10 years is an estimate

Did you know today is Shark Awareness Day?

These impressive teeth, which come from the enormous extinct shark Carcharodon megalodon, hang ominously in our Vertebrate Origins Hall. This animal, which lived in the seas 10 million years ago, easily dwarfed modern Great white sharks. Current estimates put this species at a maximum total length of about 52 feet (15.9 metres) and an approximate mass of 48 tons (tonnes). By comparison, the largest known White Shark was about 23.5 feet (7.1 metres) long and had a mass of roughly 2.3 tons (tonnes). Fossilized Carcharodon teeth are found all around the world, but some of the best preserved are from North Carolina, like these exhibited at the Museum. For an astounding 400 million years, sharks have roamed the oceans in search of prey. Along the way they took on a wide variety of forms, from the intimidatingly tremendous—as in the case of the Carcharodon megalodon—to the Pale Catshark, a modern shark you could easily hold in your hand.

Gravitational waves from merging supermassive black holes will be spotted within 10 years

Survey of fast-spinning pulsar stars offers better estimate of when astronomers will first detect the strongest gravitational waves in the universe, which dwarf those previously detected from black hole mergers

Astronomers won’t have to wait much longer for their first glimpse of one of the biggest types of unions in the cosmos. New research published November 13 in Nature Astronomy predicts that gravitational waves generated by the merger of two supermassive black holes will be detected within 10 years. The study is the first to use real data, rather than computer simulations, to predict when such an observation will be made.

“The gravitational waves from these supermassive black hole binary mergers are the most powerful in the universe,” says study lead author Chiara Mingarelli, a research fellow at the Center for Computational Astrophysics at the Flatiron Institute in New York City. “They absolutely dwarf the black hole mergers detected by LIGO,” or the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, which first detected gravitational waves from colliding black holes in February 2016.

The detection of a supermassive black hole merger would offer new insights into how massive galaxies and black holes evolve, Mingarelli says. A lack of any such a sighting within the 10-year timeframe, on the other hand, would necessitate a rethink of whether and how supermassive black holes merge, she says.

Supermassive black holes live in the heart of large galaxies, including our own Milky Way, and can be millions or even billions of times the mass of the sun. For comparison, the merging black holes detected so far by gravitational wave detectors have been only a few dozen times the sun’s mass.

When two galaxies collide and combine, their supermassive black holes drift to the center of the newly unified galaxy. Scientists predict that the supermassive black holes will then close in together and merge over time. That get-together produces intense gravitational waves that ripple through the fabric of space and time.

While those gravitational waves are strong, they lie outside the wavelengths currently observable by ongoing experiments such as LIGO and Virgo. The new hunt for gravitational waves formed by merging supermassive black holes will instead leverage stars called pulsars that act like cosmic metronomes. The rapidly spinning stars send out a steady rhythm of radio wave pulses. As passing gravitational waves stretch and compress the space between Earth and the pulsar, the rhythm slightly changes. Those changes are then monitored by pulsar-watching projects on Earth.

Three projects currently read the timing of radio waves arriving from nearby pulsars: the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array in Australia, North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves and the European Pulsar Timing Array. Together, the trio forms the International Pulsar Timing Array.

Mingarelli and colleagues estimated how long those projects will take to spot their first supermassive black hole merger. The team cataloged nearby galaxies that may host pairs of supermassive black holes. The researchers then combined that information with a map of nearby pulsars to find – for the first time – the probability of a definitive detection over time.

“If you take into account the positions of the pulsars in the sky, you basically have a 100 percent chance of detecting something in 10 years,” Mingarelli says. “The bottom line is that you’re guaranteed to select at least one local supermassive black hole binary.”

One surprise from the results was which galaxies are most likely to offer the first glimpse of supermassive black hole merger. Bigger galaxies mean bigger black holes and therefore stronger gravitational waves. But bigger black holes also merge faster, reducing the window during which gravitational waves may be detected. A black hole merger in a massive galaxy like M87 would yield detectable gravitational waves for 4 million years, for instance, while a more modest galaxy such as the Sombrero Galaxy would offer a 160-million-year window.

