30 lengths

EVOLUTION OF THE WHALES

Christmas is almost here, so what better topic to post on than the evolution of the whales!?!?

65 million years ago the earth was devastated by a catastrophic meteor impact that resulted in the death of the dinosaurs. Mammals back then had been slowly evolving but remained small and mostly nocturnal, yet when the dinosaurs perished they quickly took over abandoned niches in the skies, land and water becoming one of the most incredible dynasties the world has ever seen.
Some of the most beautiful of this diverse group are the marine mammals, the cetaceans (whales, dolphins etc). The ancestor of the whales left life on land to make the oceans their home. With over 86 species existing today of whales, dolphins and other marine mammals, they make up the order Cetacea which include the magnificent blue whale reaching a whopping 30 metres in length to the little known porpoise species, Vaquita reaching only 4.5 metres long.
The evolution of the whales is documented in an incredibly rich fossil record dating back to over 50 million years ago…

Pakicetus, 50 million years ago
Pakicetus is regarded as the most basal (earliest) whale. Although Pakicetus primarily lived on land, it is the first of the land mammals to show significant developments towards a future in ruling the oceans. Pakicetus is known from only a few incomplete specimens found in Pakistan but it is predicted to have been about a metre in length. Interestingly, Pakicetus was an artiodactyl (or even-toed ungulate, an order which includes the giraffes, camels, pigs and cows), however, Pakicetus shows some defining characteristics of evolving for life in the water such as elongation of the skull and body and the teeth begin to lose the heterodontus nature. The eyes of Pakicetus were also high on its head suggesting a capability to hunt not only on land but in water too.

Ambulocetus, 49 million years ago
Ambulocetus literally means “walking whale” and shows more extreme divergence towards an aquatic lifestyle. Ambulocetus shows even greater elongation of the skull and simplification of its dental morphology. Unlike the marine reptiles of a bygone era, Ambulocetus would have swam through the water with vertical motion. The morphology of Ambulocetus’ inner ear is also similar to that of modern cetaceans meaning it could probably hear well underwater. Ambulocetus also shares some similarities with modern crocodiles such as high nostrils, pointed teeth and a long skull, making it likely that Ambulocetus was a deadly ambush predator, a far cry from its gentle giant descendants.

Rodhocetus, 46 million years ago

Rodhocetus fossils are also restricted to Pakistan and beautifully depict a familiar whale like skeleton with much shorter limbs and elongated hands and feet (that were most likely webbed). The nasal openings of Rodhocetus has also moved higher up the skull and closer to the eyes. Again, Rodhocetus shows specific morphologies that are characteristic of artiodactyls, they have a double-pulley astralagus (heel bone) found in all modern even toed ungulates.  

Basilosaurus, 37 million years ago
Basilosaurus is probably the earliest skeleton that very closely resembles modern whales, the name means “king lizard” which is highly inaccurate but fits well when considering that Basilosaurus had a long and slender body that could reach an almighty 18 metres in length. Basilosaurus also shows an extraordinary reduction in limb size compared to its ancestors meaning it is in no way adapted to live on the land any longer. At the time of Basilosaurus’ existence it was one of the largest marine animals to have existed since the days of marine reptiles (such as Liopleurodon and Mosasaurs). The teeth of Basilosaurus had similar morphology to modern killer whales indicating they were highly active hunters.

The whales of today are some of the most remarkable creatures to have ever existed. We often stand and stare in awe at the immense sizes of prehistoric marine animals in museums and it is easy to forget that we are living at the same time of the largest animals to have ever existed, past of present, the whales. We then often neglect to appreciate how magnificent these creatures are. Sadly this has led to a massive depletion in their numbers and diversity due to pollution, fishing and hunting. The whales and all other cetaceans have some of the most wonderful social structures known in the animal kingdom as well as incredible intelligence. In the last 50 million years this order has conquered oceans across the world and delighted humans all over. Cetaceans are fast becoming more endangered and if we do not act, in years to come our descendants will wonder how their ancestors let these wonderful creatures slip through their fingers.

Lake Labynkyr in Russia is said to be the home to Nesski, a Loch Ness Monster look-alike. It is often described as looking like a plesiosaur - like Nessie - as well as being grey in color, and having a large head with a gigantic mouth. It is said to measure in at around 30 feet in length, according to witnesses. Stories and sightings of a monster in the waters of Lake Labynkyr date back to the 19th century. Respected scientist Victor Tverdokhlebova even claimed to have seen something out of the ordinary on his expedition to the lake in 1953.

