1450 1600


Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

Stone bull’s head rhyton- left side of head and horns restored. A masterpiece of Minoan art, worked with great precision to render the natural features of the real animal. The snout is outlined with an inlay white seashell, while the preserved right eye is inlaid with rock crystal, with a rim and pupil made of red jasper. 

The vessel would have been used for libations, as indicated by the hole at the neck for filling and the corresponding hole on the snout  for pouring the liquid. Knossos, Little Palace, 1600-1450 B.C

From the treasury of the shrine at Zakros, a fragment from a bull’s head rhyton, and a restored bull’s head rhyton made of chlorite stone. From the end of the Neopalatial period (1450 B.C).

Check out also this silver bull-head rhyton from Mycenae (16th century B.C)

Guide: The Eras

This is a Euro-Centric classification, which I have chosen not to be racist or xenophobic, but because it’s a helpful general classification. Wikipedia has a great list of culture/region specific eras here

Ancient Era (4000 B.C. - 476 A.D.)
- The Prince of Egypt, Gladiator, Pompeii, Rome, Cleopatra, Spartacus, Tut

Medieval Era (476-1450)
- The White Queen, Vikings, Mists of Avalon, Kingdom of Heaven, Robin Hood

The Renaissance Era (1450-1600)
- The Tudors, The Borgias, Richard III, Shōgun, Dangerous Beauty

The Elizabethan Era (1558-1603)
Elizabeth: The Golden AgeReign, The Three Musketeers

The Baroque Era (1603-1750)
- The New World, The Libertine, The Man in the Iron Mask, The Crucible

The Georgian Era (1714-1811)
- Master & Commander, The Last of the Mohicans, Belle, Marie Antoinette

The Regency Era (1812-1837)
- Les Miserables, Becoming Jane, Emma, Death Comes to Pemberley

The Victorian Era (1837-1901)
- 12 Years a Slave, Victoria & Albert, Little Women, The Last Samurai

The Edwardian Era (1901-1919)
- Downton Abbey, Titanic, Anne of Green Gables, Tuck Everlasting

The 1920s
- Boardwalk Empire, The Wind that Shakes the Barley, The Great Gatsby

The 1930s
- Oh Brother Where Art Thou, Fried Green Tomatoes, Bonnie and Clyde

The 1940s
- The Aviator, Frida, The Boy in the Striped Pajamas, Agent Carter

The 1950s
 Far From Heaven, Chocolat, M*A*S*H, Dirty Dancing: Havana Nights

The 1960s
- Selma, Pan Am, American Graffiti, Selma, JFK, Brokeback Mountain

The 1970s
- That 70s Show, Cry Freedom, The Killing Fields, Dazed and Confused

The 1980s
- The Breakfast Club, The Karate Kid, The Cosby Show, High Fidelity

The 1990s
- The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Hotel Rwanda, The Queen, Clueless

The 2000s
- Remember Me, The Royal Tenenbaums, Gilmore Girls, The Wire

The 2010s
- The Originals, The Social Network, Marvel’s Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

The Future
- Firefly, Interstellar, The Hunger Games, The 100, Star Trek, Terra Nova

What are your favorite TV shows and movies from each different era? Feel free to comment or re-blog with additions! :)


misschienmaaltijd asked: why are your eras so euro-centric?

WQA said: this is a fairly common general way of listing historic periods. Although “Georgian, Regency, and Victorian” are all specific to the U.K., the costume, culture, and politics that define those periods weren’t just confined to Europe. Here’s a great list on wikipedia which covers the time periods in all their different classifications.

The following came in by fan-mail, but I’m Anon-ing it because I’m not sure if it was meant to be shared, but I super appreciate it.

Anonymous said: Not sure why misschienmaaltijd calls you guys racist just because your list doesn’t contain every culture-specific time period classification? The pictures contain people from a variety of races. And isn’t this blog run by Americans? I would kind of expect it to be American/European centric?


Triptyque : “Echigo no kuni Uesugi Kagekatsu katoku arasoi kassen“ (1) by

Utagawa Kuniteru II 二代目  歌川国輝 (1830-1874) ou Ichiyūsai Kuniteru 一雄斎国輝.