A successful detection would give astrophysicists a better understanding of the astrophysics at the hearts of galaxy mergers, Mingarelli says, and provide a new avenue to study fundamental physics not accessible by any other means. The number of individual supermassive black hole binaries seen also offers a measure of how often galaxies merge, which is an important measure of how the universe evolved over time.

If a supermassive black hole merger isn’t seen, it could be because the black holes stall at around three light-years (or one parsec) of separation. This conundrum is known as the Final Parsec Problem. The two black holes close together gradually over time as their orbits degrade as energy is lost generating gravitational waves, but the process can take longer than the current age of the universe.

As to whether astronomers will detect a supermassive black hole merger, “it’ll be interesting either way,” Mingarelli says.

As far as ghosts go, Mirach’s Ghost isn’t really that scary. Mirach’s Ghost is just a faint, fuzzy galaxy, well known to astronomers, that happens to be seen nearly along the line-of-sight to Mirach, a bright star.

Centered in this star field, Mirach is also called Beta Andromedae. In most telescopic views, glare and diffraction spikes tend to hide things that lie near Mirach and make the faint, fuzzy galaxy look like a ghostly internal reflection of the almost overwhelming starlight.

Still, appearing in this sharp image just above and to the left of Mirach, Mirach’s Ghost is cataloged as galaxy NGC 404 and is estimated to be some 10 million light-years away.

Image Credit & Copyright: NASA, Kent Wood

anonymous asked:

My dream dog is a Newfoundlander, and I have a responsible breeder already picked out for when I have a big enough yard and a steady job, but I'm finding it hard to find much info on them. Opinions?

They are a relatively rare breed owing to their size, fur and drool, but I have known a few of them over the years.

These dogs are just… messy.

(Image Source)

They are big they seriously shed and they drool like a running tap, which essentially sticks that shed hair to every available surface like glue. This is a breed so fundamentally unsuitable for my personal lifestyle that I swiftly change the topic every time the boyfriend brings up that he wants one. Speaking of changing topics, lets look at them from a medical standpoint. You may want to make yourself a cup of tea, this will be a long post.

Hips are a major issue with this breed. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals ranks their hips, as a breed, as worse than the notorious German Shepherd. Worse again, symptoms of hip dysplasia are often aggravated by the increased size or weight of the animal, and this breeds is one of the largest ones. This causes pain and suffering. 25% of them are estimated to have dysplastic hips, with only 8% estimated to have ‘good’ hips.

Elbows are another weakness for this giant breed. Again around 20-25% of these dogs are estimated to be afflicted with elbow dysplasia. Some unfortunate individuals with have both elbow and hip dysplasia, leaving them without a good leg to stand on. Problems often develop by18 months of age, and will cause pain for the dog for the rest of its life.

Tears of the cranial cruciate ligament are also fairly common, due to sheer size and probably other orthopedic dodginess. If not treated surgically this will cause severe lameness and arthritis in the joint.

By the way, if you were wondering about the costs of these surgeries to patch up a Newfoundland skeleton, you’ll probably spend $2.5-3k on the dysplastic elbows, $2.5-3.5k per cruciate tear, and between $1.4k and $7k each side for the dysplasitc hips, depending whether they are diagnosed young, or so late that only a total hip replacement will help. Just so you know.

The consequences of leaving these conditions untreated is arthritis far sooner in the dog’s life than is fair. Some dogs will be unable to walk without daily medication from 4 years of age. Many will be put to sleep simply because their  mobility has become so impaired that they can no longer to doggy things.

Do you need a break? Because we’re not even halfway through yet.

Originally posted by sternenpalast

Personally, I have a thing against bad eyes. I can’t stand eyes that look painful, it gives me the heebie-jeebies. These poor dogs, as you probably have guessed, are prone to multiple eye conditions.

