32 years

STOP LETTING OTHER Tumblr SB’S FUCK UP YO HUSTLE

Lately I have been seeing sooo many post, “don’t sell yourself short, what can you do with just $500 per meet″. Fuck all that. 

I agree, ladies do not sell yourself short and always sugar safely, but this is WHY getting to know your sugar daddy is so important

Example, Bob, 32, Pilot, Salary 102,520, and fairly handsome. Hunny after bills, groceries, and savings. Bob can merely give you $500 (per meet 2x a month), dinner at a nice restaurant, and five pumps in a 3 Star Hotel. Bob has a great personality, even brought you a gift (without you requesting it). Even offers to allow you to use his name for free flights. However after dinner, you way your options (Bob or Ron), get on Tumblr, start fucking smelling yourself, and turn down Bob. 

You turned Bob down, for 32 year old, Ron. An investor and he’s offering you $2,000 a week, problem is he’s in California and your in D.C. Only way to collect coin is to get to Cali. for a meet, he’s willing to transfer you money for a hotel, your flight back, dinner, shopping (while he’s in meetings), and your allowance as soon as you land. Your excited, until he replies on SA, “you have to get here on your own, since its our first meet, i want to make sure your genuine.Your heart drops, in your draws. You have verified everything he’s said, down to him owning small (profitable companies). Found his main address, even his third grade teachers address. Stumbled across his old baby (from old photos on Instagram), he even helped her start up her own business when she wanted to leave the bowl. She vouching like shit bitch, pictures from Paris, him paying for her college, buying her first car, everythannnng, but your broke ass cant afford a flight. 

Cinder cone volcano (~32,500 years old) at the north end of Snow Canyon State Park, north of St. George, Utah. The volcano sits on Lower Jurassic (~180 million year old) Navajo Sandstone, which comprises the red and buff outcrops behind the volcano. This is one of two closely spaced cinder cones that produced the Santa Clara aa basalt flows. Several cinder cones, ranging in age from 2.1 million to 32,500 years old, dot the landscape from Grand Canyon through western Utah, created by decompression melting as this area, at the eastern margin of the Basin and Range Province of North America, is being pulled slowly apart.

the signs as fake quotes my weird cousin has attributed to famous authors

aries: as oscar Wilde once famously said, ‘fuck men’

taurus: i believe it was percy shelley who wrote ‘why cry over spilled milk when instead u could cry over everything

gemini: you can lead a horse to water, but u can’t make the horse drink that fucking water if it wants vodka instead. sun tzu said that.

cancer: y’know, steinbeck once screamed ‘death to capitalism’ while setting himself on fire, and i couldn’t agree more.

leo: i was trying to think of a hemingway quote, but thankfully i just remembered that i don’t give a shit about hemingway

virgo: Flintstone vitamins are for losers. William shakespeare.

libra: did you know that that nicki minaj took the lyrics “i beez in the trap” straight from jane austen’s iconic 1813 novel pride and Prejudice?

scorpio: maya angelou actually invented the acronym NSFW, did u know that? 'Not Safe From Whites’. they’re coming

sagittarius: the most inspirational thing walt whitman ever said was ‘dance like nobody’s watching’ that man was a poet

capricorn: ‘be there or be…gay! lol jk don’t be gay’ ~ the bible, chapter 5 verse 17

aquarius: honey, as Faulkner said once, ‘eat shit mark twain’. words to live by

pisces: nietzsche once said that dante was a ‘hyena that wrote poetry on tombs’ and i’m not making that shit up because nothing is funnier than that

The victims name’s so far.

Rest In Peace Olivia Campbell, 15 years old. Whose mom confirmed her passing on Good Morning Britain.

Rest In Peace Alison Howe, a 44 year old mom that was waiting to pick up her daughter from the concert.

Rest In Peace Lisa Lees, another mom that was also waiting to pick her daughter from the concert in the foyer along with Alison Howe, she was 43.

Rest In Peace Kelly Brewster, confirmed as the fourth victim. The 32 year old died after shielding her 11 year old niece from the explosion.  

Rest In Peace Saffie-Rose Roussos, an 8 year old schoolgirl, the youngest victim from the attack.

Rest In Peace John Atkinson, who was confirmed by friends on facebook of his passing. He was only 26. 

