Our sun is ever-changing, and a satellite called
the Solar Dynamics Observatory has a front-row seat.
On February 11, 2010, we launched the Solar Dynamics
Observatory, also known as SDO. SDO keeps a constant eye on the sun, helping us
track everything from sunspots to solar flares to other types of space weather
that can have an impact on Earth.
After seven years in space, SDO has had a chance to do what few
other satellites have been able to do – watch the sun for the majority of a
solar cycle in 11 types of light.
The sun’s activity rises and falls in a pattern that lasts
about 11 years on average. This is called the solar cycle.
Solar activity can influence Earth. For
instance, it’s behind one of Earth’s most dazzling natural events – the aurora.
One of the most common triggers of the aurora is
a type of space weather called a coronal mass ejection, which is a billion-ton
cloud of magnetic solar material expelled into space at around a million miles
When these clouds collide with Earth’s magnetic field, they
can rattle it, sending particles down into the atmosphere and triggering the
auroras. These events can also cause satellite damage and power grid strain in
The sun is in a declining activity phase, so coronal mass
ejections will be less common over the next few years, as will another one of
the main indicators of solar activity – sunspots.
Sunspots are created by twisted knots of magnetic field. Solar
material in these tangled regions is slightly cooler than the surrounding areas,
making them appear dark in visible light.
The tangled magnetic field that creates sunspots also causes
most solar activity, so more sunspots means more solar activity, and vice
versa. Humans have been able to track the solar cycle by counting sunspots
since the 17th century.
The peak of the sun’s activity for this cycle,
called solar maximum, was in 2014.
Now, we’re heading towards the lowest solar
activity for this solar cycle, also known as solar minimum. As solar activity
declines, the number of sunspots decreases. We sometimes go several days
without a single visible sunspot.
But there’s much more to the story than sunspots
– SDO also watches the sun in a type of light called extreme ultraviolet. This
type of light is invisible to human eyes and is blocked by our atmosphere, so
we can only see the sun this way with satellites.
Extreme ultraviolet light reveals different layers of the
sun’s atmosphere, helping scientists connect the dots between the sunspots that
appear in visible light and the space weather that impacts us here on Earth.
SDO keeps an eye on the sun 24/7, and you can see near real-time
images of the sun in 11 types of light at sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data.
I discovered fandom in 2001, and fell down the rabbit hole. I landed hard. My life got busy in 2002 onwards, and I all but vanished from fannish life. I was well and truly out by the summer of 2010, but when a friend nudged me to watch this new show called Sherlock that had just aired, I did. I loved it.
I loved the relationship between Sherlock and John. I loved what they’d done with Watson! He had depths! He was a man of action, but he was obviously made of coiled, unspoken emotion! So compelling, so many possibilities! The desire to dip into this nascent fandom was rearing its head. This time around, I knew what choice lay before me, and what its consequences were. Open that door, or not?
If it hadn’t been for the fact that I was one year post cancer treatment and facing another surgery to determine if I had a new round of treatment to endure, I think I would have closed that door. Fandom takes up a lot of time and energy. It can be deliriously fun and damagingly distracting at the same time. I had a surgery date. I wanted to be distracted. I opened the door.
I tried not to write anything. I love writing fanfiction, but I never plan to do it. When I write, it’s because I have to. It’s wonderful, but it consumes me completely, and who has times for that? Who choses to be so consumed?I read and read, I had my surgery, I read some more, I got good news regarding my health (yay!), and then, goddammit, I wrote something.
Something small, I thought that would be okay. I thought I could get away with it. Don’t write any novels this time. Just a little thing. Just scratch the itch.
The Progress of Sherlock Holmes is a novel-length story written by someone who was trying very hard to avoid writing a novel-length story. I was in denial about it being a novel-length story for the first half of it, easily. That damn story forced me to do something I’d decided never to do again, and I’m grateful for that.
I wrote it because I felt compelled to, even though it contains a characterization of Sherlock that few if any people wanted to read about. It’s in first person present tense, another decision few if any readers want a writer to make. I apologized for it a lot, but I had to write it. And I loved it. That story reminded me how much I love writing, and how happy writing makes me, and that’s not something I’ll soon forget again.
The voice in that story is so sticky that half the comments left on it are in the same voice. I had to work myself up to write in that voice every time I sat down to work on it, and I was never sure whether I was getting it consistently or not, even right up to the end. But afterwards it took me fully 6 months to stop writing in that damn voice.
Honestly, I have no idea why my difficult, weird, inappropriate on many levels attempt at a story, written after only 3 aired episodes of a show in 2010-11, received its 10,000th kudos today. That’s a variety of madness and kindness that I cannot explain. But I am grateful for it.
Thank you for being here when I needed you. Thank you for finding a place for a story that no one, including me, really wanted. Thank you.
Yuzuru HanyuJunior World Championships 2010 // NHK Trophy 2015
“The last time Yuzuru Hanyu skated two clean programs without any edge calls in an international competition was on March 11, 2010 at the Junior World Championships. Yuzuru came in first with a personal best of 216.10 total points.
