Horemheb (sometimes spelled Horemhab or Haremhab and meaning Horus is in Jubilation) was the last pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. He ruled from either 1319 BC to late 1292 BC, or 1306 to late 1292 BC (since he ruled for 14 years) although he was
not related to the preceding royal family and is believed to have been
of common birth.
Before he became pharaoh, Horemheb was the commander in chief of the army under the reigns of Tutankhamun and Ay.
After his accession to the throne, he reformed the Egyptian state and
it was under his reign that official action against the preceding Amarna
rulers began. Due to this, he is considered the man who restabilized
his country after the troublesome and divisive Amarna Period.
Horemheb demolished monuments of Akhenaten,
reusing their remains in his own building projects, and usurped
monuments of Tutankhamun and Ay. Horemheb presumably remained childless
since he appointed his vizier Paramesse as his successor, who would
assume the throne as Ramesses I.
Scene depicting funeral: preparation of the sarcophagus (mural). Fragment of a tomb ceiling. New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, ca. 1550-1292 BC. Now at the National Archaeological Museum of Florence. De Agostini Picture Library / A. Dagli Orti
Egyptian Wood Ushabti of Ramses IV, New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, C. 1153-1147 BC
Ramses IV, Ramses also spelled Ramesses or Rameses (died 1150 BC), was a king of ancient Egypt (r. 1156–50 BC) who strove through extensive building activity to maintain Egypt’s prosperity in an era of deteriorating internal and external conditions.
♛ HISTORY MEME♛ [3/3] DYNASTIES: The Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt
The Eighteenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (notated Dynasty XVIII) (1543–1292 BC) is perhaps the best known of all the dynasties of ancient Egypt. It is often combined with Dynasties XIX and XX to form the New Kingdom period of ancient Egyptian history.
The pharaohs of Dynasty XVIII ruled for approximately two hundred and fifty years (c. 1550–1298 BC). Many of the pharaohs were buried in the Valley of the Kings in Thebes.
As well as Tutankhamen, famous pharaohs of Dynasty XVIII include Hatshepsut (1479 BC–1458 BC), longest-reigning queen-pharaoh of an indigenous dynasty, and Akhenaten (1353–1336 BC/1351–1334 BC), the “heretic pharaoh”, with his queen, Nefertiti. [x]