In spite of how much hatred there is towards the lgbtq+ community, the little signs of acceptance make me incredibly happy. My brother referring to a trans woman on tv as a woman. Girls holding hands getting smiled at by other girls. All-gender restrooms getting created. How the gsa at my school made rainbow pins, and you find a kid in every friend group with one. How I’m able to talk about liking more than one gender with my friends. When a man casually mentions his boyfriend, and he is just greeted by smiles. Although they seem small, they are so huge to me.
Bronze plaque of a man from the Ordos Plateau, ca. 300-100 BCE. This area, now part of modern-day China, was often occupied by nomadic cultures like the Xiongnu, which frequently found themselves at war with China. The Chinese fluctuated between paying these groups off and fighting them in generally fruitless military campaigns.
Solar Storms Can Drain Electrical Charge Above Earth
New research on solar storms finds that they not only can cause regions of excessive electrical charge in the upper atmosphere above Earth’s poles, they also can do the exact opposite: cause regions that are nearly depleted of electrically charged particles.
The finding adds to our knowledge of how solar storms affect Earth and could possibly lead to improved radio communication and navigation systems for the Arctic.
A team of researchers from Denmark, the United States and Canada made the discovery while studying a solar storm that reached Earth on Feb. 19, 2014.
The storm was observed to affect the ionosphere in all of Earth’s northern latitudes.
Its effects on Greenland were documented by a network of global navigation satellite system, or GNSS, stations as well as geomagnetic observatories and other resources.
Attila Komjathy of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, developed software to process the GNSS data and helped with the data processing. The results were published in the journal Radio Science.
Solar storms often include an eruption on the sun called a coronal mass ejection, or CME.
This is a vast cloud of electrically charged particles hurled into space that disturbs the interplanetary magnetic field in our solar system. When these particles and the magnetic disturbances encounter Earth’s magnetic field, they interact in a series of complex physical processes, and trigger perturbations in the Earth’s magnetic field.
Those perturbations are called geomagnetic storms. The interactions may cause unstable patches of excess electrons in the ionosphere, an atmospheric region starting about 50 miles (80 kilometers) above Earth’s surface that already contains ions and electrons.
The 2014 geomagnetic storm was a result of two powerful Earth-directed CMEs.
The storm initially produced patches of extra electrons in the ionosphere over northern Greenland, as usual.
But just south of these patches, the scientists were surprised to find broad areas extending 300 to 600 miles (500 to 1,000 kilometers) where the electrons were “almost vacuumed out,” in the words of Per Hoeg of the National Space Research Institute at the Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby.
These areas remained depleted of electrons for several days.
The electrons in the ionosphere normally reflect radio waves back to ground level, enabling long-distance radio communications.
Both electron depletion and electron increases in this layer can possibly cause radio communications to fail, reduce the accuracy of GPS systems, damage satellites and harm electrical grids.
“We don’t know exactly what causes the depletion,” Komjathy said.
“One possible explanation is that electrons are recombining with positively charged ions until there are no excess electrons.
There could also be redistribution – electrons being displaced and pushed away from the region, not only horizontally but vertically.”
The paper is titled “Multiinstrument observations of a geomagnetic storm and its effects on the Arctic ionosphere: A case study of the 19 February 2014 storm.” Lead author Tibor Durgonics is a doctoral student at the Technical University of Denmark.
Richard Langley (University of New Brunswick, Canada) provided data sets and interpretation.
JPL is a division of Caltech in Pasadena, California.
In the summer of 1998, Russian scientists who were investigating an area 300 km southwest of Moscow on the remains of a meteorite, discovered a piece of rock which enclosed an iron screw. Geologists estimate that the age of the rock is 300-320 million years. At that time there were not any intelligent life forms on earth, not even dinosaurs. The screw which is clearly visible in the head and nut, has a length of about cm and a diameter of about three millimeters. I’m unsure about the authenticity of this, as there were no legit sources behind this news story.
Schönbrunn Palace is a rococo style palace in Vienna, Austria, that was home to the Hapsburg Dynasty for over 300 years. The area initially served as a hunting ground and recreational area after its’ purchase by Maximilian II in 1569. Eleonora Gonzaga had the palace added to the mansion already built on the grounds after being given the area for her widow’s residence after her husband’s death. The palace took on its’ current form when it was rebuilt in the 1740s and 50s, during the reign of Maria Theresa. Her grandson, Leopold II, had the exterior redecorated in the neoclassical style as it appears today. After the fall of the Habsburg Monarchy, the palace became the property of the Austrian government and has been preserved as a museum. It was declared a World Heritage site in 1996, and is visited by millions of tourists every year.
When the new subdivisions were rising everywhere here in the 1990s and early 2000s, with hundreds and hundreds of fine homes on one-acre lots carved out of the Georgia forest, the price divide between this part of DeKalb County and the northern part wasn’t so vast.
Now, a house that looks otherwise identical in South DeKalb, on the edge of Atlanta, might sell for half what it would in North DeKalb. The difference has widened over the years of the housing boom, bust and recovery, and Wayne Early can’t explain it.
The people here make good money, he says. They have good jobs. Their homes are built of the same sturdy brick. Early, an economic development consultant and real estate agent, can identify only one obvious difference that makes property here worth so much less.
“This can’t happen by accident,” he says. “It’s too tightly correlated with race for it to be based on something else.”
The communities in South DeKalb are almost entirely African American, and they reflect a housing disparity that emerges across the Atlanta metropolitan area and the nation. According to a new Washington Post analysis, the higher a Zip code’s share of black residents in the Atlanta region, the worse its housing values have fared over the past turbulent housing cycle.
Predominantly black neighborhoods have been left out of the recovery across Atlanta
In the Atlanta region, the racial makeup of a Zip code predicts how well home values have fared there. Values are down in almost all Zips where the population is at least 40 percent African American. The difference is especially stark in DeKalb County.
Nationwide, home values in predominantly African American neighborhoods have been the least likely to recover. Across the 300 largest U.S. metropolitan areas, homes in 4 out of 10 Zip codes where blacks are the largest population group are worth less than they were in 2004. That’s twice the rate for mostly white Zip codes across the country. Across metropolitan Atlanta, nearly 9 in 10 largely black Zip codes still have home values below that point 12 years ago.
And in South DeKalb, the collapse has been even worse. In some Zip codes, home values are still 25 percent below what they were then. Families here, who’ve lost their wealth and had their life plans scrambled, see neighborhoods in the very same county — mostly white neighborhoods — thriving.
“I don’t think it’s anything local residents did that caused that to happen,” Early says. “I think it’s all outside forces that did this.”
“In the summer of 1998, Russian scientists who were investigating an area 300 th km southwest of Moscow on the remains of a meteorite, discovered a piece of rock which enclosed an iron screw. Geologists estimate that the age of the rock is 300-320 million years.
At that time there were not only intelligent life forms on earth, not even dinosaurs. The screw which is clearly visible in the head and nut, has a length of about cm and a diameter of about three millimeters.”