1933 1935

“The miracle of the Monarchy is in the admirable coincidence which it establishes not only between Man and State, but between Man and History, that is, between man and reality. It is an admirable synthesis—and doubtless the only possible one—of the personal and the collective, of authority and liberties, of tradition and of necessary progress. The monarchy thus opposes the divisions of our time, not as the domination of a majority or a caste, but as the highest expression of the common interests of the nation and the arbiter of its antagonistic interests; not as the government of an opinion or of an hour, but as the highest symbol of a national historical reality in all the moments of its duration… Being human, it is like any institution; imperfect and fallible, nonetheless it is inside Monarchy that we find united the last chances of an oppressed people, the threatened freedom and the country in peril. It is for us hope enough.” 

— Thierry Maulnier, “The Miracle of the Monarchy”, 1935.


The Universal Monsters

The Phantom of the Opera (1925)

Dracula (1931)

Frankenstein (1931)

The Mummy (1932)

The Invisible Man (1933)

Bride of Frankenstein (1935)

The Wolf Man (1941)

Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954)

Uncle Rudy

So, what do we know about the mysterious Uncle Rudy?

“The siren call of old habits. How very like Uncle Rudy – though, in many ways, cross-dressing would have been a wiser path for you.” (Mycroft, HLV).

We know UR was in the Intelligence/British security business as it was he who ‘managed’ the Eurus situation after she torched Musgrave Hall. That UR had both knowledge of and access to a place such as Sherrinford, suggests that not only was he deep within British Intelligence at the time (and remember, this is going back some 30-odd years), but that he also held a very senior post.

Was UR Mycroft’s predecessor? Did Mycroft inherit the mantle of British Government Omniscient from UR’s shoulders? If this was, in fact, a family inheritance, then I feel UR is related on the paternal side - the line of 'Holmes’ rather than a maternal uncle, though there is no evidence one way or the other (is there?). For some reason, I see UR as the elder brother of the Holmes father. Having slightly odd names would have gone in the family, so a 'Rudolph’ would have been entirely normal by family standards. Assuming Daddy Holmes is about 77-ish in the series (Timothy Carlton was born in 1939), then an older brother would have been at least a year or so senior and probably a bit more. This would most likely make UR’s birthdate between 1933-1937. Let’s say 1935.

We also know that UR was most likely a transvestite. Given the timeframe - this would have been around the mid-seventies, bang in the middle of the Cold War - then UR’s personal preferences would have been kept very well hidden; one did not publicly acknowledge such leanings and remain in high office in the Intelligence services at that time.

Mycroft also says “The siren call of old habits…” which further suggests that cross-dressing had been something UR had done and then given up, only to return to the practice (the 'siren’ call) at some point later on, most likely when he felt sufficiently secure in his professional position to handle the risk of discovery without undue concern. This further suggests that during the time of Eurus’ incarceration at Sherrinford, UR had become even more powerful than he had been when he shut her away.

Assuming Mycroft Holmes was born in the mid-sixties, then he wouldn’t have been more than 10 or 11 when Musgrave Hall was destroyed. It would be at least another seven or eight years before he’d be old enough to join the Civil Service (because that’s what British Intelligence officers are, Civil Servants). This means Mycroft would be about 18 or so in the late seventies. Naturally, he would have gone to university first. By his patronising and somewhat superior demeanour, I’d imagine him attending one of the older Oxford colleges or perhaps even London’s Imperial College. For some reason, Mycroft doesn’t feel like a Cambridge man. Cambridge would have been far too liberal for his tastes. UR would now be in his mid-forties, the same age that Mycroft is in the series.

At university, Mycroft would probably take PPE and languages given his inherent linguistic skills. He would almost certainly knock off his undergraduate studies in record time and possibly spend an additional year polishing things off with an M Phil. This would make him around 22-23 by the time he’d finished with his studies and was ready to find productive employment. At this point, in the early1980s, Margaret Thatcher was PM and there was significant growth in British Intelligence, not only to deal with the fallout of the Falkland Islands war, but also the risk posed by Soviet interference due to the rise of rampant unionism in the UK at the time. UR is now around 50 and at the height of his power (most senior Civil Servants retire between 55-60 years of age).

It would have been at this point that UR had the perfect opportunity to recruit his nephew, the young and fiercely clever Mycroft Holmes into the Intelligence services, probably as a junior analyst to begin with, until he was able to demonstrate his incredible intellectual prowess. This brings the timeline to around 1985 or so. It would take a few years for Mycroft to begin to rise (despite all fantasies, the British Civil Service has some of the strictest employment and promotion policies in the Western world). Therefore, Mycroft would be in his mid-to-late 20s (25? 26?) before he’d be in any position to share secrets with UR. At this point, I think UR would have been in the top seat himself and thus able to expedite Mycroft’s upward movement.

