two arms from elbow to fingertip. In an arm 42 cm elbow down (and Benedict’s would be longer) this amounts to 5.31 cm or more than two inches difference in length.

I took the 20 mm and compared it in relationship to the ‘healthy’ arm, giving a percentage of 12%. Using the longer arm resulted in 11%.

In our example of a 42 cm arm from the elbow down the second arm would be 47.31 cm long.

If you look at the right wrist, I’ve drawn a line through the wrist where the radius and ulna end. That is the end of the forearm. In a human hand, the base of the thumb is right up against the end of the forearm with no space. In this hand there is at least an inch of space between the base of the thumb and the end of the radius, which is the bone on the thumb side of the arm. This is not medically possible.

On a previous occasion someone put a transparency of the left forearm over the right forearm to 'prove’ the arms were close to the same length. This showed an absolute awareness that the stretched parts of the arm were primarily the wrist and fingers.

Regarding any argument over perspective: the 'normal’ left arm is parallel to the viewer. There is no foreshortening of that arm. The stretched out right arm that the baby is sitting on should be foreshortened, at least a little, but it is the longer arm.

Many people commented upon the elbow of the right arm looking wrong. The bony part of the elbow is pointed toward the viewer rather than away, as it should be at this angle.

A close-up of the right hand shows the ring finger has no knuckle and is not even attached to the hand.

This is a massive photoshop fail on all points.

Here you can watch the arm ‘grow’ through the progression of the pictures.

Julodis viridipes

…an unusually marked species of metallic wood boring beetle (Buprestidae) which is native to Africa, where it is endemic to the country of South Africa. J. viridipes is known to reach a length of 22-36 mm (0.8-1.4 in) and sports a blue base coloration with tufts of yellow setae arising  along its body, its legs are a green color giving its species name of viridipes. J. viridipes is often seen in association with and feeds on the woody shrub Didelta spinosa. 


Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Coleoptera-Polyphaga-Buprestoidea-Buprestidae-Julodis-J. viridipes

Image: Hectonichus

Pacific Sideband (Monadenia fidelis)

…a medium-sized species of terrestrial air-breathing Monadeniid gastropod mollusc which is endemic to the Pacific Coast of North America, ranging from southern Alaska to northern California. Pacific sidebands average sises of 22-36 mm wide, making them the largest species of snail native to the US state of Washington. 


Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Heterobranchia-Euthyneura-Panpulmonata-Eupulmonata-Stylommatophora-Sigmurethra-Helicoidea-Monadeniidae-Monadenia-M. fidelis

Image: Walter Siegmund