While they do get cataracts, 3rd eyelid gland prolapse and ectropion, the biggest one that concerns me is entropion. This means that the eyelids rolls inwards towards the eye. This means that instead of lovely, soft, moist conjunctiva touching the eyeball, you have prickly eyelashes or haired skin. These prickly hairs rub against the eyeball, constantly, and will cause pain, inflammation, corneal ulcers and secondary effects of healing them.

That’s just constant irritation and pain. It requires surgery to fix, again.

They also get subaortic stenosis (SAS) far too frequently.This heart condition is congenital, it’s present at birth but is often not apparent until 4+ months of age, just long enough to get that puppy well loved in a new home. While it can be managed with medication or heart surgery, only 25% of affected dogs live for more than 4 years. It can cause fainting and sudden death.

(Thanks Richard for picture)

That’s not a great disease to have running through the breed. If they don’t succumb to that heart disease young, they may also get dilated cardiomyopathy when they’re older. You know, because one heart disease wasn’t enough.

Also located under that shaggy mess of drool covered fur is another genetic disorder that can cause them to excrete cystine into their urine, resulting in urinary crystals or great big bladder stones that may require more surgery.

And of course these big, deep cheted dogs are a classic breed that gets Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV aka Bloat) which can happen without warning, leaving you with a choice of either major, expensive surgery or euthanasia.

Working towards the outside of this giant breed, their thick fur might look cute, it it takes maintenance. Prepare for everything you own to be liberally coated in dog hair.

They are also profuse droolers. Their flappy jowls produce some of the most drooly dogs I’ve been, often soaking their own chest fur.

Which brings me back to Hot Spots, (aka moist dermatitis). Persistently wet skin, especially on a thick coated breed that loves water like the newfoundland, A hot spot can be huge and they spread rapidly, sometimes affecting the whole neck. Because these dogs often have some degree of skin folding there, that makes the problem even worse. The same issue happens at the other end if they have diarrhea. And being in Australia, in Summer, when more people than usual take their dogs swimming, there is also a high risk of flystrike in that constantly wet fur with infected skin. Don’t think about that too much.

These dogs are far from being an ‘easy keeper’ and in my experience the estimates lifespan of 10-12 years that one often sees on the internet s a bit optimistic. I do know people who are addicted to this breed and just can’t live without one, but it’s important to know what you’re getting into and I would strongly recommend looking into pet insurance for this breed.

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Kyuranger Cannon Ages

So fun tid bits from the Kyuranger All Star Chart Photobook, they list each character’s cannon ages and birthdates!

Lucky: 20 years old, 7/7
Stinger: 24 years old, 11/11
Garu: 35 years old, 9/6
Balance: 400 years old, 3/26
Champ: 40 years old, 1/23
Naga: 21 years old, 7/4
Hami: 18 years old, 9/1
Raptor: 25 years old, 2/8 at 3am (oddly specific time)
Spada: 28 years old, 5/9
Shou Longpo: 40 years old, 9/9
Kotarou: 10 years old, 5/5
Tsurugi: estimated to be 130 or older (lol), 10/31

In short, the human characters share the same ages or almost the same ages as their actors, except Tsurugi lol. Perhaps he was around 30ish when he was placed in the pod. Not sure how old Kotarou’s actor is either, he seems older than 10 to me *shrugs*

Edit: Kotarou’s actor is 13 years old :P Also, friend of mine reminded me that Tsurugi’s been asleep for a few hundred years, so 130 is probably how old he was when he went to sleep

anonymous asked:

Will I be able to ejaculate from my penis after phalloplasty?

As current medical science stands the answer is: rarely.
If the skenes gland is kept intact then there is a chance that you will be able to ejaculate after bottom surgery. It would be a clear fluid that dribbles out rather than forcefully ejaculating, but that’s about it.

