1800s france


Totally useless information: I am that kind of person who wears grey or navy and calls that a colourful outfit. I am an all-in-black person, but sometimes I wear green like this one: a slightly darker that what we would nowadays call olive or military green.

This court coat and waistcoat are wonderful examples of the clothing that was needed to be worn in (duh) court at the end of the century: perfect, heavily decorated, hiper elegant and pretty much over the top. Damn, I wish I could embroider like that… or even make a proper coat (JUST LOOK AT THE BACK PLEATS!! Sorry, I’ll go cry in the corner).

Green velvet court coat and matching ivory satin waistcoat, ca, 1790, France.

Juana Galán was known for beating Napoleon’s troops out of her village during the Battle of Valdepeñas in June, 1808. There weren’t enough men to defend the village from invading French. Juana, 21, immediately rallied all of the women in the village. When the French troops marched in, the women dumped boiling oil on top of them. Juana stood in the street with a large club and beat any French soldier that crossed her path. 

Mary Frances Thompson (December 3, 1895 – October 25, 1995), best known as ‘Te Ata’, was an actress and citizen of the Chickasaw Nation known for telling Native American stories.
She performed as a representative of Native Americans at state dinners before President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s. She was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1957 and named Oklahoma’s first State Treasure in 1987.

But historically accurate Hetalia looks like…

I can almost guarantee that the nations change appearance all the time. Like, America probably changed with every decade. Can you imagine him in the 60s and 80s? And same with the much older nations. Germany and France have probably changed a lot over time as they went through wars and peace looking like soldiers than civilians. I’m sure England’s had all the colours of the rainbow for hair colors and that Canada might get an undercut or shave half his head. Every single decade has probably overturned an entire wardrobe. Haircuts and piercings and then a whole new look 20 years later. Those would be fun albums.  

anonymous asked:

Hi! Im writing some historical fiction about the 1832 June Rebellion (Paris Uprising of 1832) and I was wondering how gender was viewed in 1832 France? Also how age and sexuality was viewed. I have 3 female characters who are all interested in fighting and I would like to know whether or not they would have to wear male clothing. I also have 2 male characters pining after each other, and I was wondering how 1832 france would view this. Theres also an 11 year old fighter. Thanks ~

Hello anon! I apologise for taking so very long to answer your question! It’s within my field and a really interesting question but it took some research and thus some time.

Since war and going to war was long, and in a lot of societies, considered to be the “ultimate test of both individual and collective manhood.”, a woman that wanted to be a soldier would have to disguise herself.[1] There are records of this; a famous instance would be Hua Mulan. Granted, not every culture and every era demanded that women did not fight in any kind of battle; there are several examples of women defending their castle, their home, themselves in times of war and during sieges and attacks. [2]

Let´s focus on the uprising, though. After the French Revolution in 1789, women did get more political influence but this was taken away in 1804 with the Napoleon’s Civil Code of 1804; which made women completely subordinate to their husbands once married. (Women did dress themselves as soldier, still, though.)[3] This political reality meant that in 1832 France, women were not invited into the military fraternities from which the rebellion formed. They were, however, taking part in building barricades, sabotaging, springing prisoners and helping with supplies. One certain Catharine Delacroix both constructed a barricade and led rebels through the streets, shouting “Qui vivé!” as she wielded a pick-axe.[4] Women would join their husbands and try to acquire ammunition and weapons and women would store weapons in their homes.[5]

The reason we know these things is that the criminal records state the names of several women and what their crimes were. For instance; in april 1834 a group of rebels, including six women, tried to help a political prisoner escape. They were all later arrested (which is how we know they were involved). [6] So, my advice for your story would be to make three different female characters. One could be like Catharine, one could be a wife helping her husband and one could already be military and join the groups of men planing the uprising. Or a wife joining the rebellion in spite of her husband´s wishes, an unmarried woman or a widow picking up a weapon and shouting from the barricades and a trans man already within the military helping plan the rebellion. (Why a trans man, though? Well, representation. There is historical truth to women simply being disguised to be able to be in the military but history has largely, almost completely, overlooked the fact that the women dressed as soldiers may not be women at all, but trans men. Of course, our understanding of gender and sexuality in the contemporary so-called western world can not be directly transferred to historical people, but to assume that women who joined the army (some of who continued to live their entire lives “disguised” as men) were exclusively cisgendered women would be rather ignorant of us historians. (Not calling you or any writer ignorant! Women in military and/or political settings are sorely underrepresented as well. Your idea to write about three women, anon, is a good idea!))

When it comes to sexuality I have written about this before, though I have written about England. It´s a rather different story when it comes to France, as a matter of fact! In 1791, a new penal code was adopted that decriminalised sodomy. Thus France was the first West European country to make sodomy legal (between consenting adults). In april of 1832, the age of consent (for both men and women) was set to 11. This means that it is legal for your male characters to be in a sexual relationship.[7] However, this does not mean they could openly be together. Policemen continued to punish “sodomites” under laws such as “public indecency” and it was still considered a grave moral sin. The gay men would defend each other from being arrested, though, whenever they were gathered together (at Cafés or the like).[8] To summarise the police would harass them and people around would condemn them but they did have communities and their relationships were not illegal.

When it comes to your eleven-year-old fighter, I will have to say that I don’t know. There is fairly little on children until much later in history but I assume a child of that age could help build barricades and could try and defend said barricades.

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[1] Merry Wiesner-Hanks, Gender in History: Global Perspectives, (UK: Blackwell Publishing, 2d ed. 2014), s.147.

[2] ibid., 148-149.

[3] Ibid., 154-155.

[4] D Barry Women and Political Insurgency: France in the Mid-Nineteenth Century, (Springer, 1996), 29.

[5] Ibid. 29-30.

[6] Ibid. 30.

[7] “Where is it illegal to be gay?” BBC News. Mars 24th 2017. & Scott Eric Gunther The Elastic Closet, A History of Homosexuality in France 1942-present, (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)

[8] Anne Clark, Desire: A History of European Sexuality, (2008) 137.