1952 olympics

duyguerkilic6  asked:

What would be your best advice when your going for a run?

1 Accept the challenge "Everyone is an athlete. But some of us are training, and some of us are not.“ -Dr. George Sheehan, runner/writer/philosopher

 2 Shoot for this (at least) "Running 8 to 15 miles per week significantly increases your aerobic capacity, and positively effects many of the coronary risk factors." -Dr. Kenneth Cooper, aerobics pioneer

 3 Be a minuteman "The biggest mistake that new runners make is that they tend to think in mile increments-1 mile, 2 miles, 3 miles. Beginning runners need to think in minutes, not miles." -Budd Coates, four-time U.S. Olympic Marathon Trials qualifier/coach

 4 Wear good running shoes "Spend at least $60. A good pair of running shoes should last you 400 to 500 miles and is one of the most critical purchases you will make." -John Hanc, author of The Essential Runner

 5 Think big (and wide) "Buy all shoes, both street and running, slightly longer and wider than your bigger foot. Also, avoid pointed shoes. You’ll save yourself needless foot pain." -Ted Corbitt, ultrarunner and 1952 Olympic marathoner

 6 Take the "talk test” "The ‘talk test’ means running at a pace comfortable enough to converse with a training partner-but not so easy that you could hit the high notes in an Italian opera.“ -Runner’s World editors. 

7 Listen to the rumbling "If you feel like eating, eat. Let your body tell you what it wants." -Joan Samuelson, 1984 Olympic marathon champion

 8 Relax to the max "When running, let your jaw hang loose, don’t bunch up your shoulders close to your ears, and occasionally shake out your hands and arms to stay relaxed." -Dave Martin, Ph.D., exercise physiologist

9 Don’t crush the egg "Don’t clench your fists in a white-knuckle grip. Instead, run with a cupped hand, thumbs resting on the fingers, as if you were protecting an egg in each palm." -Runner’s World editors

 10 Make time for a quickie "If 15 minutes is all the time I have, I still run. Fifteen minutes of running is better than not running at all." -Dr. Duncan Macdonald, former U.S. record holder at 5000 (set when he was in medical school)

 11 Follow Road Rule Number One "Running against traffic allows the runner to be in command. Anyone who is alert and agile should be able to stay alive." -Dr. George Sheehan

 12 Try a "nooner” "Noontime running provides a triple benefit: daylight, a break from the workday, and a chance to avoid eating a heavy lunch.“ -Joe Henderson, runner/writer

 13 Warm up, then stretch "Try some light jogging or walking before you stretch, or stretch after you run. Stretching 'cold’ muscles can cause more harm than good." -Runner’s World editors

 14 Stay "liquid”… "Hydrate. Hydrate. Hydrate! In cold weather and warm. We use water to sweat, lubricate joints, tendons, and ligaments, and to carry blood efficiently to major organs. I work all day at hydrating.“ -Dr. Alex Ratelle, former masters running great

 15 …But be moderate "Is beer good for runners? Sure…if it’s the other guy drinking it." -Jim Fixx, author of the running bestseller, The Complete Book of Running

 16 Listen up! "You must listen to your body. Run through annoyance, but not through pain." -Dr. George Sheehan

 17 Create your own running creed "My whole teaching in one sentence is: "Run slowly, run daily, drink moderately, and don’t eat like a pig." -Dr. Ernst van Aaken, renowned German coach

 18 Come ready to play "Fitness has to be fun. If it isn’t, there will be no fitness. Play is the process. Fitness is merely the product." -Dr. George Sheehan

19 Take what you can get "So-called 'junk miles’-those slow miles done on easy days or during warmups-do count. They burn calories as effectively as fast miles; it just takes longer. Regardless of pace, each mile you run burns about 100 calories." -Hal Higdon, runner/writer/coach

 20 Learn from your mistakes "You find out by trial and error what the optimum level of training is. If I found I was training too hard, I would drop back for a day or so. I didn’t run for 5 days before the sub-4." -Sir Roger Bannister, first man to break 4 minutes for the mile in 1954

