12 century


★ Another week, another miniature scene ★

This is what I imagine my future study to look like, complete with a non-functioning old timey telephone and spinny globe. Everything is handmade with the exception of the telephone, which I modified a teeny tiny bit.

I’ve also improved on my globe design (the dramatic arc of the first one and thick black lines just weren’t working, ya know?), and am now offering it in my etsy shop for all your miniature decor and gifting needs. 

Lastly, I’m running a small giveaway on my instagram (@honey.thistle) for one of these globes and a few other minis until May 22nd 2017, so check that out for some free miniature swag :)

Art prompts/cool things to sketch part one

1. Mermaids 

2. your otp, person A is a lost traveller, person B is a spirit trying to lure them 

3. eyes with landscapes in the iris 

4. your best friend 

5. your family as vampires/the addams family 

6. pastel goth au 

7. a magic forest

8. a drawing of anything, but only using 2-3 colours 

9. one half of your otp dying in the others arms 

10. a pet

11. how someone would look if they lived in the 18th century 

12. steampunk au 

13. dancing in the rain 

14. a mermaid sitting on a rock in the ocean while a storm rages 

15. fairies 

16. the reunion of people who haven’t seen each other in a long time 

17. otp at christmas 

18.otp at halloween 

19. What the star signs would look like in human form 

20. a bride with a bouquet of wildflowers 

21. pirates 

22. yourself in the world of your favourite book 

23. a summery portrait of someone grinning 

24. a perfect place

25. ghosts 

26. coffee shop au 

27. an argument 

28. 80′s fashion 

29. silhouettes and sunsets 

30. its raining and your otp have to share a one person umbrella 

31. beach walks 

32. space 

33. what your pet would look like as a human 

34. classic characters (such as oliver twist) in modern day clothing 

35. punk! 

36. blocks of colour and how they blend

37. a pretty spot in your neighbourhood 

38. what the inside of your mind looks like 

39. autumn leaves 

40. copy from an old polaroid picture 

41. top in each others clothes

42. angel/human relationships 

43. gay anything 

44. hands 

45. your favourite flower 

46. a masked ball 

47. do a blind drawing, then fix the mistakes with a different colour

48. cacti 

49. happy place 

50. view from inside as it rains 

poisonedyouthofyesterday  asked:

Hi I'm thinking about writing a romance novel that took place between the 1950s and 60s. The setting is in Kenya, Africa from the Mau Mau uprising against Britain until indepence. Could you kindly suggest how I can put that into words Thank you

Yeah dude, you know we can’t do your research for you, right? You know you’re going to have to spend many, many hours doing that research, right? So, how do you get started? And I hope I can assume this is a topic about which you are passionate because, done right, a project like this will by necessity consume you. 

Everything you need to know about what you need to know can be found in this Goodreads summary about one of the best-selling historical novels ever, Ken Follett’s The Pillars of the Earth. It’s set in 12th century England and the overarching story is about the construction of the finest cathedral ever. 

Sounds fascinating, yeah? No. Not to most people, at least not that they think. It’s the detail and research and craftsmanship – and oddly, the relatability – that’s made it a bestseller for longer than most of you reading this have been alive. 

Follett, btw, began his writing career as a journalist; he got bored, went into publishing and began writing his own stuff on nights and weekends. The result: He’s sold more than 150 MILLION MOTHERFUCKING BOOKS in not quite 40 years. 

But let’s break down the book summary into what you’ll need to know to write: 

1. It’s incredibly detailed, in both natural and human scenery

2. It incorporates the Big Historic Events and People of the time period

3. It incorporates the small, personal events of the characters – things that might be unique to the time and culture and yet are universal to the human experience

4. There are many intriguing characters. We get to know their dreams, their labors and their loves.

5. Characters are shaped by details about their place in society.

6. There’s a damn good plot – betrayal, revenge and love – which is probably why the dude’s sold 150 million motherfucking books; this one alone has sold more than 18 million.