8

1- Hero’s Come Back!! (performed by nobodyknows+) From episodes 1 to 30. (full song length: 4:35)

2 - Distance (performed by LONG SHOT PARTY) From episodes 31 to 53. (full song length: 3:07)

3 - Blue Bird (ブルーバード, Burū Bādo) (performed by “Ikimono-Gakari” (いきものがかり, "Ikimono-Gakari")) From episodes 54 to 77. (full song length: 3:36)

4 - Closer (performed by “Joe Inoue” (井上ジョー, "Inoue Joe") From episode 78 to 102. (full song length: 3:28)

5 - Glow of a Firefly (ホタルノヒカリ, Hotaru no Hikari) (performed by “Ikimono-Gakari” (いきものがかり,“Ikimono-Gakari”)) From episode 103 to 128. (full song length: 4:01)

6 - Sign (performed by FLOW) From episode 129 to 153. (full song length: 3:58)

7 - The World that was Transparent (透明だった世界, Tōmei datta Sekai) (performed by “Hata Motohiro” (秦基博,“Motohiro Hata”) From episode 154 to 179. (full song length: 3:56)

8 - Diver (ダイバー, Daibā) (performed by NICO Touches the Walls) From episode 180 to 205. (full song length: 4:10)

9 - Lovers (ラヴァーズ, Ravāzu) (performed by 7!! Seven Oops) From episodes 206 to 230. (full song length: 3:49)

10 - Newsong (performed by tacica) From episode 231 to 256. (full song length: 3:31)

11 - Assault Rock (突撃ロック, Totsugeki Rokku) (performed by THE CRO-MAGNONS) From episodes 257 to 281. (full song length: 2:26)

12 - Moshimo (もしも) (performed by Daisuke) From episodes 282 to 306. (full song length: 3:57)

13 - Not Even Giving In To the Sudden Rain (ニワカ雨ニモ負ケズ, Niwaka Ame ni mo Makezu) (performed by NICO Touches the Walls) From episode 307 to 332. (full song length: 4:22)

14 - Size of the Moon (月の大きさ, Tsuki no Ōkisa) (performed by Nogizaka46) From episode 333 to 356. (full song length: 3:56)

15 - Crimson Lotus (紅蓮, Guren) (performed by DOES) From episode 357 to 379. (full song length: 4:04)

16 - Silhouette (シルエット, Shiruetto) (performed by KANA-BOON) From episode 380 to 405. (full song length: 4:01)

17 - Wind (風, Kaze) (performed by Yamazaru) From episode 406 to 431. (full song length: 4:09)

18 - LINE (performed by Sukima Switch) From episode 432 to 458. (full song length: 4:43)

19 - Blood Circulator (ブラッドサーキュレーター, Buraddo Sākyurētā) (performed by Asian Kung-Fu Generation) From episode 459 onwards. (full song length: 3:43)

youtube

Hila didn’t like my salsa. Time to move on… unlisted h3h3productions video published Apr 28, 2013 [length 30 seconds]

In the interest of keeping myself productively distracted I'm gonna open up commissions

If you need a song for a video project, making a soundtrack, in need of ambience, sound effects, or just want to give your special someone a special gift, you can commission me.

My general guidelines;

1. for music, you can send me a mood-board or a text description of what sort of vibe you’re looking for and i’ll make it.
Max length 3:30, max speed 215 bpm.
It’ll be $30-$45 depending on the level of length and complexity you’re looking for.

2. for short 30-second loops, same deal, lemme know what you’re looking for and i’ll do it.
They’ll be $10-$15 each.

3. I can also do sound effects, looping ambiance, etc., lemme know what you need and i’ll give you a quote.

4. I take commissions for ONE full length track at a time from each person, and will not take on a big full OST job or anything like that (though you may commission me for a series of 2 or 3 short loops at a time, or 10-20 sound effects, etc). You can commission me a second time after i finish your first commission, if you’d like.

my portfolio is at 4lung.bandcamp.com

Shoot an email over to 4lungmusic@gmail.com if you’re interested! and share this if u don’t mind!

