30 30 caliber rifle


Shortlane Scavenger 9mm Luger 12 Gauge Shotgun Adapter Review,

Now that I have a 12 gauge break action double barrel shotgun, one thing I’ve always wanted to try are those bizarre chamber adapters. Ever wonder if there was a way to fire 9mm out of a 12 gauge shotgun? Well thanks to Shortlane there is. Chamber adapters are fairly simple tools, basically a metal cylinder with a hole bored in the center to accommodate the cartridge. The adapter is inserted into the chamber of the shotgun, and the cartridge inserted into the adapter. Note that they cannot be used in pump or semi auto shotguns, only break actions.

They type I am firing is the Shortlane Scavenger series in 9mm Luger. It’s the simplest model which is smoothbore and 3 inches long. They also make the “Bug Out” series which is rifled and 3 inches long, the “Zombie Series” which is rifled and 5 inches long, and finally the “Pathfinder” series which is rifled and 8 inches long. They come in common pistol calibers such as .22 long rifle, 9mm luger, .380 ACP, .40 SW,.45 ACP, .45 Long Colt,.357 magnum, and .38 special. Rifled models also feature rubber O rings to make the inserts fit more snugly in the chamber. Another company called MCA sports makes rifled inserts that are 10 inches and 18 inches long, with more exotic pistol calibers, and three rifle calibers; .30-40 krag, .30-30, and 7.62x39.

Now I’m under no delusion that I’m going to get great performance out of these. Basically using these chamber inserts is like firing a smoothbore snubby revolver with a loose barrel. The bullet will not spin, definitely something that will ruin accuracy. It’s fired from only a 3 inch barrel which will decrease velocity greatly, and the insert probably vibrates with each shot. Also, my shotgun is meant for wingshooting, meaning the front sight (bead) is made for aerial targets, and thus shoots high when firing at ground targets. 

So is the Shortland adapter in 9mm as crappy as I thought it would be? Well, I’m proud to say that I can easily achieve MOA accuracy, if MOA was measured at five feet. Yeah, these things suck. I was firing American Eagle brand 9mm Luger FMJ with 115 grain bullets. Note that these inserts are not made to safely fire +P ammunition.  After doing some “sighting in” I determined that I needed to hold low, right at the bottom the target, and to the right, down at the right had corner. I first shot open handed at 25 yards, firing 12 rounds. The instruction manual says to expect practical accuracy at 10 yards, but I decided to push it a bit. 

At this range where the bullet will hit is near unpredictable.   I can hold in the same place, but sometimes it will fly high, fly low, and when it does hit the target it’s not anywhere near the bullseye. After firing at 25 yards, I moved up half distance to around 12 yards. At 12 yards I got much better results without missing the target and getting something close to a predictable group. Notice how the bullet holes look mangled rather than being clean round bullet holes. That’s because without rifling the bullet isn’t spinning, and it quickly loses flight stability and begins tumbling.

Here are my results, the left target at 25 yards and right at 10 yards.

So yeah, these things really aren’t good for much of anything. If you have a 12 gauge shotgun, and some assorted ammo you want to make go bang, these inserts will do.  I guess if you only had a shotgun and only a box of 9mm, you could use it for hunting if you were starving and desperate. I wouldn’t hunt with it under normal circumstances, but if I was starving and had no other options, it would be a practical tool, though far from ideal. One advantage is that it does add more versatility to a shotgun. I could see people in the Great Depression appreciating these inserts, despite their limitations. Back in the days of my Great Grandfather, all the family could afford was a 12 gauge double barrel, which was used not only to feed the family with small game and birds, but also large game when loaded with slugs, and pressed into service scaring away Ku Klux Klan thugs whenever they decided it was “harass Italian Catholic Immigrant” day.

Finally I must state that the Scavenger series I used is the simplest and crudest model offered. They retail for $24.99 a piece. The longer rifled models are  more expensive but probably much more effective.  I’m going to purchase the 5 inch rifled model and test it to see how much better they perform. If I find they are practical I might get other calibers, and perhaps one of the 8 inch rifled models. While the scavenger might suck, I’ve seen youtube videos were shooters have gotten some pretty impressive accuracy out of the 5 and 8 inch rifled models. If they are practical, I might also considering getting 10 inch inserts from MCA sports in a rifle caliber cartridge, either .30-30 or 7.62x39 (which actually have similar ballistics).  We shall see.

Kipland Kinkel (1982-?)

Kipland Kinkel is a schizophrenic spree killer who murdered his parents before committing a school shooting at his former school on May 20, 1998. He killed 2 students and injured dozens more. This spree was considered the deadliest shooting at an American high school until the Columbine massacre the following year.

