“What I’ve accomplished so far, I owe to Aphrodite and the other gods.” (X)
The Temple of Aphrodite Euploia at Knidos was built in the 4th century B.C.E., and was famous for its monumental cult statue of the goddess, sculpted by Praxiteles. In 1967, Iris Love, then an assistant professor of archaeology at C.W. Post College, Long lsland University, arrived at Knidos, on the southwest coast of Turkey, with an international team of archaeologists and began excavations. Ancient accounts had described the cult statue as visible from every angle, so Love reasoned they should expect to find a tholos (circular) temple. On July 20, 1969, the day Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon, Love uncovered a circular marble platform. Further finds, including the foundations of a circular building with eighteen columns, a larger than life-size hand of Parian marble which is comparable in size to copies of the statue of Aphrodite of Knidos, numerous votive offerings dating from the archaic through Hellenistic periods, and an inscription beginning “Prax…” encouraged the team that they had indeed discovered the site of Aphrodite’s temple.
Photograph of the circular temple at Knidos, copyright Dick Osseman, 2004.
Love continued excavations at Knidos, and in 1977 discovered a Minoan settlement dating to 1950 B.C.E. A review of literary sources led her to investigate the sea route from Knidos to Italy, and the cities established by Knidos in Magna Graecia. A major excavation planned in Naples was halted by the Italian government during the Achille Lauro incident in 1985, and the subsequent declaration of the area as a military zone in reaction to the threat of regional terrorism effectively blocked Love’s proposed fieldwork.
Love has published only preliminary papers on the excavations of the temple at Knidos, though now, at age 82, she is said to be finally working on a book detailing the excavation. Her conclusions have been disputed recently by Turkish archaeologist Ramazan Özgan, who has been excavating at Knidos since 1988. Dr. Özgan insists the round temple Love discovered was built in the second century B.C.E., and was dedicated to Athena.
On this day in 1967 the first production F-111A (No. 9) flew its first flight.
The Aardvark was a versatile air frame and in several variations filled the roles of a supersonic, medium-range interdictor and tactical attack aircraft, strategic bomber, aerial reconnaissance, and electronic-warfare aircraft.
It was the first to feature numerous technologies for production aircraft, including variable-sweep wings, afterburning turbofan engines, and automated terrain-following radar for low-level, high-speed flight.
The last F-111 variant, the EF-111 was retired by the Air Force in 1998, and the medium-range precision strike missions were transferred to the F-15E Strike Eagle, while the supersonic bomber missions went to the B-1B Lancer.
Kaleidoscopewas Milwaukee’s nationally-recognized, radical-liberal underground newspaper from 1967-1971. It’s blistering critiques of everything social, political, and cultural did not sit well with mainstream Milwaukee, and its editor, John Kois, was brought to trial and convicted of obscenity. This conviction was challenged, however, eventually reaching the U.S. Supreme Court which ruled in Kois’s favor, overturning the conviction in 1972. But by that time the damage had already been done, as the paper had folded a year earlier.
This issue from January 17-February 13, 1969 opens with a rather incendiary cover: a wanted poster with the name and
of a sergeant on the Milwaukee police force, charging him with “Conspiracy to violate the civil rights of Black People and other minority groups,” suppression of the freedom of speech and the press, and just generally being inhuman. The poster includes this caution: “This man is to be considered armed and extremely dangerous. When on duty he is known to travel in [a] heavily armed squad car, and is constantly in the company of others equally dangerous.” The cover story is equally incendiary. The seriousness of the cover is belied by the the bright-blue header-statement: “Smile if you’re not wearing underwear.”
True to its day, this issue includes the usual psychedelic concert advertisements and underground comix. The issue also includes “double fold out posters.” Special Collections holds a full run of Kaleidoscope, which has been fully digitized and made keyword-searchable as part of the library’s Digital Collections.