These (admittedly huge) assumptions being even remotely accurate, then at some point in the 20-year period between 1990 and 2010, UR dies and Mycroft is promoted into his uncle’s shoes. He takes his uncle’s government role, his responsibilities (Eurus’ ongoing captivity is only one minor issue) and his wedding ring (this begs another question about UR’s wife. Whom did he marry? What happened to Lady Holmes? (I see UR as being knighted by this time)). That the ring belonged to UR also explains why nobody ever asks Mycroft about it or why he’s wearing it - they all know that UR was his mentor and naturally, there would have been a closeness of sorts. This then postulates that Mycroft would have been in his current role for at least fifteen-years before the series starts in 2010, which feels about right.

Can anyone add further detail to my surmising?


Jews of Early Bollywood

1. Azurie was an actress and dancer who was popular in the 1930s and 40s. She was the first dancer to gain popularity in Hindi films. She was born to an Indian mother and German father in Bangalore in 1907. It is believed that her debut film was Nadira (1934), and her last film released in India was Bahana (1942), before she migrated to Pakistan, where she starred in films such as Jhoomar (1959). She died in August 1998 in Pakistan.

2. Sulochana (Ruby Myers) was a silent film actress from the Baghdadi Jewish community of India. She was born in Pune in 1907. At the height of her career, she was the highest paid actress of her time. She worked as a telephone operator before entering the film industry. Some of her popular silent films were Typist Girl (1926), Wildcat of Bombay (1927), and Madhuri (1928). With the coming of sound, she had to take a year off to learn Hindustani (the language of the films) as she was not proficient. She made a comeback with the 1932 talkie version of Madhuri. Sulochana founded her own film production house, RubiPics in the mid-1930s. She received the Dada Saheb Phalke Award in 1973 for her lifetime contribution to Indian cinema. By the 1980s, she was a forgotten actress and died on October 10, 1983 in Mumbai.

3. Nadira (Florence Ezekiel Nadira) was born to a Baghdadi Jewish family on December 5, 1932. She rose to fame with the 1952 film Aan, in which she played a Rajput princess. Her most memorable fims are Shree 420 (1955), Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai (1960), Pakeezah (1971), and Julie (1975). She was a well-paid actress and one of the first Indian actresses to own a Rolls Royce. She was active in her career up until 2001, when she played in the movie Zohra Mahal. For the last part of her life, she lived alone in Mumbai, as most of her family moved to Israel. She died on February 9, 2006.

4. Pramila (Esther Victoria Abraham) was born in Calcutta to a Baghdadi Jewish family on December 30, 1916. She was the winner of the first Miss India contest in 1947. She peformed stunts in movies such as Ulti Ganga (1942) and Basant (1942). She became the first female film producer and released 16 films under Silver Productions. She also graduated from the University of Cambridge and became a teacher. She died on August 6, 2006 in Mumbai.

5. Pearl Padamsee was born in 1931 to a Jewish mother and Christian father, but she later converted to Christianity. She was the director of an English-language theatre in Mumbai, which was active from the 1950s to 90s, and she hosted after-school theatre workshops for children. She acted in films such as Khatta Meetha (1978), Junoon (1978), and Baaton Baaton Mein (1979). Her last film was in 1998, and she died on April 24, 2000.

6. Joseph David Penkar was a Bene Israel screenwriter, director, and composer. He wrote the script for the first talkie film in India, Alam Ara (1931). He subsequently joined the Imperial Film Company as a writer, and wrote the scripts for films such as Sati Sone (1932), Lal-e-Yaman (1933), and Desh Deepak (1935), all of which he composed the music for. He died in 1942. Little seems to be known about him.

7. David Abraham Cheulkar, popularly known as David, was a Bene Israel actor born in 1909. After graduating college in 1930, he struggled to find a job, and decided to join the film industry. He gained prominence with the 1942 film Naya Sansar and later acted in over 100 films, such as Boot Polish (1954), Gol Maal (1979), and Baaton Baaton Mein (1979). He won several awards, including the Padma Shri Award in 1969. He was closely associated with the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA), a leftist theatre company that served as the cultural wing of the Communist Party of India. He was active in his career up until his death, December 28, 1981.

8. Firoza Begum (Susan Solomon) was a Bene Israel actress. She acted in Hindi and Marathi films in the 1920s and 30s. Some of her popular films are Bewafa Qatil, Prem Veer, and Circus Girl. Little seems to be known about her. (I’m not certain that is her in the picture; it may be the Bangladeshi singer whose name was also Firoza Begum, but this picture was attached to Susan Solomon’s alias in multiple sources.)

