18 dec

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Teen in Nepal dies of suffocation while isolated in “menstruation hut”

  • A 15-year-old girl named Roshani Tiruwa died sometime between the night of Dec. 17 and the morning of Dec. 18 in Accham, Nepal. 
  • Tiruwa was inside a “menstrual hut,” a small structure meant to isolate women and girls on their periods.
  • Authorities believe Tiruwa died of suffocation, since she had lit a fire inside the hut —  known as a chhaupadi goth — to keep warm through the night.
  • “There was lack of oxygen as she lit fire in the very narrow shed that had no ventilation,” Badri Prasad Dhakal, the Achham district superintendent of police, told the outlet.
  • Tiruwa’s father said he last saw his daughter around 6 p.m. when she came to retrieve her dinner and bring it back to the hut. 
  • Tiruwa’s death is only the latest in a line of women who have died while isolated in menstruation sheds. Read more
Here we go again..................

That MTV interview with the photographer was a well written piece of propaganda for “Bare with me”, basically saying that love is love, and it is beautiful in all forms. The stuff about Lauren and Lucy was all propaganda to prop up the narrative.

The photographer and the wardrobe lady were only saying what they were advised to say. LIES! (though the wardrobe lady decided to fuck the narrative a bit with the “sisterly and maternal connection”) Management did the same thing with DWTS. Val was advised to lie about when and where he had his first meet up with Normani for DWTS. They had been rehearsing for days before that Houston Rodeo, yet they wanted to push the narrative to the general public that the girls were in on the surprise, and helped introduce Mani to her dance partner. Why? To show how much they support her decision to do her own thing.

My point is, they (management) have no problem getting outside forces, other than the girls, to help sell their narrative. The ladies who did that photo-shoot with Lauren and Lucy are no different. Why have the photographer say what she said? They needed someone, other than Lauren or Lucy, to confirm that Laucy was real, to prove that Camren wasn’t. That one interview killed three birds with one stone. It confirmed Laucy, destroyed Camren, then destroyed Laucy, all at the same damn time. Brilliant actually.

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DEADLINE FOR SHOP ORDERS IS THIS SUNDAY 18 DEC 🛍 I’m shutting that shiz down on Monday as I’ll be away for a few weeks, so order now to avoid disappointment, or at least to avoid additional disappointment to the general crushing weight of this mortal coil 👍

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Behind the Choreography of Anthem || Christmas on Ice 2016 [English Sub]    translated by @minotsu 

Kenji “ Having two precious skaters, it would be such a wasting if they had to skate individually and far apart.  With a mirror skating step, you can have many crossing moments even though they have a same step. In addition, Stephane likes clockwise turns, while Dai-chan likes counterclockwise, and making the best of it, I thought a mirror skating would be good.”

[the last perfomance of the show on Dec.18]

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As a bona fide crazy cat lady it was only so long until I was compelled to make a cute kitty of some kind. I’ve previously made Luna and Artemis dolls in the Pokemon style, but wanted to do something with a bit more of an animal shape. I had a custom order last year for a cat character that gave me the perfect oppurtunity!

Meet Ser Pounce-a-Lot! The original custom order had tiny little armour as well, but this is just the plain ol’ cat version, since it’s a little less time consuming. I also remade Luna and Artemis using the same style, and am thinking about trying out a Jiji next!

This pattern is super simple, though sometimes creating the small tube-like legs and tail can be a bit of a pain. Find the pattern below the cut!

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The final months weapons preparation. The last 6 months before 4/20 is when they really prepared.

Oct 22 1998 = 4 pipe bombs + 10 crickets

Oct 23 1998 = 6 pipe bombs

Oct 31 1998 = 3 pipe bombs

Nov 22 1998 = Gun Show: 2 shotguns, 1 Carbine, Ammunition, etc.

Dec 18 1998 = Order for 9 Magazines for Carbine

Dec 18 1998 = 4 crickets

Jan 3 1999 = 3 crickets

Jan 23 1999 = Manes sells TEC-9 to Klebold (pp 008239-008249)

Feb 8 1999 = 9 crickets

Feb 17 1999 = 13 crickets

Mar 19 1999 = 5 pipe bombs

Mar 31 1999 = 7 pipe bombs

Apr 14 1999 = 14 super crickets

Camren was never real?

So.. we all know Lauren tweeted this

Once again, I got up with a new surprise this morning. Lol.. A lot of things going around on social media after Lauren tweeted this, including this.

