120 db

anonymous asked:

hey ive heard of kulning, an ancient swedish herding call, and i think its super cool i was hoping maybe you could tell me more about it? (how ppl learn it would be rad but thats not /exactly/ history) and would it be appropriative for someone not of swedish decent to learn it? could characters use it to communicate in a big city(think new york) in a sort of post apocalyptic scenario wheres theres less noise since yknow,, apocalypse and stuff

Since it doesn’t belong to a minority/marginalised group I say it’s not appropriation for anyone non-Swedish to learn it.Unlike the joik, which is a Sami tradition that I would advice not to use for characters that aren’t Sami. Kulning has nothing to do with any certain people or religion; it’s simply a way to call the cattle home - it’s a herding call. It sounds hauntingly beautiful and can reach across large distances.

However, it’s not a language. It’s sounds, rather than words and while it supposedly has been used to communicate between people, it’s not what it has been primarily been used for. It contains no words and has no fixed melody; it’s a random sequence of notes. 

To sing kulning your characters would need to keep their pitch at 800-1300 Hz and avoid vibrato. Each tone lasts between 3-4 seconds. Usually one learns the technique by mimicking kulning. So your characters would need a source of some kind - preferably one of their characters would already know the technique and teach the others. Something to keep in mind is how loud this sound is; it can go up to 125 dB, which is above the level the human hearing can tolerate (120 dB). Another thing to keep in mind is that the technique was developed for people who went through oestrogen based puberty and would be a lot more difficult to learn for people who went through testosterone based puberty.[1] 

Kulning also uses a high subglottic pressure. When humans talk we expel air from the lungs through the glottis which creates pressure on the lyrnax. The pressure makes the vocal folds oscillate, once it’s high enough. Normal speaking pressure is measured as 2–3 cm H2O. In contrast, kulning reaches   40 cm H2O.

So, could your character use it? Morally, yes. If it’s a few years into the post apocalypse then it’s not impossible that they have based a communication system on kulning. Though, not every single character would be able to do it. It’d be more likely that you would have a few characters tasked with communicating to other groups this way, as kulning is not something anyone can easily learn. It’s such a high pitch sound, after all, and it needs to carry.

Hope that helped, good luck with your writing!

Signed, Captain.


[1] http://www.uddatoner.com/kulning/kulning_ladda_ner/files/KulningensDraglage.pdf

BIRD LEVELS

If you’re interested in sharing your life with a bird, you may ask yourself, “Which bird is right for me?” Taking a cue from RPGs, I compiled this list.

(In the future, I hope to make character sheets, complete with stats utilizing chubby bird art. If anyone from the Birblr Community has something to add or modify, please message me.

All companion birds are capable of being noisy, destructive, needy, dramatic, sensitive, messy, bitey, and when you consider the purchase of toys, food, and vet bills, they can also be very expensive. Their life spans, time commitments, and tendency to self-mutilate, are also factored in.

LEVEL 80-99
Umbrella, Moluccan, and Sulfur Crested Cockatoos, Macaw, Amazon

You need a ton of Exp. before even considering taking them on. You’ll need a high tolerance for pain. There will likely be a time when a typically sweet bird may randomly take a chunk of flesh out of you, especially when they’re hormonal.
Trust me, I’ve been bitten by a Cockatoo and an Amazon (that I regularly petsit). He’s my buddy, but he still chomps - he gets jealous when I give attention to the Severe Macaw.
More to consider: Moluccan Cockatoos have one of the loudest scream of any land animal. They can scream up to 129 dB, anything over 120 dB is painful to human’s ears, and all of these guys are insanely loud which can piss off your neighbors.

They chew on doors, 2X4’s, TV’s … you. Again, it takes a highly experienced Bird Lover to take these guys on.

LEVEL 60-80
Goffin, Bare-Eyed, and Galah Cockatoos, African Grey, Severe Macaw, Eclectus

It would be best if you had experience with Lower Level Birds before approaching them or max out your wisdom with research. Be sure to consider time commitments and life spans. As with the Higher Level Birds, they can easily succumb to depression and plucking/self-mutilation if they’re not mentally and socially stimulated enough… and even with the best parront, they still can succumb.