 21 Dare to be different (but not dumb) "In training, don’t be afraid to be an oddball, eccentric, or extremist. Only by daring to go against tradition can new ways of training be learned. The trick is recognizing quickly when a new approach is counterproductive." -Benji Durden, 1980 U.S. Olympic marathoner

 22 Reach for fast, low-fat fuel "Energy bars are good portable food for runners. Look for bars with 4 grams of fat or fewer per 230 calories. Fat slows down digestion." -Liz Applegate, Ph.D., sports nutritionist

 23 Go for the goal "I believe in using races as motivators. It’s hard to keep on an exercise program if you don’t have a significant goal in sight." -Bob Greene, personal trainer of Oprah Winfrey

 24 Think big…but carry a small eraser "Brainstorm your training goals first, then write them down. Do this in pencil, so you can change some specifics when reality sets in." -Jeff Galloway, Olympic runner/author/coach

 25 Show some horse sense "During long, slow distance training, you should think of yourself as a thoroughbred disguised as a plow horse. No need to give yourself away by running fast." -Marty Liquori, running commentator and former world-class miler

 26 Build with care "If you put down a good solid foundation, you can then build one room after another and pretty soon you have a house. After your base mileage, add hills, pace work, speedwork, and finally race strategy." -Rod Dixon, New Zealand Olympian and 1983 New York City Marathon champ

27 Look at the big picture "Whether one shall run on his heels or his toes is hardly worth discussing. The main thing in distance running is endurance-and how to get it." -Clarence DeMar, seven-time Boston Marathon champion and U.S. Olympic marathoner

 28 Toss out the clutter "Throw away your 10-function chronometer, heart-rate monitor with the computer printout, training log, high-tech underwear, pace charts, and laboratory-rat-tested-air-injected-gel-lined-mo-tion-control-top-of-the-line footwear….Run with your own imagination." -Lorraine Moller, 1992 Olympic marathon bronze medalist

 29 Listen to your body (yes, again!) "Your body is always trying to tell you where you are. Beware when you become tired and listless, when you lose interest in workouts and approach them as a chore rather than a pleasure." -Dr. George Sheehan

 30 Go steady "Day to day consistency is more important than big mileage. Then you’re never shot the next day." -John Campbell, former masters running star from New Zealand

 31 Find the right proportion "If you run 30 miles a week, then about 7 of those-or approximately one-quarter-should be quality miles. Quality miles will boost your aerobic capacity." -Owen Anderson, Ph.D., running writer 

32 Stay above bored "A 40-minute run punctuated with a half-dozen 30-second pace pickups (not all-out sprints) can really jazz up an otherwise boring training run." -Amby Burfoot, Runner’s World editor and 1968 Boston Marathon champ

 33 Be a "cross-eater” "Like cross-training, 'cross-eating’ adds needed variety to your diet-and life. Expand your nutritional repertoire by trying one new food each week.“ -Liz Applegate, Ph.D.

 34 Ease it back "After a run, don’t rush back into life. Take a few minutes to walk, stretch, relax, meditate." -Runner’s World editors

 35 Don’t force the tissue "Overly aggressive stretching can actually increase your injury risk." -Tim Noakes, M.D., author of Lore of Running

36 Think globally, act locally "We wrote our workout schedules in 3-week blocks. My coach and I knew what my immediate goal was-what I was trying to accomplish in the next 3 weeks. But in the back of my mind was the ultimate goal: what I wanted to do months away." -Bob Kennedy, U.S. record holder for 5000 meters

 37 Go with mind over grind "Any idiot can train himself into the ground; the trick is doing the training that makes you gradually stronger." -Keith Brantly, U.S. Olympic marathoner

 38 Have fun on your easy runs "I make sure I have some really enjoyable training runs, remembering to 'smell the roses’ along the way. That way I don’t become caught up in the training-is-everything syndrome." -Sue Stricklin, top masters runner from the 1970s

 39 Have fun on your hard runs "Do tough workouts that you enjoy. Mile repeats and quarters are more fun for me than fartlek. ["Fartlek” is Swedish for variable-paced, up-tempo running.] I feel better about my running when I do the workouts I enjoy and that I know I benefit from.“ -Dan Cloeter, two-time Chicago Marathon winner