You need to be organized. This post here has good ideas and a list for getting started. Everyone’s method is going to be different, but if you need a place to start setting up your system, you could do much worse. 

If you aren’t already, you need to familiarize yourself with the primary, secondary and tertiary sources for the information you need. Once you dive down this rabbit hole, you’ll be well along the way to being able to find what you need to fill out your descriptions and your characters. Take notes. Keep track of your research and your sources. 

Never, ever forget that you aren’t writing a textbook. Historical fiction author Lindsey Davis has this advice and it cannot be stressed enough:

“You are not writing history. You are writing a novel. This requires you to master plot, characterisation, dialogue, narrative tone and description. Note that nowhere in my list do the words ‘research’ or ‘history’ appear.” 

(quote found in this book, which you might also find helpful.)

This is discussed elsewhere at length, and this blog can help more than we can, but please for the love of the stars do not whitewash or appropriate the culture of your setting. Don’t get caught up in white savior nonsense, a particular pitfall about stories set in Colonial and soon-to-be-post Colonial Africa.  

As we’ve mentioned many times before, the best way to write a good story that doesn’t fall into these traps is to write fully realized, well-rounded characters in a setting for which you’ve given your blood, sweat and tears to research. 

Our tags can help you with the other nuts and bolts of writing mentioned above. Writing tools might help with planning ideas, too. 

Good luck! 

– mod Aliya

Masterlist of Sherlolly Masterlists Updated 05/24/17

As suggested by the marvelous @eyyopatrick​, I hereby present a masterlist of all the Sherlolly masterlists I’ve created, with links to each. Newest updated/added are indicated in bold. For more notes please go here since they’re getting almost as long as the lists themselves!

The trope spreadsheet I am slowly but surely working on can be found here. It has more info (like fluff, angst, season, au, etc.) and will eventually have all the lists I’ve compiled in one place and easy to sort.

