<br /><i>Via Flickr:</i>
<br />Two Japanese sailors in uniforms and hats at Yokosuka, Japan in June of 1938. This photo is from a found Japanese album that contains several traditional ama diver photos from the 1930s.
On this day in 1938, Orson Welles broadcast his radio play of
H.G. Wells’s 1898 science-fiction novel The War of the Worldson PBS. Coinciding with
Halloween, the play was broadcast as a realistic series of news
bulletins, detailing a Martian invasion of Earth. Millions of Americans were listening to the radio that night, but did not turn over to Welles’s broadcast on CBS until 12 minutes into the show, after a popular ventriloquist show ended on NBC. By this time, the play was underway, taking the form of orchestral music frequently interrupted by news updates about an alien invasion. Welles described his fictional Martians vividly, expaining how their “eyes are black and gleam like a serpent”, and detailing their use of walking war machines and heat-ray weapons. The popular story goes that the frighteningly realistic broadcast caused milions of Americans to believe that a real alien invasion was occuring. People supposedly fled the fictional crash site in New Jersey, and took to the streets in mass hysteria. The CBS studio heard about the panic, and Welles reasured listeners that the story was fictitious. While Welles and CBS feared that the
confusion would damage their reputation, CBS was cleared of wrongdoing, and the play launched Welles’s Hollywood career. The story of the mass panic caused by Welles’s War of the Worlds remains popular, but recent research has suggested that the extent of the commotion is far more limited than the myth allows. Newspapers at the time greatly exaggerated listeners’ panic - most of the show’s audience understood the play was fictitious - as a way to discredit radio, which was emerging as a serious competition to newspapers.
“Dün öğleden sonra on iki
buçuğa doğru Atatürk’ün öldüğünü bildiren haber her yerde işitiliyordu.
Muazzam bir şok yaratılmıştı. Ve sessizlik her tarafı kaplamıştı. Çocukların
yanı sıra, yetişkin erkekler ve kadınlar ağlıyordu. Keder çok yaygındı ve
böyle bir şey başka hiçbir ülkede görülmemiştir.’’
10 Kasım 1938’de Türkiye’de bulunan Profesör Wolfram
Fotoğraf, Milli Kütüphane Atatürk Arşivi’nden alınmıştır.
“ Yok… Hayır… Sönmeyecek gözlerindeki şimşek, Bize her an o gözler çünkü ışık verecek. Şimdi TÜRK haykırıyor: Atatürk hiç ölür mü ?
Sönmeyecek bir güneş buluta gömülür mü ?
Senin yılmaz adını en son ferdine kadar,
TÜRK milleti anacak kalbinde Ata’sı var. “