I’m reading “The General’s War,” a narrative history of the Gulf War, and holy shit, Desert Shield was a fucking shitshow
1) Tanks and artillery shipped to Saudi Arabia in August couldn’t be test-fired to adjust sights until October because the Saudis were hesitant about it.
2) USMC tanks had dead batteries. Marines had to scour local markets for replacements.
3) The majority of tanks were the older M60 and for much of August there were only 123 of them and a couple dozen M551 Sheridans.
4) USMC aircraft were delayed in reaching Saudi Arabia because the USAF were hogging all the refueling planes for USAF planes.
5) Fast sealift ships broke down in the mid Atlantic.
6) The United States Forces Command failed to deliver the 101st’s ammunition.
7) Infantry had to work as longshoremen due to a dearth of dock workers.
8) A-10s arrived at airfields with half tanks of fuel only to find that the nozzles on their tanks were incompatible with with Saudi hoses. The A-10s had 30mm ammo but no ATGMs.
9) Flights of F-15s were cancelled in mid-August after shipments of tires failed to arrive.
10) F-117s arrived in Saudi Arabia with two bombs each and didn’t receive any additional ordnance for three weeks, when a convoy of flatbed trucks arrived with bombs, bomb finds and guidance units. The trucks were operated by local Saudi truck drivers and had driven all the way from the opposite side of the country escorted by two junior USAF NCOs armed with two M16s and a roadmap of Saudi Arabia.
11) In order not to alarm the local population, CENTCOM prohibited practice bombing runs and low-level training flights.
12) The Saudis didn’t want B-52s at Jiddah airport so the B-52s were stationed at Diego Garcia island in the middle of the Indian Ocean, over 2000 miles away.
If the Iraqis had attacked the US buildup in mid-August, it would’ve been a clusterfuck. The US would’ve been barely able to defend itself.
Nikon D7100, f/4.8, 1/50, ISO 250, lens Tamron AF 16 - 300mm, focal length 44mm
Nikon D7100, Sigma 30mm, f/1.6, 1/100, ISO 125
Nikon D7100, Sigma 30mm, f/10, 1/40, ISO 200
Nikon D7100, Sigma 30mm, f/2.0, 1/2000, ISO 100
Nikon D7100, Sigma 17 -70 mm, f/22, 1/0.5, ISO 125
Some attempt of shooting the spheres using different photography techniques.
On the first image, I tried to capture moving soap balls, but it was a challenge because it was difficult to focus properly. The second one is a panning with a tennis ball. Another one with glass sphere was captured outside using Sigma 30mm lens. In the last one, I used the smallest aperture and long time to achieve blurred image.
1 & 2) A7V. German heavy tank design of WWI. The A7V was the only German tank of WWI produced to be used in combat and made largely no impact on the war. Of the one hundred ordered in 1917, only 10 were produced that were actually AFVs, the rest were rudimentary APCs. The A7V was not considered a success and the British Mark IV tanks were much more plentiful as large numbers had been captured. The A7V was armed with a 57mm front facing gun and some 6x 7.92mm MG08 MGs. Armor varied in thickness, with a max of 30mm up front and a min of 5mm on the top. The Bovington Tank Museum’s A7V is a replica made of plywood and angle iron. Only one original A7V exists and resides in the Australian War Memorial in Brisbane.
3) Rolls Royce Armored Car. British armored car developed in 1914 and used through WWI and up until early WWII. The Rolls Royce largely saw service on the Middle Eastern Front due to the quagmire and static nature of the Western Front. Most notably the Rolls Royce was used by Lawrence of Arabia in his operations against Ottoman forces. The Rolls remained in service until 1941 and saw minimal usage in North Africa, Syria and Iraq. The Rolls Royce Armored Car was armed with a single .303 Vickers MG and had armor of 12mm.
4-6) Vickers A1E1 Independent. British multi-turreted heavy tank designed by Vickers in the interwar period. Although only a single example was produced and it never saw combat, its design influence the designs of the Soviet T-100, T-28 and T-35, as well as the German Neubaufahrzug tanks. The production of the Independent was subject to industrial and political espionage, the plans making their way to Russia. The central gun turret of the Independent was armed with a 3-pounder (47mm) cannon and the four subsidiary turrets with Vickers .303 MGs. The rear turret was designed with AA capabilities.
7) A11 Matilda I. British infantry tank of WWII not to be confused with the infinitely superior Matilda II. The A11 was the result of a demand for a cheap tank requiring commercially available components. The A11 was small, had a crew of two and a very low hull. It was well armored for its time but it’s tracks were highly vulnerable. The lack of a gun with anti-armor capabilities severely limited its usefulness. The A11 saw service with the BEF in France and were the only British armored force during the opening of the Battle of France. Following Dunkirk, the A11 was resigned to training duties. The A11 was armed with a single .303 or 12.7mm Vickers MG and had a max of 30mm of armor.
8 & 9) A10 Cruiser Mk II. British tank originally intended to be a heavier, infantry version of the A9 tank. However it was deemed not suitable for the infantry tank role and reclassified as a “heavy cruiser.” The prototype was developed in 1936 and first saw production in 1938. Overall 175 were produced. A number of Mark IIs saw combat in France with the BEF but performed poorly cross-country. Further service was seen in North Africa and Tobruk where its desert capabilities were praised. Several worn out Mark IIs were sent to Greece but saw a 90% casualty rate due to mechanical breakdowns. The Mark II was armed with a single OQF 2-pounder gun and two Vickers/Besa MGs. Armor ranged from 6-30mm.
10) A27 Mk VII Centaur AA Mk I turret. British AA variant of a cruiser tank of WWII developed alongside the Cromwell and built to the same specifications. The Centaur would prove to be a stop-gap design that would never fulfill its potential and was withdrawn from service by the end of WWII. The Centaur suffered from an inadequate engine and was generally unsuited for combat. The Centaur AA were armed with twin Polsten 20mm autocannons and were originally deployed in Normandy. 95 were produced before being withdrawn from service due to Allied air superiority.
Submitted by the always based, cavalier-renegade, so go and send him a thank you message!