19th century art

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John Martin (1789–1854, England)

Dramatic landscapes 2

John Martin was an English Romantic painter and one of the most popular artists of his day. He was celebrated for his typically vast and melodramatic paintings of religious subjects and fantastic compositions, populated with minute figures placed in imposing landscapes. His dramatic and subjective style of composition was in stark contrast to the emerging schools of naturalism and realism, which led his work to fall out of critical favour soon after his death, however a revival in interest has occured towards the end of the 20th century, and now his major works are popular pieces of many museum’s collections.

Frederic Leighton, Flaming June, 1895, oil on canvas, 120 × 120 cm, Museo de Arte de Ponce. Source

Flaming June perfectly presents the classicist style of Lord Leighton. The female subject, draped in a sheer orange garment, sleeps as peacefully as a nymph, perhaps unaware that she is being watched.

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Thomas Cole (1801–1848, United States)

Mythological and idealised landscapes

Thomas Cole was an American artist known for his landscape and history paintings. He is regarded as the founder of the Hudson River School, an American art movement that flourished in the mid-19th century. Cole’s work is known for its romantic portrayal of the American wilderness.