1851 1900


Anglo-Japanese Style

The Anglo-Japanese style developed in the period from approximately 1851 to 1900, when a new appreciation for Japanese design and culture affected the art, especially the decorative art, and architecture of England.   The wider interest in Eastern or Oriental design and culture is regarded as a characteristic of the Aesthetic Movement during the same period. The style developed in advance of the British Arts and Crafts Movement, but both are best regarded as branches from the mainstream Aesthetic Movement. In the design of furniture, the most common and characteristic features are simple rectilinear structure, minimal decoration, often limited to incised and gilt lines or motifs such as ‘mons’, and most particularly an ebonized finish (or even ebony) echoing the well known ‘japanned’ finish.  In commercial mass-produced table wares, the style was most represented by transfer prints depicting Japanese botanical or animal motifs such as bamboos and birds; scenes of Japan or Japanese objects such as fans. Often these were placed in a novel asymmetrical fashion in defiance of Western tradition. 


♀ House Sparrow (frontside) along Bloor St. W., Toronto (Afternoon, early August, ‎2013, sunny).

The House Sparrow was introduced into Brooklyn, New York, in 1851. By 1900 it had spread to the Rocky Mountains. Two more introductions in the early 1870s, in San Francisco and Salt Lake City, aided the bird’s spread throughout the West. House Sparrows are now common across all of North America except Alaska and far northern Canada.