~ Squat Lekythos: Head Rising from a Flower.
Artist: The Dareios Painter, Greek (active c. 350-300 BCE)
Date: ca. 330-300 B.C.
Place of origin: Apulia
Period: Classical period, Late, to Early Hellenistic
Bronze head of a man, thought to be a north African. Artist unknown; ca. 300 BCE. Found beneath the cella of the temple of Apollo at Cyrene, Libya; now in the British Museum. Photo credit: Zde/Wikimedia Commons.
Unknown artist, Pair of gold earrings with Ganymede and the eagle (330-300 BCE), gold, height 6 cm, The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1937), New York, NY. Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Ancient Egyptian steatite scarab set in a modern gold ring. The scarab dated to anywhere between 2000-300 BCE. From the source, Galerie Golconda:
The ray-like antenna on the beetle’s head and its practice of dung-rolling caused the
beetle to also carry solar symbolism. The scarab-beetle god Khepera was believed to
push the setting sun along the sky in the same manner as the beetle with his ball of
dung. In many artifacts, the scarab is depicted pushing the sun along its course in the
During and following the New Kingdom, scarab amulets were often placed over the
heart of the mummified deceased. These “heart scarabs” were meant to be weighed
against the feather of truth during the final judgement. The amulets were often
inscribed with a spell from the Book of the Dead which entreated the heart to “not
stand as a witness against me.”
Ζεὺς δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἐνὶ Κρήτῃ τρέφετο μέγας, οὐδ᾽ ἄρα τίς νιν
ἠείδει μακάρων: ὃ δ᾽ ἀέξετο πᾶσι μέλεσσι.
τὸν μὲν ἄρα τρήρωνες ὑπὸ ζαθέῳ τράφον ἄντρῳ
ἀμβροσίην φορέουσαι ἀπ᾽ Ὠκεανοῖο ῥοάων:
νέκταρ δ᾽ ἐκ πέτρης μέγας αἰετὸς αἰὲν ἀφύσσων
γαμφηλῇ φορέεσκε ποτὸν Διὶ μητιόεντι.
τὸν καὶ νικήσας πατέρα Κρόνον εὐρύοπα Ζεὺς
ἀθάνατον ποίησε καὶ οὐρανῷ ἐγκατένασσεν.
ὣς δ᾽ αὕτως τρήρωσι πελειάσιν ὤπασε τιμήν,
αἳ δή τοι θέρεος καὶ χείματος ἄγγελοί εἰσι.
Great Zeus was raised in Crete, and none of the blessed gods
knew of him; and he grew strong in all his limbs.
Shy doves nourished him in a sacred grotto,
bearing ambrosia from the streams of Ocean;
and a great eagle, ever drawing nectar from a stone,
brought to and fro in its beak a drink for Zeus the wise-counselor.
Far-seeing Zeus, after conquering his father, Kronos,
made this eagle immortal, and gave it a place in heaven.
Even so he granted honor to the shy doves,
who are the messengers of summer and winter.
Moero (fl. 300 BCE). This is the sole surviving fragment of her epic, Memory, quoted in Athenaeus’ Deipnosophistae 11.80.
Thessalonike (352 or 345 – 295 BC) was a Macedonian princess, the daughter of king Philip II of Macedon by his Thessalian wife or concubine, Nicesipolis, from Pherae. History links her to three of the most powerful men in Macedon—daughter of King Philip II, half sister of Alexander the Great and wife of Cassander.