1704 1788

Maurice Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788)
“Portrait of King Louis XV” (1748)
Pastel on gray-blue paper stuck on a canvas stretched on a chassis
Rococo
Located in the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Louis XV (1710-1774), known as Louis the Beloved (Louis le bien aimé), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. Until he reached maturity in 1723, his kingdom was ruled by Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans as Regent of France; the duke was his maternal great-uncle, as well as first cousin twice removed patrilineally.

Marie Josèphe of Saxony, Dauphine of France. Maurice Quentin de La Tour (French, 1704-1788). Pastel on canvas. Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden.

Maria Josepha of Saxony (1731-1767) became Dauphine at the age of fifteen through her marriage to Louis de France, the son and heir of Louis XV. Marie Josèphe was the mother of three kings of France, including Louis XVI, who died under the guillotine during the French Revolution. Her youngest daughter, Madame Élisabeth, also was beheaded during the Revolution.