1863 edition

You have noticed that everything an  Indian does in a circle,
and that is because the Power of the World always works in  circles,
and everything and everything tries to be round.

In the old days all our power came to us from the sacred hoop
of the nation and so long as the hoop was unbroken the people
flourished. The flowering tree was the living center of the  hoop,
and the circle of the four quarters nourished it. The east  gave peace
and light, the south gave warmth, the west gave rain and the  north
with its cold and mighty wind gave strength and endurance.  This
knowledge came to us from the outer world with our religion.

Everything the power of the world does is done in a circle.
The sky is round and I have heard that the earth is round  like a ball
and so are all the stars. The wind, in its greatest power,  whirls.
Birds make their nests in circles, for theirs is the same  religion as ours.
The sun comes forth and goes down again in a circle. The moon
does the same and both are round. Even the seasons form a  great
circle in their changing and always come back again to where  they were.

The life of a man is a circle from childhood to childhood,  and so it is
in everything where power moves. Our teepees were round like  the
nests of birds, and these were always set in a circle, the  nation’s hoop,
a nest of many nests, where the Great Spirit meant for us  to hatch our children.

Black Elk, Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux 1863-1950    

color editing & motion graphic effects by George RedHawk (DarkAngelOne )

Sarah Bernhardt in Lorenzaccio. Walter Spindler (British, 1878-1940). Oil on panel.

Never afraid to tackle a male role, Bernhardt made the role of Lorenzaccio one of the most definitive of her illustrious career. Originally written by Alfred de Musset in 1863, Bernhardt edited and adapted the play for herself, with the new version opening on 3 December 1896. The story was based on the life of Lorenzo the Magnificent (1449-1492), patriarch of the powerful Medici family of Florence.