Kipland Kinkel was born on August 30, 1982 in Springfield, Oregon. His parents were William and Faith Kinkel, who were both Spanish teachers. His sister, Kristin, is six years older than him. When Kip was around 6 years old, the family took a sabbatical year in Spain, where he attended a non-English speaking school, where he failed to learn much because the teacher would only speak in Spanish. When the family returned to Springfield Kip began attending Walterville Elementary School but was made to repeat the first grade. In the second grade Kip was tested to see if he was eligible for any special education services, but got an average score on the neurological screening test. He was noted to have disadvantages in certain motor skills and spelling, and that his frustration and anxiety was particularly high. In the third grade, he continued struggling with writing and spelling but did very well in mathematics. Kinkel’s parents had him retested for special education and the 2nd time he qualified. By the end of the year Kinkel was performing extremely well academically, and was learning to control his frustration. In the fourth grade he was diagnosed as dyslexic. By the time he began middle school Kinkel began getting himself into trouble with authority. When he was in seventh grade Kinkel, along with some of his friends, purchased a copy of The Anarchist Cookbook (a bomb-making instructional manual) along with other similar titles. In the eighth grade, Kip was caught shoplifting CDs from a local Target and (although nobody knew at the time) bought a sawed-off shotgun from a friend which he hid in his bedroom.

On January 4, 1997, Kip and a friend went to a snowboarding clinic in Bend, Oregon, and whilst there they ended up being arrested for throwing rocks at cars driving down a highway, one of which struck a car. Both boys were charged and referred to the Department of Youth Service, where Bill and Faith were called to collect Kip. Because of this incident, Kinkel began visiting psychologist Dr. Jeffrey Hicks at his mother’s insistence. Hicks didn’t find any signs of a thought disorder or psychosis and diagnosed Kinkel with major depressive disorder. Hicks’ notes say that Kip became “tearful” when talking about his father, who he had a strained relationship with. On February 26, Kip and his parents visited psychologist Dr. John Crumbley, who believed Kinkel was remorseful about the rock-throwing incident and Kinkel ended up being sentenced to 32 hours of community service. Despite his visits with Dr. Hicks, which suggested that Kip was improving, he received a 2 day suspension on April 23 for assault a student that Kinkel claimed had shoved him. 6 days later, he was again suspended, this time for 3 days, after throwing a pencil at another student. On June 2, Dr. Hicks recommended that Kip began using Prozac (an antidepressant) and this seemed to work. On June 27, without the knowledge of his doctor, Kinkel managed to buy a 9m Glock 19 semiautomatic pistol. Bill Kinkel began letting the gun into the house in order to allow Kinkel to begin taking gun safety lessons. On July 30 his emotional growth meant he no longer needed counselling. During the summer Kinkel purchased a 2nd gun – a .22-caliber Ruger MK II semiautomatic pistol – from his friend and hid it from his parents. When the summer was over, he started at Thurston High School where he excelled academically and was invited to play on the freshman football team. On September 30, Kinkel’s father, Bill, purchased a .22-caliber Ruger 10/22 semiautomatic rifle for his son, as well as a hunting knife. At this stage, he had started hanging out with a tougher group of kids and also began playing with explosives, claiming this helped to vent out his anger.

During Kinkel’s time in high school, a series of school shootings occurred, starting with 16-year-old Luke Woodham. Oh October 1, he stabbed and bludgeoned his mother to death before using a Marlin Model 336 .30-30-caliber lever-action rifle to kill 2 students and injure 7 others at Pearl High School in Pearl, Mississippi before being apprehended and arrested. On December 1, in West Paducah, Kentucky, 14-year-old Michael Carneal began firing into a group of praying students at Heath High School, using a .22-caliber Ruger MK II semiautomatic pistol, killing 3 and injuring 5 before surrendering to authorities. On March 24, 1998, Westside Middle School students Mitchell Johnson and Andrew Golden set off the fire alarm to lure out the entire student body before opening fire on them with 2 semiautomatic rifles, a bolt-action rifle and 4 handguns. They killed 4 students and 1 teacher, injuring 9 other students and 1 other teacher. Both were arrested. Kinkel and a friend saw the news coverage of the massacre and both thought it was “pretty cool.” During May 1998 Kip and some friends toilet-papered a house using 400 rolls of toilet paper in an attempt to beat a school record. They accomplished the record but the group was caught.