9. Ramola Devi (Rachel Cohen) is most known for her role in Khazanchi (1941). She debuted in the 1937 film Calcutta After Midnight. She appeared in many films, such as Qaidi (1941), Khamoshi (1942), and Sawan Aya Re (1949). After the emergence of popular actresses such as Madhubala, Meena Kumari, and Nargis, her career was eclipsed. Her last films were Actor, Jawani Ki Aag and Stage, all released in 1951. Little seems to be known about her.

The 41-story Rockefeller Center’s International Building. 630 Fifth Avenue between West 50th. to 51st. streets. The Associated Architects (Reinhard & Hofmeister; Corbett, Harrison & MacMurray; Raymond Hood, Godley & Fouilhoux; Edward Durrell Stone), 1933-1935. View looking norethwest in Summer, 1943.

Photo: Unknown. 

Source: “Look at America. New York City”. Cambridge, The Riverside Press, Houghton Mifflin Company. 1948.


Singin in the Rain (1952) was edited by Adrienne Fazan.  Adrienne was born in Germany and was a protégée of Hollywood’s first significant female director Dorothy Arzner.  Adrienne was an Oscar winner for her editing of GIgi (1958) and had 83 editing credits dating back to one German credit in 1931, followed by a 1933 Hollywood feature, a 1935 French feature, and then a couple of dozen Hollywood shorts 1939-45.  From 1945 she worked exclusively on features with other films among the best 1,001 Anchors Aweigh, and It’s Always Fair Weather.  She was also editor of An American in Paris, and her last credit was The Cheyenne Social Club in 1970.


The Ishibutai Kofun is a stone tumulus from Asuka-period Japan believed to be the tomb of Soga no Umako, a member of the Soga clan that was instrumental in spreading Buddhism throughout Japan. Its name is a combination of two Japanese words: ‘ishi’ meaning “stone” and ‘butai’ meaning “stage” thus the name literally translate as “large stone stage.”

It is the largest megalithic structure in Japan, built on a spur of a mountain on top of a plateau with 30 large stones. That said, archaeological evidence reveals to us that it used to be considerably larger, in part owing to a moat that ran 12 meter wide.

First excavated in 1933 through 1935, the Ishibutai Kofun offered few artefacts for examination, but nonetheless evidence of its use as a burial tomb was clear. Studies ceased during World War 2, but resumed again afterwards alongside postwar reconstruction efforts.

In case you need an idea of what that looks like, Kentucky basketball has:

NCAA Tournament champions: 1948, 1949, 1951, 1958, 1978, 1996, 1998, 2012

NCAA Tournament runner up: 1966, 1975, 1997, 2014

NCAA Tournament Final Four: 1942, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1958, 1966, 1975, 1978, 1984, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2011, 2012, 2014

NCAA Tournament Elite Eight: 1942, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014

NCAA Tournament Sweet Sixteen: 1951, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014

NCAA Tournament appearances: 1942, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014

Conference tournament champions: 1921, 1933, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1984, 1986, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011 (Note: There was no SEC tourney from 1953–1978.)

Conference regular season champions1926, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2010, 2012

German motorised troops. Notice how the Soldier in the background is wearing  a Model 1935 Stahlhelm, while both Soldiers closer to the camera are wearing  earlier Model 1933 Stahlhelme, as evident from the larger visor and skirt, as well as the jutting lugs.


Edmundo Vázquez

San Pedro Cholula Puebla a 04 de noviembre de 2017.

Los tiempos electorales en el Municipio de San Pedro Cholula se han adelantado y claramente se han divido los bandos en 2 bloques: LA ALIANZA DEL PODER conformado por quienes tradicionalmente han ostentado el poder como JIMENEZ, COVARRUBIAS,ESPINOSA y a los que ahora se suma OAXACA; Y por otro lado LORENZINI quien ha construido lazos fuertes con los CHOLULTECAS.


Tradicionalmente el poder en Cholula ha sido ostentado sólo por algunas personas con apellidos “muy parecidos” en Cholula y entre las cuales incluso existe una relación de parentesco y que se han dedicado a traspasar el poder de generación en generación quedando la presidencia entre bisabuelos, abuelos, tíos, primos y sobrinos desde 1931 a la fecha; es decir, durante 86 años (CASI UN SIGLO) personas de apellido Jimenez-Covarrubias-Espinosa han gobernado San Pedro Cholula.