I got a lot of asks telling about being disrespectful and stuff. Lol, I never engage in those tags or trend though. Not even the moment when Lauren came out as bisexual and “THANK YOUU” was trending. I never even tag Camila and Lauren on Camren stuff since it will make them uncomfortable. But I have the right to ship who I wanna ship. If you think my ship has sunk, well no, it’s just lost in the middle of nowhere. LOL

Anyway, maybe I’ve said it before that I don’t trust media anymore. But, I’ve already posted on my Instagram one week after that Dec 18, 2016 incident that I don’t trust the girls’ words anymore, including their post, tweets, status. Actually I only like Snapchat, cause that’s where we can see them behind-the-scene and where they can be themselves. If the girls can’t act and are really bad actors until their team needs to manipulate them, then a place where they can express themselves freely is the place where they become who they really are. The thing is we know that ever since Lauren admitted that she posted on the wrong snapchat, the girls have more than 1 account: a public one and a private one. The public snapchat is still somehow “controlled” though, like when they came to Spain, we can clearly hear Camila trying to teach the girls Spanish in the background, but Camila’s face wasn’t recorded on the Snapchat.

In conclusion, I don’t buy Lauren’s words 100% since it’s easy to manipulate what you write rather than expressing them through your face, just like it’s easier to bully people behind computer. BUT, there is a slightest bit of truth in it. We always know Lauren is so defensive when it comes to Camren. Meanwhile, Camila always plays it cool. Lauren values privacy a lot. That’s why she said it was “invasive, scary, delusional, disrespectful”. I admit… CSI are really great, smart, and skillful. Applause to them really. But, sometimes Camren’s every move even if it’s just accidentally, CSI are able to capture it and dig on it. They have really nice eyes and ears. CSI are better than FBI sometimes when it comes to Camren investigation. But, the one that is disrespectful are the ones who actually make manips and tag them, comment “Camren is real” on every post they make, then attack Lucy as well especially during the leaked photos. This is what I meant on my answer to those asks below this post (which I stop answering) by being disrespectful and crossing boundaries. Attacking Lucy and sending her hate words and shading her are disrespectful. You know, I also admire how strong Lucy is. She is such a badass with a strong heart. Camren shippers keep attacking her, but she doesn’t give a damn about it.

Back to me not really trusting what are posted by the girls anymore. I found this on my note on the previous post of “Laucy VS Camren”. I find it very interesting cause it sums up everything about why I don’t trust even the girls’ accounts anymore sometimes.

Credit to @jabba1988

This is a really good point-of-view cause I didn’t think this far. When I first read this comment, suddenly I remember about “The sun dies everyday to let the moon shine”. Lauren is the sun and Camila is the moon.

0.21 - 0.26 Lauren said, “Sun.. I love the sun”

1.55 - 2.00 Camila said her favorite emoji was the moon one

7.05 - 7.55 Camila said she related herself more to the moon

Then, there is this

@jabba1988‘s point-of-view is another point-of-view for me. Because for me, Camila was the one sacrificing herself to let Lauren shine after Camila left. Well, right now everything is possible. So, this is valid as well and I find it very interesting.

But what I wanna stress is his/her last paragraph on the comments (sorry I don’t know your gender). This whole drama is actually just the continuation of Lauren coming out as bi in November 2016. The photoshoot and the article are part of it. They just wait for the right time to release it. Anyway, why didn’t they release it on 18th? I thought 18th was the cursed date? LOL.. But on the bright side out of all of this, BRAVO! Once again, Harmonizers made a trend, even if actually the trend is disrespectful =.=“ But this is the proof. Just throw out something scandalous or something that creates drama, Harmonizers will make a trend out of it. Just like how Harmonizers made 5 trends at the same time when Lauren was caught in the airport for carrying weeds in her bag. We keep proving them right that this fandom has so much power, yet are so gullible.

Aside from that though, I’m interested more to the other tweets.

Don’t you realize that she just warned us “Don’t believe everything that the media says” in the most subtle way possible. Wake up, guys! This is an entertainment industry. The purpose is to entertain people. Sometimes, when your song is not selling enough, then you sell something that entertain people to attract people’s attention and say, “Hey, we are actually a girl group and we have this song. Check it out!” in the most indirect way.