Rest In Peace Georgina Callander, confirmed as the first victim of the attack. She was an 18 year old college student that was studying social care.

Rest In Peace to the remaining 15 victims who have yet to be identified. 

Rest In Peace and May Your Names Be Honored.

Breaking: Jeronimo Yanez, officer who fatally shot Philando Castile, found not guilty of manslaughter

  • Jeronimo Yanez was found not guilty of second-degree manslaughter Friday for fatally shooting Philando Castile — a 32-year-old black motorist and school cafeteria worker — in Falcon Heights, Minnesota, on July 6, 2016. He was also found not guilty of two counts of dangerous discharge of a firearm.
  • Castile’s girlfriend, Diamond Reynolds, streamed the aftermath of the shooting on Facebook Live, showing the St. Anthony, Minnesota, police officer with his gun still pointed at the bleeding Castile.
  • The verdict marked the end of five days of jury deliberation in the case, which was tried in nearby St. Paul by prosecuting attorney Jeffrey Paulsen. A conviction would have carried the possibility of up to 10 years in prison for Yanez. Read more (6/16/17 4:20 PM)

anonymous asked:

i know you meant well when you said 30 isnt ancient, but im nb so my life expectancy is actually 30 :(

Hey anon, I’m so sorry that that’s a fear you’ve had to live with. I know that trans people are at greater risk of violence and suicide, and I’ve heard people say many times that the life expectancy of trans people (or trans women, or trans women of color, depending on who you ask) is anywhere from 23 to 35. Your ask troubled me, so I’ve dug deep looking for solid evidence of any of these, and I don’t believe that these statistics are true.

A trans woman, Helen, looked into the “23 years” claim and traced it back to someone’s notes on two workshops at a 2007 conference, which stated that trans people’s life expectancy is “believed to be around 23” (emphasis mine) but cites no actual source. This claim has been presented as fact in many news articles since then, but as far as I can tell, no one seems to know where this figure came from.

Another claim is often sourced to an Argentine psychologist quoted in this NPR article

Psychologist Graciela Balestra, who works closely with the transgender community, says it’s an especially vulnerable population.

“Transgender people have an average life expectancy of about 30 to 32 years,” Balestra says. “They don’t live any longer; I think that statistic alone says so much.”

But again, the article gives no source for this figure

I found an article claiming that a 2014 report by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) “concludes the average life expectancy of trans people in the Western Hemisphere is between 30-35 years.” However, when I tracked down the report, An Overview of Violence Against LGBTI Persons (pdf), its only reference to this is (emphasis mine): “[T]he IACHR has received information that the life expectancy of trans women in the Americas is between 30 and 35 years of age.” Again, this is no source.

Someone said on my post that these statistics may have come from the NCTE/NGLTF report Injustice at Every Turn (pdf), but I can’t find any reference to any such claim in the report.

Thinking about these claims, they seem unlikely for some basic reasons. Consider that we simply don’t have a long enough span of data on trans people, and that what data we do have is extremely limited because we can’t always know who is trans and who isn’t. Consider also that, although obviously the murder rates for trans people are extremely high, the number of deaths of 20-something trans people would have to be ENORMOUS to offset the existence of older trans people and bring the average down to 30. Especially since, unlike with racial groups for example, the data on trans people would likely include almost no childhood deaths, simply because it would be much more difficult (and in many cases impossible) to identify these children as trans. And since we know that trans women of color are extremely disproportionately affected by violence, statistics that include white people and/or trans men would be especially unlikely to be so low.

And as to your specific situation anon, again given that trans women of color are most at risk, I don’t think we have reason to believe that being non-binary specifically puts a person at anywhere near this level of increased risk of dying young.

I don’t say any of this to question anyone’s experiences or to deny the state of emergency that trans women face with regard to violence. That is very real. But I think it can be harmful, even dangerous to trans people to spread claims like this around, especially without evidence. Expecting to die by 30 would take an extreme emotional toll on anyone, and trans people deserve better.

