반기문, 임기 말 혹평 ... "회원국에겐 인권 강조, 정작 UN은 책임회피"

경향 워싱턴 손제민 특파원 jeje17@kyunghyang.com

“뉴욕타임스는 22일자 사설에서 반 총장이 아이티의 콜레라 전염병 창궐에 유엔의 책임을 인정하는데 5년의 시간이 걸렸다며 유엔의 자체 감독기능의 마비로 잘못을 바로잡고 피해를 보상하는데 실패하고 있다고 비판했다. 이 신문은 이제 유엔의 자체 감독기능을 바로잡고 잘못에 대해 책임을 지는 문화를 만드는 임무를 반 총장에게서 기대할 수 없고, 다음 사무총장에 넘길 수밖에 없다고 했다.

“반 총장의 대변인실은 지난 18일 5년만에 처음으로 아이티 콜레라 발병에 대한 유엔의 책임을 인정했다. 이는 유엔 인권이사회의의 극빈·인권 특별보고관을 맡고 있는 필립 앨스톤이 작성한 아이티 콜레라에 대한 보고서 초안이 뉴욕타임스를 통해 보도되면서였다. 뉴욕대 로스쿨 교수인 앨스톤은 몇달 전 반 총장에게 제출한 보고서에서 “유엔은 회원국들에는 인권을 존중하라고 하면서 정작 유엔 자신은 책임을 회피하는 이중잣대를 고수하고 있다”며 “도덕적으로 비양심적이고, 법적으로 방어불가능하며, 정치적으로 자멸적”이라고 비판했다.

유엔은 아이티의 콜레라 피해자들이 뉴욕 법원에 낸 소송에 대응해 평화유지활동 과정에서 고의로 인한 피해가 아닌 한 면책 특권을 갖는다고 주장해왔다. 반 총장의 책임 인정이 피해자들에 대한 법적 책임을 인정하는 것은 아니라는 해석이 많다.

“뉴욕타임스는 아이티의 대실패는 반 총장이 2014년 중앙아프리카공화국에 파견된 유엔 평화유지군에 의한 현지아동 성폭행에 대해 대처한 방식의 판박이라고 지적했다. 2013년 이후 내전으로 정정이 불안한 중아공에 파견된 1만 명 규모의 유엔 평화유지군의 역할은 시민들, 특히 여성과 아동들을 보호하는 것이었다. 하지만 2014년 6명의 소년들이 평화유지군의 성폭행을 당했다는 증언이 나온 뒤 공식적으로 42건의 피해사례가 적발됐다.

“이 사건은 당시 유엔 최고인권대표사무소의 중아공 현장책임자였던 안데르스 콤파스의 내부고발로 세상에 알려졌다. 하지만 유엔은 그가 조직의 치부를 언론에 유출했다며 직무를 정지시키는 것으로 대응했다. 반 총장은 유엔의 대응이 부적절했다고 인정하고 콤파스를 복권했다. 하지만 콤파스는 최근 퇴임하면서 “유엔 내에서 윤리적으로 행동하지 않음으로써 얻는 혜택이 윤리적 태도를 취할 때 치르는 비용보다 더 크다”는 뼈있는 말을 남겼다.

기사 링크: 반기문, 임기 말 혹평 ··· “회원국에겐 인권 강조, 정작 UN은 책임회피”


작년에 아이티 프로젝트를 도우면서 나는 이 사람들같이 빡세고 훌륭한 파이터가 되지는 못하겠구나 라는 생각에 사로잡혔다. 결과적으로 그들을 도울 수 있어서 참 행복했고 뿌듯했고 감사했지만 나는 직접적으로 인권일을 “업”으로 삼는 사람은 되지 못하겠구나 라는 걸 실감했다. 그런 경험이었다. 

반기문이 유엔 총장이 되었을 때 꼬꼬마였던 나는 그저 얼마나 기쁘고 자랑스러웠는지 모른다. 