But apart from how fucked up music industry is, I don’t get why people only see Lauren as a sexy person with a really good and sexy body and pretty eyes and face. I admire her even beyond that. I admire how she stands up for what she believes in. I admire how she encourages people to speak up and reminds us everyday that our voices matter. I admire how she fights for immigrants and people in color. I admire how she values women. I admire how she treats her fans. I admire how she speaks with such intelligence cause her mind is like a library. I admire her minds and the way she thinks. I don’t get it. For people who only sees Lauren for her body, then they definitely need to stalk Lauren and read articles about her and educate themselves about Lauren.

KakaSaku - Complete 

Just Like Fire  by Rise of the Blossom reviews
Collection of one-shots that are not related with one another. Still accepting prompts and requests! Make sure you read the beginning of the one-shot for the rating, as they all vary.
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 4 - Words: 14,790 - Reviews: 46 - Favs: 67 - Follows: 59 - Updated: Feb 18 - Published: Aug 14, 2016 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


Better Man
By: Kakashisgf
Sakura and Sasuke have been married for over a decade, but things are far from perfect, and Sakura’s beginning to realize that maybe she deserves better. KakaSaku
Rated: Fiction M - English - Romance/Drama - [Sakura H., Kakashi H.] Sasuke U. - Chapters: 66 - Words: 179,759 - Reviews: 1,973 - Favs: 811 - Follows: 725 - Updated: Jul 5, 2016 - Published: Aug 20, 2015 - Status: Complete - id: 11458228


Binding Demons by Exposedma reviews
Three words: Tears, Pain, Pleasure. That was the code they used to let the other know what was needed, how badly their inner demons were plaguing them. They went to each other when they needed to find their humanity again, when the numbness of their professions got to be too much, when they had to be reminded how to feel. Warning: Bdsm flavored lemon, rated M
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Angst - Chapters: 1 - Words: 2,910 - Reviews: 27 - Favs: 56 - Follows: 19 - Published: Jun 2, 2014 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


His Kid  by Inume-blue reviews
“No don’t title this story ‘His Kid’ She’s not mine! I’m Hatake Kakashi I don’t baby sit.” Kakashi gets stuck babysiting Asuma’s kid, on his day off no less! will one little girl be the down fall of the Great Copy Nin?
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Family/Humor - Chapters: 5 - Words: 9,471 - Reviews: 35 - Favs: 64 - Follows: 22 - Updated: Jun 20, 2012 - Published: May 11, 2012 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


A Poor Imitation  by leafygirl reviews
Sakura is injured on a mission, forgetting everything she knew of life in Konoha.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 13 - Words: 88,913 - Reviews: 1172 - Favs: 1,707 - Follows: 578 - Updated: Dec 6, 2008 - Published: Apr 5, 2008 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


The Ronin and the Queen  by leafygirl reviews
Hatake Kakashi had entered through that door many times in his long gone past. It was the same door he quietly left through six years before. Now he’s returned to a changed Village and the mess he left behind. kakasaku
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 4 - Words: 20,282 - Reviews: 149 - Favs: 453 - Follows: 67 - Updated: Jan 20, 2009 - Published: Jan 20, 2009 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Some Light Reading  by J-Pop Princess reviews
Sakura’s curiosity gets the best of her and she finds herself reading one of Kakashi’s Icha Icha books. Little does she know that reading it will result in a world of experimentation on both their parts.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 6 - Words: 46,032 - Reviews: 149 - Favs: 729 - Follows: 209 - Updated: Sep 1, 2007 - Published: Jul 28, 2007 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Tender Loving Care by SilverShine reviews
KakaSaku. One-shot. For a man who claimed to hate hospitals so much, Kakashi sure did spend a lot of time in them. And Sakura was finally beginning to understand just why…
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 1 - Words: 11,730 - Reviews: 159 - Favs: 1,096 - Follows: 127 - Published: Nov 20, 2009 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


11 Ways to Change a Mind  by FlameTwirler reviews
KakaSaku. How does one hardened shinobi transition to a point in life where he’s ready to accept change? Will consist of eleven shorts
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 11 - Words: 6,997 - Reviews: 182 - Favs: 616 - Follows: 96 - Updated: Feb 15, 2007 - Published: Jan 30, 2007 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Go No Further  by DirectionOfTime reviews
ANBU Captain Haruno Sakura is her own woman with no contact with the remains of Team 7; she’s happy with her life and unlikely friend until she stumbles across a garden in the middle of nowhere. It’s amazing how flowers can change the status-quo.
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Mystery/Romance - Chapters: 38 - Words: 175,350 - Reviews: 219 - Favs: 193 - Follows: 91 - Updated: Jan 22, 2012 - Published: Aug 30, 2011 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


