The Bust of Charlemagne is a reliquary in the form of the bust of Charlemagne made around 1350, which contains the king’s skullcap. The reliquary is part of the Late Medieval treasure kept in the Aachen Cathedral Treasury. It is one of the most significant examples of Gothic goldwork and the best-known example of a reliquary bust anywhere. The reliquary is an idealised image, not an actual portrait of Charlemagne.
It’s easy to get the impression that mixed-race families are a new phenomenon. Historical and archaeological research, however, shows that
mixed-race families have been around very much longer.
there was a significant presence of first-generation migrants from North
Africa in Roman Britain. Medieval records explored by the England’s Immigrants 1350-1550 project are largely “colour-blind,” but there is other evidence for both black Africans
and North African “Moors” in medieval England. It would be surprising
indeed if none of these people had had children. Elsewhere in Europe,
African migration—both voluntary and forced—was significant too. The
retinue of Emperor Frederick II, thirteenth-century ruler of Germany and
Sicily, included black Africans. Ethiopian Christians travelled to
Europe: some became monks at Santo Stefano in Rome. From the fourteenth
century, St Maurice was often depicted as black in German art.