This is one of the more commonly known mental disorders, but I’m covering it anyways because reasons.
To start with, a character with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) needs to show a fairly consistent pattern of being inattentive and/or being hyperactive / impulsive. This pattern must negatively impact the character’s life in some way.
There are two groups of symptoms that a character with ADHD can be described with. To have this diagnosis, they need to show 6 or more symptoms in the inattention category, or 6+ symptoms in hyperactivity / impulsivity category. These symptoms need have lasted 6 or more months, and are inconsistent with the character’s age and directly have a negative effect on their lives.
Doesn’t pay attention to details OR makes careless mistakes
Can’t keep their attention on a certain task
Doesn’t seem to listen when spoken to directly
Doesn’t follow through on instructions and fails to finish tasks (especially chores)
Has difficulty organizing activities or tasks
Avoids / dislikes tasks that require concentrating
Frequently loses things required for tasks
Is easily distracted
Is forgetful in daily activities
Hyperactivity / Impulsivity:
Frequently fidgets, or taps hands or feet, or squirms
Doesn’t sit still or leaves their seat when they’re expected to stay seated
Runs about or climbs when not appropriate
Can’t play quietly
Always on the go, as if driven by a motor
Often talks excessively
Frequently blurts out an answer before a question is finished
Has difficulty waiting their turn
At least some of these symptoms have to have been present before age 12, and some symptoms have to be displayed in multiple settings (eg, school, home, work, etc.). These symptoms have to CLEARLY interfere with daily functioning.
These symptoms are not a result of Oppositional Defiant Disorder, or being unable to listen or understand instructions, etc.
There are a couple of ‘secondary symptoms’ that are associated with this disorder, but aren’t required for a diagnosis.
Reduced school performance
Poor occupational performance
Couple of side notes - ADD as a diagnosis no longer exists. Instead, the character should use the specifier related to Inattention.
Also, a fun thing - ADHD is treated much of the time with stimulants. Seems counter-intuitive, right? You’d think giving someone who’s hyperactive something to make them MORE energetic would be a bad idea. But stimulants actually ‘wake up’ the areas of the brain that can pay attention to things, so they’re extremely helpful to people with ADHD.
On December 16, 1997, an infamous episode of the pokémon anime was broadcasted in Japan. Immediately after, 685 people from ages 3-58 were hospitalized for seizures, vomiting, vertigo, irritated eyes and other symptoms. This episode, of course, was the Porgyon episode Computer Warrior Porygon and was immediately discontinued and never released or rebroadcast again. The culprit was a four-second long explosion in the episode, featuring flashing red and blue lights and strobe effects.
It’s common knowledge that flashing lights and strobe effects can often cause seizures and symptoms like this. Inkay, the cute little squid from Generation 6, uses this to its advantage. According to the pokédex, it will flash the light-emitting spots on its body, causing its opponents to become dazed and no longer want to fight.
We’ve already covered several pokémon that exhibit bioluminescence, so if you want to know how Inkay produces the light go check out Staryu, Lanturn, or Watchog. This article is just going to be about its effects.
So what about flashing lights causes the brain to malfunction? The brain runs on electric activity, There are five types of brain waves, typically associated with different states of consciousness:
Delta Waves (.5 to 3 Hz) are only present in dreamless sleep. They suspend external awareness and promote the healing process.
Theta Waves (3 to 8 Hz) are present in sleep and deep meditation. External senses are withdrawn and only internal signals are considered, resulting in vivid imagery and fleeting intuition. These are associated with dreaming.
Alpha Waves (8 to 12 Hz) are your primary thought waves when you are awake. Associated with coordination, calmness, focus, and learning.
Beta Waves (12 to 38 Hz) correspond to fast brain activity: strong concentration, problem solving, information processing, anxiety or excitement.
Flashing lights and images that cause symptoms, known as Flicker Vertigo, typically have frequencies between 1 and 20 Hz: which is approximately the frequency of brain waves. Symptoms include nausea, disorientation, dizziness, losing control of motor functions, muscle rigidity, and seizures. The Porygon Incident flashed at 12 Hz.
Any of these symptoms would be enough for Inkay’s opponents to “lose the will to fight”. If, in the middle of a battle, you started feeling nauseous, found it difficult to move your limbs, and so on, you would realize your chances of survival have significantly decreased and therefore would want to retreat.
Scientists don’t know exactly why this happens, but they know that it starts in the back of the brain in the visual cortex, the part of the brain that processes what you look at.
Trying to process visual information at the same frequency of brain waves ends up changing the frequency of brain waves that leave the visual cortex, effectively scrambling them. Instead of sending information about the image, the visual cortex ends up sending faulty instructions, causing the entire brain to go out of sync and the symptoms to occur.
Inkay’s lights flash at the same frequency as brain waves, around 1-20 Hz. Looking at these lights causes the brain to malfunction, resulting in nausea and loss of motor functions.
Im tired of hearing how bad pot is from people who have never smoked it, and just assume we all just want to get high. Do you wanna know why I’m all for it?
It helps treat certain health issues or certain symptoms like glaucoma cancer, seizures, anxiety, depression, chronic pain, Ptsd, insomnia and many more.
I was diagnosed with PCOS when I was about 11 or 12, a few symptoms that come with it that I will have for the rest of my life with varying degrees is chronic pain, insomnia, and my anxiety disorder. But we cant forget the symptoms caused by my prescribed medication either, organ failure, suicidal thoughts, and mood swings. There just the ones I know about. Those who know me that back in my teen years it was near impossible to leave my house and function because of my insomnia, anxiety and panic attacks. I was sick and tired of all of these symptoms and wanted to be able to live my life. So after turning 21, I decided after much research and talking with doctors and mental health workers, I decided to give pot a try, it helps with my chronic pain, i sleep better, it helps manage my chronic nausea, it helps my anxiety by leaps and bounds, my productivity went up,
I’m generally a lot happier and living life more than I was before. So yes I smoke pot for medical purposes, and if I do get high so what, I’d rather be high as a side effect rather then the alternative.
So as long as I’m not shoving a bong, a joint, or anything else in your face, you should mind your own business and stop trying to keep marijuana illegalized, because of your ignorance and misconceptions.