Icha Icha Sakura  by Nottoca reviews
When Sakura ends up as a character in one of Jiraiya’s Icha Icha novels, she decides to get some revenge, but needing some help, she turns to the number one authority… and its all downhill from there. Lemon. KakaSaku.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 10 - Words: 44,925 - Reviews: 245 - Favs: 477 - Follows: 157 - Updated: Nov 27, 2007 - Published: Sep 20, 2007 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


A Series of Firsts by leafygirl reviews
A series of moments that happen between Sakura and Kakashi on a rotation at an ANBU camp as they discover their dynamic has changed over the years. One Shot. Mature content.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Friendship - Chapters: 1 - Words: 9,200 - Reviews: 249 - Favs: 1,571 - Follows: 148 - Published: Dec 15, 2008 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Soulmates  by moor reviews
KakaSaku. Age-swap AU. Based on the “Soulmates” prompt from the October 2015 tumblr KakaSaku fest. Kakashi has a reputation as an enfant terrible; at least, until Sakura sensei takes him under her wing. Rated M for later chapters.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 14 - Words: 55,883 - Reviews: 254 - Favs: 350 - Follows: 371 - Updated: Dec 18, 2016 - Published: Mar 4, 2016 - Sakura H., Itachi U., Kakashi H. - Complete


Small Lie and a Lost Bet  by Naruhime reviews
It was just a small lie to get Ino of my back. Then came the bet which I lost. Than HE came back in time for the festival. All would have worked out if he didn’t say it. But he did and we were doomed. Let’s just hope Tsunade doesn’t hear about it.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 35 - Words: 85,859 - Reviews: 258 - Favs: 266 - Follows: 217 - Updated: Oct 1, 2012 - Published: Aug 12, 2010 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Welcome Home by Wonderfoal reviews
[KakaSaku][oneshot] Sakura is having his baby. Too bad he doesn’t know it.
Naruto - Rated: K+ - English - Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 5,864 - Reviews: 120 - Favs: 589 - Follows: 88 - Published: Sep 18, 2006 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


Sabotage by therealesther reviews
When her fifth date got food poisoning, and her sixth date cancelled in over the phone in a tone bordering on hysteria, Sakura decided things were getting out of hand. KakaSaku
Naruto - Rated: K+ - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 1 - Words: 1,637 - Reviews: 317 - Favs: 1,659 - Follows: 189 - Published: Jun 15, 2007 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


Eyes on Fire  by terrablaze reviews
Life has been easy for the newly reformed Team 7 after the war. Not wanting to be left behind by her boys, Sakura shocks her teammates by joining ANBU, even against Kakashi’s advice. But when a noble from another country sends a simple mission request, Team 7 and their friends find themselves becoming a part of a conspiracy that goes deeper than anyone thought. KakaSaku
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Adventure/Romance - Chapters: 54 - Words: 154,896 - Reviews: 319 - Favs: 205 - Follows: 258 - Updated: Apr 30, 2014 - Published: Jun 29, 2013 - Sakura H., Kakashi H.


Nymph  by SilverShine reviews
To her it is as natural as breathing. She wouldn’t know how to keep men from adoring her, even if she tried. KakaSaku.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 2 - Words: 21,412 - Reviews: 377 - Favs: 1,019 - Follows: 222 - Updated: Jun 17, 2008 - Published: May 25, 2008 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Torn  by Blade Redwind reviews
Kakashi’s past comes back to haunt him when he finds himself facing the prospect of sponsoring Sakura for ANBU where seduction missions are not optional, but required. Now… Complete summary inside.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 24 - Words: 115,414 - Reviews: 588 - Favs: 699 - Follows: 344 - Updated: Sep 1, 2010 - Published: Jul 6, 2009 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Playing the Game  by Amrun reviews
By night, she dreamed of killing him, of playing her hand all at once and going out in a blaze of glory. By day, she kowtowed with just enough stiffness to show him her fantasies. In return, he forced her moves like she was just a piece on his shogi board - and she was. Kakasaku, Spoilers up to Manga 452
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Hurt/Comfort - Chapters: 50 - Words: 436,088 - Reviews: 626 - Favs: 437 - Follows: 584 - Updated: Jul 30, 2016 - Published: Jun 24, 2009 - Sakura H., Kakashi H.