 40 Stay open-minded "When you try a new type of training, think like a beginner. Just because you can run 20 miles every Sunday doesn’t mean you can survive 10 x 400 meters on the track at a fast pace." -Jack Daniels, Ph.D., exercise physiologist, coach, and former world-class pentathlete

 41 Be a smart camel "Before you do your long run, place containers of sports drink out on your course, even if you have to bury them." -Runner’s World editors

 42 Work on your growl "The long run puts the tiger in the cat." -Bill Squires, marathon coach

  43 Don’t always watch the watch "I don’t wear a watch during my long runs. That way I’m not tempted to compare my time from week to week.” -Lynn Jennings, three-time World Cross-Country champion

 44 Rest assured "Back off at the first sign of injury. Three to 5 days off is better than missing a month or two. Take regular rest days.“-Pattisue Plumer, two-time U.S. Olympian

 45 Divide and conquer "Pick one thing each year that you need to improve, and work on that. It might be improving your diet, getting more sleep, or increasing your mileage. You can’t work on everything at once.”-Bob Kennedy

46 Join the resistance "Hills are the only beneficial type of resistance training for a runner.“ -Arthur Lydiard, Olympic coach from New Zealand

 47 "Chip” away at it "Think chest/hips/push, or CHP, when it’s time for uphill running. Chest up, hips forward, push strongly off each foot.“ -Jeff Galloway

 48 Adapt…or weaken "Running hills breaks up your rhythm and forces your muscles to adapt to new stresses. The result? You become stronger." -Eamonn Coghlan, Irish Olympian and only 40-year-old to break 4 minutes in the mile

 49 Up the ante "Move into a hill session gradually, running the first few repeats moderately and increasing the effort as you go along." -Frank Shorter, 1972 Olympic Marathon Champion

 50 Avoid the downside "The advantage of running 'hills’ on a treadmill is you can go up without pounding down the other side." -Ken Sparks, Ph.D.

 51 Ramp it up "If you live in the flatlands, you’ll have to be creative about hill training. Deserted highway ramps or parking garages are possibilities, though they pose obvious safety problems. You may want to invest in a treadmill." -Bob Glover, runner/author/coach

 52 Grab hold of the rope "If you’re laboring up a steep hill, imagine that a towrope is attached to the center of your chest, pulling you steadily toward the top." -Jeff Galloway

 53 Lean into it "When going down, I lean with the hill. I know I’m doing it right if I feel like I’m going to fall on my face." -Ed Eyestone, RW columnist, coach, and two-time U.S. Olympic marathoner

 54 Save something for the summit… "Don’t attack a hill from the very bottom-it’s bigger than you are!”-Harry Groves, renowned Penn State coach

 55 …Then take off! "I’ve always found it effective in a race to make a move just before the crest of a hill. You get away just a little, and you’re gone before they get over the top.“-John Treacy, two-time World Cross-Country champion from Ireland

56 Make the switch "The difference between a jogger and a runner is a race-entry blank." -Dr. George Sheehan

57 Get up to speed "Three half-mile repeats on the track at 5-K race pace with a short recovery jog in between shouldn’t scare anyone away-and it will improve your speed." -Frank Shorter

58 Just "Q” it "Quality counts, if you want to stay fast. Don’t do all your workouts in the comfort zone.“ -Ken Sparks, Ph.D., top masters marathoner

 59 Stay in control "Run your own race at an even pace. Consider the course, the temperature, the weather, and most importantly, your current level of fitness." -Marty Liquori

 60 Be flexible (or else) "The idea that you can’t lose contact with the leaders has cut more throats than it has saved." -Arthur Lydiard

61 Make a pass "Passing competitors always gives you a lift. It probably has a physical effect, too, because you get a surge of adrenaline." -Libbie Hickman, world-class marathoner

 62 Get over it "If you have a bad workout or run a bad race, allow yourself exactly 1 hour to stew about it-then move on." -Steve Scott, coach and U.S. record holder in the mile

 63 Be patient "Expect to put in 6 to 10 successful track workouts before you begin to see some payoff in your races." -Marc Bloom, runner/writer/coach