NEWEST ADDED: Sherlolly Appreciation Week (SAW) 2017

50 Reasons to Have (Sherlolly) Sex - Updated 03/08/17

Adaptations/Crossovers (TV, Movies, Plays, etc.) - Updated 05/16/17

Ambulance Sex (S4) - Updated 01/29/17

Amnesia Fics - Updated 02/11/17

Angel!lock - Updated 11/01/16

Anniversary - Updated 05/10/17

Arranged Marriage - Updated 04/24/17

The Arts (Dance, Music, etc.) - Updated 04/18/17

Barts is the New Sexy - Updated 04/20/17

Beauty & the Beast AU - Updated 04/20/17

Big Bang Fics - Completed 01/05/16

Birthday - Updated 05/16/17

Christmas #-L - Updated 04/20/17

Christmas M-Z - Updated 04/24/17

Cinderella AUs - Updated 04/20/17

Class Reunions - Updated 03/30/17

Closet/Storage Cupboard Snogging - Updated 09/26/16

Collections of One-Shots & Drabbles - Updated 05/21/17

Demon!lock - Updated 04/18/17

Dom/Sublock - Updated 05/16/17

Dragon!lock - Updated 04/05/17

Drunk!lock - Updated 04/13/17

Dystopian/End of the World Fics - Updated 04/26/17

Fake Relationship - Updated 04/24/17

Fantasy/Supernatural - Updated 05/16/17

Fic Rec Lists - Updated 02/06/17

Frankenstein AU - Updated 10/31/16

Ghost!lock - Updated  04/26/17

Godparents - Updated 05/21/17

Had A Bad Day - Updated 04/29/17

Hades & Persephone AUs - Updated 04/24/16

Halloween - Updated 02/04/17

Historicalock - Updated 05/08/17

Historicalock (Pre/Early Christian) - Added 10/23/16

Historicalock (Medieval/Renaissance) - Updated 04/24/17

Historicalock (Revolutionary War/18th Century) - Updated 12/08/16

Historicalock (Regency) - Updated 02/15/17

Historicalock (Edwardian/Early 20th Century) - Updated 05/08/17

Historicalock (World War I) - Added 10/23/16

Historicalock (World War II) - Updated 05/08/17

Historicalock (1920s/1930s) - Updated 02/23/17

Holiday fics - Updated 05/16/17

Jealous/Possessive Sherlock - Updated 05/16/17

Kidnapped! - Updated 04/13/17

Locker!lock - Updated 03/08/17

Long Fics - Updated 04/26/17

Married!Sherlolly - Updated 05/21/17

Matchmaking - Updated 05/10/17

Mer!lock - Updated 03/15/17

Mirrorverse - Updated 04/26/17

Molly Leaves fics - Added 04/20/17

New Year’s - Updated 04/29/17

Office Romance - Added 03/09/17

Omegaverse - Updated 02/07/17

Parent!lock Featuring Uncle Mycroft  - Updated 10/24/16

Parent!lock - Secret Child - Updated 04/05/17

Parent!lock - Single Parent - Added 04/25/17

Parent!lock (# - H) - Updated 05/21/17

Parent!Lock (I - Q) - Updated 04/29/17

Parent!lock (R - Z) - Updated 05/21/17

Pirate!lock - Updated 09/26/16

Post-HLV/TAB (Non Victorian) - Updated 05/16/17

Post-Reichenbach # - O - Updated 05/21/17

Post-Reichenbach  P - Z - Updated 04/24/17

Potter!lock - Updated 05/10/17

Pregnancy #-L - Updated 04/24/17

Pregnancy M-Z - Updated 04/24/17

Pridelolly - Updated 08/06/16

Professor!lock - Updated 04/20/17

Proposal/Engagement - Updated 05/21/17

PWP #-L - Updated 05/21/17

PWP M-Z - Updated 05/21/17

Retirement!Sherlolly - Updated 02/04/17

Royalty AU - Updated 05/16/17

Sci-Fi AU Fics - Updated 03/30/17

S4: Not A Game  - Updated 05/1617

S4: The Final Problem A-L - Updated 05/21/17

S4: The Final Problem M-Z - Updated 05/21/17

S4: Post Final Problem - Updated 05/24/17

Secret Relationship - Updated 05/08/17

Sherlock Is Khan/Khanolly - Updated 10/23/15

Sherlolly Appreciation Week 2016 - Completed 04/11/16

Sherlolly Appreciation Week 2017 - Updated 05/24/17

Shift!lock - Updated 11/01/16

Slow Burn fics - Updated 03/10/17

Smutember 2016 - Updated 05/14/17

Songfics #-M - Updated 05/21/17

Songfics N-Z - Updated 05/10/17

Soulmates - Updated 04/24/17

Soup to Nuts - Updated 04/20/17

Star Wars AUs - Updated 02/04/17

Superhero AUs - Updated 03/03/17

Swap!lock - Updated 04/29/17

Tattoo!lock - Updated 03/25/17

Teen!lock - Updated 05/08/17

Toby the Cat - Updated 05/08/17

Trapped Together - Updated 10/29/16

Uni!lock - Updated 05/16/17

Valentine’s Day - Updated 02/20/17

Vamp!lock - Updated 03/25/17

Victorian - Updated 05/16/17

Victorian TAB-Inspired - Updated 02/27/17

Virgin!Sherlock - Updated 03/03/17

The Wallpaper Conspiracy - Updated 10/23/15

Wank!lock - Updated 05/21/17

Warstan/Other Wedding - Updated 04/13/17

Wed!lock (Sherlolly) - Updated 05/21/17

Who!lock - Updated 09/29/16

Zombie!lock - Updated 03/15/17

anonymous asked:

apparently because of the era mulan was in she should've spoken cantonese (or at least not mandarin) so why is mandarin the default chinese now?