A Marriage Inconvenienced  by lulu42 reviews
The math was simple: Him plus Her equaled a genius marriage. It’s really a pity he forgot to mention it. Kakasaku Complete with Epilogue!
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 21 - Words: 100,880 - Reviews: 723 - Favs: 1,019 - Follows: 796 - Updated: Jan 19 - Published: Feb 17, 2009 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


I Found You Missing by Wolfy Tales reviews
'They’re asking us because these soldiers have absolutely no one left to write home to,’ Sakura thought with a frown. So she signs up for the Shinobi Letter Exchange, not realizing how large the consequences would be. - AUish one-shot [KakaSaku]
Naruto - Rated: T - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 1 - Words: 18,586 - Reviews: 310 - Favs: 1,662 - Follows: 281 - Published: Oct 13, 2014 - [Sakura H., Kakashi H.] - Complete


Fade In  by hasu86 reviews
ANBU member Haruno Sakura. A temper never to be trifled with, a killer right hook, and suffering no rose colored delusions. At the end of the day she’d go home to a quiet apartment, a neatly made bed, and with no one waiting up for her. Kaka/Saku Complete
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 17 - Words: 69,487 - Reviews: 745 - Favs: 1,287 - Follows: 412 - Updated: May 31, 2008 - Published: Jun 1, 2007 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


The Window  by SilverShine reviews
Kakasaku Sakura always wanted to see Kakashi unmasked. This was a bit much though…
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance - Chapters: 21 - Words: 165,171 - Reviews: 5399 - Favs: 5,355 - Follows: 1,731 - Updated: Jan 3, 2008 - Published: Sep 20, 2006 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Unbroken  by princezsupastar reviews
When Sakura finds herself facing a rogue ninja, she never dreamed that she would end up fourteen years in the past. Trapped in a Konoha where she must hide her true identity, she runs into a familiar face, except he doesn’t seem familiar at all.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 26 - Words: 132,779 - Reviews: 1621 - Favs: 1,932 - Follows: 930 - Updated: Mar 4, 2013 - Published: Jul 12, 2012 - [Sakura H., Kakashi H.] Rin - Complete


Double Edged  by nimblnymph reviews
Seduction is like a double edged sword. You never know when you’ll go from being the seducer to being the seduced. KakaSaku
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Humor/Romance - Chapters: 27 - Words: 347,047 - Reviews: 1847 - Favs: 2,560 - Follows: 1,160 - Updated: Aug 9, 2010 - Published: Jun 10, 2008 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Feeling You  by cutecrazyice reviews
It started with a kiss…a touch…a stroke. Now the lines are blurred, and the borders are being crossed - and nothing has ever been more delicious. KakaSaku
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 23 - Words: 64,564 - Reviews: 1864 - Favs: 1,453 - Follows: 478 - Updated: Sep 30, 2008 - Published: Mar 21, 2008 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


Will of Fire  by Cynchick reviews
Forced to flee their village and the new regime, the loyal shinobi of Konoha must find a way to preserve their way of life and take back their home. As they fight for their future, Team Seven struggles to overcome the past. KakaSaku
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Drama/Romance - Chapters: 26 - Words: 223,234 - Reviews: 1945 - Favs: 2,453 - Follows: 1,240 - Updated: Jun 19, 2012 - Published: Jun 19, 2010 - Kakashi H., Sakura H. - Complete


House of Crows  by SilverShine reviews
KakaSaku. War is coming to Konoha and Sakura is far from home, uncertain of her future. But one thing is for sure, Sakura will protect her unborn child at all costs, whether it be from Konoha’s enemies… or from its own father.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Drama - Chapters: 46 - Words: 400,508 - Reviews: 4721 - Favs: 2,886 - Follows: 1,018 - Updated: Nov 11, 2009 - Published: Oct 1, 2008 - Kakashi H., Sakura H.