 64 Keep your finger on the pulse "If your morning pulse rate is up 10 or more beats above your average, then you haven’t recovered from the previous day’s training. Take time off or back off until it returns to normal." -Dr. George Sheehan

65 Mix it up "Fartlek training can help you build strength and endurance, learn race pace, and practice race tactics all in a single workout." -Bill Dellinger, former University of Oregon coach and 1964 Olympic 5000 bronze medal winner

 66 Tie the knot "I double-knot my shoe laces. It’s a pain untying your shoes afterward-particularly if you get them wet-but so is stopping in the middle of a race to tie them." -Hal Higdon

 67 Observe certain rituals "Once you find a warmup routine that works, repeat it as habitually as possible." -Ted Corbitt

 68 Warm up, don’t wear down "At most, jog easily for 15 minutes before a race. Then stretch your hamstrings, quadriceps, calves, and lower back. With about 15 minutes to go, maybe do a few strides. But no more-you’ll warm up plenty in the early going." -Mark Plaatjes, 1993 World Championships marathon winner

 69 Wear the right pair "Feather-light racing flats might help you run a faster 5-K, but lightweight performance trainers (with better protection and cushioning) are a better choice for most runners, especially in longer races." -Bob Wischnia and Paul Carrozza, Runner’s World shoe experts

 70 Finish it off "To develop your kick, finish each repetition faster than you begin it. For example, if you’re running 6 x 400 meters on the track, start off at a steady, controlled pace, then subtly shift gears in the last 100 or 200 meters." -Robert Vaughan, Ph.D., coach and exercise physiologist

 71 Stay on pace "It’s better to run too slow at the start than too fast and get into oxygen debt, which is what 99.9 percent of runners do. You have to learn pace." -Bill Bowerman, renowned University of Oregon coach

 72 Don’t dodge the draft "Slip in behind someone running a similar pace and, yes, draft. It’s not illegal. It’s not even poor form. On the contrary, it’s just plain smart." -Priscilla Welch, former British Olympian and 1987 New York City Marathon champ

 73 Snap out of it "Occasionally pick up speed-for 2 minutes, tops-then settle back into your former pace. Sometimes this is all you need to snap out of a mental and physical funk. Pick a downhill stretch if you can, and really lengthen your stride." -Mark Plaatjes

74 Go minimalist "Marathon training doesn’t have to be a grind. By running for about 30 minutes two times a week, and by gradually increasing the length of a third weekly run-the long run-anyone can finish a marathon." -Jeff Galloway

 75 Step back a bit "Build up your mileage in gradual increments, but every third or fourth week, drop back in mileage to recover. This will help you avoid your breaking point." -Lee Fidler, coach and two-time U.S. Olympic Marathon qualifier

 76 Don’t push it… "In marathon training, 3 hours slow is better than 2 hours fast." -Pete Gavuzzi, coach of four-time Boston Marathon champ Gerard Cote

 77 …And enough is enough "Never run more than 3 hours straight in training, whether your marathon best is 2:42 or 4:24." -Ed Eyestone

 78 Be vigilant "During the hard training phase, never be afraid to take a day off. If your legs are feeling unduly stiff and sore, rest. If you’re at all sluggish, rest. Whenever you’re in doubt, rest." -Bruce Fordyce, nine-time Comrades Marathon champion from South Africa

 79 Pamper your muscles "When I’m training for a marathon, I soak in a hot tub every day, and get a weekly massage." -Anne Marie Lauck, two-time Olympian

 80 Try winning combinations "I include iron with vitamin C in my diet to prevent anemia. Without it, I wouldn’t have the energy I need to train." -Joy Smith, 2:34 marathoner

 81 Know when it’s show time "Just remember this: Nobody ever won the olive wreath with an impressive training diary." -Marty Liquori

82 Taper on time "The key step between a great training program and a great race is a great taper. Your last long training run before a marathon should come 3 weeks before the race-not 2." -Pete Pfitzinger, two-time U.S. Olympic marathoner

 83 Wait for the weights "If you strength train, shelve your routine about a month before your marathon, to help you feel fresh on the big day." -Steve Spence, 1991 World Championships Marathon bronze medallist