But don’t take my word for it: FORGE, a national transgender anti-violence organization that works with trans survivors of sexual assault, wrote the following in its 2016 publication “First Do No Harm: 8 Tips for Addressing Violence Against Transgender and Gender Non-Binary People” (pdf) (I have moved two footnotes into the main text and provided links to some endnote sources; italicized emphasis is theirs while bold is mine.): 

Promote Hope for the Future

It certainly is not the same as a murder, but publicizing a low “life expectancy” rate for transwomen of color is another way to steal away their future, a “crime” that has been committed repeatedly by trans, LGBQ, and mainstream press. Think about the people you know or have heard of who have been diagnosed with a fatal illness and given a short time to live: how many of them have enrolled in college, undertaken lengthy training for a new occupation, had a new child, or tried to establish a new non-profit? A few do, certainly, but many more focus on their bucket list, arrange for their good-byes, or simply give up entirely, essentially relinquishing whatever time they have left to depression and regrets. When we tell transwomen of color they cannot expect to live very long, we rob them of hope. We rob them of any motivation to invest in themselves, their relationships, and their communities. We rob them, in short, of their lives even while they are still living. (This statement in no way negates the need to systemically work to improve and increase the life expectancy of trans people through working to end transphobia, racism, poverty, pervasive violence, and health and healthcare inequities, and more.)

One trans woman of color was trying to come to grips with an estimated lifespan figure more than ten years shorter than the one that has been published most often. (We are not repeating any of the (incorrect) estimated lifetime figures that are circulating, to avoid even inadvertent reinforcement.) Faced with the report of yet another attack on another trans woman, she wrote:

These days, I look at the latest reports of stabbed, shot, beaten trans women, search myself for tears, and I cannot find a thing. I want to mourn and rage. I want to honor all of our sisters — the hundreds each year who are ripped, namelessly and without fanfare, from this life — who are taken so young before their time. But the grief and anger — even empathy — do not come. I don’t feel anything but numbness and fatigue, and somewhere far below that, fear.

The terrible irony of the life expectancy “fact” is that it is based on an impossibility. The only ways to determine a given population’s life expectancy are to: examine decades or more of death certificates or census data containing the information being studied, or follow a specific set of individuals for around 100 years and record every single death. There is not and never has been a census of transgender people. Our death certificates do not mark us as transgender. There has been no 100-year-long study of a representative group of trans people. So where are the estimated lifespan figures coming from?

FORGE tracked the most commonly-cited figure back to what was most likely the 2014 Philadelphia Transgender Health Conference, where a workshop presenter gave the figure and explained she had calculated it by averaging the age of death for all of those listed on the Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDOR) website. This means the figure is actually the average age of those trans people who were both murdered and came to the attention of someone who added them to the TDOR list. Interestingly, this average is very close to the average age of everyone who is murdered in the U.S., according to the U.S. Department of Justice statistics. [I’m not seeing an average age given in the cited source but you can see on page 5 of this Bureau of Justice Statistics report (pdf) that the average age of homicide victims in the U.S. was between 30 and 35 from 1980 to 2008.]

But not everyone is murdered.

Despite how many there may appear to be, only a tiny, tiny fraction of transpeople are killed by other people. Most of us, transwomen of color included, live average lifespans and die of the most common U.S. killers — heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, and unintentional injuries (accidents).

Please don’t add to fear and hopelessness by spreading inaccurate and profoundly disempowering data.

Since I can’t respond to everyone directly, I’m @ing some people who’ve brought this up on my post and may be interested: (urls removed after posting for their privacy). I appreciate your thoughtfulness in bringing this to my attention. If you or anyone else has a source on any of these figures that can provide specific methodology, I’d be very grateful to see that.

In closing, here are some resources that provide a more hopeful view of trans aging. They are well known but I hope they will be helpful to someone.

youtube

32 Years - Rhett and Link

Note: not my video. I just had to share it because it really touched my heart.

smithsonianmag.com
Canadian Scientists Explain Exactly How Their Government Silenced Science
It wasn’t just climate research. Rock snot, sharks and polar bears: All were off-limits during the Harper administration
By Joshua Rapp Learn

“A survivor’s guide to being a muzzled scientist.”  

Get a personal e-mail address, start your own blog and make sure there are multiple copies of your datasets. “Get anonymous, get online. Let people know what’s going on,“ Rennie says. “Folks that are in academia, that have tenure, that have a bit more job security and have more of an ability to speak their mind can help those in the public service that are challenged with these situations.”