Stripped Bare  by J-Pop Princess reviews
When Sakura wanted a change of pace, she hadn’t expected THIS! Now she’s on a mission with Kakashi, masquerading as a dancer at a club far away from home and she finds herself forced to explore her own powers of sexuality and seduction. KakaSaku LEMON
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Drama - Chapters: 26 - Words: 295,128 - Reviews: 3608 - Favs: 3,739 - Follows: 2,067 - Updated: Jun 11, 2011 - Published: Jan 7, 2008 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete


House Calls  by Spoiled Sweet reviews
Always the Team Mom, Sakura opens up her home as a clinic for the hospital-phobic ninja of Konoha. At the same time, her relationship with Kakashi begins to evolve in a way she never expected. M for swearing and later content.
Naruto - Rated: M - English - Romance/Humor - Chapters: 40 - Words: 262,803 - Reviews: 3106 - Favs: 4,052 - Follows: 2,032 - Updated: Apr 22, 2013 - Published: Aug 2, 2010 - Sakura H., Kakashi H. - Complete

@hlm-ff-x @beyondthemoor

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Close Views Show Saturn’s Rings in Unprecedented Detail

Newly released images showcase the incredible closeness with which NASA’s Cassini spacecraft, now in its “Ring-Grazing” orbits phase, is observing Saturn’s dazzling rings of icy debris.

The views are some of the closest-ever images of the outer parts of the main rings, giving scientists an eagerly awaited opportunity to observe features with names like “straw” and “propellers.” Although Cassini saw these features earlier in the mission, the spacecraft’s current, special orbits are now providing opportunities to see them in greater detail. The new images resolve details as small as 0.3 miles (550 meters), which is on the scale of Earth’s tallest buildings.

Cassini is now about halfway through its penultimate mission phase – 20 orbits that dive past the outer edge of the main ring system. The ring-grazing orbits began last November, and will continue until late April, when Cassini begins its grand finale. During the 22 finale orbits, Cassini will repeatedly plunge through the gap between the rings and Saturn. The first finale plunge is scheduled for April 26.

For now, the veteran spacecraft is shooting past the outer edges of the rings every week, gathering some of its best images of the rings and moons. Already Cassini has sent back the closest-ever views of small moons Daphnis and Pandora.

Some of the structures seen in recent Cassini images have not been visible at this level of detail since the spacecraft arrived at Saturn in mid-2004. At that time, fine details like straw and propellers – which are caused by clumping ring particles and small, embedded moonlets, respectively – had never been seen before. (Although propellers were present in Cassini’s arrival images, they were actually discovered in later analysis, the following year.)

Cassini came a bit closer to the rings during its arrival at Saturn, but the quality of those arrival images (examples: 1, 2, 3) was not as high as in the new views. Those precious few observations only looked out on the backlit side of the rings, and the team chose short exposure times to minimize smearing due to Cassini’s fast motion as it vaulted over the ring plane. This resulted in images that were scientifically stunning, but somewhat dark and noisy.

In contrast, the close views Cassini has begun capturing in its ring-grazing orbits (and soon will capture in its Grand Finale phase) are taking in both the backlit and sunlit side of the rings. Instead of just one brief pass lasting a few hours, Cassini is making several dozen passes during these final months.

“As the person who planned those initial orbit-insertion ring images – which remained our most detailed views of the rings for the past 13 years – I am taken aback by how vastly improved are the details in this new collection,” said Cassini Imaging Team Lead Carolyn Porco, of Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colorado. “How fitting it is that we should go out with the best views of Saturn’s rings we’ve ever collected.”

After nearly 13 years studying Saturn’s rings from orbit, the Cassini team has a deeper, richer understanding of what they’re seeing, but they still anticipate new surprises.

“These close views represent the opening of an entirely new window onto Saturn’s rings, and over the next few months we look forward to even more exciting data as we train our cameras on other parts of the rings closer to the planet,” said Matthew Tiscareno, a Cassini scientist who studies Saturn’s rings at the SETI Institute, Mountain View, California. Tiscareno planned the new images for the camera team.

Launched in 1997, Cassini has been touring the Saturn system since arriving in 2004 for an up-close study of the planet, its rings and moons, and its vast magnetosphere. Cassini has made numerous dramatic discoveries, including a global ocean with indications of hydrothermal activity within the moon Enceladus, and liquid methane seas on another moon, Titan.

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Italian Space Agency. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages the mission for the agency’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. JPL is a division of Caltech in Pasadena. The Cassini imaging operations center is based at Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colorado.

TOP IMAGE….Moon Waves and Moon Wakes This Cassini image features a density wave in Saturn’s A ring (at left) that lies around 134,500 km from Saturn. Density waves are accumulations of particles at certain distances from the planet. This feature is filled with clumpy perturbations, which researchers informally refer to as “straw.” The wave itself is created by the gravity of the moons Janus and Epimetheus, which share the same orbit around Saturn. Elsewhere, the scene is dominated by “wakes” from a recent pass of the ring moon Pan.