 84 Hone in on the range "Rather than going into a marathon with just one goal-such as finishing in a very specific time-develop a range of goals so that you increase your chances of success." -Jerry Lynch, Ph.D., marathoner and author of The Total Runner

 85 Don’t be in a rush "Thanks to the race-day adrenaline rush, any pace will feel easier than normal. So make a conscious effort to hold back in the early miles." -Lorraine Moller

 86 Divide by three "Divide the marathon into thirds. Run the first part with your head, the middle part with your personality, and the last part with your heart." -Mike Fanelli, runner and coach

 87 Walk before you crawl "When using the run-walk method to finish a marathon, the most important walk break comes in the first mile. The second most important one comes in the second mile, and so on. The point is, walk before you become fatigued." -Jeff Galloway

 88 Be a little shady "Squinting intently requires more energy than you can spare over 26.2 miles. So if it’s sunny or you’re allergic to dust or pollen, wear sunglasses." -Kim Jones, world-class masters marathoner

 89 Save up "To be effective over the last 6 miles of a marathon, one must harbor some sort of emotional as well as physical reserves." -Kenny Moore, writer and two-time U.S. Olympic marathoner

 90 Forget about it! "You have to forget your last marathon before you try another. Your mind can’t know what’s coming.”-Frank Shorter

91 Find a cheerleader "The primary reason to have a coach is to have someone who says: 'Hey, you’re looking good today!’“ -Jack Daniels, Ph.D.

 92 Be a copy cat "Visualizing perfect running form will help you stay relaxed. Visualize before the race. Then, once you’re in the race, pick out someone who’s looking good and running relaxed. This will help you do the same." -Gayle Barron, 1978 Boston Marathon champion

 93 Don’t overthink it "In running I go by the axiom that my coach Jumbo Elliott of Villanova used: KISS-Keep It Simple, Stupid.” -Marty Liquori

 94 Take baby steps "You can’t climb up to the second floor without a ladder. When you set your goal too high and don’t fulfill it, your enthusiasm turns to bitterness. Try for a goal that’s reasonable, and then gradually raise it.“ -Emil Zatopek, four-time Olympic gold medalist from Czechoslavakia

 95 Muster your mental might "Keep working on mental attitude. You have to fight that supposedly rational voice that says: 'I’m 50 years old, and I don’t have to be doing this anymore.’" -Ken Sparks, Ph.D.

 96 Train with someone… "It may seem odd to hear a coach say this, but I think a really great training partner is more important than a coach." -Joan Nesbit, coach and world-class runner

97 …Anyone… "Never underestimate the value of a good training partner, even if it’s your dog. Training allies will get you out the door on those days when exercise might otherwise be reduced to a finger on the remote control button." -Runner’s World editors

 98 …But sometimes go solo "The day after a hard workout, I always train alone. If you run with someone else, there can be a tendency to push harder than you should." -Mark Allen, former Ironman champion

 99 Find a reason why "We run to undo the damage we’ve done to body and spirit. We run to find some part of ourselves yet undiscovered." -John "The Penguin” Bingham

 100 Feel the magic… "For me, running is a lifestyle and an art. I’m far more interested in the magic of it than the mechanics.“ -Lorraine Moller

 101…But do what you must do "If one can stick to training throughout many long years, then willpower is no longer a problem. It’s raining? That doesn’t matter. I’m tired? That’s beside the point. It’s simply that I have to." -Emil Zatopek

Souce: http://www.womenshealthmag.com/fitness/expert-advice-beginners-running-tips

10

Cold as Helsinki

I recently spent a few days in Helsinki, Finland. Previously I was in Tallinn, Estonia and to get to Finland it was just a 19 euro ferry ride across the Baltic Sea -I couldn’t resist!

The ferry was gigantic. I think it was more of a cruise ship. It had cabins for people to sleep in, an incredibly overpriced buffet, some entertainment, and slot machines. It was also carrying hundreds of cars, buses and trucks. It was definitely the biggest boat I have ever been on.