“Disservice is too mild a word” to describe the effect of this muzzling, says Steven Campana, a shark scientist who spent 32 years working for Canada’s Department of Fisheries and Oceans:

 “It’s a cheat for the taxpaying public because it’s the taxpaying public that is funding this government research. When that research leads to very positive things, or even if it’s negative, the people that paid for it deserve to hear about it.”

Source: Smithsonian Magazine

53 people killed (as of May 22nd, 2017) in Venezuela during the April-May protests by paramilitary forces and the National Guard, either because they were protesting PEACEFULLY against this corrupt, tyrannic dictatorship or because they happened to be nearby while a protest was going on.

Jairo Ortiz - 19 years old, April 6th.

Daniel Queliz - 20 years old, April 10th.

Miguel Ángel Colmenares - 36 years old, April 11th

Brayan Principal - 14 years old, April 11th.

Tony Calderón - 32 years old, April 13th.

Carlos José Moreno - 17 years old, April 19th.

Paola Ramírez - 23 years old, April 19th.

Niumar San Clemente - 26 years old, April 19th.

Mervins Guitian - 26 years old, April 20th.

Ramón Martínez - 29 years old, April 20th.

Kevin León - 30 years old, April 20th.

Francisco González - 34 years old, April 20th.

William Marrero - 33 years old, April 20th.

Robert Centeno - 29 years old, April 20th.

Joanathan Meneses - 27 years old, April 20th.

Elio Pacheco - 20 years old, April 20th.

Stivenson Zamora - 29 years old, April 20th.

Jairo Ramírez - 45 years old, April 20th.

Yorgeiber Barrena - 15 years old, April 20th.

Kenyer Aranguren - 19 years old, April 20th.

Albert Rodríguez - 16 years old, April 20th.

Manuel Pérez - 19 years old, April 20th.

Almelina Virguez - 47 years old, April 23rd.

Renzo Rosa - 54 years old, April 24th.

Jesús Sulbarán - 42 years old, April 24th.

Luis Márquez - 52 years old, April 25th.

Johan Medina - 23 years old, April 25th.

Christian Ochoa - 22 years old, April 26th.

Juan Pablo Pernalete - 20 years old, April 26th.

Eyker Rojas - 20 years old, April 27th.

Carlos Aranguren - 30 years old, May 2nd.

Yonathan Quintero - 20 years old, May 2nd.

Ángel Colmenares de Hernández - 43 years old, May 2nd.

María Guanipa - 36 years old, May 2nd.

Armando Cañizales - 18 years old, May 3rd.

Jesús Samiento - 26 years old, May 3rd.

Gerardo Barrera - 36 years old, May 4th.

Luis Pacheco - 22 years old, May 4th.

Hecder Pérez - 20 years old, May 5th.

Miguel Medina - May 5th, age undisclosed.

Angerson Dugarte - 32 years old, May 10th.

Miguel Castillo - May 10th, age undisclosed.

Luis Alviarez - 18 years old, May 15th.

Diego Hernández - 33 years old, May 15th.

Yeison Castillo - 17 years old, May 16th.

Diego Arellano - 31 years old, May 16th.

José Francisco Guerrero - 15 years old, May 17th.

Manuel Castellano - 46 years old, May 17th.

Paúl René Romero - 24 years old, May 18th.

Daniel Rodríguez - 17 years old, May 19th.

Edy Aguilar - 23 years old, May 20th.

Yorman Bervecia - 19 years old, May 22nd.

John Quintero - 20 years old, May 22nd.

José Ramón Gutiérrez, Ángel Salas, Estefany Tapias and Natalie Martínez, Daniel Gamboa, Carlos Mora - Deaths STILL not confirmed by official authorities, but frankly, when have they ever.

2,459 ARRESTED (AS OF MAY 19TH) for protesting and being tortured by the hands of the monsters that call themselves our “national guard.”

13,050 INJURED (AS OF MAY 19TH) in the hands of our “national guard” as well.

How to spend money

Okay listen up, this is probably super boring to a lot of you, especially those of you who still live at home, but remember this anyway because it will save your ass countless times and still leave room for fun in your life.

Never utter the words “I just got my paycheck so let’s go out” Never. It’s the worst fucking thing you can do to yourself.

Instead, save your money at the start of the month like you would at the end. Only pay your bills, maybe put some in your savings if you can, and only get what you need. Nothing extra.

If an accident happens, oh shit, you got some extra cash to help you with that.