Let’s work through this so that it’s clear why this isn’t possible right now. It’s helpful when you can logically understand it instead of getting a short “yes” or “no” answer. To ejaculate in the way that a cis male does you’d require functioning testicles and you’d require vas defrens. The testicles would produce semen, the stuff you’d be ejaculating during orgasm, and the vas defrens is the passage way for semen to go from the testicles to the urethra. Once the seminal fluid is in the urethra the body also needs a mechanism for the bladder neck to close off, preventing retrograde seminal movement which would allow the semen to go into the bladder. It’s amazing how complicated an orgasm is and how quickly all of this happens. After that contractions of the pelvic floor force the semen out and that’s where the ejaculation occurs. The prostate, bulbourethral gland, and a few others things are all involved in this but I narrowed it down to what would most likely be the bare minimum for ejaculation (I could be wrong).

So with this in mind let’s consider what is and isn’t possible right now in medical science. With phalloplasty we can create an aesthetically pleasing, fully sensate penis of average size that one can use to urinate from and can achieve orgasm with. It can’t get hard on it’s own and it you can’t ejaculate from it, but otherwise you’ve essentially got all of your bases covered. Creating the urethra itself is difficult enough as is and that’s where 95% of complications from phalloplasty happen, so forming vas defrens and connecting this to the urethra at this time isn’t possible. Neither is the mechanism to close off the bladder or the ability to create functioning testicles. That would require an incredible amount of microsurgery. However, that doesn’t mean it won’t ever be possible. Medical science is advancing by lightyears all the time and there is a team who was recently (last year, I believe) given grants necessary to conduct 5 years of research into medical procedures for veterans, including growing penises. At this time we have the technology to grow full urethras, functioning livers, functioning kidneys, etc. - It won’t be long before this is part of our future. If the research by the medical team I listed just a moment ago goes well it could be as little as 10-15 years (though current estimates are about 15-20+ years).

Der Zufall bezeichnet das unberechenbare Geschehen, das sich unserer Vernunft und unserer Absicht entzieht.

Chance means the unpredictable occurrence which escapes our reason and our intention.

Jacob (1785 – 1863) und Wilhelm (1786 – 1859) Grimm, German linguists and collectors of fairy tales; definition from their German Dictionary

The German Dictionary was an attempt of the Brothers Grimm to collect all German words since 1500. Originally, they estimated a time of 10 years to finish the work. Starting in 1838, 80 scientists collected more than 600,000 instances. Wilhelm Grimm, who worked on the letter D, died in 1859; Jacob, who completed A, B, C, and E, died while working on the article about the word die Frucht (fruit). Generations of linguists continued the work until it was completed in 1961. The process of updating the older entries started immediately afterwards.

Because the Brothers Grimm put emphasis on completeness before morality, the German Dictionary was the first dictionary which contained swear words.

anonymous asked:

Could you give me a run down of the whole German political election RN? I heard the alt right was predicted to win and that doesn't sound v fun

Mhm, I can give you a very basic and bare rundown, yeah
I. hope I don’t get this shit wrong lmao.

So basically:

What are the elections about tomorrow?
They are about the Bundestag, the German parliament and a legislative organ of the state, and by extension we are voting on our next chancellor. This happens every four years.

The Bundestag has a certain number of seats/mandates; there are small variations in how many seats are available each time depending on certain factors, there were 631 in total in the 18th Bundestag (2013-2017).

How are these seats distributed?
In Germany we have a system of proportional representation, which means that the number of seats each party gets is dependent on the percentage of voters who voted for that specific party. There is a 5% hurdle in place: all parties that fall below 5% in the elections will not be represented in the Bundestag, because otherwise there may end up being too many small splinter parties represented. Like the… V³ party, which is apparently a party for Vegans…?
After elections, the leading party will often still not hold the decisive majority within the Bundestag, which means they will have to build coalitions with other parties - the past four years, CDU and SPD have formed a grand coalition.

All other parties will end up in the opposition. In the 18th Bundestag, four parties were represented: SPD, CDU (together with their sister party, CSU, which is Bavarian-only), the Greens, and the Left, and as SPD and CDU were leading the Bundestag, Greens and Left represented the opposition.

How does voting go down?
Elections always fall on Sundays to make voting more accessible (most places are closed on Sundays) with ballots in several places across the city. 

