1st duke of buckingham

You: “Men were men and women were women in the 17th century”


Philippe d’Orleans, brother of Louis XIV, flagrantly gay and dandy, in a long term relationship with the Chevalier de Lorraine, and loved to dress in female clothing too.

Hortense Mancini, royal mistress and female libertine, flagrantly bisexual and enjoyed to dress as a man on the odd occasion. 

Aphra Behn, poet and playwright, general libertine, most probably a lesbian and defied gender roles by managing to make it big in a man’s world some 200 years before feminism was a thing. Also advocated racial equality and denounced slavery.

James I, King of England (and Scotland), VERY VERY GAY. Boyfriends included the 1st Duke of Buckingham and Esme Stewart.

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, one of the greatest soldiers in history but also “irresistible to either men or women” 

John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, a poet and libertine who was defying ideas about masculinity anyway but who, on the good authroity of @thepurposeofplaying, was probably not cisgender.

Anne, Queen of Great Britain who was most probably gay and had romantic relationships with Sarah Churchill and Abigail Masham.

It was extremely in vogue for women to dress up as gentlemen, mainly for the pleasure of men, but also because they damn well wanted to because THEY LOOKED GOOD. Here is Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Duchess of Orleans, in her male attire: 

Mary of Modena, Queen of England, in her attire:

And here is Lady Frances Stewart (who, incidentally, was the model for Britannia, the personfication of Great Britain) in her attire: 

Here’s what contemporaries have to say about the fashion styles of the age: 

“A strange effeminate age when men strive to imitate women in their apparell, viz. long periwigs, patches in their faces, painting, short wide breeches like petticoats, muffs, and their clothes highly scented, bedecked with ribbons of all colours. And this apparell was not only used by gentlemen and others of inferior quality, but by souldiers especially those of the Life Guard to the King, who would have spanners hanging on one side and a muff on the other, and when dirty weather some of them would relieve their gards in pattens.

On the other side, women would strive to be like men, viz., when they rode on horseback or in coaches weare plush caps like monteros, whether full of ribbons or feathers, long perwigs which men use to wear, and riding coat of a red colour all bedaubed with lace which they call vests, and this habit was chiefly used by the ladies and maids of honour belonging to the Queen, brought in fashion about anno 1662″


Both of these belong to King Louis XIV of France.

Also, men didn’t start powdering their wigs until the 1700s which is the 18th century, you troll.

If you’re going to be homophobic and transphobic, try and be accurate next time. You wouldn’t want to be historically inaccurate.

LASTLY, a word from Philippe d’Orleans:

historians: james I and the duke of Buckingham weren’t gay just close friends!!

james I , writing to buckingham: god bless you, my sweet child and wife,

historians: *starts to sweat* they’re just pet names big deal

buckingham, writing to james I: i naturally love all your person and adore all your other parts, which are more than ever one man had

historians: *sweating violently* HES BEING FRIENDLY

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628)

This highly ambitious son of a Leicestershire knight rose to be the favourite of James I, and of his son Charles I, on the strength of his charm and good looks. He was full of brave schemes, but lacked the good sense to carry them out effectively. As Lord High Admiral he bungled expeditions to Cadiz and La Rochelle, and his diplomatic incompetence led him to become the House of Commons’   ‘grievance of grievances’.  At the age of 36 he was assassinated by a fanatic while in Portsmouth. This portrait, which shows him in his garter robes, almost certainly commemorates his installation as a Knight of the Garter in 1616. 

(National Portrait Gallery)


♔  T H E  W A R S  O F  T H E  R O S E S  ♔

1455 - 1464: THE BEGINNING

Thou mad misleader of thy brainsick son!
What, wilt thou on thy deathbed play the ruffian
And seek for sorrow with thy spectacles?
O, where is faith? O, where is loyalty?

Henry VI, Part 2 (5.1.167-170)


❁ Henry VI of England - formally deposed in 1461
❁ Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham - killed at the Battle of Northampton
❁ Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset - killed at the First Battle of St Albans
❁ Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset - executed after the Battle of Hexham
❁ Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland - killed at the First Battle of St Albans
❁ Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland - killed at the Second Battle of St Albans
❁ John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford - killed at Dintingdale on 28 March 1461
❁ James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley - killed at the Battle of Blore Heath


♔ First Battle of St Albans - 22nd of May 1455
♔ Battle of Blore Heath - 23rd of September 1459
♔ Battle of Ludford Bridge - 12th of October 1459
♔ Battle of Sandwich - January 1460
♔ Battle of Northampton - 10th of July 1460
♔ Battle of Wakefield - 30th of December 1460
♔ Battle of Mortimer’s Cross - 2nd of February 1461
♔ Second Battle of St Albans - 17th of February 1461
♔ Battle of Ferrybridge - 28th of March 1461
♔ Battle of Towton - 29th of March 1461

The Villiers Family

by George Perfect Harding

  • Christopher Villiers, 1st Earl of Anglesey (died 1630), Courtier and 3rd son of Sir George Villiers.
  • Katherine MacDonnell (née Manners), Duchess of Buckingham and Marchioness of Antrim (1603?-1649), Noblewoman. 
  • George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628), Courtier; favourite of James I. 
  • George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (1628-1687), Statesman and dramatist. 
  • Mary Villiers (née Beaumont), Countess of Buckingham (circa 1570-1632), Courtier.
  • John Villiers, Viscount Purbeck (1591?-1658), Courtier and eldest son of Sir George Villiers. 
  • Mary Villiers, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (1622-1685), Daughter of 1st Duke of Buckingham and wife of 1st Duke of Richmond.