280 m

iam-finalyclean  asked:

How and why would Taylor put a VX nerve agent compound in her cookies?? It’s a dangerous chemical with military use in chemical compounds. I did research and it is an extremely toxic compound. There’s no way this actually happened. I’m sorry, I just have a hard time believing it.

look i don’t know exactly how taylor swift got VX nerve agent into that snickerdoodle and it’s very possible she was lying to me but she has a net worth of $280 million i’m sure she’s capable of hopping onto the deep web to procure outlawed chemical weapons. maybe she paid a private research facility to synthesize the compound. i don’t know. but somehow, taylor swift obtained VX nerve agent and baked it into a snickerdoodle with the express goal of killing me.


Agora of Hierapolis

Hierapolis, Phrygia, Turkey

2nd century CE

170 m X 280 m

The vast plane between Frontinus Street, and the slopes of the mountains to the east, was transformed in the course of the 2nd century CE, into a large square, which has been identified as the commercial Agora of Hierapolis. The Agora is about 170m wide and 280m long, and is surrounded on the northern, western and southern sides by marble porticos (stoai) with an Ionic façade and an internal row of Corinthian columns. On the eastern side you find instead the monumental stoa-basilica, built on a marble staircase 4m high. This monument dominated the square. The stoa-basilica had a façade with two superimposed orders and a portico with squared-sectioned pillars upon which leaned, superiorly grooved half-columns with ionic capitals and bases. The capitals had bearded masks carved on the lateral faces. The upper floor had a row of half-columned pillars made of reddish crushed stone with Corinthian capitals in white marble. The entrance to the stoa-basilica is a propylon, which had an arched entrance flanked by two features that projected over the staircase. The arches are supported by sphinxes on capitals, which themselves take the form of bulls attacked by lions.


Why the universe is dominated by matter today, instead of being comprised of equal parts matter and antimatter, is one of the most intriguing questions in all of science. One of the conditions required for the observed dominance of matter over antimatter to develop is the violation of charge-parity (CP) symmetry, which is the principle that the laws of physics should be the same if viewed upside-down in a mirror, with all matter exchanged with antimatter. If CP violation occurs in neutrinos, it will manifest itself as a difference in the oscillation probabilities of neutrinos and antineutrinos.

LSU physicists Thomas Kutter and Martin Tzanov were among the international T2K Collaboration who recently announced their findings on the symmetry between neutrino and antineutrino oscillation. With newly collected antineutrino data, T2K has performed a new analysis, fitting both neutrino and antineutrino modes simultaneously. T2K’s new data continue the trends observed in 2015, which is a preference for maximal disappearance of muon neutrinos, as well as a discrepancy between the electron neutrino and electron antineutrino appearance rates.

In the T2K experiment in Japan, a muon neutrino beam is produced at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) located in Tokai village, Ibaraki prefecture, on the east coast of Japan. The neutrino beam is created by directing protons from the J-PARC accelerator onto a target to produce an intense secondary particle beam that is focused and filtered by strong magnetic fields. The focused particle beam decays into a beam of muon neutrinos or antineutrinos, depending on the field direction. The neutrino/antineutrino beam is monitored by a detector complex, 280 m away from the neutrino target and aimed at the gigantic Super-Kamiokande underground detector in Kamioka, near the west coast of Japan, 185 miles away from Tokai.

Kutter and his LSU research team of post-docs and students have designed and constructed part of the T2K near detector, which maps out the neutrino beam on its way to the Super-Kamiokande far detector. Physicists at LSU continue to operate the experiment, to collect data and make significant contributions to the analysis.

Currently, graduate student Chris Greenley and post-doc Tarak Thakore are performing data quality control checks to identify a high quality data set which forms the basis for data analysis. Additionally, LSU’s Tzanov has been involved in the construction of the neutrino beamline magnetic horn system, and he simulated this system to extract information about the neutrino beam.

“If the Big Bang produced equal amounts of matter and anti-matter they would have annihilated and left nothing but radiation. However, we know that the universe is filled with matter and we have now observed a hint of neutrinos and anti-neutrinos behaving differently. This result fuels a possible explanation why the universe is filled with matter rather than antimatter or just radiation. We are proud that our research team at LSU has contributed at many levels to the T2K experiment and we are looking forward to continue our involvement to confirm the signal,” Kutter said.

The LSU high-energy physics group is now focusing on data analysis from the near and far detectors of T2K, including the interpretation of data in the context of neutrino oscillation models. Thakore has become an expert on the technical aspects of developing and running algorithms to interpret the data.

T2K’s observed electron antineutrino appearance event rate is lower than would be expected based on the electron neutrino appearance event rate, assuming that CP symmetry is conserved. T2K observes 32 electron neutrinos and four electron antineutrinos, when they expect around 23 neutrinos and seven antineutrinos with no CP violation. When analyzed in a full framework of three neutrino and antineutrino flavors, and combined with measurements of electron antineutrino disappearance from reactor experiments, the T2K data favor maximal CP violation.

Here’s a problem involving heat transfer by conduction. We’ve got a room in a house somewhere. Inside it’s 22 degrees C, but outside it’s -6 degrees. The exterior wall of the room is 0.12 m thick and has a thermal conductivity of 1.2 W/mK. We’ll assume that this is a steady-state situation - all the parameters are steady. How much heat are we loosing through the wall?

The equation we want here is Fourier’s Law:

If we plug in the numbers, we get a heat flux of 280 W/m^2. (Note that, because a degree Celsius is the same change in temperature as a degree Kelvin, we didn’t have to convert temperature here.)

This gives us the heat lost per unit area of wall. A more useful measurement for us is probably the heat rate in this instance, which is just rate at which we’re losing energy. We’ll say the wall has a cross-sectional area of 5 square meters. In this case, we’re losing about 1400 W.