German voters get two votes:
1) The first vote is a “direct” vote. There will be a list of candidates from your specific voting district, and whoever gets the most votes from your district will receive a direct mandate.
2) The second vote pertains to the party that you are voting for.

Edit: you will have to bring your ID and a letter that states that you are informed of the election and are confirmed to be a registrated voter

How is the chancellor elected?
The chancellor is not elected directly by the people. Instead parties will nominate a candidate themselves, and whichever party receives the most votes during the election will have their candidate become chancellor. 

The two “top candidates” this year are Martin Schulz of the SPD (Social Democratic Party, moderates) and Angela Merkel of the CDU (Christian Democratic Union, conservatives)
And yes, despite Angela Merkel having already been chancellor for 12 years in a row due to her party winning the past three elections, she can actually run a fourth time for this office! Please save us

The ““Alt-Right””, aka AfD, “Alternative for Germany”
Or as I fondly call them, Nazis in suits! They are a very young party as opposed to the established parties and is far-right, having been born of the racist and islamophobic movements following the refugee crisis. in 2013 they failed to enter the Bundstag due to falling below 5% in the elections, but this year…. they are estimated to get ~10%. Which is an outrage and it disgusts me to know that these people will be able to take influence in the Bundestag - but they are very far from actually winning the elections! The most popular party in surveys has once again been the CDU by a noticeable margin even compared to the second largest party, the SPD. The CDU is expected to try and build a coalition with the libertarian party FDP. 

So, the AfD will not win these elections luckily. They will be persent in the Bundestag, which is still a victory for them, but they will not run this country from now on.
I am personally hoping that the party shows its complete incompetence on the political stage and will take itself apart, and that people will finally snap out of it and stop even tolerating these fuckers.

Hope this helped!
And just for a laugh, here are my highlights of this election:
-not seeing a single AfD poster for ages
-not seeing a single NPD (Nationalist Party Germany) AT ALL
-a TV judge being the candidate of an actual political party (he was a candidate to become the federal president too I think????)
-seeing an AfD poster, immediately followed by posters of the Marxist-Leninist Party Germany (MLPD) with slogans like REAL SOCIALISM NOW! or 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION!

Germans, please go vote tomorrow!

Bonjour mes enfants méchantes, it’s time for this mouldy old goblin to throw her two cents into the theory fountain of “what the hell happened to Odette?”

Let’s start.

-Obvious one: fire. It’s what’s stated in the movie after all. Given the lack of scarring below her knee, I’m going with the idea that her costume caught fire (even though I’m pretty sure the hip-high tutus in the movie would NOT be socially acceptable but who cares the movie doesn’t)

-SECOND THEORY: badly set broken leg. As for which bone, don’t ask I’m not a doctor. I’d say femur but I’m 90% sure than can kill you and also it takes an immense amount of force to break it so I dunno.

-Third: Shot in the leg. HEAR ME OUT about roughly 10 years or so before the movies estimated year riots erupted across Paris so MAYBE she got caught up in all that

-Fourth: jumping from the top of the Opera House staircase and since she’s NOT a Plucky Redhead Protagonist™ she shattered her knees. Or femur. (Silly Odette, only the protag can do stupid bullshit like that and not hurt herself!)

-Fifth: Trying to stand en pointe whilst balancing on a rolling barrel. Just sayin’.

-Sixth: Starting pointework too early. This can actually lead to serious defects later on in life (I mean it’s already bad enough for your feet even if you are ready when you start but still) Given how she seems to think that a few days of practice is ample training for pointework, I think we can add this one to the mix.

-Seventh: She caught a bad case of The Plot™. The movie needed a tragic heroine/mentor figure after all and since she’s beautiful and named after a popular ballet character she fitted the bill.

-Eighth: she had a Camille phase and lied about being seriously wounded because she suddenly didn’t want to dance and by now is regretting her terrible life choices.

Those are all I got right now. Add some more si vous souhaitez, m'luvlies ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡° )

Idris Elba reveals how the Prince’s Trust changed his life as it celebrates 40th anniversary.

For 40 years the Prince’s Trust has been steering young people from our most disadvantaged areas on to the road to success.

