1913 1915

6

Mauser Flieger Karabiner 15 - airman carbine

Also adopted by the balloon corps as the Mauser Selbstlader Karabiner M1916 - self loading carbine. Designed in the German Empire between 1910 and 1913 by Paul Mauser following his life-long eye-gouging work on semi-automatic rifles. Manufactured in Oberndorf, serial number 492.
7,92x57mm Mauser, 20-rounds removable box magazine, delayed blowback semi-automatic.

An interesting design, found lacking by ground troops but adopted after its designer’s death as a sky gun of sort. The inside of its foregrip where it lined the barrel was covered in asbestos to avoid the gun catching on fire with prolongated fire.

Sauce : Forgotten Weapons

2

Kugelhandgranate M1913/15 Poppenberg system

Manufactured by Germany c.1915-1918 using surplus Khg M1913 fragmentation grenades.
45g explosive charge, percussive system armed by removing the pin and lifting the spoon lever on the handle, after which a sharp shock and gravity would detonate the device.

That’s what happens when you Voltron the early German ball grenade with their later 1915 stick technology. They had realized earlier with the regular M1915 percussive layout - one with a regular cylindrical head like other Stielhandgranate - you better had the heaviest head possible to make sure it landed right on its face.

Plus they were bored and they had plenty to fuck around with.

3

Hilma af Klint. Altarpiece, No. 1, Group X, The Dove, No. 3, Group IX, The Swan, No. 17, Group IX (top to bottom). 1913-1915.

Hilma af Klint (1862-1944) was a pioneer of art that turned away from visible reality. By 1906, she had developed an abstract imagery. This was several years before Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944), Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) and Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935), who are still regarded as the pioneers of abstract 20th-century art. Hilma af Klint assumed that there was a spiritual dimension to life and aimed at visualizing contexts beyond what the eye can see. When painting, she believed that she was in contact with a higher consciousness that spoke and conveyed messages through her. Like many of her contemporaries, she was influenced by spiritual movements, especially spiritualism, theosophy and later anthroposophy. Through her paintings, she sought to understand and communicate the various dimensions of human existence. -Dr. M. Bunyan

“I allus axes em fer nickels”

“Louis Gabriel (13 years old) and brother Eddie (10 years old) and Johnnie (7 years old). The photographer found Louis and Eddie selling after midnight on April 17 with about fifty papers left on their hands. Eddie says he is often up until 9 or 12 P.M. and sometimes up at 4 A.M. Sunday. They said they make several dollars some days, ‘Wid de tips.’ The younger ones were very voluble about tips. ‘I allus axes em fer nickels’ Johnnie said. The two older boys, Louis and Eddie, are on probation at Juvenile Court. Family is well known to charities. Father taken into court for non-support. Has deserted.” 4/10/1912

Hine, Lewis Wickes, 1874-1940, PhotographerFile Unit: Papers Accompanying Specific Bills and Resolutions of the 63rd Congress Committee on the District of Columbia, 4/7/1913 - 3/3/1915Series: Papers Accompanying Specific Bills and Resolutions, 1903 - 1972Record Group 233: Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1789 - 2015

Spain Suspends Constitution

Eduardo Dato (1856-1921), Spanish PM 1913-1915, June - November 1917, and from 1920 until his assassination.

June 27 1917, Madrid–Spain, unlike most other countries in Europe, had stayed out of the war.  She had no territorial or colonial ambitions that would be served by a war with Germany (despite sharing a small border with German Kamerun), nor had she anything to fear from German aggression (unlike Denmark or the Netherlands).  Unrestricted submarine warfare had a negative effect on Spanish trade and Spanish ships were sunk. Unlike in the United States, however, this did not provoke Spain into the war; in fact King Alfonso XIII now saw himself as the leading neutral head of state, in a prime position to mediate a peace.

Despite her neutrality, Spain still felt the effects of the war in terms of food shortages and higher prices, which resulted in increased unrest and labor agitation.  Against this backdrop, the pro-Allied Spanish PM, Count Romanones, resigned, in part due to a German-funded press campaign against him.  The new government soon faced a threat from a different direction, in the military.  Officers stationed in Spain had found that their promotion prospects were quite limited compared to those stationed in Morocco and elsewhere in Africa.  The leaders of the military juntas were arrested, but the remaining officers threatened to release them by force, and the new government fell. The next PM, Eduardo Dato, on June 27 suspended various constitutional guarantees, especially freedom of the press, in order to secure the monarchy from the risks of coup and revolution.

Today in 1916: Roosevelt Offers Division for Service if War Declared on Mexico
Today in 1915: Russian Navy Launches Never-to-be-Completed Battlecruiser Izmail

“Earle Frere, a young truant selling extra during school hours Monday on Pennsylvania Avenue. He said ‘I heard they was extras so I stayed out of school.  I am 9 years old–I mean 11.’ He finally compromised on 10.”, 4/15/1912

Hine, Lewis Wickes, 1874-1940, Photographer. File Unit: Papers Accompanying Specific Bills and Resolutions of the 63rd Congress Committee on the District of Columbia, 4/7/1913 - 3/3/1915. Series: Papers Accompanying Specific Bills and Resolutions, 1903 - 1972. Record Group 233: Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1789 - 2015

More photos by investigative photographer Lewis Hine

Viscountess Castlereagh (1913). Philip Alexius de Laszlo (Hungarian, 1869-1937). Oil.

Edith Castlereagh, née Chaplin, became the 7th Marchioness of Londonderry in 1915 when her husband Vane-Tempest-Stewart succeeded his father. The artist had made this striking portrait of her in 1913, and by 1915 he had also painted her husband, son, and mother-in-law. Edith was a renowned hostess and her balls were justly famous, and in retrospect are emblematic of a lifestyle which was to vanish with the First World War.