About five years and dozens of medals later, on November 28, 2015 at NHK Trophy, Hanyu broke another record with another magical 216. This time it was a world record. 216.07. Just for his free skate.”@isaekkiya
SUH DUDES. This is Matt Martin. He is a 6’ 3” 27-year old Canadian forward who wears #15 for the Toronto Maple Leafs. His main nickname is Marty. He was drafted in 2008 148th (fifth round) to the New York Islanders and started his rookie season with the Isles in the 2010-’11 season. Marty didn’t make his minors team of his hometown (Windsor Jr. Spitfires, a AAA team) so he walked onto the Sarnia Sting OHL team in 2006.
Marty isn’t known for scoring, like at all (even though he does sometimes). Ever since his sophomore year in the NHL, he has led the league in hits. For the 2014-’15 season, he actually set the league record of most hits in a season with 382 checks. He still holds this record. Because of these hits, you can also conclude that yes, he does fight often. During the 2016 summer offseason, he signed a $10 million, 4-year contract with the Toronto Maple Leafs. Basically his job with the Leafs (especially this season) is to protect the rookies – which the Leafs have A LOT of. Marty doesn’t wear a visor on his helmet because he’s half crazy. Iconic chirps from him are both to Red Wings players (in different seasons). They are “Go dye your hair.” and “you’re a fucking joke” after kicking someone’s ass - the way he says it is my favorite so that’s why it’s iconic.
He’s very close with rookie teammate Mitch Marner, and they even went on bye week vacation together with the girlfriends and another teammate and his gf. Matt basically comes to Mitch’s rescue a lot because Marns is so small and good and people tend to target him. They have pregame routines and secret handshakes. It’s cute.
Marty, prior to joining the Leafs, had a sick flow (seriously, it made me sick), but he (thankfully) had to cut it once he signed on with the Leafs. He has a really cute Rottweiler dog named Jax and they cuddle and watch tv together. His girlfriend, who is flawless, documents these regular occasions. He also has a really cute lisp and an obsession with Detroit sports (minus the Wings, obviously) and superheroes.
With “Love on the Brain,” Rihanna joins Madonna (38) and The Beatles (34) as the only acts with at least 30 Hot 100 top 10s all time.
As previously reported, Rihanna rumbles 13-8 on the Billboard Hot 100 (dated March 4) with “Love on the Brain,” marking her milestone 30th top 10. Dating to the chart’s Aug. 4, 1958, inception, only Madonna, with 38, and The Beatles, with 34, boast more.
Rihanna breaks a tie for third place with Michael Jackson, who’s tallied 29 top 10s, as a soloist.
Notably, Rihanna sports the second-fastest accumulation of 30 Hot 100 top 10s (from an act’s first-ever week in the region to the first week in the tier with its 30th). Having first hit the top 10 with “Pon De Replay” on the July 16, 2005-dated chart, she needed 10 years, seven months and two weeks to tally 30 top 10s. Only The Beatles hit the landmark more quickly, from “I Want to Hold Your Hand” to “Something,” over a span of just five years, nine months and two weeks (Jan. 25, 1964-Nov. 8, 1969).
While she’s the leader for the most Hot 100 top 10s, Madonna took 12 years, eight months and two weeks from her first top 10, “Borderline,” to her 30th, “Don’t Cry for Me Argentina” (June 16, 1984-March 1, 1997; thus, with the latest Hot 100 dated March 4, 2017, we last celebrated an act reaching 30 top 10 hits 20 years ago to the week).
Here’s a recap of Rihanna’s 30 Hot 100 top 10s (with 25 in a lead role).
Rihanna’s 30 Billboard Hot 100 Top 10s
Title, Peak Pos. Peak Date
“Pon De Replay,” No. 2, 7/30/2005“SOS,” No. 1 (three weeks), 5/13/2006 “Unfaithful,” No. 6, 7/22/2006 “Break It Off” (with Sean Paul), No. 9, 3/17/2007“Umbrella” (feat. Jay Z), No. 1 (seven weeks), 6/9/2007 “Hate That I Love You” (feat. Ne-Yo), No. 7, 12/22/2007 “Don’t Stop the Music,” No. 3, 2/16/2008 “Take a Bow,” No. 1 (one week), 5/24/2008 “Disturbia,” No. 1 (two weeks), 8/23/2008 “Live Your Life” (T.I. feat. Rihanna), No. 1 (six weeks), 10/18/2008 “Run This Town” (with Jay Z & Kanye West), No. 2, 10/3/2009 “Russian Roulette,” No. 9, 11/21/2009 “Hard” (feat. Jeezy), No. 8, 1/30/2010 “Rude Boy,” No. 1 (five weeks), 3/27/2010 “Love the Way You Lie” (Eminem feat. Rihanna), No. 1 (seven weeks), 7/31/2010 “Only Girl (In the World),” No. 1 (one week), 12/4/2010