Two versions of this image are available. This is a lightly processed version, with minimal enhancement, preserving all original details present in the image. The other version (Figure 1) has been processed to remove the small bright blemishes caused by cosmic rays and charged particle radiation near the planet – a more aesthetically pleasing image, but with a slight softening of the finest details.

The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on Dec. 18, 2016. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 34,000 miles (56,000 kilometers) from the rings and looks toward the unilluminated side of the rings. Image scale is about a quarter-mile (340 meters) per pixel.


CENTRE IMAGE….The Propeller Belts in Saturn’s A Ring This image from NASA’s Cassini mission shows a region in Saturn’s A ring. The level of detail is twice as high as this part of the rings has ever been seen before. The view contains many small, bright blemishes due to cosmic rays and charged particle radiation near the planet.

The view shows a section of the A ring known to researchers for hosting belts of propellers – bright, narrow, propeller-shaped disturbances in the ring produced by the gravity of unseen embedded moonlets. Several small propellers are visible in this view. These are on the order of 10 times smaller than the large, bright propellers whose orbits scientists have routinely tracked (and which are given nicknames for famous aviators).

The prominent feature at left is a density wave created by the ring’s gravitational interaction with the moon Prometheus (the 12:11 resonance). Density waves are spiral-shaped disturbances (similar to the spiral arms of galaxies) that propagate through the rings at certain distances from the planet. (For more about density waves, see PIA09894)

Three versions of this image are available. This image is a lightly processed version, with minimal enhancement, preserving all original details present in the image. A second version has circles to indicate the locations of many of the small propellers in the image (Figure 1). The third version has been processed to remove the bright blemishes due to cosmic rays and charged particle radiation – a more aesthetically pleasing image, but with a slight softening of the finest details (Figure 2).

The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on Dec. 18, 2016. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 33,000 miles (54,000 kilometers) from the rings and looks toward the unilluminated side of the rings. Image scale is about a quarter-mile (330 meters) per pixel.

LOWER IMAGE….Saturn’s B Ring, Finer Than Ever This image shows a region in Saturn’s outer B ring. NASA’s Cassini spacecraft viewed this area at a level of detail twice as high as it had ever been observed before. And from this view, it is clear that there are still finer details to uncover.

Researchers have yet to determine what generated the rich structure seen in this view, but they hope detailed images like this will help them unravel the mystery.

In order to preserve the finest details, this image has not been processed to remove the many small bright blemishes, which are created by cosmic rays and charged particle radiation near the planet.

The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on Dec. 18, 2016. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 32,000 miles (51,000 kilometers) from the rings, and looks toward the unilluminated side of the rings. Image scale is about a quarter-mile (360 meters) per pixel.


BOTTOM IMAGE….Straw in the B Ring’s Edge This image shows a region in Saturn’s outer B ring. NASA’s Cassini spacecraft viewed this area at a level of detail twice as high as it had ever been observed before.

The view here is of the outer edge of the B ring, at left, which is perturbed by the most powerful gravitational resonance in the rings: the “2:1 resonance” with the icy moon Mimas. This means that, for every single orbit of Mimas, the ring particles at this specific distance from Saturn orbit the planet twice. This results in a regular tugging force that perturbs the particles in this location.

A lot of structure is visible in the zone near the edge on the left. This is likely due to some combination of the gravity of embedded objects too small to see, or temporary clumping triggered by the action of the resonance itself. Scientists informally refer to this type of structure as “straw.”

This image was taken using a fairly long exposure, causing the embedded clumps to smear into streaks as they moved in their orbits. Later Cassini orbits will bring shorter exposures of the same region, which will give researchers a better idea of what these clumps look like. But in this case, the smearing does help provide a clearer idea of how the clumps are moving.

This image is a lightly processed version, with minimal enhancement; this version preserves all original details present in the image. Another other version (Figure 1) has been processed to remove the small bright blemishes due to cosmic rays and charged particle radiation near the planet – a more aesthetically pleasing image, but with a slight softening of the finest details.

The image was taken in visible light with the Cassini spacecraft wide-angle camera on Dec. 18, 2016. The view was obtained at a distance of approximately 32,000 miles (52,000 kilometers) from the rings and looks toward the unilluminated side of the rings. Image scale is about a quarter-mile (360 meters) per pixel.