1912

George Barbier, Fashion by Paul Poiret, Cover of Les Modes Paris, April 1912.

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March 12th 1912: The Girl Scouts founded

On this day in 1912, the Girl Guides - who would later become the Girl Scouts of the USA - were founded. The organisation was founded by Juliette Gordon Low, after she met the founder of Scouting - Robert Baden-Powell. The first Girl Scout meeting took place on March 12th in Savannah, Georgia, with 18 girls attending; there are now over 3.2 million members. Low wanted to give America and the world “something for the girls” and aimed to encourage girls to become active citizens and to develop their full potential. They soon became an important group in the USA, with Martin Luther King Jr describing the Girl Scouts as “a force for desegregation” in the 1950s and 1960s.

“I’ve got something for the girls of Savannah, and all of America, and all the world, and we’re going to start it tonight!”
- Juliette Low at the first Girl Scout meeting

La scena della coppia di anziani che si vede nel film “Titanic” che sta abbracciata nel letto si basa in realtà su una storia vera. Si chiamavano Ida e Isidor Straus ed entrambi sono morti sul titanic. A Ida era stato offerto un posto su una scialuppa ma rifiutò per stare con il marito. Anche al marito fu offerto un posto, che decise di rifutare per salvare donne e bambini. Ida disse “abbiamo vissuto insieme per molti anni. Dove vai tu, vado io.”

- @laragazzadiplastica

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March 16th 1912: Lawrence Oates dies

On this day in 1912 Lawrence Oates, a member of Robert Falcon Scott’s British team to the South Pole, left his tent never to be seen again. Scott’s Terra Nova Expedition was his second attempt and aimed to become the first group to reach the South Pole. The group succeeded in reaching the Pole on January 17th 1912, only to discover that they had been beaten by Roald Amundsen’s Norwegian expedition. Sadly, Scott’s entire party of five men died on the return journey. Oates was one of those who died first. He was suffering from severe frostbite and, in an apparent act of self-sacrifice, simply walked out of his tent into a blizzard. He had asked them to leave him behind as his condition worsened, and it is likely he felt that he was holding his group back and limiting their chances for survival. Thus on March 16th he walked out of the tent saying: “I am just going outside and may be some time.” The others died soon after and their bodies were found by a search party in November, along with some of their equipment and personal effects. Oates’s body was never found, but he and his companions are remembered as brave men and national heroes.

“We knew that poor Oates was walking to his death, but though we tried to dissuade him, we knew it was the act of a brave man and an English gentleman.
- Entry in Scott’s diary about Oates