그런데 벌써 10년 가까운 시간이 흘러서 그를 비판하고 유엔을 상대로 소송하는 인권 파이터들을 돕게 될 줄은 몰랐지.

that’s life I guess.

heading back to life tomorrow…

5

My study space & materials today, complete with a toasted graham latte ☕️ (first time trying it & I thought it was pretty good!). I’m spending today and tomorrow studying for a contracts law midterm so if I take longer to respond to messages, don’t fret, I still love you!

I hope you are all staying warm and dry in this Joaquin weather! ☔️💨

Yes, this is me studying in the while my parents drive me back to campus. There just aren’t enough hours in the day, and I want to have my International Law outline done by the end of the weekend.


Edit: I’ve had a lot of people ask which program I am using - it is Microsoft Word for Mac.  If you open a new document in the lower left hand corner there are a series of buttons,one of them is the “Notebook” view which is specially designed for easy note taking in outline format.  I’ve been using it for years and I love it! By far the easiest way of taking and keeping all my notes together than I’ve ever found.  Some years I can have just one tab per class and others I need to separate them and have the tabs represent topics or weeks.  

how to law

In honor of the coming school year, because I recently hit my first thousand followers (I’d like to thank the Academy and my mom), and given a few questions I’ve received (feel free to keep them coming), I’ve decided to compile a list of sure-fire success tips for new law students. Congratulations, I am now your mentor. Welcome to the circus. 

Behold, the contents of my school bag. 

1. Color coded schedule- This is certainly not mandatory, but I find that I don’t go anywhere without one. I like to print at least six and put them in places that I’m likely to stumble across when I’m trying to avoid doing work (next to the bed, inside of my closet, in my car). If only to familiarize yourself with it, write/type up your new schedule and tuck it into a binder just in case. 

2. Notebooks- Get them in every shape, size, and color. You won’t know what your professor’s policy is on computer use in class until the first day (or it’ll be on the syllabus, for you nerds who actually read those). Either way, handwriting notes is the best way to encode the information you’re learning. Hand write in class and transcribe later into an outline–or at least do that for the first week when you’re still feeling motivated. 

3. Planner- I cannot CANNOT stress the importance of this enough. Bring it everywhere, write everything in it, do NOT leave home without it. Make it your best friend. Confide in it. Tell it your secrets. 

4. Supplemental Materials- When professors give you supplemental materials, these aren’t optional. Sometimes, as with a professor I had last semester, they’ll contain more understandable restatements of the lecture. Buy them, bring them to class. 

5. Textbooks- Or, as I like to call them, the “Budget Busters”. Make a concentrated effort to get these from upperclassmen if you don’t mind books that have been highlighted and doodled in, otherwise get them from Amazon. If you’re a purist, buy them used and appreciate the fact that the next year professors will likely be requiring a different edition and the sellback price for your books will be a fourth of what you pay for them. If you’re lucky. That being said, DO THE READING. You’ll get a feel for your professor’s tendency towards cold calling the first week or so, and that’ll tell you in how much detail you need to be reading. But when it comes time for exams, I swear you’ll thank yourself for doing the damn reading. 

6. Expo markers- You will find an abandoned classroom with a white board in the law center on a Sunday morning and you will rejoice. Until you realize some upperclassman has stolen the markers the night before. Buy your own kit so you’ll always be prepared for impromptu study sessions involving flowcharts. 

7. Hand sanitizer- Everyone in the law center is going to get sick approximately four weeks before exams. Don’t be that person who comes to class with The Plague. You’re welcome.

8. Lip balm- I tend to bite my lips when I’m nervous or stressed or bored. You will likely feel all of these things with nauseating frequency, so keep lip balm on hand to keep your pout lookin’ fresh to death. 

9. Snacks- I cannot stress the importance of snacking enough. Whether you’re fortifying for class, or you’re halfway through an outline day in the library, snacks are quick fuel that keeps you from getting hangry and/or falling asleep at your desk. Keep them light to avoid that happy, sleepy digestion feeling, but make them substantial enough that you’re not going to want to eat something else fifteen minutes later. 

10. Pens- Fancy, fun colors make note-taking enjoyable and you’ll be the envy of your class when you whip out some Stabilio point 88s (in thirty brilliant colors!). Honestly, this is a matter of preference, but I like to go big or go home in this department. 

