Two photos of the Hesse family, the first taken in 1875 and the second in 1879. By the time the second photo was taken there had been a terrible tragedy in the family, Princess Alice (seen wearing a cross necklace) and her youngest daughter Princess Marie (being carried by her father) both died from diphtheria in the last 2 months of 1878.  The family that used to consist of 8 was now down to 6.

Arkhip Kuindzhi aka Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi aka Архи́п Ива́нович Куи́нджи (Russian-Greek, 1842-1910, b. Mariupol, Ukraine) - After A Rain/Thunderstorm (Après la Pluie), 1879  Paintings: Oil on Canvas


S&W Model 320 revolving rifle

Manufactured by Smith & Wesson c.1879-87 - serial number 862.
.32 six-round cylinder, top break single action, removable stock, 18″ barrel.

Designed from the successful No3 revolver, the Model 320 is probably the rarest non-prototype Smith & Wesson gun to be produced. This is almost certainly related to the impracticality of revolving rifles, which tend to shower your left hand with gas and burning powder with each shot.


“Sent the boys and girls to school winter” 1879-1880, one of the last entries for Battiste Good’s Winter Count.

From the Smithsonian: “A boy with a pen in his hand is represented in the picture”.

In an effort to “kill the Indian and save the man” Native American children were removed from their families and placed them in residential schools that prohibited native clothing, language, and culture. Sioux Charles Eastman/Ohiyesa later reflected on his father’s words to him when he departed to attend school. “We have now entered upon this life, and there is no going back… It is the same as if I sent you on your first warpath. I shall expect you to conquer.” Eastman/Ohiyesa graduated from Dartmouth College in 1887, and earned a medical degree from Boston University. He returned to the Pine Ridge Reservation in 1890 as an agency physician. Eastman/Ohiyesa would provide medical care to the survivors of the Wounded Knee Massacre in December of 1890. (Calloway, First Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History)

The two images below shows the Chiricahua Apache Children before and after arriving at the Carlisle Indian School.

The first image depicts the Chiricahua Apache children upon arrival at Carlisle Indian School from Fort Marion, Florida, November 4, 1886. Front row (L to R): Clement Seanilzay, Beatrice Kiahtel, Janette Pahgostatum (Pahgostatun), Margaret Y. Nadasthilah, Frederick Eskelsejah (Fred’ k Eskelsijah). Middle row (L to R): Humphrey Eseharzay (Escharzay), Samson Noran, Basil Ekarden. Back row (L to R): Hugh Chee, Bishop Eatennah, Ernest Hogee. 

The second image depicts the Chiricahua Apache children four months after arrival at Carlisle Indian School from Fort Marion, Florida, March 1887. Back row (L to R): Hugh Chee, Frederick Eskelsejah (Fred’ k Eskelsijah), Clement Seanilzay, Samson Noran, Ernest Hogee. Middle row: Margaret Y. Nadasthilah. Front row (L to R): Humphrey Escharzay, Beatrice Kiahtel, Janette Pahgostatum, Bishop Eatennah, Basil Ekarden. 

(Smithsonian Institution/National Museum of the American Indian/anthropology_nerd)

Emperador Francisco José I de Austria y I Rey de Hungría
Imperator Franciscus Iosephus I Austriae et I Rex Hungariae
Kaiser Franz Joseph I. von Österreich und I. König von Ungarn
Emperor Francis Joseph I of Austria and I King of Hungary
Empereur François Joseph I d'Autriche et I Roi de Hongrie

Julius Victor Berger (1850-1902), 1879.


Mle 1866 M74 ‘Gras’ rifle

Made by the Manufacture d’Armes de St-Etienne in France c.1871 and converted to fire metallic cartridges in 1879 - serial number 13324 / 70873.
11x59mmR Gras centerfire, single shot bolt action, manual cocking handle.

Originally a Chassepot Mle 1866 needlegun, this rifle was refitted to fire the modern Gras metallic cartridge of a similar caliber, becoming a Mle 1866/74. Many other Gras rifles were manufactured new as the Mle 1874, bu they are almost indistinguishable from their older counterparts.