But if nothing happens, you have extra cash at the start of the next month!

I call them “fun money” because I use them for fun stuff like going out with my friends, but they are also good for new shoes when your old ones die.

I learned this the hard way when I only had 100$ every month (and remember, things are ten times more expensive in Denmark than most other places) and this system was so effective I still use it to a lesser extent.

Please listen to this 32 years old lady. I promise you, you won’t regret it. It will save you so much stress.

4

Abdul El-Sayed, a doctor from Detroit, could be America’s first Muslim governor

  • Born to two Egyptian immigrants in Gratiot County, Michigan, 32-year-old Dr. Abdul El-Sayed has done it all. El-Sayed became a doctor, educator and civil servant all before the age of 32. 
  • Now, he has set his eyes on yet another milestone: to become the governor of Michigan.
  • “I’m not running to be the first Muslim governor,” El-Sayed said in a phone interview. “I’m running because I believe I will be the best governor for the state of Michigan — whether or not I’m Muslim.”
  • El-Sayed could be both the youngest person to be elected governor, since Bill Clinton in 1978, and the first Muslim in the U.S. to do so. 
  • But despite his accomplishments and dedication to transforming Detroit’s health department, El-Sayed has to face another challenge: overcoming the rising levels of anti-Muslim sentiment in the current social and political climate.
  • “My faith is really important to me, as it is for many Americans and Michiganders,” El-Sayed said. “But I think we should be asking ourselves rather than how one prays, or what they pray to, we should ask ourselves what [one] prays for and what one hopes for.” Read more (3/2/17 12 PM)

follow @the-movemnt

After 32 years in the House of Representatives, here is my advice on how people opposed to President Donald Trump’s assault on our basic values — a majority of those who voted last November — can best influence members of Congress. 

Done the right way, communications from citizens can have a significant impact on legislators, even when they claim to be immune to “pressure.” (“Pressure,” in legislative jargon, is the expression of views with which legislators disagree, as opposed to “public opinion” — the term used for sentiments that reinforce their own.)

The key to doing it right is being clear about the goal, which is to persuade the Senator or Representative receiving the communication that how he or she votes on the issue in question will affect how the sender will vote the next time the legislator is on the ballot.

This means the following:

Make sure you’re registered to vote — lawmakers check.

Many office holders will check this, especially for people who write to them frequently. Elected officials pay as much attention to those who are not registered to vote as butchers do to the food preferences of vegetarians.

Lawmakers don’t care about people outside of their district.

You can only have an impact on legislators for or against whom you will have a chance to vote the next time they run. In almost all cases, this means only people in whose state or district you live. Senators or representatives whose names will not be on the ballot you cast are immune to your pressure. There is a small set of exceptions — representatives who want to run for a statewide office in the next election will be sensitives of voters throughout their states.

Your signature — physical or electronic — on a mass petition will mean little.

You are trying to persuade the recipient of your communication that you care enough about an issue for it to motivate your voting behavior. Simply agreeing to put your name on a list does not convey this. I have had several experiences of writing back to the signer of a petition to give my view on an issue only to be answered by someone who wondered why I thought he or she cared.

The communication must be individual. It can be an email, physical letter, a phone call or an office visit. It need not be elaborate or eloquent — it is an opinion to be counted, not an essay. But it will not have an impact unless it shows some individual initiative.

Know where your representative stands. 

If you have contact with an organization that is working on this issue, try to learn if the recipient of your opinion has taken a position on it. When I received letters from people urging me to vote for a bill of which I was the prominent main sponsor, I was skeptical that the writer would be watching how I voted.

Communicate — even if you and your representative disagree.

On the other hand, even where you are represented by people whom you know oppose you on an issue, communicate anyway. Legislators do not simply vote yes or no on every issue. If enough people in a legislator’s voting constituency express strong opposition to a measure to which that legislator is ideologically or politically committed, it might lead him or her to ask the relevant leadership not to bring the bill up. Conflict avoidance is a cherished goal of many elected officials.

Say “thank you.”

If your Representative and Senators are committed to your causes, you should write or call to thank them — not frequently, but enough for them to feel reinforced.

Enlist the help of friends in other districts.