The charity was founded by Prince Charles in 1976 as the country ­struggled with economic turmoil and spiralling unemployment.

Its mentors, training schemes and grants have since helped 825,000 youngsters follow dreams that would otherwise have remained just that.

In the past 10 years alone its work has been worth an estimated £1.4billion, by preventing crime and helping young people into work.

Next week the Prince marks its 40th anniversary by presenting the Prince’s Trust Young Achiever Award at the Mirror’s star-studded Pride of Britain Awards , in partnership with TSB.

Yet many were sceptical when he decided to use his £7,400 Royal Navy ­severance money to launch the charity .

In a commemorative documentary this year, he told Ant and Dec: “We had to overcome all these people who didn’t see the point.”

The Prince’s Trust organised a series of fundraisers, starting with a Birmingham concert starring Status Quo that raised £72,000.

It now helps young people with grants, an Enterprise Programme for business start-ups and the Team Programme, a 12-week personal development course that provides practical skills and work experience.

It’s also helped some of our biggest names too.

Luther star Idris Elba grew up in Hackney, East London, and was picked on by gangs before the charity helped him pursue his acting dream.

He said: “They gave me a grant and set me on the path that would eventually change my life.

Magician Dynamo , real name Steven Frayne, was bullied as a child suffering from Crohn’s disease in Bradford, West Yorks.

He said: “They gave me advice, inspiration and a small cash grant. The rest is history.”

Prince’s Trust International was launched last year and has worked on projects in Jordan and Oman.



A Mosaic of East Asian Brazilians from the city of São Paulo

East Asian Brazilians are Brazilians who descend mainly from Japanese, Chinese, and Korean immigrants that began entering Brazil in significant numbers at the end of the 19th century. The city of São Paulo has the largest concentration of East Asian Brazilians.

From the time of their first arrival to Brazil in 1908, the Japanese formed the largest single national group of non-European immigrants. In 1890 the government prohibited Asian and black immigration unless specifically authorized by an act of Congress. Under pressure from powerful planters who saw Asian immigrants as a way of cheaply filling their labor shortage, the Brazilian government lifted the restriction in 1907. On June 18, 1908, the Japanese vessel Kasato Maru docked in Santos, the port for the city and state of São Paulo. The ship carried 165 families, a total of 786 people, who had come from Japan to work as “colonists” in the coffee fields of Brazil. Over the next six years, approximately 14,200 immigrants, referred to by the Japanese word nikkei (Japanese-American) were brought under similar contracts. Most left the plantations after fulfilling their labor contracts and moved to the city and suburbs of São Paulo. The flow of immigrants from Japan was interrupted at different points because of wars (especially during the 10 years surrounding World War II) and other restrictions, but continued until 1961. The estimated more than 250,000 nikkei settled in São Paulo (73 percent) and Paraná (20 percent), with a scattering to other states: Mato Grosso (2.5 percent) and Pará (1.2 percent). Originally concentrated in agriculture, especially in truck farming, the community spread to many social niches, in particular commerce and, since the influx of Japanese investment beginning in the 1960s, into industry. Although there have been two state ministers in the government of Japanese background, most of the nikkei have concentrated in business and in the intellectual and artistic strata. They have had little impact on Brazilian political life. Through natural increase the Japanese Brazilian community is estimated at approximately 800,000 and is now in its fourth generation. It is the largest concentration of Japanese outside of Japan.

Nowadays, among the 1.4 million Brazilians of Japanese descent, 28% have some non-Japanese ancestry. This number reaches only 6% among children of Japanese immigrants, but 61% among great-grandchildren of Japanese immigrants. Being that most Japanese Brazilians settled in predominately white areas of Brazil, the majority of intermarriages involving them have been with descendants of post-colonial white immigrants namely: Italians, Spaniards, and Lebanese people in São Paulo & Germans, Italians, Poles, and Ukrainians in Paraná.