On May 19, Kinkel arranged for the purchase of a stolen .32-caliber Beretta semiautomatic pistol from Korey Ewert. The day after that, on May 20, 1998, Kinkel arrived at Thurston High School at around 8am and bought Ewert’s gun for $110. He hid it in his locker. Sometime later, the owner of the Beretta, Scott Keeney, called the school to report his missing gun and to tell them that he believed one of the students, a friend of his son’s, had stolen it. At 9:15am, Kinkel confessed to having the gun to Detective Al Warthen who was at the school on other business. Kinkel and Ewert were arrested, both suspended from school pending expulsion. At 3pm Bill Kinkel arrived at the police station after being informed about Kip’s arrest and picked him up. At 3:30pm Kinkel grabbed the Ruger 10/22 rifle and shot s father in the back of the head, killing him, as Bill sat at the kitchen table drinking coffee. He dragged his father’s body into the bathroom and covered it with a sheet. Whilst waiting for his mother to come home, Kinkel told a few callers that his father was “unavailable.” At around 6:30pm Faith Kinkel arrived home and was walking up the garage steps when Kip told her he loved her before shooting her repeatedly with the Ruger rifle, killing her. He dragged her body across the garage and covered it with a sheet.

The next morning, on May 21, 1998, Kinkel left the house wearing a long trench coat that hid his 3 guns and the hunting knife taped to his leg. He was carrying almost 1,200 rounds of ammo in his backpack. He drove his mother’s car to school, parked on North 61st Street (2 blocks away from the school) and took a shortcut through a dirt path. At 7:55am he entered the school building, firing 2 shots in the hallway with his Ruger rifle. 2 students, Ben Walker and Ryan Atteberry, were hit and injured. Kip then ran into the school cafeteria, where around 200 students were sat, and fired the remaining 48 shots into the crowd. Mikael Nickolauson was killed and 22 others were injured, 2 of them critically. Kinkel aimed the rifle at student Michael Crowley and tried to shoot him but the rifle was empty. When he tried to switch magazines, 17-year-old student Jacob Ryker took the opportunity to tackle Kinkel to the ground.  Jacob’s brother Joshua, brothers Doug and David Ure, Adam Walberger and at least 1 other student joined Jacob in trying to pin down Kinkel. As a result, Kinkel drew his 9mm Glock 19 and fired several shots. Jacob was hit and wounded and another student was injured before Kip was complete subdued. At 8:04am Officer Dan Bishop, first officer on scene, arrested Kinkel. At around 8:50am Kinkel was taken to the police station where he was locked in an interrogation room. He somehow managed to retrieve his hunting knife despite being handcuffed and when Detective Al Warthen came into the room Kinkel threatened him with the knife, charging at him. Warthen used pepper spray on him when he tried to slash his wrists with the knife while another detective took the knife away. At 9:30am 3 Lane County sheriffs arrived at Kinkel’s house and discovered the body of Faith and Bill. They also found 4 homemade bombs constructed with soda cans and a 5th bomb inside a fire extinguisher. After 15 nearby houses were evacuated, explosive devices were detonated on the Kinkel property and police found 2 stashes of inactive bombs, 1 in the crawlspace underneath the porch and the other in Kinkel’s bedroom. Also found was a hand grenade, casings to 2 howitzer shells, fireworks and unspecified chemicals.

On May 22, 1998, Kinkel was arraigned and was charged with 58 felony counts, including 4 counts of aggravated murder and 26 counts of attempted murder. During the arraignment, the defence used mental health experts to argue that Kinkel was mentally ill at the time of the shooting spree. Psychologist Dr. William H. Sack commented that the events would have been prevented if his mental troubles were recognised and treated earlier. Dr. Jeffrey Hicks, Kinkel’s previous psychiatrist, testified that Kip was in “satisfactory mental health” by the time he stopped going to therapy. On September 24, 1999, Kipland Kinkel pled guilty to all of the counts he was charged with and on November 11 was sentenced to 111 year in prison without the possibility of parole. During the hearing, Kinkel apologised for the killings. On June 19, 2007, almost a decade after the killings, Kinkel sought a new trial on the grounds that his lawyers didn’t take his case to trial, instead using the insanity defence. William Sack, now retired, and clinical psychologist Dr. Orin Bolstad, supported the claims, saying that Kinkel exhibited signs of paranoid schizophrenia, but had managed to hide them because he felt it was an abnormality and an obstacle to his social life. According to the doctors, he had experienced delusions and hallucinations, some of which included the Walt Disney Company trying to take control of America and the government implanting a computer chip into his brain. 2 months later, his request for a new trial was denied by a Marion County judge, but he appealed on the grounds that he had been given ineffective assistance in counselling during the original trial. On January 12, 2011, the Oregon Court of Appeals denied the appeal. Kinkel is currently incarcerated at the Oregon State Correctional Institution in Salem, Oregon, having been transferred there from the Oregon Youth Authority on June 11, 2007.