En el siguiente cuadro se muestra el periodo y el nombre de quien fungió como Presidente Municipal:

1931-1933 Tomás Covarrubias

1935-1936 José Covarrubias

1936-1937 Vicente Jiménez

1941-1943 Vicente Jiménez

1951-1954 José Jiménez Blanca

1954-1957 Isaac Jiménez Blanca

1984-1987 Francisco Covarrubias Salvatori

1987-1990 José Eloy Jiménez Espinosa

2002-2004 Alejandro  Oaxaca Carreón

2005-2008 Juan Pablo Jiménez Concha

2008-2011 Francisco Andrés Covarrubias Pérez

2011-2014 Dolores María del Carmen Parra Jiménez

2014-2018 José Juan Espinosa Torres

En el cuadro de arriba se aprecia que los apellidos Jiménez, Covarrubias y Espinosa se repiten en innumerables ocasiones a través de la historia. A estos apellidos súmele el de Oaxaca quien no es la primera vez que pacta con los Jiménez ya que como se observa en el cuadro superior después de Alejandro Oaxaca 2 Jiménez más fueron presidentes.


El parentesco entre los apellidos Jiménez-Covarrubias-Espinosa se remonta a tiempos ancestrales, para el caso concreto que nos ocupa nos referiremos al parentesco entre estas familias en las últimas 3 generaciones:

Francisco Covarrubias Salvatori es padre de Francisco Andrés Covarrubias Pérez.

José Eloy Jiménez Espinosa es padre de Juan Pablo Jiménez Concha y tío de Dolores María del Carmen Parra Jiménez y de José Juan Espinosa Torres.

Juan Pablo Jiménez Concha, Dolores María del Carmen Parra Jiménez y José Juan Espinosa Torres son primos.

Francisco Andrés Covarrubias Pérez es concuño de Fabián Jiménez Concha hermano de Juan Pablo Jiménez Concha.


Próxima entrega parte dos


Desde su fundación, ambas ciudades han acrecentado su competencia en cuanto crecimiento y desarrollo político, cultural, social y económico se refiere.

Es de todos conocidos que durante las 2 últimas décadas (20 años), San Andrés Cholula ha tenido un boom en esos rubros en comparación con San Pedro Cholula.

En San Andrés Cholula se han asentado desarrollos inmobiliarios habitaciones como la Vista, Lomas y los centros comerciales y edificios y negocios sobre la vía Atlixcayotl, lo que ha generado fuentes de empleo; así como el Museo Regional, los parques públicos y unidad deportiva ubicados a un costado de la Gran Pirámide, derrama por turismo.

En San Pedro Cholula sólo le han apostado a la actividad turística que se realiza entorno a los Portales (por cierto propiedad de los Jiménez en 80%).


Al parecer la Alianza del Poder (Jiménez-Covarrubias-Espinosa-Oaxaca) se formó ante la ventaja que en las encuestas ha alcanzado Lorenzini a quien ven con peligro, pues saben que la riqueza que han alcanzado los Jiménez-Covarrubias-Espinosa-Oaxaca, la obtuvieron gracias al poder que han tenido sobre Cholula.

Estos ex presidentes ya se pusieron de acuerdo para tratar de imponer al próximo presidente en Cholula.


Cada bloque ha desplegado su estrategia.

Los expresidentes integrantes de la Alianza del Poder del Poder despliegan todos sus recursos económicos y relaciones políticas y han puesto en marcha  una campaña negra (guerra sucia) contra Lorenzini.

En cambio, Lorenzini continúa con su labor, generando alianzas con personas de distintos partidos políticos y también con personas que están hartas de los partidos, logrando una estructura solida y una alianza con la gente.

Hoy por la mañana Lorenzini subió un vídeo a redes donde desnudó los planes de sus opositores y afirmó: “Andan nerviosos los de la Alianza del Poder porque saben que ya se le va a acabar”. El vídeo se puede apreciar en el siguiente LINK: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qtMYioqfpks

What does this symbol on old pulp magazines mean?

You can see this blue eagle symbol on a lot of old pulp mags from the years 1933-1935, especially Street & Smith published magazines: 

The “blue eagle” is actually a symbol that shows whoever made this product is compliant with the National Recovery Administration Code, created by Franklin Delano Roosevelt as a response to the Great Depression. Among other things, it allowed industries to get together and set a minimum wage for workers, along with a minimum price that goods could be sold. 

In other words, the National Recovery Administration Code was designed as a way for industries to ensure that the frenzy of competition during the Depression wouldn’t result in businesses slashing prices (and slashing wages and workers as well). 

Even movies displayed the NRA Blue Eagle:

Housewives were encouraged to only buy products that were NRA Code compliant and had a blue eagle on them. Businesses that didn’t display the blue eagle were boycotted by large numbers of people. One guy who refused to join was Henry Ford, insulated from the worst of the Depression, and who called the whole thing Commie nonsense. 

The NRA Code only lasted three years, from 1933-1935. As a presidential edict, it was ruled by the Supreme Court to be a break on separation of powers and declared illegal (back when politics played hardball). But the “blue eagle” did have one long lasting effect: when a new National Football League team was founded in Philadelphia in 1933, it was named the Philadelphia Eagles after the NRA Blue Eagle symbol, in recognition of the National Recovery Act.