Thanks a bunch,
-Jane❤️

10

Senegal chameleon, Chamaeleo senegalensis

The Senegal chameleon, Chamaeleo senegalensis, is a species of chameleon native to West Africa. Its range includes Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, and Cameroon, and it lives in moist savanna. Due to its wide range and unknown population, the Senegal chameleon is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List. However, it may be threatened by the pet trade.The Senegal chameleon is usually olive brown, and ranges from 20 to 30 cm in length, although the male is usually smaller. source wikipedia

Paul Cools photos (reptiles and amphibians)

onethree:thirty

In case you didn’t know, the thing that is happening tonight is the release of the heavydirtysoul music video.

The one in onethree:thirty means 1 as in the first track, heavydirtysoul.

The three:thirty (3:30) is the length of heavydirtysoul.

It’s coming tonight clique, be ready |-/

In 1979, $100,000 was offered for the capture of the Iliamna Lake Monster in Alaska. But nothing turned up and no money was rewarded. A monster in Iliamna Lake has been reported since the 1940s, when pilots began claiming sightings from the sky. It is said to be 10 to 30 feet in length, colored grey, with a large square head that it uses to ram into boats. The most common theories are that this creature could be a sleeper shark or a large sturgeon. 

Hey guys!

I’’m in a bit of a rough spot right now so I’m opening a small vid commission. If you always wanted to see a video for a certain fandom with a certain song - here’s your chance to get it and in the process you will help me out immensely.

I’m charging ~ 20$ for every 30 seconds of a video. The price is negotiable, depending on what kind of video/fandom you want (e.g.a Supernatural video would cost more than a video for a movie, because I would have to go through 11 seasons of footage rather than just a two hour movie, you get the idea). That way a 2:30 video (a full length trailer) would cost approximately 100$ and a full length song around 140-160$

So far I’ve made videos for Supernatural, Captain America/Marvel, Sherlock BBC, Doctor Who, Merlin, Elementary, White Collar, Daredevil, other tv shows and a bunch of different movies. I’m willing to try a lot of new things, though it might take me some time to watch a tv show/movie if I’m not familiar with it. I’ve made general videos, character studies, trailers for fics (fun times!), a couple of crack videos (though let’s face it: blood and tears and general misery is my jam), promo videos, you name it.

Paying is via paypal only.

If you have any questions please contact me here on tumblr, on youtube or via e-mail: loki-toki at hotmail dot com

I will love you forever for reblogging this ♥

Thank you in advance!

xoxo

💎Elegant and Rare Platinum, Aquamarine, Sapphire and Diamond Sautoir, Cartier, London💎💎💎💎💎
The pendant suspending three variously-cut aquamarines, the rectangular-shaped aquamarine weighing approximately 29.00 carats, supporting an octagonal-shaped aquamarine weighing approximately 54.20 carats, terminating in a pear-shaped biolette-cut aquamarine drop weighing approximately 59.30 carats, spaced by geometric links decorated with cabochon sapphires weighing approximately 5.30 carats, completed by the original silk cord applied with diamond-set accents, the round and single-cut diamonds weighing approximately 1.15 carats, necklace length 30 5/8 inches, pendant length 4¼ inches, unsigned; 1929.

Caged [30]

Characters: NamjoonxReader
Length: 2600 words
Genre: Mafia AU
Warnings: Violence
 

Part 29  Part 31

The bandage around your arm was too tight, but the discomfort reminded you to move your left arm as little as possible. The doctor – a gorgeous lady in her mid-30s and a personal friend of Taehyung’s – had taken care of your wound in the spacious apartment Taehyung used as his permanent address. Not that he ever spent a lot of time there, he had told you as he had kept on talking to distract you from the pain, which was why the interior was fairly sparse. There was furniture but no decoration, it was a house but not a home.

Not long after the doctor had left, Hoseok and Jungkook had arrived. Jin had called Hoseok from the car. They probably would have arrived at the apartment before Taehyung, Jin, and you, but they had stopped by the hotel to grab the luggage from Jungkook’s and your room – Hoseok had dismissed the idea to get his belongings from his room after one look at the gorilla-like man in a suit that was lingering suspiciously near the door. Yoongi had had the presence of mind to take his backpack with him, and Hoseok hadn’t kept anything important in the room.

You grunted, tired and annoyed, when Jin asked you for the third time if you were okay.

“Please calm down, Jin,” you said as you watched Jungkook lay out the guns they had bought on Taehyung’s stylish coffee table. “It’s not even bleeding anymore.”

Jin opened his mouth as if to ask something else, but instead shot Hoseok a confused look. Hoseok shook his head at Jin and finally Jin understood.

