Painter and printmaker, working in both aquatint and color woodcut and he exhibited at the Vienna Secession in 1912 and 1913. During World War I he served as an artillery regiment officer but after the war he travelled extensively through southern France, Italy, and Austria.
Considered the father of Futurist fashion, Giacomo Balla began designing textiles and suits in 1912/1913. With asymmetrical cuts and diagonal surface patterns, the brightly coloured outfits were a direct translation of the dynamic “force-lines” of his painted canvases. The Futurists were aggressively against clothing with frivolous detail, expensive fabrics and furthermore, class distinction in dress. Instead they promoted clothing designed in sleek lines and simple shapes which promoted the unencumbered movement of the human body, and the fast-paced rhythm of modern life as was evoked by dynamic textile designs and asymmetrical cuts.
Karl Völker (17 October 1889 – 28 December 1962) was a German architect and painter associated with the New Objectivity movement.
He was born in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt and, after an apprenticeship as an interior decorator, studied in 1912-1913 at the Dresden School of Arts and Crafts where Richard Guhr was his teacher. He joined the Berlin “Red Group” in 1924, and was a contributor to the journal Das Wort. His early paintings, such as Industriebild (Industrial Picture, 1923) are in a constructivist style.
He worked as an architect until 1933, when Hitler took power. Declared a degenerate artist by the Nazis, he was forced to support himself from 1933-1943 performing architectural conservation work.
After military service in World War II he resumed working as an architect and painter. He died in Halle in 1962.
Map of military movements during the First Balkan War.
The First Balkan War, which lasted from October 1912 to May 1913, comprised actions of the Balkan League (Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro) against the Ottoman Empire. The combined armies of the Balkan states overcame the numerically inferior and strategically disadvantaged Ottoman armies and achieved rapid success. As a result of the war, the allies captured and partitioned almost all remaining European territories of the Ottoman Empire. Ensuing events also led to the creation of an independent Albanian state. Despite its success, Bulgaria was dissatisfied over the division of the spoils in Macedonia, which provoked the start of the Second Balkan War.
On the Landing (c.1912-1913). Rupert Bunny (Australian, 1864-1947). Oil on canvas.
The artist’s loose handling of paint and sensitive treatment of light are notable features. Here the standing figure’s face is cast in deep shadow, forming an effective contrast to the bright sunlit background. Both women’s features are gently up-lit from below. Their flowing dresses of indiscriminate form are rendered with assured brush strokes.