(1) Uesugi Kagekatsu 上杉景勝 (1556-1623), fut un daimyō 大名 actif pendant la période Sengoku 戦国時代 (1450-1600) et le début de la période Edo 江戸時代 (1603-1867). Il naquit le 8 janvier 1556 et mourut à Yonezawa-shi 米沢市 le 19 mars 1623. 
Kagekatsu tenait à l'origine un fief de 550.000 koku (石 ou 石高) dans la province d'Echigo-no-kuni 越後国.


Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

The “Dolphin Fresco” is part of a marine landscape composition . It depicts two dolphins, swimming among smaller fish, against an iridescent ground representing the sea. The frescoes decorated the wall, or the floor of the hall above the “Queen’s Megaron”. Knossos Palace. Neopalatial period. 1600-1450 B.C

The reconstruction of the “Queen’s Megaron” now at Knossos Palace, Neopalatial Period (1600-1450 B.C) 


Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

The “Tripartine Shrine”, or “Grandstand fresco”, depicts a tripartine building with columns on the facade and surmounted by horns of consecration. Females seated on raised platforms are shown conversing and gesturing vividly while a large crowd of people,  of whom only the heads are visible, are gathered in a rectangular space. The setting is thought to represent the Central court of the palace of Knossos and the palace itself, or an independent sanctuary with an open space in front and platforms at the sides for the spectators.

Knossos Palace, Neopalatial period. 1600-1450 B.C

Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

Fragment of a mural depicting a bull. 1700-1450 B.C

What I always find very interesting in artworks of a period, are the repetition and variation of styles in the depiction of certain themes. Aside from the “similar” palettes these two artworks share, what I find in particularly noticeable is how the shape of the eye is better defined by a red rim.

Stone bull’s head rhyton- left side of head and horns restored. The vessel would have been used for libations, as indicated by the hole at the neck for filling and the corresponding hole on the snout  for pouring the liquid. Knossos, Little Palace, 1600-1450 B.C


Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

Two fresco fragments depicting crocus clumps in a meadow. Two fresco fragments depicting myrtle branches with red stems and green leaves against a white ground. Fresco fragments depicting a reed thicket. The reeds are painted ochre while the rocks in the lower part of the composition is blue-gray in color. Fresco fragment depicting the head of a blue monkey. 

From the  “House of the frescoes ”, Knossos, Neopalatial period (1600-1450 B.C)

(3) Fragment of a fresco depicting the head of a leopard. The eye has a light-blue pupil. From Knossos, Palace, Neopalatial period (1600-1450 B.C)

Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

Fragment from a fresco, a man’s hand holding a hair ornament. From a display with a group of similar fragments. Knossos Palace, 1600-1450 B.C

I have to say I was really surprised when I saw the painted reliefs with depictions of humans, and that’s because some the gestures and postures bring to mind gestures and postures from subsequent periods. Apparently, I wasn’t the only one to make that connection, since another group of painted reliefs has been likened to the Parthenon reliefs. These fingers holding delicately an ornament bring to mind Hegeso’s stele. Hegeso too holds in her sculpted fingertips a piece of jewelry that would have been most likely painted.


Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

Ivory figurine of a bull-leaper, part of a bull-leaping composition. The elongation of the limbs indicates the tension and direction of the leaper’s effort. This is thought to be the first attempt to render the instantaneous, free rotation of a carved figure in three dimensional space*. 

Two heads, carved arms, legs, and the smiling portrait of a youth at the moment of making his dangerous somersault belong to similar compositions. 

From the palace of Knossos. 1600-1450 B.C

*In case you are wondering what this means, it means that the sculpted figure is not just a three dimensional object that one can just touch, but an object meant to be viewed from all possible angles, capturing a single action in time. Its innovation is that the object performs for the viewer much like an actual bull-leaper would perform for an audience. Despite that these glass cases are a bit of a pain to photograph, here it incorporates very well the performativity of the object. In this way the bull-leaper is not just visible to the viewer, but can also still perform his valiant feats for a crowd of curious onlookers.

Archaeological Museum of Heraklion:

Small shrine model topped with horns of consecration, containing human figures. Hagia Triada. 1600-1450 B.C