Your direct communication with legislators outside your voting area will have no impact. But you do have friends, relatives, associates etc. Find out who the potentially influenceable legislators are on issues of prime importance to you, think about people you may know in their constituencies, and ask those who share your views to communicate with those who represent them. On an extremely important issue, get out the list to who you mail holidays cards or important invitations and ask them to communicate with their legislators.

To repeat the essence of point 5, if a legislator who you might have expected to vote differently — e.g. a Republican who votes no on a Trump priority — votes as you have urged, send a thank you. 

— Barney Frank, former Democratic representative for Massachusetts. Read more

Philando Castile’s family reaches $3 million settlement with Minnesota police

  • The Minneapolis suburb where a police officer fatally shot Philando Castile in 2016 has reached a settlement with his mother, Valerie Castile, the Associated Press reported Monday. 
  • According to Valerie Castile’s attorneys, the city of St. Anthony, Minnesota, has agreed to pay nearly $3 million to avoid a federal wrongful death lawsuit over the 32-year-old’s July 6 shooting death.
  • The League of Minnesota Cities Insurance Trust, St. Anthony’s liability insurer, will pay out the $2.995 million settlement, which requires approval by a state court, according to the AP. Read more (6/26/17)

follow @the-movemnt

theguardian.com
Army veterans return to Standing Rock to form a human shield against police
A growing group of military veterans are willing to put their bodies between Native American activists and the police trying to remove them
By Sam Levin

We’re not coming as fighters, but as protectors,” said the 32-year-old marine corps vet, noting that he was concerned about police escalating tactics. “Our role in that situation would be to simply form a barrier between water protectors and the police force and try to take some of that abuse for them.”

Since last fall, police have made roughly 700 arrests, at times deploying water cannons, Mace, rubber bullets, teargas, pepper spray and other less-than-lethal weapons. Private guards for the pipeline have also been accused of violent tactics.

“We have the experience of standing in the face of adverse conditions – militarization, hostility, intimidation,” said Julius Page, a 61-year-old veteran staying at the vets camp.

Dan Luker, a 66-year-old veteran who visited Standing Rock in December and returned this month, said that for many who fought in Vietnam or the Middle East it was “healing” to help water protectors.

“This is the right war, right side,” said Luker, a Vietnam vet from Boston. “Finally, it’s the US military coming on to Sioux land to help, for the first time in history, instead of coming on to Sioux land to kill natives.”

Calls from a Killer

32-year-old Dorothy Jane Scott lived in Stanton, California, with her aunt and 4-year-old son, Shanti. On the morning of 28 May, 1980, she dropped her son at her parents home before departing to her place of employment in Anaheim, California. As she proceeded with her duties for that day, a coworker, Conrad Bostron, started to complain about a crippling pain. Being the kind and compassionate woman she was, Dorothy offered to take him to the hospital. As it transpired, Conrad had been bitten by a spider. When it was time for him to leave the hospital, Dorothy said she would go to the car park out the back and drive it to the front of the hospital so that Conrad didn’t have to walk too far.

As he stood outside, Dorothy seemed to be taking much longer than expected. Then, out of nowhere, he saw Dorothy’s car speed out of the car park and turn around the corner, speeding away from him. When she didn’t come back, Conrad alerted the police. Dread immediately washed over. For several months, Dorothy had been receiving alarming phone calls from an unknown caller. In these calls, the anonymous man would tell Dorothy that he was watching her. He was able to describe where she was and what she was doing in great detail. A terrified Dorothy even took karate lessons in an attempt to protect herself if this stalker was ever to attack. In these disturbing phone calls, he often threatened that he would kill Dorothy - in fact, he once told her he would abduct her and dismember her.

In the early hours of the following morning, Dorothy’s discarded and burnt out car was discovered approximately 10 miles from the hospital but there was no sign of Dorothy. Over the forthcoming years, Dorothy’s mother would receive taunting phone calls on a Wednesday in which the voice at the other end of the line would tell her that he still had Dorothy or tell her that he had murdered Dorothy. Eventually the calls stopped, at least until August 1984, when Dorothy’s remains were found. She was found on Santa Ann Canyon Road. Decomposition made a cause of death impossible. The calls soon started once again but police said they were untraceable. “Is Dorothy home?” the taunting voice often asked before hanging up.

Investigators would announce that they believed the man who had incessantly harassed Dorothy and then her mother was the killer. However, he has never been identified.