The two groups of East Asians with the largest diasporas in Brazil after the Japanese, are respectably the Chinese and Koreans. Despite the fact that Chinese people have had a presence in Brazil since at least the late 18th century, no significant waves of immigration occured until the 1950’s. São Paulo has the largest Chinese Brazilian population, in particular on the district of Liberdade. Besides being an area famous for its strong Japanese presence, a significant number of Taiwanese immigrants have settled in Liberdade, and many Chinese immigrants have come to Liberdade following the Communist revolution in 1949. Many Cantonese from Hong Kong and Portuguese-speaking Macau, including some Macanese of mixed Chinese and Portuguese descent, have also settled in Brazil. Korean immigration to Brazil also began in the 1950’s. The Korean descended population in Brazil is the largest in all of Latin America with the majority (around 92%) being centered in the city of São Paulo. Most Korean Brazilians in the metropolitan area live in the neighborhoods of Liberdade, Bom Retiro, and Aclimação. On 6 January 2010, the São Paulo City Council officially recognised Bom Retiro as Koreatown.

Self-reported East Asian ancestries of inhabitants of São Paulo include:

665,000 of Japanese descent, 

120,000 of Chinese descent, 

44, 550 of Korean descent. 

This is my adorable rescue doggie, Hattie. (She’s not spoiled or anything). She’s been with me for 10 years. Love her to pieces! She was estimated to be around 4 years old when I adopted her. She’s my sweet baby girl!

We’re pooped, as you can see. I just started a hospital job and have worked two 12-hour shifts over the past two days with another one tomorrow. They’re breaking me in right, I guess.

I apologize for not being on here as much, but when I get home, I have to crash in order to do it again tomorrow. I’ll be back soon, I promise. Till then, happy scrolling to you all! Thanks for following me. 🤗

anonymous asked:

How do you feel about phalloplasty?

Edit, April of 2015 - This was posted in July of 2014. There have since been new advancements in the realm of 3D printing penises but they did not exist at the time of this post. Estimates for when this 3D printing can be utilized for trans men do not exist currently as human trials in cis men are not even ready. Human trials for cis men are scheduled to occur in 4-5 years. Current estimates from the team in charge of this research, as well as prominent surgeons performing bottom surgery, say that this research won’t be available for trans men for another 15-20 years. [End of update]

I have very positive feelings about the outcome of the operations. I’ve done about as much research as a person can possibly do right now on phalloplasty, so I can answer most questions people have about it. I spend a good amount of my time clearing up misconceptions about phalloplasty, such as the very false idea that a person loses all sensation or won’t be able to orgasm afterwards (the reality being that nearly everyone reports satisfactory sexual sensation) . There’s a lot of extremely inaccurate information out there that continues to be spread every day and it’s dissuading people from having phallo done even though they want it. The reality right now is that phalloplasty results in a penis that is of average length, that is “passable” as a cis males penis, that one can use to urinate standing up and can use for sex, that retains tactile and erotic sensation from base to tip. To spare a lot of *’s, all of that also depends on the surgeon, surgeons technique, what operations the person opted for, and how the person heals, so keep in mind that there is variation. For instance a person might not have urethral lengthening done, so they’ll still sit down to pee.

As of right now there is also an immense amount of research going into phalloplasty itself as well as various other procedures that, combined, has a large potential to result in us being able to have phalloplasty done without the need for skin grafts or erectile devices some time within the next, say, 10 years. For instance it’s estimated that in 7 years using a 3D printer and stem cells to ‘print’ skin grafts will be commonplace, which gets rid of the need for donor sites; There is research into producing urethras from stem cells, also getting rid of the need for a donor site and further minimizing the complications of phalloplasty (which at this time almost all complications are related to urethral issues); There is research into creating large scale erectile tissue, which would take away the need for an erectile device and would allow us to achieve natural erections.