hoo boy, this is a major misconception that i’ve heard a lot, especially from Cantonese speakers, who somehow believe that all people in pre-1000 AD China would’ve been speaking Cantonese ahahaha. I think this is an urban myth from some pseudo-linguistics rumours making its rounds in Cantonese-speaking communities over the last couple generations, probably stemming from the fact that Cantonese phonology is more conservative than Mandarin in terms of our syllable-final consonants, and the preservation of the voiced/voiceless distinction in Middle Chinese by extending our tonal inventory. A lot of people think that that automatically makes Cantonese the “pure Chinese language”, which makes me cringe really hard tbh, bc that’s not how languages work LOL. 

The problem with the Sinitic languages is that we have no exact way of knowing when and how people spoke back in the day, and the characters give no 100% explicit phonetic clues, so the best we can use as reference are the rime tables that some smart Chinese linguists compiled way back in the day. The most famous one is the book of Qieyun rime tables, which helped modern linguists re-construct Middle Chinese forms. Middle Chinese is said to generally have been spoken around the 6th-11th century, or somewhere around that range, and the Qieyun tables were published sometime in the 6th century, so they would’ve reflected an early Middle Chinese variety that functioned as a standard language in that time period. The problem is that outside of this standard language, people in China were already speaking their own Sinitic languages like they are today, some of which were already mutually unintelligible from one another. Unfortunately, there’s no way to track exactly what languages were spoken because all we have are the rime tables.

The early forms of the modern varieties that we know today as Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Wu, etc all split off from Late Middle Chinese presumably sometime between the 12th and 13th century, some languages later than others ofc (except for Hokkien and the other Min varieties, who had a bit of a special development, but that’s a different story). Mulan (who btw was a legendary character; we’re not even 100% sure if she actually existed) apparently lived during the Southern and Northern Dynasty period, which lasted from 420–589, which would fall into the Middle Chinese period, more specifically in the Early-Mid Middle Chinese period, so she probably would not have spoken anything close to Cantonese OR Mandarin in her time. 

Another problem is that Mulan is said to have been from the Northern Wei Dynasty (北魏), which would’ve taken up the area north of the Yangtze River. Cantonese was historically spoken in southern China, particularly in the general regions of modern-day Guangdong and Guangxi. Guangzhou was always a very successful port city, even 1500 years ago, and became a very important cultural center even in the Southern Song Dynasty (particularly in the 12-13th century). In this time period, an early form of Cantonese had already developed, and it was also around this time that it gained a literary level to read the Chinese Classics. Therefore, it seems highly highly highly improbable that Mulan was a Cantonese speaker, considering that her time period and general geographical location did not even come close to matching the timeline of Cantonese or any other modern Sinitic variety. 

Also to answer your question about why Mandarin is the standard today: it comes from a place of political power. Nanjing and Beijing (lit. Southern Capital and Northern Capital) were always the place of political power, and in courts they would use a standard language so that there could be communication between officials from all over China, hence the formal name for Mandarin: 官話 (lit. ‘official speech’). And that continued throughout history, simply because Beijing was always the source of political power, and made decisions for the country. However, the implementation of Mandarin as the ‘national language’ in all parts of China was a relatively recent event (around the mid-1900′s), in comparison to the entire history of the Chinese languages. Before Mandarin was heavily implemented in almost all parts of China, most people were still speaking local varieties, which would have mainly consisted of developing forms of modern Sinitic varieties. 

TL;DR - Nope, contrary to popular belief, Mulan most likely did not speak Cantonese, and neither did a lot of early famous Chinese figures like Confucius, Mencius, Laozi, etc. 

Don Troiani painting depicting a night raid by Andrew Jackson and militia forces against British forces on December 23, 1814 (weeks before the Battle of New Orleans).

The War of 1812 has often been called the “Second American Revolution”, and like the Revolutionary War it also had many elements of a civil war.