You didn’t know.

Keep reading

  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Crustacea

The mantis shrimp is a marine crustacean that typically grows to be 30 centimeters in length and can range from brown to bright neon colors. They have very powerful claws that are capable of inflicting serious damage on victims significantly greater in size than themselves. The mantis’ eye has 16 photoreceptors (compared to the our 3) and can see UV, visible, and polarized light making it the most complex visual system on Earth.

2

In the early 1900s the tapeworm diet started to be advertised. Dieters would swallow beef tapeworm cysts, usually in the form of a pill. The theory was that the tapeworms would reach maturity in the intestines and absorb food. This could cause weight loss, along with diarrhea and vomiting.

Once a person reached their desired weight they then took an anti-parasitic pill which, they hoped, would kill off the tapeworms. The dieter would then have to excrete the tapeworm, which could cause abdominal and rectal complications. It was risky in many ways. Not only can a tapeworm grow up to 30 feet (9m) in length, they can also cause many illnesses including headaches, eye problems, meningitis, epilepsy and dementia. (Source)

Warriors Words and Terms, and what they mean.

~~~ Official Erin Hunter General terms ~~~

Carrionplace = Dump, or Rubbish Heap.

Crowfood / Crow-Food = Dead rotting prey.

Cutter = Vet. Specidically a vet that neuters/spays animals

Dirt = Feces, poop

Fresh-kill = Freshly killed prey animals, including fish.

Greenleaf Twoleg place = A holiday reserve, boating lodge, camping place, etc.

Halfbridge = A Dock.

Horseplace = Stables

Kittypet = Pet Cat

Loner = Lone stray non-aggressive cat. Can have some knowledge of Clan Life

“making dirt” = Im taking a shit

Monster = Vehicles operated by humans, including tractors, cars and vans.

Rogue = Aggresive stray cat with 9usually) no interest in clan life

Sharing Tongues = Grooming and gossip

Silver boulder = Trash-can / Bin

Silverthorn  = Barbed wire

Tree-Eater = Bulldozer

Twoleg / Twoleg Nest /  Twolegplace = Human, A sole human house, Village/town/city

Water-Monster = Boat


~~~~~ Time Terms ~~~~~

Newleaf = Spring

Greenleaf = Summer

Leaf-Fall = Autumn/Fall

Leafbare = Winter

Moon = 28 - 31 Days

Moonhigh = Midnight

Half-Moon = Two weeks/fortnight

Quarter moon = A week

Sunhigh = Midday

Sunrise = One day

Season = Four months/moons

Claw-moon = Cresent Moon


~~~~~ Distance Terms ~~~~~

Fox-length = A yard (80cm)

Kittenstep/Kitstep = An inch

Tail-length = A foot (30 cm)

Rabbit hop/length = Foot and a half (45cm)

Mouse length = 2/3 inches

Pawstep = 6 inches

Tree-length = 40 - 50 feet. (15 m)


~~~~~ Insults, Exclamations, Phrases ~~~~~

“As easy as swallowing a minnow” = Saying how easy a task is.

“As much use as a dead fox” = An insult. Calling someone/something useless

“Crowfood” = An Insult, comparing someone to rotting flesh, or implying they eat it.

“You’re crazier/madder than a fox in a fit!” = Calling someone crazy/ acting crazy. (Used by Lionblaze to call Ashfur)

“Doesn’t matter a whisker” = Doesn’t matter a bit.

“Doormouse” = Cat who sleeps a lot

“Drypaw“ = Cat who dislikes getting paws wet

“Dungface” =An insult: Shithead

“Like Lionclan/Tigerclan” = An action thought to have taken great courage and bravery.

“Featherbrain” = Mousebrain, for Windclan cats AKA Stupid

“Fishface, Fishfur, or Fishbreath” Insult against Riverclan

“Fleabrain” can be used as “idiot” or “stupid” or worse

“Fox-hearted” = Mean, cruel or evil

“Fox dung” = Insult, used to compare one to feces. Also an exclamation (IE: Thats fox-dung!”

“Furball“ - Severity depends on tone.

“Fuzz-Brain” - Friendly insult.

“Great Starclan!“ - “Oh my god!”

“When hedgehogs will fly” = When pigs fly

“How in Silverpelt?” = How in the world?!

“I don’t/they don’t give a mouse-tail“ = They don’t give a shit.

