1940s home history

Ida Lupino, 1943, with her hair in a ‘victory roll’

During World War Two, when women took over the factory jobs vacated by men going off to war, they were required to wear their hair securely tied up and out of their faces. Hollywood stars also adopted the style, both out of solidarity with the women who were keeping the country going and to give an air of glamour to the style so that working women would not feel discouraged by their appearance.

“A view taken from Dresden’s town hall of the destroyed Old Town after the allied bombings between February 13 and 15, 1945. Some 3,600 aircraft dropped more than 3,900 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the German city. The resulting firestorm destroyed 15 square miles of the city center, and killed more than 22,000.”



“I wanted people to see this side of my parents because it was the personal side. And even without sound, the pictures say so much about who they were and the joy they had. And some of them show fear that they had and the shyness in them.”

“A seething mass of humanity jammed itself into Whitehall in central London on VE-Day (Victory in Europe Day), May 8, 1945, to hear the premier officially announce Germany’s unconditional surrender. More than one million people celebrated in the streets of London.”


“The Homecoming”, 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Photography

Lt. Col. Bob Moore hugs his daughter upon returning home to Iowa in 1943. An officer in the National Guard, Moore was one of the first American soldiers to see action in World War II, participating in Torch where he won the Silver Star, and fighting into Tunisia where he would save much of his encircled command during Kassarine Pass, exfiltrating them under cover of night back to American lines. Wounded soon after, he was sent back to the United States to recuperate, and was able to visit his family in Iowa before reporting for duty as an instructor at Ft. Benning.

(Earle L. Bunker/The World-Herald)

“These Northwestern University girls brave freezing weather to go through a Home Guard rifle drill on the campus in Evanston, Illinois on January 11, 1942. From left to right are: Jeanne Paul, age 18, of Oak Park, Illinois,; Virginia Paisley, 18, of Lakewood, Ohio; Marian Walsh, 19, also from Lakewood; Sarah Robinson, 20, of Jonesboro, Arkansas,; Elizabeth Cooper, 17, of Chicago; Harriet Ginsberg, 17.”


“Adolf Hitler decorates members of his Nazi youth organization "Hitler Jugend” in a photo reportedly taken in front of the Chancellery Bunker in Berlin, on April 25, 1945. That was just four days before Hitler committed suicide.“