11. Boring Lawyer Pens- You will inevitably need to sign a document, and that is not the time to whip out your Stabilio point 88 rollerset of 25.

12. Highlighters- It’s good to have at least two (or eleven) different colors of highlighter so that when you first read for class, you can mark in one color and when you’re going over your book again closer to the exam, you can do a different color. Or if you’re me, you’ve got a different color for main points of passages, case names, legal theories, party names, code articles, etc. 

13. Flash drive- Good for transferring outlines you’ve acquired from upperclassmen. Always have one. 

14. Index cards- I use these for cases–put the name on one side and the facts and/or legal theories on the other. 

15. Tabs/Post-its- Let me just take a brief moment to tell you a little about myself. I like to live my life as if we’re in the zombie apocalypse and the cure for the zombie virus is post-it notes and tabs. I can’t walk into a grocery store without buying at least a pack, often more. So when I tell you to hoard this shit like it’s gold, that’s probably the most solid life advice I can give you. Use them to mark pages you’ve read, assignments, important notes, stick a post-it in your book and take down a note if you don’t want to mess up the pages. I’m telling you, the possibilities are endless for these little shits. 

16. Headphones- If you can, splurge and get noise-cancelling ones, if not you can grab a $10 pair at the drugstore that works just as well. Stick to classical music, or film scores when you’re studying so you won’t distract yourself listening to the words in songs. 

17. iPad- Unnecessary, but nice for unobtrusive notetaking. Also playing games in class, not that I would advocate such a thing.

18. Laptop- Check with your professor about her/his computer policy in class, but at the very least have a good laptop for writing assignments/streaming netflix when you’re done with your homework. 

19. Powercords- NEVER leave home without them. 

20. Water bottle- Another thing I cannot stress enough–please drink water. Drink water like it’s your job. Drink water like it’s what eighty-five percent of your body is made up of–because it is. Drink water to stave off the throbbing, unassailable headache that results from dehydration. Drink water to boost mental performance, drink water because it tastes good, drink water so you have an excuse to go to the bathroom during class. Please drink water. 

21. For my ladies- Disclaimer: I work better when I’ve got a face of makeup on, I’m wearing four inch heels, and my suit game has reached Olivia Pope levels. Since makeup is obviously not an integral part of being a fabulous law lady for everyone, I didn’t take my essentials out of the gold bag in the picture, but I’ll give you a quick runthrough. 1) Feminine hygiene products; stress will fuck with your cycle, always be prepared, 2) Oil absorbing pads; stress will also fuck with your complexion, get a pocket-sized pack of these to avoid the greasy feeling of oil buildup on your face, 3) Mascara; if you’ve got an afternoon meeting and need to freshen up, or you just rolled out of bed and need to look awake, a swipe of mascara is a lifesaver, 4) Cover up/powder; cover up emergencies/ dark circles, 5) Travel sized can of dry shampoo; a day will come when you can’t remember the last time you showered, and I promise you’ll thank me for this, 6) Nail file; I chew my nails when I get nervous, so I keep this in my bag as a preventative measure, 7) Red lipstick; for when you need to be a boss ass bitch (I swear by Maybelline Super Stay 24 Hr Color in All Day Cherry. 

TO CONCLUDE: The final, most important part of your law school survival kit isn’t photographed either, and that’s because you’ll have to find it for yourself. In order to make it through law school in on piece, you have to find friends. I’m not talking a study group, although the two often coincide, I’m talking people who you drink wine with and bitch about professors and call them in the mornings to remind them to drag their ass to class and they give you a reason to keep going when you can’t remember why you decided to do this crazy law thing in the first place. Find people who inspire you to be the best little law student you can be, find people who encourage you to succeed even when that means another hour in the library. Find your very own wherethewhiteroadruns to commiserate with about everything from favorite pens running out to the tensile strength of various types of tabs to generalized law stress to an episode of Suits. I wouldn’t have made it through my first year without the people who carried me (and also my collection of tabs and post-its) along the way. Welcome to 1L year, you beautiful land mermaids. May the odds be ever in your favor.