“I’d of shredded you to mousemeat/dust“ = a threat, wanting to injure/maim enemy

“It’s better to scare away a mouse than welcome a badger“ = It’s better to scare a friend than welcome an aggressive enemy

“May Starclan light your path/banish all fleas from your nest“ = a wish of goodwill on another

May the Sun warm your back and the fish leap into your paws“ = a friendly blessing for Riverclan cats. Can mean sleep well,or wish goodbye to a dead clan mate.

“Minnow-brain“ = Mousebrain, aka Stupid

“Mousebrain“ = Stupid. Can be mean or friendly insult.

Mouse-dung“ = Insult, comparing one to mouse turds. Also used similar to “damn it!”

“Mousefodder“ = insult, used to compare someone as useless or a kittypet.

Once a kittypet, always a kittypet!“ = Used by forest cats to insult kittypets.

(Only) Starclan knows (what)“ = Exclamation, similar to “God knows what”

“Pain in the tail” = Pain in the ass

“Scaredy-mouse/sparrow“ = The cat term for “scaredy-cat!”

“Snake-heart / Snake Hearted“ = A varation of “Fox-Hearted” Usually used by Riverclan

Sorry catches no prey or Sorry fills no bellies“ = You can be sorry, but it won’t change the past.

StarClan’s kits“ = An exclamation of disbelief, also can be used as an expression of pain, similar to “Jesus christ that hurt!”

“Tabbies don’t change their stripes“ = ‘A leopard can’t change its spots‘

What in StarClan’s name?“ = “What in the world?“

That’s a load of badger droppings “ = Harsh exclamation, calling something nonsense.

Thistles and thorns“ = A variation of “Mousedung“

You fight/hunt like a kittypet! “ = Used to describe a poor hunter/fighter

Who made dirt in his/her fresh kill/nest?“ = A way of asking “Whats eating them?” or “Who crapped in your cereal this morning?”

Frog-dirt and Fish-guts “ = Riverclan variations of “Mousedung”

Rabbit-chasers“ = A less aggresive term to describe Windclan

Who ruffled their fur?“ = “Whats gottenunder their skin?”

Rabbit-brain“ = Windclan variation of “Mouse-brain”


~~~ MY Fan-made terms! (Feel free to use!) ~~~

Tom-Taker = Male Gay/Homosexual (Also includes Bisexual and Pansexual) cat.

Kitty-Cuddler = Lesbian/Homosexual (Includes Bisexual and Pansexual) She-Cat

Queen/Tom-Catcher = A cat term for rapist

“Go stick your paws in your mouth“ = roughly “Go fuck yourself”


Status Update

Holy cow, you guys! I guess I’m suddenly super popular over night! I just received at least four requests for translations. I’m so thrilled to have requests, but all of them are 30+ pages! Given the length, it’s going to take me some time to get these done. Please be patient while I work on these beasts. I’m delighted to have them, but they’re gonna be slooooow, especially since a lot of the kanji is handwritten and therefore potentially more difficult to read.

As for my fanfics, I’ve been so grossly negligent, and I’m sorry! I promise you I’m working on them. I have so many awesome requests in my inbox that I’m really inspired by, and I want to do them justice! I write at a turtle’s pace, but fics are coming!

So, to sum up, if you sent me a request, I love you. It might take me awhile to fill your request due to volume, so please be patient with me! If I don’t respond or post your request, have no fear! It’s only because I’m busy working on it. Have faith, I will get to your request! And never forget that you are awesome, my dears!

Source:

I’ll be starting these classes in June!

I work around your schedule.

Email, call, or message me for more info.

I’ll also be doing rune, and pendulum classes.

“But Kitten, why should we take a class? And why your classes?”

-If you are an advanced reader, we’ll be working on any trouble areas.

-Beginning reader? We’ll go over basics, I’ll listen to your concerns, and we’ll model your class to you.

-Medium level? We’ll work on more intricate things like reversals, and tailor your class to you.

Each class is 30 minutes in length, and can be a 1 time session, or however many you feel you need.

Why take my classes?

-tailored learning plan

-A proven teaching record (I have a teaching background, have substituted, and I did teaching hours for my degree)

-I work for you. You get to decide the time/day that works for your busy schedule.

-You get a pdf tailored to you, and a pdf tarot journal.

-You get a discount in my store for whichever divination tool you take a class for.

I’ll be happy to chat with you about any questions.