LEVEL 30-60
Conures, Senegal, Ringnecks, Pionus, Caique, Lorikeet, Hahn’s Macaw, Quaker Parrot

At around 20 years old, I started my personal Bird Quest with a Dusky Conure. She started out as a Low Level, sweet, young, beeb, but when she hit maturity, she became a vocal, bitey brat that only loved being with my Dad. I moved out, and still love her, but she’s happiest living with my Dad. She is still loud af and a pinchy-beak, but happy.

I have fostered Conures, Quakers, Caiques, and Ringnecks, and have a rescued Blue Crown and a Finsch’s Conure in my own flock. My 2 beebs are hilarious, social, loving, and LOUD…so loud, but I adore them.

I’ve also concluded that Sun Conures are the loudest of Conures. That have a special ear-pearcing screech that can be rather unpleasant.

This group will also need toys to destroy and someone that’s willing to devote at least 3 hours a day to them or more.
Some parrots don’t like toys. Pako preferred hanging out with people instead of playing with toys… also nail polish and paper towels offended him… those were the only times he would ever get into a bite-fit.

I’m not super familiar with Lorikeets as I’ve never fostered them, but based on birds of their size, youtube, and their special diet requirements, I feel they probably belong in this group.

I’ve fostered a few plucker Quakers, Conures, and Ringnecks and they all are pretty similar, although I’ve heard Ringnecks can hold a grudge if you go on vacation without them, but I’m sure they’re not the only ones capable of doing this.

LEVEL 15-30
Cockatiel, Lovebird, Parrotlet

These buddies are my specialty and I foster them often. They’re capable of bonding just as much as the larger birds, although sometimes they don’t want to… Miss Cockatiel hated me, then loved me. Sometimes they want head rubs, but only in this one spot, and this many…
Birds can be fickle, but they can also be the best buddies ever.
This group of birds can all draw blood, but are unlikely to take a huge chunk of flesh off you. They need attention from either you or another of their species (or in the case of Hilda the Lovebird, she’s partnered up with an English Budgie). They are small birds, but their personalities are anything but.

Lovebirds are notorious toe-biters due to cage aggression. Make sure no one is walking on their cage with them inside.

Parrotlets and Lovebirds will occasionally attack their cage mates. Parrotlets have been known to murder their cage mate. This can occur if they don’t have enough room, or if they feel that their mate is going to “cheat” on them with the presence of another parrotlet, or someone similar (even if that mate is only their reflection in a mirror). I don’t keep more than 2 bonded lovies to a cage and supervise them all during flutter time.

LEVEL 1-15
Finches, Canaries, Budgies, Lineolated Parakeet, and Bourke’s Parakeet
NEW: Doves/Pigeons

It is best for them to have a companion, be it you or another of their species. Some may be surprised that they are all capable of bonding and loving their human.
Just because they might not want to bond with you, doesn’t mean they deserve any less love or care.

Mr. Kakapo the Linnie talks and Francis the English Budgie does, too.
Make sure you and your neighbors don’t mind their chirps.

Their toys are cheaper but they will need to be switched out every once in awhile because they get bored with them. They’re called “starter birds” but they are still living, feeling, adorable beings that deserve annual vet visits and fresh food.

NEW: Doves/Pigeons aren’t known to attack and draw blood. They’re temperament is usually more mellow than hookbills, at least with all the ones I’ve delt with. I’ve never had a pigeon dive bomb me, but I’m sure they could if they wanted to. They would do best having an aviary which might add to their maintenance points.

Just like people, every bird is different. Their levels may fluctuate. Typically, the bigger the bird, the greater their needs, the greater their needs, the more money, more experience, more knowledge, more patience, more pain and noise tolerance, the more work it is to take care of them.

Even if you were to get these guys as babies, there’s no guarantee they’ll stay sweet after they reach maturity. Commit to love them either way.

Never forget, with the exception of most Low Level birds, these are wild animals. You ever see Rio? That’s probably what most of your birds’ parents or grandparents went through. Respect and cherish them.