When research into all of this is completed and is able to be brought together the end result is a phalloplasty that has minimal scarring, can become erect on it’s own, and has a vastly reduced risk of urethral issues that might require further operations to fix. This doesn’t mean it’s a matter of sewing a fully developed penis onto a person, don’t get me wrong. I’m optimistic but I’m not unrealistic. There is still the matter of ensuring proper blood flow, of harvesting a nerve to attach to the nerves already present in your genitals so that it can grow and you have full sensation, of ensuring there is no necrosis of tissue while healing, and various other details, but it’s still a vast improvement in terms of how intensive the operations are right now. You’d most likely still need to have glansplasty done (to sculpt the head of the penis) and you’d need to have your testicular implants put in, but that’s this would be a large improvement.

I realize I may have gone a little off tangent here. Long story short, I believe that phalloplasty is a necessary procedure for me to live my life fully and as such I’ve done everything I can to be fully informed on what results are like now and where the surgical operations are headed in the future. I believe that where results are now is incredible and I believe that improved surgical techniques are not far away.

anonymous asked:

Hello! It's me! What are your views on the age difference between Zoisite & Kunzite? Also, what do you think other characters think about it (if they know, that is)? Is it appropriate? Acceptable? Wrong? I feel like they're so established & have been their ages for a long time, but was there once a time when they actually were 16/17 & 25/26 (which I've read are the estimates)? That's about 10 years! I'm not sure how many "birthdays" they've had together, but were they always accepted? Thanks! -L

Hi L! Great to hear from you, and thanks for the question!

I think the age difference between Zoisite and Kunzite was actually less of a problem at the time they became involved. Their behaviour around each other suggests their relationship found its form in a military-erotic culture reminiscent of feudal Japan and ancient Greece, where sexual relationships between older, experienced warriors and teenaged initiates were not only common, they were pretty much de rigeur. A 10-year gap might have even been seen as too narrow, their closeness in age somewhat scandalous.  Was Kunzite really mature enough to take on protege? Wasn’t Zoisite too old for him? Etc. At any rate, I suspect that if Kunzite hadn’t taken Zoisite under is wing, Zoisite would have found himself at the mercy of a much older, and much less desirable mentor.

In my view, the age gap is a nonissue. If there is an issue, it’s how the mentor/protege dynamic – complete with its crazy power imbalance and its teacher/student kink – continues to inform their relationship long after they’ve established themselves as a couple. Part of this may simply be their personalities at play: Zoisite seems to enjoy being submissive, while Kunzite is a natural leader. But it also suggests an impasse, one of both of them unwilling to progress to a position of mutual trust and esteem. Zoisite always feels he needs to prove something to Kunzite, to demonstrate his worthiness to the other, while Kunzite, for his part, withholds the full measure of his love as though waiting for the right moment. This puts Zoisite at an incredible disadvantage, once which appears obvious to outsiders; Nephrite contemptuously dismisses Zoisite as Kunzite’s lapdog, which indeed he is. It could be that their tenure in the Dark Kingdom has stalled the course of their love; their ages forgotten, meaningless in a world outside of time, they continue to behave as they did in a dead era, when they were still new to each other. It’s an unhealthy stasis – indeed, it costs Zoisite his life – and who knows what it might have been had they been given the liberty to grow and age as couples normally do.


(Lin x Reader)

This is my first fanfic so sorry it’s bad. It’s not that long but I am continuing this. 

WARNINGS: Might suck

I’ve known Lin long enough to know that he is the number one person I can go to for anything and trust him with it. He was the first person I told when my parents had gotten divorced when I was only in the sixth grade. My father had been having an affair with his assistant for little over a year, and needless to say in the end he left my mom and I for her. Lin was always supportive in everything I did and I was the same way with him. We both went into theater together when we were in middle school and that’s where it all began. 

Keep reading

Today I learned that white homo sapiens have only been around for an estimated 6-10,000 years, and that an agricultural diet lower in vitamin D is to blame along with lower levels of sunlight. This is why some cultures who live far to the north or with lots of forest cover, but still hunt and fish a lot, are often still brown. 

This I read from some of the same people who have helped make the new (brown) display models of our ancestors at our local history museum. The new neanderthal is pale but I don’t know what their story is, she’s also a ginger so maybe intended to be a mutant. 

Does that mean ingesting more vitamin D will help me tan?