Section from the rear wall of the temple of Hathor at Dendara. Here we can see Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XV Caesarion (the son of Cleopatra and Julius Caesar) offering to the deities of Dendara.

Caesarion (as he was nicknamed) was placed on the Egyptian throne as Cleopatra’s co-ruler following his father’s assassination in 44 BC. He proved to be a central figure in the political conflicts following Caesar’s death, as Cleopatra claimed that he was Caesar’s only legal heir. However, any power Caesarion managed to gain was brief: Octavian (or as he will later be known, Augustus Caesar), the adopted son of Julius Caesar, won the battle of Actium in 31. Following his mother’s suicide, Caesarion was murdered on the orders of Octavian. Octavian became the first emperor of the Roman Empire, ushering in Rome’s ‘golden age’.

Photo take by kairoinfo4u (cropped).

A Roman relief depicting woman gladiators (you can clearly read the word “Amazon” on the base) Woman gladiators were definitely a thing, and what’s amusing is how angry they made the misogynists of the day. This sounds like a great premise for a piece of historical fiction, doesn’t it? 

"In what is perhaps the most condemning statement of female gladiators found in the writings from ancient Roman world, Juvenal (55 CE-127 CE) demonstrates his absolute disgust at these women. Indeed, he “brought the full force of his scathing ridicule to bear on” them (Grant, 1967, p. 34), writing

Who has not seen the dummies of wood they slash at and batter

Whether with swords or with spears, going through all the manoeuvres?

These are the girls who blast on the trumpets in honour of Flora.

Or, it may be they have deeper designs, and are really preparing

For the arena itself. How can a woman be decent

Sticking her head in a helmet, denying the sex she was born with?

Manly feats they adore, but they wouldn’t want to be men,

Poor weak things (they think), how little they really enjoy it!

What a great honour it is for a husband to see, at an auction

Where his wife’s effects are up for sale, belts, shin-guards,

Arm-protectors and plumes!

Hear her grunt and groan as she works at it, parrying, thrusting;

See her neck bent down under the weight of her helmet.

Look at the rolls of bandage and tape, so her legs look like tree-trunks,

Then have a laugh for yourself, after the practice is over,

Armour and weapons put down, and she squats as she used the vessel.

Ah, degenerate girls from the line of our praetors and consuls,

Tell us, whom have you seen got up in any such fashion,

Panting and sweating like this? No gladiator’s wench,

No tough strip-tease broad would ever so much as attempt it. (Satire 6.246-267 as cited in Grant, 1967, p. 34)”




Interesting conversation with YouTubers as they discuss the merge of traditional television and new media. Check it out! (x)

"You all say Roman or Daniel don’t deserve to be in the main event of WM, but what has Brock done to deserve it? Show up once a year? Defend the title every 2 PPV’s? Sure Roman may not be the best technical wrestler on the roster, or Daniel "already had his WM moment"(which is complete bs to me), but they deserve it more than Brock. The funny thing is Daniel and Roman have come back from 2 serious, career threatening injuries, yet they have been working more than Brock has since WM 30."