I have never been on a cruise, and I always imagined it would be a glamorous experience. But just two hours on this ridiculous floating circus was more than enough for me. The food was so gross and overpriced. The bathrooms were dirty and it is scary to think about how much human waste is collecting…somewhere on the thing. But worst of all, the smoke stacks at the top of the ship were continuously spewing black smoke into the air. Yikes.

But it was super convenient…so such is my dilemma I often have while traveling: convenience and price compared to impact on the environment. But I guess if we are going to get into it…planes are pretty horrible too.

Okay nevermind. Enough about that.

So when I arrived in Helsinki, it was hard not to notice two things: it was very cold, and, even though they use the Euro -unlike the other Scandinavian countries who use different currencies- everything is very very expensive! Something that would be 2 euros in Berlin is about 5 in Helsinki. Whomp whoooooomp.

I love Scandinavian culture but every time I look at a price tag in one of those countries I can feel my heart Helsinki

But there is something so magnetic about these northern countries for me. I love the people and their quality of life. It was 1 degree Celsius but the parks were still packed with people running and bicycling. The cold doesn’t stop Scandinavians! “There is no bad weather, only bad clothing” as they say.

Even though it was cold and I would lose feeling in my fingers every time I removed my gloves to take a photo, I must say that Finland is gorgeous.

The hostel I stayed at was on the side of the stadium where the 1952 Olympics were held. It is cool to see an old Olympic stadium put to good use when so many become empty ghost towns. This one is still used for sporting events and concerts, but they also use some open office space as a hostel -why not? I took the elevator to the top of the Olympic tower for a decent view of the city when the sun came out.

While I was in Helsinki, I took a ferry to the island Soumenlinna. It is what remains of a sea fortress and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. I had a very pleasant and chili walk around the Island. People currently live there and there is a hostel as well. The ferry into the city is convenient, so residents can have the best of it all.

When I returned to the mainland I walked around the city for a few hours into the night. When I arrived at the hostel, my face hurt from how freezing it had been and my cold I’d been fighting since Latvia had worsened, but oh well.

I met some really interesting characters at the hostel. There was a really outgoing Finnish guy, which defies the stereotype that Finns are shy. My favorite dynamic, though, was between a pretty conservative and serious German guy and a very brutish English woodcutter. The English man was so extreme. He told vulgar stories with vulgar language as his gigantic muscles covered in tattoos flexed with each exclamation. The conservative German was so intrigued by him …and possibly offended at times. They were a lot of fun to talk to…yet almost uncomfortable.

The next day the sun was out and I walked along the water. The world was a happy yellow and blue from the sunny skies, the sea, and the autumn leaves…but it was still very cold.

I want to explore the magic of Scandinavia in winter so I will probably return to Finland later, but for now here is where I Finnish. (I’m sorry for that one).

Emil Zátopek. The Legend. Only person ever to win the 5K, 10K, & Marathon at The Olympics. 1952, Helsinki. Oh…and that was his first marathon. That he entered at the last minute. He also happened to break the existing Olympic records for all three. A great, great, kind, generous man who trained like a man possessed. RW selected him as the greatest runner of all time.

6

WILLIAM McMILLAN

He was a graduate of Turtle Creek High School in 1946. He joined the Marine Corps and after twenty-seven years of service, Lt. Colonel McMillan’s name has become synonymous with marksmanship. He won his first gold medal with the pistol in 1949. After placing fourth at the National Pistol Championships in 1951, he began to compete internationally. He competed in the 1952 Olympics at Helsinki, Finland and placed seventh. At age twenty-two, this was the first of his six Olympics.

William became a distinguished rifleman and in 1954 he won the World Championship [Host Match] in Caracas, Venezuela. Eventually he fired in six World [Shooting] Championships, winning two. William captured the gold medal at the Pan Am games in 1967. In 1956 and 1957 he was the National Pistol Champion and in 1960, Rome, he captured gold medal at the Olympics in a shootoff between the United States, Finland and Russia.

Throughout the years William has competed in every major rifle and pistol event imaginable. He retired frorm active duty in [1974]. In [1978] the Marine Corps established a National Pistol Shooting Trophy in his honor. The “McMillan Trophy” is awarded to the Marine regular or reserves who attains the highest aggregate score in the National Individual Pistol Matches.

RIP