April 1991: Kurdish refugees at the Turkish border following Saddam’s brutality.
This photo is one of the many horrific photos of the 1991 Kurdish Exodus in southern Kurdistan, the portion of Kurdistan that is in Iraq. The situation was so dire, that many Kurds died from starvation, hypothermia, injury, and other diseases.
These Kurds were running away from Saddam Hussein’s regime due to their relatives being part of the Peshmerga whom participated in the 1991 Rebellion of Slemani or talked about separatism- the names of those people were kept in Saddam’s figurative “Black Book”.
The Peshmerga, literally meaning ‘those who face death’, was a group of men and women alike in southern Kurdistan (Iraq) in the 1950s to the 1990s that fought against the Iraqi Army to get autonomy and protect the Kurdish citizens from frequent ethnic cleansing.