1940s home history

Ida Lupino, 1943, with her hair in a ‘victory roll’

During World War Two, when women took over the factory jobs vacated by men going off to war, they were required to wear their hair securely tied up and out of their faces. Hollywood stars also adopted the style, both out of solidarity with the women who were keeping the country going and to give an air of glamour to the style so that working women would not feel discouraged by their appearance.

“Mrs. Mary Couchman, a 24-year-old warden of a small Kentish Village, shields three little children, among them her son, as bombs fall during an air attack on October 18, 1940. The three children were playing in the street when the siren suddenly sounded. Bombs began to fall as she ran to them and gathered the three in her arms, protecting them with her body. Complimented on her bravery, she said, ‘Oh, it was nothing. Someone had look after the children.’”

(AP)

“A view taken from Dresden’s town hall of the destroyed Old Town after the allied bombings between February 13 and 15, 1945. Some 3,600 aircraft dropped more than 3,900 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the German city. The resulting firestorm destroyed 15 square miles of the city center, and killed more than 22,000.”

(Getty)