A mobile siege tortoise, used by Alexander as he besieged Halicarnassus in 334 BCE. The machines allowed about a dozen workers each to be protected as they filled in the protective ditch that ringed the city, and to thus allow offensive siege engines to approach up to the walls.

(Brian Delf)

Ganymede Jewellery 

c.330-300 BC


The pieces in this group are said to have been found together in Macedonia, near Thessaloniki, before 1913. The assemblage forms an impressive parure (matched set) - earrings, necklace, fibulae (pins), bracelets, and a ring - but it is not certain that they belong together, for the pieces do not show a clear uniformity of style.

The gold strap necklace, dated circa 300 B.C., is made of three double loop-in-loop chains with double interlinking and a fringe of beechnut pendants. The terminals take the form of an ivy or grape leaf and have a border of beaded wire and a rosette in the center. Strap necklaces have been found in many areas of the Greek world, including southern Italy, Asia Minor, and the Northern Pontus region (around the Black Sea).

The superb gold earrings, dated circa 330-300 B.C., consist of a large honeysuckle palmette below which hangs a finely worked three-dimensional figure of the Trojan prince Ganymede in the clutches of Zeus, who has assumed the guise of an eagle. Zeus coveted Ganymede for his beauty, and carried him off to Mount Olympos to be a cupbearer for the gods. The pendants are sculptural masterpieces in miniature, no doubt reflecting in their basic conception a famous large-scale bronze group of the same subject, made by Leochares in the first half of the fourth century B.C. The airborne theme is ingeniously adapted here to an object that hangs freely in space.

The rock-crystal hoops of the bracelets (ca. 330-300 B.C.) have been carefully cut, carved, and polished to produce a twisted appearance, highlighted by wire bindings fitted into the valleys. The rams’ heads emerge from long elaborate collars decorated with three friezes enclosed within bands of darts and bordered by plain beaded wire. The upper frieze, an ivy chain on a vine, is tied at the center with a Herakles knot and bears four bunches of grapes; the middle frieze has palmettes with pointed leaves; the third frieze, a palmette complex.

The two pairs of gold fibulae, of Macedonian-type, date to 330-300 B.C. Such fibulae (pins), which belong to a northern Greek type characterized by “paddle-wheel” decoration, were usually worn in sets of six. Two more matching fibulae have been identified, one in Berlin and one in the Gans collection. Each hinge plate, all produced with the same die, is decorated with the head of a woman wearing a lion skin. She can be identified as either Omphale, the queen of Lydia, wearing Herakles’ lion skin, or Artemis, goddess of the hunt.

The toothed setting of the gold ring holds a fine-colored but flawed cabochon emerald. A similar ring was found at Derveni in a tomb of the late fourth century B.C. Emeralds first appeared in jewellery at this time and probably came from mines in the eastern Egyptian desert, though it is possible that some came from the Ural Mountains.

(Source: The Met Museum)

An 18th century drawing, by the Chevalier de Folard, of the helepolis designed by Epimachus for the siege of Rhodes in 305 BCE. Note the pulley system used to move it forward.

When the siege failed, the helepolis was abandoned, and the metal plating used by the people of Rhodes to construct the Colossus.

@ ppl who read the sequels but not the original novels, then write a shitty review: R U OK

Paleolithic artefacts excavated in Luka-Vrublivetska.

The Stone Age. The oldest traces of human existence in Ukraine, dating from the early Paleolithic Period (ca 300,000 BC) of the Stone Age, were discovered near the village of Luka-Vrublivetska on the Dnister River in 1946. Archeological evidence indicates that by the Upper Paleolithic Period (40,000–15,000 BC) almost all of Ukraine was inhabited by clansof hunters and gatherers. During the Mesolithic Period (10,000–7,000 BC) Ukraine’s inhabitants engaged in fishing, had domesticated dogs, and used the bow and arrow; the first tribal units then appeared. During the Neolithic Period (7,000–3,000 BC) primitive agriculture and animal husbandry arose, as did pottery and weaving. These activities developed further during the Copper Age and Bronze Age.

via > encyclopediaofukraine.com


Cheat sheet time!

It can be hard to tell my stories apart because they belong to the same universe. 

I have a historical-fantasy story that takes place in ancient Europe, that includes Marmareon, Rurid, Bui, etc.

Marmareon - A young Mediterranean man who travels into Northern Europe around 300 BC.

Rurid - A Celtic chieftan.

Bui - A spirit or god that dwells in the shrine near Rurid’s home.

Buir - The fictional Celtic tribe Rurid belongs to.

Buirihh - A fictional breed of horses bred by the Buir.

Naorugh - Stilt legged boars that antagonize the Buir.

Hhoota - A lost god that Marmareon becomes entangled with and eventually becomes.

Now, my other story takes place in present day but in The Cats Way pocket dimension. That story encompasses Jacky, Jim, Herman, Gale, etc and isn’t represented in the pictures above.


like first they unblocked netflix at school so i could watch the west wing during lunch and then my grade up went up in chem and my friend was super happy for me i was like ok i love you and theN omg i won a scholarship for a journalism workshop this summer i was so happy i am still so happy i can’t believe

anonymous asked:

How much are you selling the camera for??

£300 bc i got it for like £340 or smth in John Lewis?? however i’m open to offers £250+!! (sorry if the price is steep, i’m pOOr)